On This Day in History for June 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 150

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by troops on the battlefield.
  • 684 St Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1284 Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away (actually happened)
  • 1409 Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V
  • 1483 Duke of Gloucester appoints himself King Richard III of England
  • 1498 Toothbrush invented in China using boar bristles
  • 1553 Christ's Hospital in England granted a charter
  • 1630 Swedish troops under Gustaf II Adolf lands at Peenemunde
  • 1714 Spain & Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement
  • 1718 Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1721 Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
  • 1723 After a lasting siege and bombardment by cannons, Baku surrenders to the Russians.
  • 1794 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
  • 1797 Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!
  • 1807 Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
  • 1843 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
  • 1848 1st pure food law enacted in US
  • 1848 End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1862 Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • 1862 Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • 1862 US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
  • 1870 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • 1870 The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • 1879 Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1900 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • 1900 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • 1900 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • 1902 Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
  • 1902 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Aga Khan III is appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 1907 Bolsheviks overthrows transport in Tiflis
  • 1909 Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • 1911 Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 Germany suppresses "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
  • 1917 1st US Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
  • 1918 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • 1919 NY Daily News begins publishing
  • 1922 The emergency decrees under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution are invoked by the government to deal with deteriorating economic conditions
  • 1924 After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave Dominican Republic
  • 1927 Comet 7P/Pons-Winnecke approaches within 0.0394 AUs of Earth
  • 1927 The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
  • 1929 ENKA/Vereinigte Glanzstoff Factory merge AKU (Genl Kunstzijde Union)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1935 Andrew Sandham's 100th FC hundred, 103 v Hants
  • 1935 Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
  • 1935 SDAP & CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam
  • 1935 Work service for recent graduates becomes obligatory in Germany
  • 1936 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
  • 1936 Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
  • 1940 End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
  • 1941 Finland enters WW II against Russia
  • 1941 Lithuanian fascists massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
  • 1942 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • 1944 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

1945 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

  • 1946 Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
  • 1946 Fred Allen's last radio show, his guest is Jack Benny
  • 1948 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • 1949 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
  • 1950 Pres Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1952 Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Nelson Mandela & 51 others infringe South Africa curfew

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1953 Russian vice-premier/interior minister Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria arrested
  • 1955 Freedom Charter signed in South Africa
  • 1958 Gaston Eyskens becomes Premier of Belgium
  • 1958 Mackinac Straits Bridge, Michigan dedicated
  • 1958 Vanguard SLV-2 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Queen Elizabeth & President Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 9th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Cousins" wins Golden Bear
  • 1960 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
  • 1960 Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
  • 1960 Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian administration
  • 1960 Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
  • 1962 Blacks begin passive resistance in Cairo Ill
  • 1963 Alfons Gorbach forms Austrian government
  • 1963 Dutch 2nd Chamber condemns commercial TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy gives his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" (intended to mean "I am a Berliner", but may actually mean "I am a dougnut") speech in West Berlin

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Blacks & Whites riot over racial segregation in St Augustine
  • 1964 Moise Tsjombe forms government in Congo
  • 1964 14th Berlin International Film Festival: "Dry Summer" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1965 Wallon party forms in Belgium
  • 1966 Kanton Bazel leads female suffrage in Switzerland
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals
  • 1968 Executive Council decides both AL & NL to divide into 2 divisions

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1968 Iwo Jima & Bonin Islands returned to Japan by US

  • 1970 Two young girls die in a premature explosion in Derry after their father, a member of the Irish Republican Army, was making an incendiary device, presumably for use against the British Army
  • 1971 Angels suspend Alex Johnson (after 5 benchings & 29 fines)
  • 1971 21st Berlin International Film Festival: "The Garden of the Finzi-Continis" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1972 IRA proclaims resistant in North-Ireland
  • 1972 The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) begin a "bi-lateral truce" as at midnight
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill two British Army soldiers in separate attacks during the day
  • 1973 On Plesetsk Cosmodrome, USSR, 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
  • 1974 The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1975 Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.

Birthdays in History

  • 1575 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1612)
  • 1655 Jean Deutz, merchant/Amsterdam regent
  • 1681 Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
  • 1689 Edward Holyoke, American academic (d. 1769)
  • 1694 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1768)
  • 1702 Philip Doddridge, England, Dr/nonconformist clergyman
  • 1703 Thomas Clap, American academic (d. 1767)
  • 1730 Charles Joseph Messier, astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects")
  • 1742 Arthur Middleton, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1760 Johan I Jozef, monarch of Liechtenstein/fieldmarshal
  • 1763 George Morland, England, artist of rural landscapes
  • 1821 Bartolomé Mitre, Argentine general
  • 1824 Kelvin, [William Thomson], British physicist (Kelvin Scale)
  • 1831 Julius Rodenberg, [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace)
  • 1837 Martin Davis Hardin II, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1923)
  • 1837 Victor Jean Baptiste Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1854 Robert Borden, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1911-20), born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia (d. 1937)

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • 1865 Bernard Berenson, art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance)
  • 1865 Charles E Bonin, French explorer/diplomat (China)
  • 1869 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
  • 1880 Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
  • 1885 Andre Maurois, [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac)
  • 1885 Anna M F van Wageningen-Salomons, author (Girl Student) [or 9/26]
  • 1885 Billy Jenkins, [Erich Rosenthal], Magdeburg
  • 1887 Anthony G de Rothschild, Britain, philanthropist
  • 1888 Paul Niggli, Zofingen, Swiss Mineralogist (crystal structures)
  • 1891 Sidney Coe Howard, US, dramatist (Swords, Pulitzer 1925)
  • 1891 Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/(stage)author/resistance fighter
  • 1892 Pearl Sydenstricker Buck, China, author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938)
  • 1895 Jankel Adler, Polish painter
  • 1898 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer
  • 1898 Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
  • 1899 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1900 Joseph E A "Jo" Spier, Dutch cartoonist/water color painter
  • 1901 Stuart Symington, (Sen-D-Mo)
  • 1902 William Lear, engineer/manufacturer/CEO (Lear Jet Corp)
  • 1903 Ashley Clarke, president (Venice in Peril Fund)
  • 1904 Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1905 Jack Longland, British director of education (Derbyshire)
  • 1905 Jan Louis Guillaume "Yvan" Doornik, Neth resistance fighter in France
  • 1906 Stefan Andres, German writer (Wir sind Utopia), born in Dhrönchen (d. 1970)
  • 1906 Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer (d. 2008)
  • 1909 Betty Askwith, British writer and biographer (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Nicholas Polunin, environmentalist
  • 1910 Charles Spry, Australian security chief
  • 1911 Edward Levi, professor (Intro to Legal Reasoning)
  • 1913 Maurice Wilkes, inventor (stored program concept for computers)
  • 1913 Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (d. 2008)
  • 1914 John J "John" Beautiful Garden, sculptor
  • 1914 Laurie Lee, English poet/author (I Can't Stay Long)
  • 1915 Paul Castellano, American mafia boss (d. 1985)
  • 1915 Charlotte Zolotow, American author
  • 1916 Paul Derrick, co-operator/Christian socialist
  • 1917 William Hamilton, British MP
  • 1919 Lord Rawlinson, British attorney general (Ewell)
  • 1920 Michael Eastham, high court judge
  • 1921 Abe Jan Koldijk, SS-physician (Limburg's family doctor)
  • 1921 Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent (d. 1945)
  • 1922 Alan Peacock, economist
  • 1922 Campbell Adamson, CEO (Abbey National Pictures)
  • 1923 David Haslam, British rear admiral (hydrographer)
  • 1923 Barbara Graham, American murderer (d. 1955)
  • 1924 Peter Miles, British keeper of privy purse
  • 1924 Costas Axelos, Greek philosopher
  • 1925 Pavel Ivanovich Belyayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Voskhod II)
  • 1927 Leslie Carpenter, CEO (Reed International)
  • 1928 Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
  • 1929 Alexander Fenton, CEO (Euro Ethnological Research Center in Edinburgh)
  • 1929 Francesco Cossiga, president of Italy (1985- )
  • 1929 Ian Prestt, English ornithologist
  • 1929 Milton Glaser, American Designer
  • 1931 Colin Wilson, author (Afterlife, Book of Great Mysteries), (d. 2013)
  • 1933 David Winnick, British MP
  • 1934 Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
  • 1935 Douglas Peterson, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1936 Robert Maclennan, British MP
  • 1937 Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 Neil Abercrombie, (Rep-D-Hawaii, 1986-88)
  • 1938 Gerald North, American climatologist
  • 1939 Ansar Ilgamovich Sharafutdinov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1939 Charles "Chuck" Robb, (Sen-D-Va)/husband of Lynda Bird Johnson
  • 1939 Smangaliso P Mkhatshwa, South Africa, sec-gen (Bishops' Conference 1983-88)
  • 1941 Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist
  • 1944 Ruth Kempson, linguist (SOAS)
  • 1945 Malachi York, Nuwaubian leader
  • 1953 James Anderson, writer
  • 1955 Mary Margaret Brownie, RI, fictional ID of Prymaat (Coneheads)
  • 1956 Azhar Cachalia, Scottish/South African leader (United Democratic Front)
  • 1956 Bernard A Harris Jr, Temple Texas, MD/Astronaut (STS 55, 63)
  • 1957 Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
  • 1958 Glen Stewart Godwin, murderer (FBI Most Wanted), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1962 George P N earl of St Andrews, under English prince Edward
  • 1963 Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman
  • 1963 Richard Garfield, American game designer
  • 1964 Zeng Jinlian, Hunan China, became tallest woman known (2.46 m, 8'1")
  • 1975 Jonah Sorrentino, American hip hop artist
  • 1977 Kubo Tite, Japanese cartoonist
  • 1985 Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader
  • 2005 Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1739 Taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus (32) weds Sara Elisabeth Moræa

Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus

HeartWedding of Interest

1797 US President John Quincy Adams (29) weds Louisa Johnson (22) at All Hallows Barking parish in London

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams

HeartWedding of Interest

1844 10th US President John Tyler marries 2nd wife Julia Gardiner in NYC, 1st president to marry while in office

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler

HeartWedding of Interest

1915 Poet T. S. Eliot (26) weds governess Vivienne Haigh-Wood (27) at Hampstead Register Office in London

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • 1982 Marie Osmond marries Steve Craig
  • 1984 Tiny Tim marries Miss Jan (23)
  • 1989 Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson marry for 2nd time
  • 1999 Bestselling novelist Tom Clancy (52) weds freelance journalist Alexandra Llewellyn (32) in Manhattan

Divorces in History

  • 1975 Cher divorces Sonny Bono

Deaths in History

  • 363 Julian the Apostate, Roman Emperor (361-63)
  • 1291 Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England


1541 Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1631 Justinus van Nassau, ltalian admiral (Armada), dies
  • 1666 Richard Fanshawe, diplomat/translator/poet, dies
  • 1688 Ralph Cudworth, philospher/cleric, dies
  • 1793 Gilbert White, English naturalist ("Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn"), dies at 72
  • 1810 Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French inventor (b. 1740)
  • 1819 Slome Duikelar, [Abraham J Swalff], Yiddish writer, dies
  • 1827 Christian A Vulpius, German writer (Ornaldo Ornaldini), dies
  • 1827 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny), dies at 73
  • 1863 Andrew Hull Foote, US Union lt admiral, dies
  • 1878 Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (b. 1860)
  • 1896 Louis CPR of Orleans, French duke (chosen king of Belgian), dies at 81
  • 1906 Alexander Muir, poet (Maple Leaf Forever), dies at 76
  • 1918 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
  • 1922 Albert H K, monarch of Monaco (1889-1922), dies at 73
  • 1926 Christina Goedvolk, wife of Henry Jut, dies
  • 1937 Georg A Erman, Ger egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 James Weldon Johnson, African American leader (NAACP), dies in a car crash at 67

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1939 Ford M Ford, [Hueffer], British writer, (Tietjens Saga) dies at 65
  • 1943 Fritz Schmidt, Nazi commissioner in Holland, commits suicide at 39
  • 1946 Max Kögel, SS officer (b. 1895)
  • 1946 Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (b. 1880)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada, dies of a heart attack at 76

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
  • 1949 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
  • 1957 Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
  • 1958 Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Vocation), dies at 93
  • 1958 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
  • 1961 Kenneth F Fearing, US, poet (Afternoon of a pawnbroker), dies at 58
  • 1963 Obe Postma, Fries, poet/geography/historian (Own Cart), dies
  • 1965 Johan C T Kikkert, painter/etcher/critic, dies at 82
  • 1972 David Lichine, [Lichtenstein], Russian/US choreographer, dies at 61
  • 1975 St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
  • 1977 Oskar Morgenstern, German/US economist, dies at 75
  • 1978 Rabbaji, president of South-Yemen, executed
  • 1979 Charles Clore, financier, dies
  • 1982 Alexander Mitscherlich, German psychotherapist, dies
  • 1982 Sandy Powell, costume designer, dies at 82
  • 1984 Carl Foreman, producer, dies of cancer at 69
  • 1984 George H Gallup, pollster (Gallup Poll), dies at 82
  • 1990 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (b. 1909)
  • 1993 Catherine Leno, mother of Tonight Show host Jay, dies of cancer at 82
  • 1993 Jack Bittner, entertainer, dies
  • 1993 William H. Riker, American political scientist (b. 1920)
  • 1994 A "Bob" den Doolaard, author (Inn with the horseshoe), dies at 93
  • 1994 Ian Board, British barkeeper (Colony Room), dies at 64
  • 1994 Jaharna Imam, Bangladeshi writer/political activist, dies at 65
  • 1996 Veronica Guerin, journalist, dies at 36
  • 2002 Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Denver Randleman, U.S. Army Seargent (b. 1920)
  • 2003 Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (b. 1902)
  • 2003 Sir Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)
  • 2005 Richard Whiteley, British television game show host (b. 1943)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2007 Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (b. 1929)

Fashion Designer Liz Claiborne
Fashion Designer
Liz Claiborne
  • 2010 Algirdas Brazauskas, President of Lithuania (b. 1932)
  • 2016 Barbara Goldsmith, author (Little Gloria Happy At Last), dies at 85