On This Day in History for June 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 156

  • 451 10th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 843 Vikings destroy Nantes
  • 972 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces; Mieszko I of Poland decisively defeated Odo I of Lusatia
  • 1128 Afonso I of Portugal defeats army of his mother Theresa
  • 1298 Rindfleisch Persecutions - Jews of Ifhauben, Austria massacred
  • 1314 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1322 Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time
  • 1340 English fleet destroys the French at the battle of Sluys (the Hundred Years War)
  • 1396 Crusaders under Earl of Nevers reach Vienna
  • 1397 Sultan Bajezid I releases captured crusaders for ransom
  • 1441 Eton College founded by Henry VI
  • 1472 Zoe Paleologa departs Rome for Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 John Cabot claims Eastern Canada for England (believes he has found Asia in Nova Scotia)

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot
  • 1497 Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1522 Portuguese Antonio de Brita signs treaty island of Ternate Molukkas
  • 1527 Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking Catholic possessions
  • 1529 Zürich & catholic cantons sign Peace of Kappel
  • 1535 Anabaptists Protestants conquered & disbanded
  • 1535 Hessische troops occupy Munster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1540 English King Henry VIII commands his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves, to leave the court

Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1572 5 clergymen of Enkhuizen hanged
  • 1597 Cornelis de Houtman's fleet reaches Bantam, West Java
  • 1619 Tsar Michail's father Filaret becomes patriarch of Moscow
  • 1648 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews & 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1658 French fleet recaptures Duinkerk
  • 1662 Dutch invasion of Macau repulsed (Macau Day)
  • 1664 The colony of New Jersey is founded
  • 1690 King William III's army lands at Carrickfergus Ireland [OS=June 14]
  • 1692 Kingston, Jamaica, founded
  • 1717 1st Free Masons' grand lodge founded in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1731 Freemason and Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen is appointed Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania, the first and youngest Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1748 The Kingswood School is opened by John Wesley and his brother Charles Wesley in Bristol. The school later moved to Bath

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • 1778 David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
  • 1793 1st republican constitution in France adopted
  • 1794 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • 1795 US & Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1806 British under Commodore Popham and Colonel Beresford reach Buenos Aires

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 Battle of Beaver Dam - British & Indian forces defeat US forces (War of 1812)
  • 1821 Battle of Carabobo; Bolívar defeats royalists outside Caracas
  • 1841 Fordham University (then St John's College), opens in the Bronx
  • 1843 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside ghetto in Italy
  • 1846 Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 US President Franklin Pierce signs the Gadsden Purchase, buying 29,670 square-miles (76,800 square km) from Mexico for $10 million (now southern Arizona and New Mexico)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1859 Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1861 Battle of Mathias Point, VA-US attacks Confederate batteries
  • 1861 Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from Union
  • 1863 Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac
  • 1866 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • 1880 First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français

  • 1881 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico
  • 1884 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention
  • 1885 British government of Salisbury forms
  • 1885 Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop
  • 1894 Marie François Sadi Carnot is assassinated in Lyon by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio
  • 1897 Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas
  • 1898 American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba
  • 1900 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 1901 Jewish National Fund starts
  • 1902 King Edward VII develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation
  • 1903 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
  • 1914 King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent
  • 1917 Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol
  • 1920 Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
  • 1922 American Professional Football Association renamed the National Football League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Adolf Hitler begins a month long prison sentence for paramilitary operations; he rails against the 'Jewish sell-out' of Germany to the Bolsheviks

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923 Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
  • 1928 With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada
  • 1930 1st radar detection of planes, Anacostia, Washington, D.C.
  • 1930 Ground is broken for construction of Cleveland Stadium
  • 1931 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • 1932 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
  • 1936 Mary McLeod Bethune named director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Adm
  • 1938 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1939 Pan Am's 1st US to England flight
  • 1940 France signs an armistice with Italy during WW II
  • 1941 Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy, Lithuania, exterminated
  • 1941 Germans advanced into Russia & took Vilna, Brest-Litovsk & Kaunas
  • 1942 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • 1942 Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • 1943 Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg
  • 1945 Schermerhorn government forms
  • 1945 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • 1946 11.72" (29.77 cm) of rainfall at Mellen Wisc (state 24-hr record)
  • 1946 Georges Bidault elected premier of France
  • 1947 Flying saucers sighted over Mount Rainier by pilot Ken Arnold

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1948 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1948 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water
  • 1949 A M de Jong's murderer, Ton van Gog, arrested in Scheveningen, Netherlands
  • 1949 Cargo airlines 1st licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board
  • 1950 French government led by prime Minister Georges Bidault resigns
  • 1950 NY Giant Wes Westrum hits 3 HRs & a triple
  • 1951 Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations
  • 1955 Harmon Killebrew hits his 1st HR (off Billy Hoeff)
  • 1955 5th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Rats" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1957 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment in Roth v. United States
  • 1960 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's
  • 1960 10th Berlin International Film Festival: "El Lazarillo de Tormes" wins Golden Bear

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 104

  • 1244 Hendrik I, the Child, 1st count of Hessen (1256-1308)
  • 1286 John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English politician and the last Warenne earl of Surrey (d. 1347)
  • 1322 Johanna, duchess of Brabant/Limburg (Joyful Entry)
  • 1343 Jeanne de Valois, Queen of Navarre (d. 1373)
  • 1380 Johannes van Capestrano, Italian saint
  • 1386 Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (d. 1456)
  • 1485 Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (d. 1558)
  • 1499 Johannes Brenz, German theologist (Dutch Brentians)
  • 1519 Theodore Beza, French theologian (d. 1605)
  • 1533 Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, English commander-in-chief in Netherlands
  • 1535 Joan of Spain, queen consort of Portugal (d. 1573)
  • 1542 St. John of the Cross, Spanish Carmelite mystic, saint, priest and poet (d. 1591)
  • 1546 Robert Parsons, English jesuit (A Letter Disclosure)
  • 1561 Rombout Hogerbeets, lawyer/pension minister of Leiden
  • 1590 Samuel Ampzing, poet (Taelbericht der Neth Spellinge)
  • 1619 Rijcklof Volckertsz van Goens, governor-general (Neth East Indies)
  • 1663 Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (d. 1742)
  • 1669 Francois van Aerssen, Dutch vice-admiral (Suriname/Algeria)
  • 1687 Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1694 Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Swiss publicist (d. 1748)
  • 1704 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer (d. 1771)
  • 1771 E I Du Pont, French chemist/scientist (Du Pont)
  • 1774 François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (d. 1838)
  • 1777 John Ross, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1856)
  • 1795 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)
  • 1797 John Hughes, archbishop, founded Fordham University in the Bronx
  • 1804 Stephan L Endlicher, Austrian priest/botanist
  • 1804 Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
  • 1811 John Archibald Campbell, Asst Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1889)
  • 1813 Henry Ward Beecher, clergyman/orator (Independent), born in Litchfield, Connecticut
  • 1820 Henry Rootes Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)
  • 1822 Birkett Davenport Fry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • 1825 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1844)
  • 1826 George Goyder, surveyor-general of South Australia (d. 1898)
  • 1832 Edward Harland, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1915)
  • 1838 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism)
  • 1839 Gustavus Franklin Swift, founded Swift & Co
  • 1848 Brooks Adams, US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), born in Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland (d. 1916)

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1852 Victor Adler, Austrian Foreign minister (1918)
  • 1860 Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1865 Robert Henri, US painter, leader of Ashcan school of painting
  • 1870 Horatio Mbelle, Cape Colony, South African interpreter, community leader and politician
  • 1877 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian writer (Iveren)
  • 1882 Athanase David, Canadian politician and businessman (d. 1953)
  • 1886 George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
  • 1888 Gerrit T Rietveld, Dutch architect (Juliana Hall, Sonsbeek Pavilion)
  • 1893 Roy O. Disney, co-founder of the Walt Disney Company and brother of Walt (d. 1971)
  • 1897 Daniel K. Ludwig, American shipping magnate (d. 1992)
  • 1899 Bruce Marshall, writer
  • 1900 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1904 Kurt Kusenberg, German writer (Wein Auf Lebenszeit)
  • 1907 Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (d. 1989)
  • 1908 Alfons Rebane, Estonian military officer (d. 1976)
  • 1909 William G Penney, British physicist (1st British Atom Bomb)
  • 1911 Ernesto Sábato, Argentinian writer
  • 1912 Norman Cousins, editor (Saturday Review)
  • 1912 Selwyn Powell, art editor
  • 1913 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter
  • 1914 Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent (d. 2008)
  • 1915 Charles James Dunn, Japanese scholar
  • 1916 John Ciardi, poet/critic (translated Dante)
  • 1920 James Eric Storrar, fighter Pilot
  • 1922 Aadje [Alida WM] Lyre, Dutch twin daughter of Prince Hendrik(?)
  • 1922 Rietje [Maria SC] Lyre, Dutch twin daughter of Prince Hendrik(?)
  • 1923 Margaret Olley, Lismore Australia, painter
  • 1924 Ranasinghe Premadasa, president of Sri Lanka (1989-93)
  • 1924 Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 2008)
  • 1925 Len Jagger, English businessman/multi-millionaire
  • 1927 Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist (Nobel 1995), born in New York, (d. 2014)
  • 1930 Herbert C Klien, (Rep-D-New Jersey)
  • 1930 William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
  • 1931 Leslie Cochran, peace activist and police critic, born in Miami, Florida (d. 2012)
  • 1932 David McTaggart, co-founder (Greenpeace)
  • 1935 Pete Hamill, journalist (NY Post), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1938 Lawrence Block, American writer
  • 1939 Henry Lawrence Garett III, Sect of Navy (1989-92), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1940 Vittorio Storaro, cinematographer (Taxi, Little Buddha, Dick Tracy)
  • 1941 Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist
  • 1942 Gerhart Roth, Austrian writer, born in Graz
  • 1944 Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic)
  • 1945 Colin Blunstone, England, rocker (Zombies-Never Even Thought)
  • 1945 George Pataki, American politician (Gov-R-NY, 1995-2006), born in Peekskill, New York
  • 1946 Ellison S Onizuka, Hawaii, Mjr USAF/ast (STS 51C, 51L-Chal disaster)
  • 1946 Robert Reich, US Sec of Labor (Clinton)
  • 1946 David Collenette, Canadian politician
  • 1947 Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef (Two Fat Ladies), born in London (d. 2014)
  • 1950 Léon Frissen, Dutch Queen's Commissioner of the province of Limburg (CDA)
  • 1950 Mercedes R Lackey, American sci-fi author (Arrow's Fall, Magic's Pawn)
  • 1952 Stephen Pusey, British-born artist
  • 1953 Ivo Lill, Estonian artist
  • 1955 Gurumayi Chidvilasananda, Guru of Siddha Yoga
  • 1958 Victor M Gerena, American security guard robbed $7 million (FBI wanted), born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Trisha Meili, the "Central Park Jogger"
  • 1960 Karin Pilsäter, Swedish politician
  • 1963 Anatoly Borisovich Jurkin, Russian writer
  • 1963 Mike Wieringo, American comic book artist (d. 2007)
  • 1972 Denis Zvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • 1976 Louisa Leaman, English author
  • 1979 Craig Shergold, British internet folklore subject

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1885 28th US President Woodrow Wilson (28) weds Presbyterian minister's daughter Ellen Louise Axson (25) in Savannah, Georgia

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

HeartWedding of Interest

1904 Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen (30) weds Jessie Isabel Cox

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen

HeartWedding of Interest

1924 American writer Henry Miller (31) marries 2nd wife June Smerth (21) in Hoboken, New Jersey.

Author Henry Miller
Author
Henry Miller
  • 2005 "Real Madrid" football striker Michael Owen (25) weds Louise Bonsall at Carden Park Hotel in Chester, England

Deaths in History

  • 803 Higbald, Bishop of Lindisfarne monastery
  • 1398 Hongwu Emperor of China (b. 1328)
  • 1439 Duke Frederick IV of Austria (b. 1382)
  • 1475 Albrecht von Eyb, German parson (Bamberg & Eichstattt), dies at 54
  • 1519 Lucrezia Borgia, daughter of Pope Alexander, dies at 39
  • 1520 Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1489)
  • 1572 Adrianus van Gouda, lay brother, hanged
  • 1572 Cornelis van Diest, lay brother, hanged
  • 1572 Daniel van Arendonck, clergyman, hanged
  • 1572 Joannes van Naarden, priest, hanged
  • 1572 Ludovicus Voets, priest, hanged
  • 1604 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (b. 1550)
  • 1629 Carolus Scribani, Italian/Flemish jesuit/writer, dies at 67
  • 1637 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)
  • 1643 John Hampden, English politician, dies of injuries at about 48
  • 1652 Andries Bicker, merchant/Amsterdam regent, dies at 65
  • 1673 John of Paffenrode, ruler of Ghussigny/poet, dies in battle
  • 1707 Kaspar von Stieler, German linguist/poet, dies at 74
  • 1712 Simon van der Stel, Dutch gov of Cape Colony (1679-99), dies at 72
  • 1766 Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)
  • 1778 Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (b. 1714)
  • 1803 Matthew Thornton, Irish/US physician/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 88
  • 1817 Thomas McKean, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • 1835 Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician, commander of Greek naval forces in Greek War of Independence (b. 1769)
  • 1894 Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (1887-94), assassinated by Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Grover Cleveland, 22nd & 24th US President (1885-89, 93-97), dies at 71

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1909 Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (b. 1849)
  • 1922 Walter Rathenau, German foreign minister, killed by anti-semites at 54
  • 1946 Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)
  • 1947 Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (b. 1864)
  • 1959 Lou Bandy, Dutch revue-artist (Life Ain't Bad), commits suicide at 69
  • 1969 Maria Belgado, entertainer, dies
  • 1969 Willey Ley, US science writer, dies at 62
  • 1977 André-Gilles Fortin, Canadian politician (b. 1943)
  • 1978 Robert Charroux, French writer (b. 1909)
  • 1984 William Keighley, dir (Man who came to Dinner), dies of a stroke at 94
  • 1991 Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter, dies at 91
  • 1991 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (b. 1917)
  • 1994 Leonarda da Vinci MacLaren, founder of the LSE, dies at 83
  • 1995 John Reginald "Nat" Allen, planning enforcement officer, dies at 66
  • 1995 John Richard Brinsley Norton, landowner, dies at 71
  • 1996 Quinton Hazell, businessman, dies at 76
  • 2000 Vera Atkins, Romanian-born British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1913)
  • 2002 Miles Fitzalan-Howard, British army general and peer (Duke of Norfolk), dies at 86
  • 2005 Hakham Yedidia Shofet, Former chief rabbi of Iran (b. 1908)
  • 2006 Patsy Ramsey, mother of JonBenét Ramsey (b. 1956)
  • 2007 Byron Baer, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2008 Gerhard Ringel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 2009 Ed Thomas, well-known high school football coach from Iowa (b. 1951)
  • 2009 Roméo LeBlanc, 25th Governor General of Canada (b. 1927)
  • 2012 Lonesome George, Pinta giant tortoise and rarest creature in the world, dies at c. 100
  • 2013 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister, dies at 93
  • 2014 Eli Wallach, American actor, dies at 98
  • 2015 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), dies at 97