On This Day in History for June 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 217 BC Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom.
  • 168 BC Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War.
  • 431 Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens
  • 816 Pope Stephen IV, [V] elected to succeed Leo III
  • 1342 Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, (Shire Reckoning)
  • 1377 Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England
  • 1476 Battle at Morat/Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland
  • 1497 Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath
  • 1533 Ferdinand of Austria & Sultan Suleiman sign peace treaty
  • 1559 Jewish quarter of Prague burned & looted
  • 1593 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks.
  • 1596 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1611 Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery & never seen again

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Galileo Galilei forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope (Oct 31 1992 Vatican admits it was wrong)

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1675 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

  • 1679 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots
  • 1740 King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture & guarantees religion & freedom of the press
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1772 Somerset v Stewart UK court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encourages abolitionist movement
  • 1774 British parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • 1775 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • 1799 Britain & Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
  • 1807 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
  • 1808 Zebulon Pike reaches his peak

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1812 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn the British troops, which results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • 1814 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC v Herefordshire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1825 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.
  • 1832 John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
  • 1844 Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.
  • 1847 First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1848 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1848 Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1849 Stephen C Massett opens concert at San Francisco courthouse using only piano in Calif
  • 1851 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City hall and Jenny Lind Theatre
  • 1864 Battle of Ream's Station, VA (Wilson's Raid)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
  • 1867 Leopold Marquard, South African clergyman, missionary and educationist, 80
  • 1868 Arkansas re-joins the US
  • 1870 1st Boardwalk in America invented
  • 1870 US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • 1873 Prince Edward Island joins Canada
  • 1874 Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • 1875 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • 1893 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • 1900 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • 1904 Chinese laborers arrive in South Africa following a severe labor shortage
  • 1906 Haakon VII crowned king of Norway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 1st airship with passengers sets afloat-Zeppelin Deutscheland

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 King George V crowned king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea.

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1915 BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
  • 1918 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe Illinois)

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1921 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:40.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1922 Herrin massacre, 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.
  • 1925 Spain & France fight Morocco
  • 1931 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • 1932 NL finally approves players wearing numbers
  • 1933 German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
  • 1936 Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee & survives
  • 1936 Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US (Organic Act)
  • 1939 Princes (future Queen) Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN)
  • 1940 France falls to Nazi Germany; armistice signed, France disarms
  • 1940 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • 1940 About 10,000 Afrikaner women march to the union buildings in protest of South Africa's involvement in WWII
  • 1941 Estonians starts armed resistance against Soviet occupation
  • 1941 Finland invades Karelia
  • 1941 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union during WWII
  • 1941 Germany, Italy & Romania declare war on Soviet Union
  • 1941 Michael Gerasimov opens grave of Tamerlan "Lenk"
  • 1941 The Lithuanian 1941 independence begins.
  • 1941 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
  • 1942 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • 1942 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1944 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • 1944 British 14th Army frees Imphal Assam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • 1944 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1947 12" rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)
  • 1947 Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)
  • 1954 Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands
  • 1955 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy
  • 1955 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea
  • 1956 6th Berlin International Film Festival: "Invitation to the Dance" wins Golden Bear
  • 1957 Kansas City stops using streetcars in it's transit system
  • 1959 "Along Came Jones" by Coasters peaks at #9
  • 1959 Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games
  • 1959 Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to SF voyage
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1961 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
  • 1962 1st test flight of a Hovercraft
  • 1962 French Boeing 707 crashes at Guadeloupe, 113 killed
  • 1962 12th Berlin International Film Festival: "A Kind of Loving" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1966 South African Bishop Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu, is refused a passport and thus permission to attend an international church conference by the South African government
  • 1968 "Here Come Da Judge" by The Buena Vistas peaks at #88
  • 1969 Aretha Franklin arrested in Detroit for creating a disturbance
  • 1969 Cleveland's Cuyahoga River catches fire due to pollution

Birthdays in History

  • 1478 Philips de Schone, Archduke of Austrian/King of Castilia (Philips I)
  • 1674 Eugene J P, Earl of Merode, Belgian marquis of Westerloo
  • 1680 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1701 Nikolaj Eigtved, Danish architect (Christiansborg Castle)
  • 1704 John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1738 Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
  • 1757 George Vancouver, surveyed Pacific coast from San Francisco to Vancouver Island
  • 1767 Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
  • 1796 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [OS]
  • 1805 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Il Apostolato Popolare)
  • 1814 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1866)
  • 1837 Paul Morphy, greatest chess player of all time (1857-61), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1840 Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)
  • 1845 Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • 1845 Richard John Seddon, Eccleston, England, the longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1856 Henry Rider Haggard, Norfolk, England, author (King Solomon's Mine, She, Dawn)
  • 1861 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
  • 1864 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician
  • 1869 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
  • 1871 William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • 1876 Gwen (Gwendolen) John, Haverfordwest, Wales, Welsh painter
  • 1879 Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • 1885 Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Albert PAA Besnard, Dutch poet/journalist (Uprising & Remorse)
  • 1887 Julian S Huxley, biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England
  • 1888 Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • 1891 Franz de Backer, Flemish writer (White Enemy)
  • 1892 Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1892 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • 1895 James Arthur Calata, Anglican clergyman and African National Congress (ANC) leader, Rabula, Keiskammahoek, Eastern Cape.
  • 1896 Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea)
  • 1897 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • 1898 Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front)
  • 1899 Michal Kalecki, Polish economist
  • 1901 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), Wolmaransstad, Transvaal, poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch
  • 1902 Arnold J d'Ailly, dir (Nederlandsche Bank)/mayor (Amsterdam, 1946-56)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 John Dillinger, notorious bank robber , born in Indianapolis, Indiana

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator (Gift from the Sea), born in Englewood, New Jersey

Aviation Pioneer and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviation Pioneer and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh
  • 1908 George Armin Goyder, businessman/social philosopher
  • 1912 Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
  • 1913 Wladyslaw Sila-Nowicki, Poland, lawyer (Solidarity)
  • 1914 Lilo Hardel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1999)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Cicely Saunders, English nurse, physician and writer who founded the first modern hospice, born in Barnet, England (d. 2005)

Nurse and Social Worker Cicely Saunders
Nurse and Social Worker
Cicely Saunders
  • 1920 Paul Frees, animation voice (Bullwinkle), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1921 Barbara F Vucanovich, (Rep-R-NV, 1983-1997), (d. 2013)
  • 1921 Gower Champion, choreographer (42nd Street, Showboat)
  • 1922 Bill Blass, Ft Wayne Ind, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)
  • 1931 Henk Vonhoff, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1931 Hennadiy Udovenko, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine, politician and diplomat (UN General Assembly President, 1997-8), (d. 2013)
  • 1933 Dianne Feinstein, 1st female mayor of SF/(Sen-D-Ca)
  • 1934 Arthur Miller, legal reporter
  • 1942 Margreet M H Kamp, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1942 Toyohiro Akiyama, Japan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11)
  • 1943 Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
  • 1947 Octavia E[stelle] Butler, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Wild Seed)
  • 1947 Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
  • 1947 Howard Kaylan, founding member of The Turtles

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 Elizabeth Warren, American academic and US Senator (D-Massachusetts), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
  • 1954 Charles T Canady, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • 1956 Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Pakistani Politician and Foreign Minister
  • 1960 Erin Brockovich, American legal clerk and envirnomental campaigner, born in Lawrence, Kansas

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1964 Dan Brown, American author of thriller fiction (The Da Vinci Code), born in Exeter, New Hampshire

Author Dan Brown
Dan Brown
  • 1966 Euan Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, English baron/multi-millionaire
  • 1970 Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
  • 1981 Monty Oum, American Animator (RWBY), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2015)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1894 Harry Houdini marries Bessie Rahner

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini

HeartWedding of Interest

1969 Writer and producer R. L. Stine (25) weds editor Jane Waldhorn

Children's Book Writer R. L. Stine
Children's Book Writer
R. L. Stine
  • 2013 Actor Adam Driver (29) weds girlfriend Joanne Tucker
  • 2013 Former Stone Temple Pilots frontman Scott Weiland (45) weds photographer Jamie Wachtel in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History

  • 1276 Innocent V, [Pierre the Tarantaise], Pope (1276), dies at about 36
  • 1429 Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
  • 1535 John Fisher, English bishop (1504-35)/cardinal, beheaded at about 65
  • 1632 James Whitelocke, English judge (b. 1570)
  • 1634 Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
  • 1699 Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
  • 1714 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • 1777 Josef Christian, German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1803 Wilhelm Heinse, writer, dies
  • 1868 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
  • 1874 Howard Staunton, English world chess champion, designer of chess pieces, dies at 84
  • 1892 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
  • 1894 Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
  • 1897 Ralph Abercromby, British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • 1898 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist, dies at 66
  • 1903 George White, African American resident of Delaware, lynched
  • 1905 Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1906 Fritz Schaudinn, German animal scholar: examined amoebasis, dies at 34
  • 1909 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet, dies at 65
  • 1910 Marie, Princess of Wied/Orange Nassau, dies
  • 1922 Henry H Wilson, Field Marshal, murdered in London
  • 1925 Felix Klein, German mathematician (b. 1849)
  • 1928 A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
  • 1930 Karl von Amira, German historian, dies at 82
  • 1931 Armand Fallières, French president (b. 1841)
  • 1935 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1936 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1938 C.J. Dennis, Australian writer and poet (b. 1876)
  • 1940 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who developed the Köppen climate classification system for the regions of the world, dies at 93
  • 1940 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer commits suicide at 49
  • 1945 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1945 Mitsuri Ushijima, Jap lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1955 Wyllis Cooper, TV narrator (Volume One), dies at 56
  • 1959 Hermann Brill, German politician (b. 1895)
  • 1961 Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (b. 1900)
  • 1964 Havank, [HF van der Kallen], detective writer (Shade), dies at 60
  • 1965 Adriaan F Dussenbroek, Dutch doctor/co-founder (UNA), dies at 72
  • 1965 David O Selznick, producer (Gone With the Wind), dies at 63
  • 1974 Horace Lindrum, Australian snooker and billiards player (b. 1912)
  • 1979 Julius Sommer, dies of heart failure, buried in Dayton Ohio
  • 1984 Joseph Losey, director (Go-Between, M, Concrete Jungle), dies at 75
  • 1989 Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician (b. 1916)
  • 1990 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation), dies at 81
  • 1992 Frederic I Rinaldo, writer (Abbott & Costello meet Frankenstein), dies
  • 1992 M F K Fisher, cook book author, dies of Parkinson Disease at 83
  • 1993 Hannah Troy, fashion designer (petite), dies of heart attack at 93
  • 1993 M'hammed Boukhozba, Algerian sociologist, murdered at 52
  • 1993 Pat Nixon, 1st lady (1969-75), dies of lung cancer at 81
  • 1995 Georges Yves Marie Congar, Dominican theologian cardinal, dies at 91
  • 1996 James Leander "Leo" Nichols, honorary consul, dies at 65
  • 1996 Tertius Metcalf, businessman, dies at 63
  • 2002 Ann Landers, American columnist (b. 1918)
  • 2003 John Stokes, British MP (C), dies at 85
  • 2003 Wassil Bykau, Belarusian writer, dies at 79
  • 2004 Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
  • 2004 Bob Bemer, American computer scientist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • 2004 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist, dies from complications due to heart disease at 84
  • 2007 Bernhard "Bernd" Becher, German artist, worked collaboratively with Hilla Becher his wife, dies at 75
  • 2008 Dody Goodman, American comedienne (b. 1914)
  • 2008 Jane McGrath, British-born Australian cancer support campaigner (b. 1966)
  • 2011 Harley Hotchkiss, Canadian businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2015 Gabriele Wohmann, German writer, dies at 83