On This Day in History for June 21

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 138

  • 524 Godomar, King of the Burgundians, defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce.
  • 996 Pope Gregory V crowns Otto III Roman Catholic German emperor of Elzas
  • 1128 Battle of Akspoele: earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik
  • 1498 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian
  • 1529 Battle at Landriano: Leyva beats France
  • 1547 Great fire in Moscow, 2-3,000 killed
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian of Swieten conquers Gouda
  • 1582 The Incident at Honnō-ji takes place in Kyoto, Japan.
  • 1607 1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown
  • 1661 Treaty of Kardis: Russia & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 1667 Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter occupies Sheerness, England
  • 1672 Dutch pension advisor Johan de Witt seriously wounded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Utrecht

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1684 King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1734 In Montreal, New France (Quebec), black slave Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, is tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony
  • 1749 Pieter Steyn installed as pension advisor of Netherlands
  • 1749 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded.
  • 1768 1st US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer)

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1788 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it

  • 1788 Vizille France population demands local parliament
  • 1791 Fleeing French King Louis XVI & family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
  • 1792 Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil & Mexicana off Vancouver, BC
  • 1805 Great Stoneface Mt found in NH
  • 1813 Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria.
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • 1824 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.
  • 1826 Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 American inventor and businessman Cyrus Hall McCormick patents the reaping machine

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus Hall McCormick
  • 1849 Battle at Waghausel: Prussian troops beat Baden rebels
  • 1854 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)
  • 1858 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • 1863 Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities
  • 1864 New Zealand Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends
  • 1877 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.
  • 1879 Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful "F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store" on North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1893 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago's Columbian Exposition)
  • 1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • 1895 British Roseberry government falls
  • 1898 Guam becomes a territory of US
  • 1900 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • 1903 Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Mazarine Stone" takes place (BG)

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1904 The US Republican Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President, but not without opposition from those whom he calls 'malefactors of great wealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1907 E W Scripps founded United Press
  • 1913 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • 1915 Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
  • 1915 The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
  • 1916 Mexican troops beat US expeditionary force under Gen Pershing
  • 1916 President Carranza orders his troops to oppose American soldiers at Carrazil, Mexico; 18 American soldiers are killed or wounded
  • 1917 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
  • 1919 Bauer forms German government
  • 1919 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands
  • 1921 The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations
  • 1923 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
  • 1924 NCRV, Dutch Christian Radio Society, forms
  • 1930 Ruth hits 3 HRs as Yanks blow 6-0 lead in 7th & lose 15-7
  • 1933 1st Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans
  • 1937 French People's front government-Blum falls
  • 1940 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • 1940 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • 1941 2nd French troops occupies Damascus Syria
  • 1941 After winning 20 straight at Fenway, Lefty Grove loses to Browns
  • 1942 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
  • 1942 President Roosevelt/premier Churchill arrives in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1942 Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • 1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit 30 dead
  • 1944 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • 1945 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WW II
  • 1946 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas Texas
  • 1946 Bill Veeck buys Indians for $2.2 million
  • 1946 Fed judge rules Seattle club doesn't have to play returning serviceman
  • 1948 1st stored computer program run, on Manchester Mark I
  • 1948 33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced and 78's planned to be phased out (Dr Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records)
  • 1948 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)
  • 1948 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • 1950 Joe DiMaggio gets his 2,000th hit
  • 1952 Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
  • 1954 John Landy runs world record mile (3:58.0)
  • 1956 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
  • 1956 German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners
  • 1956 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters
  • 1957 Ellen Louks Fairclough is sworn in as Canada's first woman Cabinet Minister.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Louis St. Laurent resigns as Prime Minister of Canada, ending the longest uninterrupted run at the federal level in Canadian history

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent
  • 1957 7th Berlin International Film Festival: "12 Angry Men" wins Golden Bear
  • 1958 French franc devalues
  • 1960 Armin Hary runs world record 100m (10.0)
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 75,190 m
  • 1963 Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds John XXIII
  • 1963 13th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Devil" and "Bushido: The Cruel Code of the Samurai" win the Golden Bear (tie)
  • 1964 Beckwith arrested for murder of Medger Evers, found guilty 30 yr later
  • 1964 Three civil rights workers, Michael H Schwerner, Andrew Goodman & James E Chane, disappeared after release from a Mississippi jail
  • 1966 Queen Juliana opens Coen tunnel in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren resigns

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1968 18th Berlin International Film Festival: "Who Saw Him Die?" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1969 1st reported hearing of pirate radio WGHP (With God's Help Peace)
  • 1970 Detroit's Cesar Gutierrez goes 7-for-7 to tie a record set in 1892
  • 1971 Intl Court of Justice asks South-Africa to pull out of Namibia
  • 1974 24th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1975 Soyuz 19 returns to Earth

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 122

  • 1002 Leo IX, [Bruno count of Egesheim & Dagsburg], Pope (1049-54)
  • 1226 King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1528 Maria of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress (1603)
  • 1596 Michael Fjodorovitsj, tsar of Russia (1613-45)/1st Romanov
  • 1639 Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (d. 1723)
  • 1640 Abraham Mignon, still life painter
  • 1646 Maria Francisca of Nemours, queen of Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1712 Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)
  • 1730 Norinaga Moto'ori, Japanese scientist
  • 1740 Hendrik van Wijn, Dutch archivist (Algemeen Rijksarchief)
  • 1750 Pierre-Nicolas Beauvallet, French artist (d. 1818)
  • 1759 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (d. 1817)
  • 1763 Pierre P Royer-Collard, French attorney/philosopher
  • 1764 Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)
  • 1774 Daniel D Tompkins, (D-R), 6th US vice-president (1817-25)
  • 1781 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)
  • 1782 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • 1788 Princess Augusta of Bavaria (d. 1850)
  • 1791 Robert Napier, British engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1798 Wolfgang Menzel, German writer (d. 1873)
  • 1805 Charles Thomas Jackson, American scientist, polymath (d. 1880)
  • 1811 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1812 Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)
  • 1817 James Brewerton Ricketts, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1887)
  • 1818 Joseph Abel Haskin, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)
  • 1823 Edward Elmer Potter, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • 1823 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1825 William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford (d. 1901)
  • 1832 Joseph Rainey, American politician, 1st African American in US House of Representatives (1870-1879), born in Georgetown, South Carolina (d. 1887)
  • 1839 Joaquim M Machado de Assic, Brazil, writer (Epitaph of a small winner)
  • 1839 Johannes P R Tak, Dutch liberal politician
  • 1839 John Decatur Barry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1867)
  • 1839 Machado de Assis, writer
  • 1844 Ernest F Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st railway Congo)
  • 1851 Daniel Carter Beard, US, organized 1st boy scout troop
  • 1859 Henry O Tanner, artist
  • 1862 Johannes Schlaf, writer
  • 1862 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (d. 1943)
  • 1863 Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1864 Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian (d. 1945)
  • 1868 Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist (d. 1946)
  • 1870 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)
  • 1873 Henry M Tomlinson, British writer (Sea & Jungle)
  • 1876 Willem H Keesom, physicist (helium vast)
  • 1879 Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian cartoonist/illustrator (Candide)
  • 1880 Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
  • 1880 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
  • 1882 Rockwell Kent, artist/painter/illustrator (Canterbury Tales)
  • 1882 Lluís Companys i Jover, Spanish politician (d. 1940)
  • 1883 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement) (d. 1958)
  • 1884 Claude "Auk" Auchinleck, British fieldmarshal North-Africa
  • 1887 Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)
  • 1890 Frank Sherman Land, The order of DeMolay founder (d. 1959)
  • 1891 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian architect (Nuove Struttura)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (Nature & Destiny of Man), born in Wright City, Missouri (d. 1971)

Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold Niebuhr
Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor
Reinhold Niebuhr
  • 1894 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)
  • 1896 Charles B. Momsen, American inventor (d. 1967)
  • 1898 Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Al[bert] Hirschfield, cartoonist (NINA, NY Times), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1903 Al Hirschfeld, American cartoonist (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1905 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer (Le Mur, Nobel 1964; declined), born in Paris (d. 1980)

  • 1908 William Frankena, American philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Soviet poet (d. 1971)
  • 1912 Mary McCarthy, US, novelist (Group)
  • 1914 William Vickrey, economist
  • 1916 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • 1918 James Bysse Joll, historian
  • 1919 Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Paolo Soleri, Italian-born American architect
  • 1920 Helen Cattanach, British Army Nursing Service (QARANC)
  • 1921 Jean de Broglie, French politician
  • 1924 Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalytic thinker
  • 1925 Giovanni Spadolini, Italian politician (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)
  • 1928 V G Yershov, cosmonaut
  • 1929 John Morgan, British ambassador (to Mexico)
  • 1930 Gerald Kaufman, British Labour MP, born in Leeds (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Patricia Lindop, radio biologist
  • 1930 Peter Marshall, police commissioner (London)
  • 1931 Margaret Heckler, US Secretary of Health & Human Services (1983-85)
  • 1932 Bernard Ingham, press secretary (Margaret Thatcher)
  • 1934 Wulf Kirsten, German writer, born in Klipphausen, Meissen
  • 1935 Francoise Sagan, [Quoirez], Cajarc France, novelist (Bonjour Trieste)
  • 1937 Anna Davies, prof of Comparative Philology (Oxford U)
  • 1938 Dan Burton, (Rep-R-IN, 1983- )
  • 1939 Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1940 Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher
  • 1942 Marg Margolies-Mezvinsky, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania)
  • 1942 William Bradford Reynolds, Conn, US asst attorney general
  • 1942 Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
  • 1942 Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • 1944 Miguel Danus, Vicens rocker
  • 1945 Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet
  • 1946 Kate Hoey, British MP (Lab)
  • 1946 Malcolm Rifkind, British QC MP (Sect of State for Defense)
  • 1946 Maurice Saatchi, English advertising CEO (Saatchi & Saatchi)
  • 1947 Dana Rohrabacher, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1947 Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1948 Ian McEwan, English writer
  • 1948 Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1810 US President Zachary Taylor (25) weds Margaret Smith near Louisville, Kentucky

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor

HeartWedding of Interest

1924 Inventor Robert H. Goddard (41) weds secretary Esther Christine Kisk (23) at St. John's Episcopal Church in Worcester

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard

HeartWedding of Interest

1940 37th US President Richard Nixon (27) weds Pat Ryan (28) at the Mission Inn in Riverside, California

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1942 Jacqueline Kennedy's mother Janet Bouvier marries Standard Oil heir Hugh Auchincloss

HeartWedding of Interest

1985 Chemist Carl Djerassi (61) weds biographer and teacher Diane Middlebrook (46) at his ranch

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • 1991 Eleanor Mondale marries Greg "Thunder" Malban (Minn DJ)
  • 2013 Actor Peter Scolari (57) weds broadway actress Tracy Shayne in NYC, New York
  • 2014 TV journalist Katie Couric (57) weds financier John Molner in East Hampton, New York

Deaths in History

  • 223 Liu Bei, Emperor of Shu Han (b. 161)
  • 524 Chlodomir, king of the France to Orleans (511-24), dies at about 28
  • 1205 Enrico Dandolo, Doge of Venice (b. 1107)
  • 1208 Philip of Swabia, King of Germany and duke of Swabia (b. 1177)
  • 1305 King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1377 Edward III, King of England (1327-77) noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority, dies at 64

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1421 Jean Le Maingre, Marshal of France (b. 1366)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1527 Niccolo Machiavelli, Florentine statesman/author, dies at 57

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1529 John Skelton, English poet, dies at about 69
  • 1547 Sebastiano del Piombo, Italian painter (b. 1485)
  • 1573 Antonie van Burgundy, mayor of sealand, dies in battle
  • 1582 Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)
  • 1591 Aloysius [Luigi] van Gonzaga, Prince/Italian Jesuit saint, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1631 John Smith, English explorer (Chesapeake Bay, New England) and leader of the Virginia Colony (Jamestown), dies at 51

Explorer John Smith
Explorer
John Smith
  • 1652 Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)
  • 1738 Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
  • 1788 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), dies at 57
  • 1824 Étienne Aignan, French writer (b. 1773)
  • 1865 Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
  • 1874 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)
  • 1876 Antonio López de Santa Anna, President of Mexico who dominated Mexican history in the first half of the 19th century, dies at 79
  • 1884 Alexander, prince/last male descendent of Johan W Friso, dies
  • 1893 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University
  • 1913 Stefan O Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), dies at 37
  • 1914 Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
  • 1925 Jan H Leopold, poet/classical (translated Omar Khayyam), dies at 60
  • 1934 [James] Thorne Smith, US, sci-fi author (Stray Lamb, Turnabout)
  • 1940 Edouard Vuillard, French painter/graphic artist, dies
  • 1940 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet/writer/critic, drowns at 40
  • 1940 W Hasenclever, writer, dies at 49
  • 1940 Smedley Butler, American Marine general (b. 1881)
  • 1944 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter/friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • 1945 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • 1951 Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)
  • 1954 Gideon Sundback, Swedish-American inventor, perfected the zipper (b. 1880)
  • 1957 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer, dies at 85
  • 1964 Andrew Goodman, US civil rights activist, murdered at 20
  • 1964 James Chaney, US civil rights activist, murdered at 21
  • 1964 Michael Schwerner, US civil rights activist, murder at 21
  • 1965 Bernard M Baruch, pres advisor (termed "Cold War"), dies at 94
  • 1969 Maureen "Little Mo" Connolly, 1st woman grand slam (1953), dies at 34

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1970 Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), dies from kidney failure while under house arrest at 68

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1973 Frank Leahy, football coach (Notre Dame), dies at 64
  • 1976 Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)
  • 1983 Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (Tijl), dies at 87
  • 1985 Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901)
  • 1988 Robert Lee "Bobby" Dodd, US football coach
  • 1992 Li Xiannian, President of the People's Republic of China (1983-88), dies at 82
  • 1993 Frank Moro, entertainer, dies
  • 1994 Mark Robert Isfeld, combat Engineer, dies at 31
  • 1995 Tristan Jones, British sailor and author, dies at 71
  • 1995 Laurence McKinley Gould, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929, dies at 98
  • 1997 Shintaro Katsu, Japanese entertainer (b. 1931)
  • 1997 Fidel Velázquez Sánchez, Mexican labour leader (b. 1900)
  • 1999 Karl Krolow, German poet and translator, dies at 84
  • 2003 Leon Uris, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 2003 Jason Moran, Australian criminal (b. 1967)
  • 2004 Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2007 Bob Evans, American restaurateur (b. 1918)
  • 2011 Robert Kroetsch, Canadian author (b. 1927)
  • 2015 Veijo Meri, Finnish writer, dies at 86