On This Day in History for June 25

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 162

  • 253 St Lucius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 524 Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians.
  • 841 Battle at Fontenay: Louis & Charles beat their brother Lotharius I
  • 1080 Wibbert of Ravenna chosen as anti-pope Clemens III
  • 1096 1st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany
  • 1139 Battle of Ourique: Afonso I defeats Moors
  • 1178 5 Canterbury monks report something exploding on Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1183 Peace of Konstanz signed between Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Italian Lombard League

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1243 Sinibaldo dei Fieschi elected as Pope Innocentius IV
  • 1298 Rindfleisch Persecutions-250 Jews killed in Rothenburg Germany
  • 1500 Pope Alexander VI accept Treaty of Granada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1530 The Augsburg Confession where Germany's Protestant princes force Holy Roman emperor Charles V to hear their Confession of Faith

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1580 Book of Concord, standards of Lutheran Church, 1st published
  • 1606 Alkmaarse clergy asks "Great Dertelheyt"
  • 1606 St Jansday is forbidden
  • 1607 Mentally ill emperor Rudolf II signs Treaty of Lieben, giving up Austria, Hungary & Moravia
  • 1621 French government army occupies Fort St Jean d'Angély at La Rochelle
  • 1630 Fork introduced to American dining by Gov Winthrop
  • 1638 Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies
  • 1646 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Oxford
  • 1658 Spanish garrison at Dunkirk surrenders to French & English
  • 1667 1st blood transfusion performed by French Doctor Jean-Baptiste Denys
  • 1672 1st recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US held, Sandwich, Mass
  • 1675 Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden
  • 1678 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, a Venetian, is awarded a doctorate of philosophy - first woman to receive a university doctoral decree
  • 1716 Eugenius of Savoye named land guardian of Austrian Netherlands
  • 1749 General fast because of drought in MA

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1788 Virginia becomes 10th state to ratify US constitution

  • 1794 French troops occupy Charleroi
  • 1798 US passes Alien Act allowing president to deport dangerous aliens
  • 1834 Pope Gregory XVI's encyclical "Singulari nos" published
  • 1835 1st building constructed at Yerba Buena (now SF)
  • 1861 Western Virginia campaign
  • 1862 Battle of Oak Grove, VA (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • 1863 US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • 1864 Horse tramway at the Hague, opens
  • 1864 Petersburg Campaign-Federals begin digging tunnels under Reb lines
  • 1867 1st barbed wire patented by Lucien B Smith of Ohio
  • 1868 FL, AL, LA, GA, NC & SC readmitted to US
  • 1868 US President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hr day

BattleBattle of Interest

1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1888 Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1894 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike
  • 1894 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)
  • 1900 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • 1905 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 1909 George Sargent wins US Open golf tournament
  • 1910 Mann Act passed (no women across state lines for immoral purposes)
  • 1913 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • 1913 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • 1916 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov
  • 1918 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • 1919 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
  • 1919 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • 1920 League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • 1921 Charlie McCartney scores 300 in 205 mins Aust v Notts
  • 1925 Military putsch under Gen Theodorus Pangulos in Greece
  • 1928 NY Giant Fred Lindstrom ties record of 9 hits in a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 President Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1934 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)
  • 1937 Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
  • 1938 Federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler views Eiffel tower & grave of Napoleon in Paris, France

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 -26] Russian counter attack at Rovno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 FDR issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 Fair Employment Practices Commission established
  • 1941 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • 1941 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • 1942 British RAF staged a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen Germany (WW II)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Maj Gen Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • 1943 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • 1943 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • 1944 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • 1945 Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas
  • 1945 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 1st version of Anne Frank's diary "Het Achterhuis" published in The Netherlands

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1949 Presidential election in Syria (some women allowed to vote)
  • 1949 Long-Haired Hare is released in Theaters starring Bugs Bunny.
  • 1950 Israeli airline El Al begins service
  • 1950 Johnny Pramesa (Reds) & Hank Thompson (Giants) hit inside the park HRs
  • 1950 Korean conflict begins; North Korea invades South Korea
  • 1950 UN member states begin using integrated forces against North Korea
  • 1952 Dutch social democratic party wins 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • 1953 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours
  • 1953 86°F in Anchorage Alaska
  • 1956 51 die in collision of "Andrea Doria" & "Stockholm" (Cape Cod)
  • 1960 Earthquake in NE Belgium
  • 1960 Madagascar gains independence from France
  • 1960 Somaliland is granted independence by British government
  • 1961 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • 1962 İnönü government forms in Turkey
  • 1962 Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) forms
  • 1962 Supreme Court rules NY school prayer unconstitutional
  • 1963 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt
  • 1963 South Africa worker's union leader Curnick Ndlovu arrested
  • 1963 Curnick Ndlovu, South African Trade Unionist and African National Congress Leader, is arrested
  • 1964 Prince A Taylor becomes 1st black methodist bishop (NJ)

Birthdays in History

  • 1242 Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittanny (d. 1275)
  • 1328 William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (d. 1397)
  • 1373 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35)
  • 1560 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)
  • 1612 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)
  • 1715 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician (d. 1789)
  • 1726 Thomas Pennant, British naturalist
  • 1755 Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia (d. 1776)
  • 1813 William Hugh Keim, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1814 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (d. 1896)
  • 1823 James Dunwody Bulloch, Capt (Confederate Navy), (d. 1901)
  • 1852 Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect (d. 1926)
  • 1858 Georges Courteline, [Moineaux], French playwright
  • 1863 Emile Francqui, Belgian soldier (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist/chemist (Nobel 1920)
  • 1884 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German art promoter (d. 1979)
  • 1886 Henry "Hap" Arnold, commanding general, US Army Air Force (WW II)
  • 1887 George Abbott, Forestville NY, producer (Damn Yankees, Pajama Game)
  • 1889 Margriet M C Baers, Flemish philosopher
  • 1890 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, born in Scharley, Upper Silesia (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Hermann Oberth, Germany, founded modern astronautics (V2/Redstone)
  • 1898 Kay (Katherine Linn) Sage, Albany New York, American painter and poet
  • 1900 Izak D du Plessis, South African writer/director (3rd World)
  • 1900 Lord Louis Mountbatten, of Burma, royal relative/earl/baron/admiral
  • 1902 Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa (d. 1953)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 George Orwell [Eric Arthur Blair], Bihar, British writer (Animal Farm, 1984), born in Motihari, British India (d. 1950)

  • 1904 Jan van Axel, [Johannes P Kraakman], Dutch director (Overschotje)
  • 1907 J Hans D Jensen, Germany, physicist (atomic nucleus-Nobel 1963)
  • 1908 Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1909 Daniel Fuchs, US writer (Summer in Williamsburg)
  • 1911 William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972)
  • 1912 Virginia Lacy Jones, US librarian/presidential advisor
  • 1912 William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Theodore P Toynbee, British journalist/writer (Savage Days, Barricade)
  • 1923 Dorothy Gilman, mystery writer
  • 1923 Samuel Lewis Francis, painter
  • 1923 Tony Parker, oral historian
  • 1923 Nicholas Mosley, British writer
  • 1924 Sidney Lumet, director (Group, Pawnbroker, Fail Safe), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1925 Robert Venturi, architect (Levittown NY, Las Vegas), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1925 Ted Stepien, American business (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Ingeborg Bachmann, Austria author/poet
  • 1928 Peyo [Pierre Culliford], cartoonist (The Smurfs, Johan et Pirlouit), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1929 Eric Carle, American author
  • 1930 Hugo Gabriel Gryn, rabbi
  • 1932 Peter Blake, British artist
  • 1933 Michelangelo Pistoletto, Italian artist (glass painter)
  • 1933 James Meredith, American civil rights activist
  • 1933 Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect
  • 1935 Wynand Breytenbach, South African under minister of Defense (1986- )
  • 1936 Paul Nowee, Dutch western writer (Eagle's Eye)
  • 1936 Jusuf Habibie, President of Indonesia
  • 1937 Mirabel Morgan, author (Total Woman)
  • 1940 A.J. Quinnell, British writer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 Denys Arcand, director (Jesus of Montreal)
  • 1942 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1942 Michel Tremblay, Canadian playwright
  • 1943 Gerrit "Ger" Zijlstra, sculptor
  • 1943 Bill Moggridge [William], designer (1st laptop computer), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1946 Roméo Dallaire, Canadian senator
  • 1950 Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • 1956 Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)
  • 1956 Anthony Bourdain, Chef and author
  • 1956 Bongiwe (Bongi) Dhlomo-Mautloa, Vryheid, Natal, South African artist
  • 1963 Yann Martel, Canadian author
  • 1964 Greg Raymer, Professional poker player
  • 1968 Oleg Taktarov, Russian martial artist
  • 1969 Alina Ivanova, Ukraine, race walker (indoor 3K world record)
  • 1970 Ariel Gore, American journalist and author
  • 1971 Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect
  • 1975 Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1927 Pediatrician Benjamin Spock (24) weds civil liberties advocate Jane Cheney

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock

HeartWedding of Interest

1938 Economist Milton Friedman (25) weds Rose Friedman at the Jewish Seminary in New York City

Economist Milton Friedman
Economist
Milton Friedman

HeartWedding of Interest

1999 Business magnate Rupert Murdoch (68) weds businesswoman Wendi Deng (30) at the yacht Morning Glory in New York harbor

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch

Deaths in History

  • 635 Emperor Gaozu, first emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty (b. 566)
  • 1134 King Niels of Denmark (1104-1134), dies at 68 or 69
  • 1142 Gulielmus of Vercelli, Italian hermit/monastery founder/saint, dies
  • 1218 Simon de Montfort the elder, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader dies in the siege of Toulouse
  • 1423 Reinald IV, duke of Gelre & Gulik (Reinoud I), dies
  • 1483 Edward V, king of England (Apr 9-Jun 25, 1483), murdered
  • 1483 Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English writer
  • 1514 Berta Jacobsdr, [Suster Bertken], Dutch hermit, dies at 87
  • 1533 Mary Tudor, queen consort of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)
  • 1579 Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)
  • 1593 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (b. 1541)
  • 1634 John Marston, English poet and playwright (b. 1576)
  • 1665 Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (b. 1630)
  • 1669 François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1671 Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian astronomer (b. 1598)
  • 1673 Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan, Captain of the Musketeers under Louis XIV of France (b. 1611)
  • 1686 Simon Ushakov, Russian painter (b. 1626)
  • 1710 Antonius Matthaeus, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 74
  • 1715 Jean du Casse, French admiral (b. 1646)
  • 1785 Pieter Kintsius, VOC-supercarga/chief on Macau, dies at 53
  • 1792 Thomas Peters, Early Sierra Leonean founder (b. 1738)
  • 1798 Thomas Sandby, English architect (b. 1721)
  • 1830 Ephraim McDowell, American Physician (pioneered abdominal surgery), dies at 58
  • 1838 François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (b. 1774)
  • 1840 Leopold count of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general/politician, dies at 82
  • 1860 Pōtatau Te Wherowhero, The Māori King, Waikato, New Zealand
  • 1861 Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1823)
  • 1866 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist (b. 1803)
  • 1868 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (b. 1811)
  • 1875 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (b. 1796)
  • 1876 Boston Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1876 George Armstrong Custer, United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars, dies at the Battle of Little Bighorn aged 36

  • 1876 Lame White Man, Cheyenne, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876 Myles Keogh, US officer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1876 Thomas W Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 1882 François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • 1896 Emile AH Seipgens, Dutch priest/beer brewer/man of letters, dies at 58
  • 1898 Ferdinand J Cohn, German botanist/publicist, dies at 70
  • 1906 Stanford White, Architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit
  • 1912 Louis Antoine, Belgian miner/sect leader, dies at about 65
  • 1912 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Thomas Eakins, American artist, dies at 71

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • 1926 Symon Petljoera, pres Ukraine (pogroms), murdered in Paris
  • 1929 Georges Courteline [Moineaux], French playwright, dies
  • 1942 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian, dies at 67
  • 1948 William C. Lee, U.S. general (b. 1895)
  • 1954 Eduard M Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Civil Code), dies at 74
  • 1956 Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations, dies at 77
  • 1959 Charles Starkweather, spree killer (b. 1938)
  • 1960 WH Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda), dies at 67
  • 1962 Ephraim Lisitsky, Hebrew poet, dies
  • 1964 Gerrit T Rietveld, Dutch architect (Sonsbeekpaviljoen), dies at 76
  • 1971 Charles Vildrac, Paris France, poet/playwright, dies at 88
  • 1971 John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1974 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1893)
  • 1978 Hussein al-Ghasjmi, president of North-Yemen, murdered
  • 1979 Philippe Halsman, American photographer (b. 1906)
  • 1984 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (History of Sexuality), dies of AIDs at 57
  • 1985 Morris Mason, American murderer (b. 1954)
  • 1986 Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet, dies at 63
  • 1988 Axis Sally, [Mildred E Gillars], US nazi propagandist (WW II), dies
  • 1992 James Stirling, Scottish D-Day parachutist/architect, dies
  • 1992 William E Harris, entertainer, dies
  • 1994 Louis-Robert Casterman, Belgian publisher (Kuifje), dies at 74
  • 1994 Robert Millar, journalist, dies at 72
  • 1995 Warren Earl Burger, Supreme Court Justice, dies of heart failure at 78
  • 1996 Nicholas John, dramaturge, dies at 43
  • 1996 Ray Howard-Jones, artist, dies at 93
  • 1996 Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (b. 1914)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer, dies of heart attack at 87

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • 1997 William Lyle Woratzeck, convicted killer, executed in Ariz at 51
  • 2002 Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Jaap Penraat, Dutch architect (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Alan Plater, English playwright (b. 1935)
  • 2010 Richard B. Sellars, American business executive (b. 1915)
  • 2016 Bill Cunningham, American fashion photographer (New York Times), dies at 87