On This Day in History for June 20

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 124

  • 451 Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France
  • 1212 French & Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo
  • 1214 The University of Oxford receives its charter
  • 1530 German Parliament joins to Augsburg together
  • 1547 Count Philip van Hessen captured
  • 1567 Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique
  • 1582 Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 1591 Mauritius & Willem van Nassau occupy Devente
  • 1631 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
  • 1632 Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
  • 1633 Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore
  • 1656 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1675 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan & Wampanoag indians form anti-English front under Metacom
  • 1756 Black Hole of Calcutta - 146 British soldiers imprisoned in small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die
  • 1756 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1779 Battle of Stono Ferry fought near Charleston, South Carolina (American Revolutionary War)
  • 1782 Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America & the bald eagle as its symbol
  • 1787 Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States.
  • 1791 King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
  • 1819 320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • 1825 Coronation of Charles X, the last Bourbon king of France
  • 1826 Siam and Britain sign trade/peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She ruled for 63 years ending in 1901

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1840 Samuel Morse patents his telegraph

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse
  • 1855 Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin
  • 1862 Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
  • 1863 1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Greencastle, Pennsylvania
  • 1863 West Virginia admitted as 35th US state of the Union
  • 1864 Battle of Kinston, NC, & Battle of Abingdon, VA
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburgs, VA - in trenches
  • 1864 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs Georgia
  • 1866 Italy declares war on Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 US President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1871 Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Miss
  • 1874 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • 1888 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas

MurderMurder of Interest

1893 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • 1895 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • 1895 Nicaragua, El Salvador & Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • 1900 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • 1901 Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a US college
  • 1907 1st Portland Rose festival held in Portland, Oregon
  • 1909 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)
  • 1910 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • 1911 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) incorporates (NY)
  • 1912 NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice)
  • 1913 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • 1913 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • 1915 German offensive in Argonne
  • 1919 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • 1919 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1919 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • 1921 11.5" (29.2 cm) of rainfall, Circle, Montana (state record)
  • 1921 At the Imperial Conference in London, V.S. Srinivasa Sastri puts forward a case for the granting of full citizenship rights to Indians in South Africa and other British colonies
  • 1926 Mordecai W Johnson becomes 1st black president of Howard University
  • 1931 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • 1932 A's Roger Cramer gets 6 consecutive hits in a game (repeats in 1935)
  • 1939 Test flight of 1st rocket plane using liquid propellants
  • 1941 German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas
  • 1942 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
  • 1942 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • 1943 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chacago
  • 1943 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • 1943 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1943 New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km dia)
  • 1943 Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track & field championship in NY
  • 1944 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1944 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • 1944 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • 1944 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • 1944 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • 1946 NYC transit begins using PA system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act
  • 1948 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • 1948 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • 1948 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • 1949 Central Intelligence Agency Act passes
  • 1950 Dutch Air Force base Tjililitan given to Indonesia
  • 1956 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed
  • 1958 NZ all out 47 v England at Lord's, Laker 4-13, Lock 5-17
  • 1960 Federation of Mali (& Senegal) becomes independent of France
  • 1963 US & USSR agree to set up "Hot Line"
  • 1966 Sheila Scott completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman
  • 1968 Catholic Irish Civil rights activists protest against discrimination in the allocation of housing by illegally occupying a house in Caledon, County Tyrone
  • 1968 Austin Currie, then Nationalist Member of Parliament (MP) at Stormont, and a number of other people, protest discrimination in the allocation of housing by 'squating' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Georges Pompidou sworn in as President of France

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1969 Breakaway white Rhodesia agrees to race separation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 British government of Edward Heath forms (with Margaret Thatcher in the Cabinet)

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1970 Oriole's Brooks Robinson get his 2,000 career hit, a 3 run HR
  • 1972 Secret Meeting Between IRA and British Officials held
  • 1973 Juan Peron returns from exile to Argentina after 18 years
  • 1973 Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fire upon left-wing Peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 are injured.
  • 1976 Carl Fugate, Starkweather accomplice, paroled
  • 1976 Disney's River Country opens at Bay Lake (closed 2001)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Menachem Begin forms Israeli government

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1977 Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez
  • 1981 Mudjahedin uprises against Iran regime

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 55 days for infection

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Birthdays in History

  • 236 BC Scipio Africanus, Roman statesman and general of the Second Punic War (d. 183 BC)
  • 1005 Ali az-Zahir, caliph (d. 1036)
  • 1389 John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (d. 1435)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1566 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), born in Gripsholm Castle, Sweden (d. 1632)

  • 1583 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
  • 1634 Charles Emanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75)
  • 1642 George Hickes, English linguistic (Old German Philology)
  • 1647 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91)
  • 1674 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and playwright (Tamerlane), Poet Laureate (1715-18), born in Little Barford, Bedfordshire (d. 1718)
  • 1694 Hans A Brorson, Danish poet/bishop of Ribe
  • 1717 Jacques Saly, French sculptor (d. 1776)
  • 1723 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian
  • 1723 Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian (d. 1808)
  • 1733 Betty Washington sister of George Washington
  • 1737 Tokugawa Ieharu, Japanese military (d. 1786)
  • 1743 Anna L Barbauld, writer of hymns
  • 1763 Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish nationalist
  • 1770 Moses Waddel, American educator/minister and bestselling author (d. 1840)
  • 1771 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • 1786 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (d. 1859)
  • 1808 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (d. 1888)
  • 1823 Jesse Lee Reno, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1824 George E Street, British (?) architect
  • 1824 John Tyler Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1833 Leon-J-F Bonnat, painter
  • 1852 Theodorus Heemskerk Jzn, minister of interior (1866..88) [or Jul 20]
  • 1858 Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (portraits)
  • 1858 Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (d. 1932)
  • 1864 Pier Pander, Dutch sculptor, born in Drachten, Friesland (d. 1919)
  • 1866 Ivans, [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer/detective writer
  • 1866 Lord George ESMH Carnarvon, England, egyptologist (Tutanchamon)
  • 1868 Helen Miller Shepard, philanthropist/established Hall of Fame
  • 1872 George Carpenter, the 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Othenio Able, Austria, paleontologist
  • 1885 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish scholar (d. 1927)
  • 1887 Arnaut Colnot, painter/graphic artist
  • 1887 Kurt Schwitters, German/British dada-artist/poet (collages)
  • 1889 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1891 John A. Costello, second Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (d. 1976)
  • 1892 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)
  • 1894 George Delacorte, American philanthropist/publisher (Dell Books), born in NYC, New York
  • 1894 Lloyd A Hall, Illinois, pioneer in food chemistry
  • 1897 Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)
  • 1899 Jean Moulin, hero of the French Resistance (WW II)
  • 1901 Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), born in Hiroshima (d. 1995)
  • 1904 Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo, German Foreign Minister
  • 1905 Lillian Hellman, American playwright (d. 1984)
  • 1907 Lillian Hellman, playwright (Toys in the Attic, Little Foxes)
  • 1911 Lord Brightman, British judge of appeals
  • 1912 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Terence Young, Shanghai China, director (Dr No, Thunderball)
  • 1915 Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1916 William Balchin, geographer
  • 1916 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, premier of Quebec (d. 1973)
  • 1918 Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer
  • 1920 Haydn Tudor Evans, British high court judge
  • 1923 Marcus Bakker, Dutch MP (CPN)
  • 1924 Rainer Barzel, German leader (CDU-CSU)/minister
  • 1926 Arthur Bell, royal botanic gardens director (Kew Gardens)
  • 1928 David Mitchell, British MP
  • 1928 Jean-Marie le Pen, France, leader (National Front party)
  • 1930 John Waine, bishop (Chelmsford)
  • 1930 Robert Ivanovich Rozhdestvensky, poet
  • 1930 Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
  • 1931 Richard Southwood, zoologist/chancellor (Oxford University)
  • 1932 Robert Rozjdestvenski, Russian poet (Requiem, Userjoz)
  • 1933 Claire Tomalin, biographer/editor
  • 1933 Earl of Cranbrook, CEO (Nature Conservancy Council)
  • 1934 Brian Barder, British high commissar (Australia)
  • 1935 Anthony Pilkington, CEO (Pilkington Pic)
  • 1940 Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • 1941 Ulf D Merbold, German physicist/astronaut (STS 9, 42, Soyuz TM-19)
  • 1945 David S Monson, (Rep-R-UT, 1985- )
  • 1945 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • 1946 Birgitte Eva Henriksen, Duchess of Gloucester, born in Odense, Denmark
  • 1946 Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
  • 1947 David French, British director (Deep Sleep, Bingo)
  • 1947 Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
  • 1947 Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
  • 1948 Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • 1951 Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
  • 1952 Vikram Seth, Indian poet
  • 1953 Brian J Duffy, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 45, 57, 72, sk:92), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1953 Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)
  • 1954 Ilan Ramon, Israeli combat pilot and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1970 Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco
  • 1970 Andrea Nahles, German politician
  • 1970 Bruce Woodcock, American computer games analyst
  • 1978 Quinton Jackson, American Mixed Martial Artist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1929 Author William Faulkner (31) weds Estelle Oldham at College Hill Presbyterian Church outside Oxford, Mississippi

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1987 Johnny Carson marries 4th wife Alexis Mass

HeartWedding of Interest

1998 Magazine publisher Larry Flynt (55) weds Elizabeth Berrios

Magazine Publisher Larry Flynt
Magazine Publisher
Larry Flynt

Deaths in History

  • 451 Theodorid, King of the Visigoths
  • 537 Saint Silverius, and Pope till deposed in March 537, starves to death in exile
  • 840 Louis de Vrome, emperor of French rich, dies
  • 885 Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (b. 841)
  • 1585 Christianus Adrichomius, writer (Theatrum Terrae Sanctae), dies at 52
  • 1597 Willem Barentsz/Barents, Dutch navigator. Barents Sea named after him
  • 1649 Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher, author, dies
  • 1668 Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)
  • 1751 Adriaen Valckenier, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1737-41), dies at 56
  • 1776 Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (b. 1704)
  • 1800 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (b. 1719)
  • 1820 Manuel Belgrano, Argentine lawyer and politician (b. 1770)
  • 1837 William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1765)
  • 1846 Pieter Adams, architect of Rotterdam, dies at about 67
  • 1869 Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
  • 1870 Jules de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, dies at 39
  • 1883 Olivier Gloux, [Gustave Aimard], French world explorer, dies at 64
  • 1888 Johannes H Zukertort, German chess player, dies at 45
  • 1906 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • 1915 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), dies
  • 1917 James Mason Crafts, US chemist, dies at 78
  • 1920 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian Botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, dies at 55
  • 1925 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1933 Clara Zetkin, German feminist/communist, dies
  • 1941 [Stephanie] Hélène Swarth, Dutch poet ("Lonely flowers"), dies at 81
  • 1945 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, gangster, shot dead in Beverly Hills Cal

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Mobster
Bugsy Siegel
  • 1953 Hendrik de Man, sociologist (Belgian Working people Party), dies at 67
  • 1958 Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950), dies
  • 1959 Hitoshi Ashida, Japanese politician, dies at 71
  • 1960 Walter Dehmel, German writer, dies at 57
  • 1963 Joseph Self, murderer, executed; last Wash state execution in 25 yrs
  • 1963 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 1972 Horst Salomon, writer, dies
  • 1972 Howard Johnson, US restaurant/hotel founder, dies at 75
  • 1994 Charlotte Auerbach, British German-born geneticist and zoologist, dies at 94
  • 1994 Emmanuel Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, dies at 70
  • 1994 Louis Benjamin, British showman, dies at 71
  • 1995 Al Hansen, American artist (Fluxus), found dead at 67
  • 1995 Emil Mihai Cioran, writer/aphorist, dies at 84
  • 1995 Henry Iliffe Cozens, pilot, dies at 91
  • 1996 Irving Krick, meteorologist, dies at 89
  • 1996 Michel Lebrun, crime writer, dies at 65
  • 1996 Walter Guevara Arze, provisional president of Bolivia (1979), dies
  • 1998 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (b. 1942)
  • 1999 Clifton Fadiman, American author (b. 1902)
  • 2000 Karl Mickel, German writer, dies at 64
  • 2002 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2003 Bob Stump, American politician (b. 1927)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005 Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer and Nobel laureate, dies at 81

Engineer Jack Kilby
Engineer
Jack Kilby
  • 2005 Larry Collins, American writer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Trevor Henry, New Zealand Justice (b. 1902)
  • 2010 Harry Blackmore Whittington, British palaeontologist (b. 1916)
  • 2012 LeRoy Neiman, American painter, dies at 91
  • 2015 Nazar Singh, British great-grandfather, believed to be Europe's oldest man, dies at 111