On This Day in History for June 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 987 Louis IV, crowned king of France
  • 1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars.
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne
  • 1269 King Louis IX of France decrees all Jews must wear a badge of shame
  • 1286 Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim
  • 1306 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
  • 1464 French King Louis XI forms postal service
  • 1502 Emperor Maximilian I & England sign treaty of Antwerp
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
  • 1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island NC
  • 1588 Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1610 Samuel de Champlain and his French army defeat the Mohawk people at the Battle of Sorel in New France, present-day Sorel-Tracy, Quebec

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1631 Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
  • 1669 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king
  • 1754 Albany Congress held by seven British colonies & Iroquois indians
  • 1770 General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • 1770 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion.
  • 1778 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
  • 1807 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
  • 1816 Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
  • 1821 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia).
  • 1825 Gioacchino Rossini's "Il viaggio a Reims" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829 Robert Peel founds the London Metropolitan Police (Bobbies)

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1835 New Orleans gives US government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
  • 1861 Anaheim Post Office established
  • 1861 Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
  • 1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • 1863 Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
  • 1864 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864 Skirmish at Pine Knob Georgia
  • 1865 Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas
  • 1868 Maj Gen E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia SC
  • 1875 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • 1875 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • 1881 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Man with the Twisted Lip"
  • 1897 Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1900 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1910 1st airship in service "Germany"
  • 1910 Father's Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Wash)
  • 1912 Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College
  • 1913 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • 1917 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
  • 1919 Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • 1921 Census held in Great Britain
  • 1921 Turks & Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:28.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1923 Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
  • 1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 1500m (3:52.6)
  • 1926 DeFord Bailey is 1st black to perform on Nashville's Grand Ole Opry
  • 1931 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
  • 1932 1st concert given in SF's Stern Grove
  • 1932 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China
  • 1933 Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
  • 1934 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
  • 1936 Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl
  • 1936 Joe McCarthy is named to manage AL All-Stars, rather than high-strung Mickey Cochrane, who is very close to a nervous breakdown
  • 1937 Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
  • 1938 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hermann Goering orders seizure of Dutch horses, car, buses & ships

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1941 Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal
  • 1941 Romania orders Jews to evacuate Darabani

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 "Shiekh Of Araby" Spike Jones & City Slickers peaks at #19
  • 1943 Race riot in Beaumont Texas
  • 1944 French troops free Elba
  • 1944 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • 1944 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • 1944 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • 1947 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc Ca
  • 1948 Panama & Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • 1953 Albert W Dent elected president of US National Health Council
  • 1954 Tasmanian Devil debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
  • 1959 Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secetary of Commerce
  • 1961 "Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)" by Coasters peaks at #23
  • 1961 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
  • 1961 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • 1961 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
  • 1963 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
  • 1963 Charter members of Canadian Football Hall of Fame chosen
  • 1963 Greek government of Pipinolis forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth

1st Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova
1st Woman in Space
Valentina Tereshkova
  • 1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 passes 73-27
  • 1965 Algerian coup under colonel Houari Boumedienne, pres Ben Bella fired
  • 1965 KYW-AM in Cleveland Ohio returns call letters to Philadelphia
  • 1968 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People's Campaign
  • 1969 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances
  • 1970 A Nikolayev & V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9
  • 1970 Conservatives led by Edward Heath win British parliamentary election
  • 1970 Jim Bouton's controversial "Ball Four" is published
  • 1970 Yanks Horace Clarke breaks up a no-hitter in the 9th for the 2nd of 3 times in 28 days
  • 1970 The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed.
  • 1971 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Ga, racial disturbance
  • 1972 -29] Tropical storm Agnes upgraded to a hurricane, makes landfall in Panama City (would kill 128)
  • 1972 Hundreds of thousands of holidaymakers face flight delays and cancellations after pilots threaten to strike over hijack fears
  • 1972 A Catholic civilian is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in the Cracked Cup Social Club, Belfast
  • 1972 Secretary of State for Northern Ireland William Whitelaw concedes 'special category' status, or 'political status' for paramilitary prisoners in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" stage production opens in London
  • 1974 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) suspends constitution

Birthdays in History

  • 1301 Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (d. 1333)
  • 1507 Annibale Caro, Italian poet (d. 1566)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1566 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1625)

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1606 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (d. 1649)
  • 1608 Thomas Fuller, England, literary (History of the Holy War)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1623 Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and Christian philosopher (Pascal's Law, Pascal's Wager), born in Clermont-Ferrand, France (d. 1662)

Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • 1633 Philippus van Limborch, remonstrants theologist/vicar
  • 1741 Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver/art collector
  • 1749 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, France, chairman (National Convention)
  • 1764 John Barrow, England, founded Royal Geographical Society
  • 1764 Jose Gervasio Artigas, general/father of Uruguay
  • 1771 Joseph Gergonne, French mathematician (d. 1859)
  • 1782 Hugues F R de Lamennais, French priest/writer (L'avenir)
  • 1783 Thomas Sully, US portrait painter (Queen Victoria)
  • 1790 John Gibson, British (?) sculptor
  • 1792 Gustav Schwab, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1850)
  • 1810 Ferdinand David, violist/compser (Hohe Schule des Violinspiels)
  • 1811 Henry Prince, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1814 Johannes H Weissenbruch, landscape painter
  • 1815 Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (d. 1872)
  • 1816 William Henry Webb, American industrialist (d. 1899)
  • 1834 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (d. 1892)
  • 1846 Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer (d. 1928)
  • 1850 David Jayne Hill, American diplomat (d. 1932)
  • 1856 Elbert Hubbard, US editor, publisher and author (Message to Garcia)
  • 1858 Dirk Fock, governor-general of Neth Indies (1921-26)
  • 1861 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WW I)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1865 Alfred Hugenberg, German RC pres-dir of Krupp/media magnate
  • 1867 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist
  • 1874 Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer (d. 1941)
  • 1878 James M Kilroe, priest of St Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx
  • 1880 Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung)
  • 1884 Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, French Dadaist artist and writer (d. 1974)
  • 1889 Enrico Celio, president (Switzerland)
  • 1893 Adriaan F Dussenbroek, Dutch family dr/co-founder (Union National Arubano)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1896 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, born in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • 1898 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (d. 1968)
  • 1899 George Calinescu, Romania, literature (Enigma Otilei)
  • 1901 Edward Lambert, British diplomat
  • 1903 Hans Litten, German jurist (d. 1938)
  • 1906 Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Walter Rauff, German colonel (d. 1984)
  • 1907 Clarence Wiseman, 10th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1985)
  • 1908 Quentin N Burdick, (Sen-D-ND, 1960-91)
  • 1909 Osamu Dazai, Japan, novelist (Tsugaru, No Longer Human)
  • 1910 Frederick Harry Baines, painter
  • 1914 Alan Cranston, (Sen-D-CA, 1969- )
  • 1914 Morgan Morgan-Giles, Brits Lt admiral/MP
  • 1914 Lester Raymond Flatt, TN, bluegrass (Earl-Ballad of Jed Clampett)
  • 1914 Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Julius Schwartz, American editor and agent (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Joshua Nkomo, Zimbabwan minister (ZAPUA)
  • 1918 Evelle Jansen Younger, prosecutor (Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan)
  • 1921 Allan Davis, (mayor-London)
  • 1921 Herman Berserik, Dutch painter/graphic artist
  • 1921 Howell T Heflin, (Sen-D-Alabama, 1979- )
  • 1921 Rosalyn Yalow, famed award winning medical physicist
  • 1924 David Scott, British priest, Chaplain to the Queen (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Wassil Bykau, Belarusian writer, born in Bytschki, Vitebsk Region (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Alfred B Nzo, South African sec-gen ANC (1969- )
  • 1925 Charlie Drake, British comic (Plank, Rhubarb Rhubarb, Splish Splash)
  • 1928 Raymond Powell, British MP
  • 1930 Bryan Kneale, British sculptor
  • 1931 "Against Iain" duke of Atholl, English large landowner
  • 1932 Pier Angeli, Italy (Sodom & Gomorrah, Vintage, Battle of the Bulge)
  • 1933 Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11)
  • 1934 Terence Clark, British diplomat
  • 1938 Charles Gwathmey, architect (5 Architects)
  • 1938 John Sheil, Northern Irish High Court judge
  • 1939 Peter Duffell, Brits lt-general/minister of Defense
  • 1941 Václav Klaus, Czech politician and President
  • 1941 Conchita Carpio-Morales, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • 1942 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • 1942 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • 1945 Tobias Wolff, US writer (This Boy's Life)
  • 1945 Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • 1947 James T Walsh, (Rep-R-NY)
  • 1947 Salman Rushdie, British-Indian novelist (Midnight's Children, Satanic Verses), born in Mumbai, India
  • 1951 Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian terrorist
  • 1952 Robert Ainsworth, British MP
  • 1954 Jim Cooper, (Rep-D-TN, 1983- )
  • 1954 Michael O'Brien, British MP
  • 1957 Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)
  • 1959 Kimberley Leston, journalist
  • 1960 Heike Walpot, German, cosmonaut
  • 1964 Boris Johnson, British politician (C), Foreign Secretary (2016-), Mayor of London (2008-2016), born in New York City
  • 1965 Luc Donckerwolke, Belgian car designer
  • 1966 Joichi Ito, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1967 Bjørn Dæhlie, Norwegian skier
  • 1968 Alastair Lynch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1969 Thomas Breitling, American entrepreneur
  • 1970 Rahul Gandhi, Indian politician
  • 1978 Garfield the Cat, animated character "Big fat hairy deal"
  • 1979 John Ford, American software engineer
  • 1983 Mark Selby, British snooker player
  • 2008 Maddie Aldridge, daughter of Jamie Lynn Spears

Weddings in History

  • 1369 Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy marries Margaret 111 Countess of Flanders

HeartWedding of Interest

1843 Philosopher Karl Marx (25) weds Jenny von Westphalen in Germany

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1850 Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Wilhelmina

HeartWedding of Interest

1886 US President William Taft (28) weds Helen Herron (25) in Cincinnati, Ohio

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1976 King Charles XVI Gustaf of Sweden marries Silvia Renate Sommerlath in Stockholm Cathedral, Ist Swedish reigning monarch to marry since 1797
  • 1993 Mandy Smith (Bill Wyman's ex-wife) weds Pat van den Hauwe

HeartWedding of Interest

1999 Earl of Wessex Prince Edward (35) weds Sophie Rhys-Jones (34) at St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 2010 Crown Princess Victoria heir apparent of HM Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden, weds Daniel Westling at Stockholm Cathedral

Deaths in History

  • 1113 Odo/Odardus van Kamerijk, French writer/bishop of Kamerijk, dies
  • 1312 Piers Gaveston, earl of Cornwall, beheaded
  • 1542 Leo Jud[ae], Swiss pastor/church reformer
  • 1545 Abraomas Kulvietis Lithuanian reformer (b. 1509)
  • 1554 Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Judith), dies at 53
  • 1584 François, Duke of Anjou (b. 1555)
  • 1608 Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (b. 1551)
  • 1650 Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (b. 1593)
  • 1652 Louis de Geer, Neth/Swedish industrialist/millionaire, dies at 64
  • 1747 Nadir, shah of Persia (1736-47), murdered
  • 1768 Benjamin Tasker, Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)
  • 1786 Nathanael Greene, American Revolutionary general (b. 1742)
  • 1794 Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1805 Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
  • 1811 Samuel Chase, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1820 Joseph Banks, English natural historian (Cook/Australia), dies

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1837 Aleksander A Bestoezjev-Marlinsky, Russian writer, dies in battle
  • 1840 John Cockerill, English/Belgian industrial/orangist, dies at 50
  • 1844 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (b. 1772)
  • 1857 Alexander Twilight, American politician and minister, first African American to graduate and hold political office, dies at 61
  • 1864 George Lincoln Prescott, US Union brig-gen, dies of injuries

BattleExecution

1867 Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro at 34

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1902 John E E Dalberg baron van Acton, English historian, dies at 69
  • 1921 Ramon Lopez Velarde, Mexican poet (La Sangre Devota), dies at 33
  • 1922 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1932 Solomon Tshkisho Platje, South African writer, dies
  • 1937 J. M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), dies at 77
  • 1939 Grace Abbott, social worker (US Children Bureau), dies at 60
  • 1944 Han Yong-woon, Zen teacher, dies in Seoul County, Korea at 65
  • 1947 Willem H Fly, typographer/co-founder (SDAP), dies at 84
  • 1949 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1951 Angelos Sikelianos, Greek poet (b. 1884)

BattleExecution

1953 Ethel Rosenberg, executed at Sing Sing, in 5 tries

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg

BattleExecution

1953 Julius Rosenberg, NYC, 1st US civilian executed for espionage at 37

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
  • 1956 Lulu [Luise] Strauss und Torney, German poet/writer, dies at 82
  • 1956 Thomas J. Watson, American businessman (IBM) (b. 1874)
  • 1962 Frank Borzage, US, director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo), dies at 69
  • 1965 James B Collip, Canadian bio-chemist (insulin), dies at 72
  • 1968 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (b. 1898)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975 Sam Giancana, American gangster, dies of multiple gunshot wounds at 67

Gangster Sam Giancana
Gangster
Sam Giancana
  • 1977 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)
  • 1977 Lady Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (b. 1889)
  • 1979 Paul Popenoe, American eugenicist (b. 1888)
  • 1982 John Cheever, US writer (Wapshot Chronicle, Pulitzer), dies at 70
  • 1984 Lee Krasner Pollock, US painter, dies at 75
  • 1986 Coluche, [Michel Colucci], French comic, dies at 41
  • 1986 Len Bias, 1st pick of Celtics, suffers fatal cocaine-induced seizure
  • 1986 Murray P Haydon, artificial heart recipient, dies in Louisville at 59
  • 1987 Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 1988 Fernand Seguin, Canadian biologist (b. 1922)
  • 1988 Gladys Spellman, American. Congresswoman (b. 1918)
  • 1989 Hy Gardner, newspaper columnist, dies at 80
  • 1989 Isidore Feinstein Stone, author (I F Stone's Weekly), dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1993 William Golding, author (Lord of the Flies, Nobel 1983), dies at 81

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding
  • 1994 Christopher Clarkson, test Pilot, dies at 92
  • 1994 Jocelyn Olaf Hambro, financier, dies at 75
  • 1994 Ronald Batty, bookseller, dies at 82
  • 1995 Richard Bernard Pape, POW escaper/writer, dies at 79
  • 1995 Peter Townsend, RAF officer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 David Schine, businessman, dies at 70
  • 1996 Harold William Woolhouse, plant scientist, dies at 63
  • 1996 Henry Ralph Carr, soldier, dies at 82
  • 2007 Ze'ev Schiff, Israeli journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2008 Barun Sengupta, Bengali journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2009 Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese supercentenarian (b. 1895)
  • 2010 Anthony Quinton, British philosopher (b. 1925)
  • 2010 Angela Rumbold, British politician (C), dies at 78
  • 2013 Gyula Horn, Hungarian Prime Minister, dies at 80