On This Day in History for June 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 144

  • 678 St Agatho begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1358 Republic of Dubrovnik is founded
  • 1542 Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claims California for Spain
  • 1580 Duke of Alva's army occupies Portugal
  • 1652 New Amsterdam (now New York City) enacts first speed limit law in North America
  • 1693 1st sea battle of Lagos: a French fleet under Anne Hilarion de Tourville defeated an Anglo-Dutch fleet under George Rooke
  • 1693 1st woman's magazine "Ladies' Mercury" published (London)
  • 1697 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1709 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1743 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch would command troops in the field.
  • 1756 French fleet conquer St Philips Castle of Minorca

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1759 British general James Wolfe begins the siege of Quebec.

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1778 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure
  • 1806 Buenos Aires captured by British
  • 1833 Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury Conn
  • 1847 New York & Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • 1857 Bibighar massacre of 120 British women and children following the seige of Cawnpore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

Squatter James Donnelly
Squatter
James Donnelly
  • 1862 -28] Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Gaines' Mill, VA (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
  • 1863 Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain GA
  • 1867 Bank of California opens doors
  • 1876 1st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • 1876 Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as US presidential candidate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1893 Great stock crash on NY stock exchange
  • 1905 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • 1909 Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Neth (Belgium count De Lambert)
  • 1914 US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia
  • 1915 100°F (38°C), Fort Yukon, Alaska (state record)
  • 1915 Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription
  • 1917 Venizelos takes over as Prime Minister of Greece and severs relations with Central Powers, bringing Greece onside with the Allies in WWI
  • 1922 Newberry Medal 1st presented for kids literature (Hendrik Van Loon)
  • 1923 Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
  • 1929 1st color TV demo (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WWI

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1934 Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Jim Londos in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1939 1st night game at Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Indians 5, Tigers 0)
  • 1940 Soviet Army attacks Romania
  • 1940 USSR returns to Gregorian calendar
  • 1941 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • 1941 Nazi manifest against the Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1942 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • 1942 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • 1943 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • 1943 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • 1944 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • 1945 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • 1947 98°F (36.8°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1949 "Captain Video & His Video Rangers" debut on DUMONT-TV
  • 1950 US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 North Korean troops reach Seoul, UN asks members to aid South Korea, Harry Truman orders US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 South Africa heeds United Nations call to assist Korea
  • 1953 Joseph Laniel appointed French premier
  • 1954 1st atomic power station opens - Obninsk, near Moscow in Russia
  • 1954 CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala
  • 1955 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
  • 1957 Hurricane Audrey, kills 526 in Louisiana & Texas
  • 1957 The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
  • 1958 Billy Pierce's perfect game bid broken with 2 outs in 9th
  • 1958 Harry Burrell flies KC-135 record (5:27:42.8) NY to London
  • 1958 8th Berlin International Film Festival: "Wild Strawberries" wins Golden Bear
  • 1959 Players vote Henry Aaron unanimously for the All-Star Game
  • 1960 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
  • 1960 Chlorophyll "A" synthesized in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1960 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opens
  • 1961 Ghana imposes a total ban on exports to South Africa and South West Africa
  • 1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 6,606 kph, 37,700 m
  • 1962 Ross Perot begins Electronic Data Systems
  • 1962 In South Africa, the General Law Amendment Act (Sabotage Act) No 76 commences, increasing the state president's power to declare organisations unlawful and to add further restrictions to banning orders
  • 1963 Bill J Kramer & Dakotas record Lennon & McCartney "I Call Your Name"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy spent 1st full day in Ireland

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth in X-15 reaches 86,900 m
  • 1966 4th Mayor's Trophy Game; Yanks beat Mets 5-2
  • 1967 Race riot in Buffalo NY (200 arrested)
  • 1967 The world's first ATM is installed in Enfield, London
  • 1968 Ludvik Vaculik publishes "Manifest of 2000 words" in Prague
  • 1969 Police raid Stonewall Gay Bar in Greenwich Village, NY, about 400 to 1,000 patrons riot against police, it lasts 3 days
  • 1970 Following the arrest of Bernadette Devlin, intense riots erupt in Derry and Belfast leading to a prolonged gun battle between Irish republicans and loyalists
  • 1973 John W Dean tells Watergate Committee about Nixon's "enemies list"
  • 1973 Uruguay suspends constitution
  • 1973 The President of Uruguay dissolves Parliament and heads a coup d'état.
  • 1974 US president Nixon visits USSR
  • 1975 25th Berlin International Film Festival: "Adoption" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1976 Air France Airbus hijacked in Germany to Uganda
  • 1976 Portuguese general Antonio Eanes elected president
  • 1976 In South Africa, the National President of the Black People's Convention, Kenneth Hlaku Rachidi, declares that riots in Soweto have lead to a new era of political consciousness
  • 1976 Air France A-300B Airbus hijacked from Athens arrives at Entebbe, Uganda; four hijackers members Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Bader-Meinhof Gang in Germany
  • 1977 5-4 Supreme Court decision allows lawyers to advertise
  • 1977 Djibouti (Afars & Issas) claims Independence from France
  • 1977 Willie McCovey smashes 2 HRs in inning for 2nd time (Apr 12, 1973)
  • 1978 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m, 7:32.1
  • 1978 Soyuz 30 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Polish) to Salyut 6 space station
  • 1978 US Seasat 1, 1st oceanographic satellite, launched into polar orbit
  • 1979 Supreme Court rules employers may use quotas to help minorities
  • 1980 1st female state police graduates (NJ)
  • 1980 Italian plane crashes into Tyrrheense Sea, kills 81
  • 1980 US revives draft registration

Birthdays in History

  • 1040 King Ladislaus I of Hungary (d. 1095)
  • 1350 Manuel II Palaiologos, Eastern Roman Emperor
  • 1462 Louis XII, the Just, King of France (1498-1515)
  • 1550 Charles IX, King of France (1560-74)
  • 1615 Johann Paul Schor, German Baroque painter
  • 1696 William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier (d. 1759)
  • 1717 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (d. 1799)
  • 1787 Thomas Say, USA, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1809 Francois de Canrobert, French marshal/parliament member
  • 1828 Junius Daniel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1838 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bengali novelist (Anandamath)
  • 1838 Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer (d. 1914)
  • 1846 Charles S Parnell, English/Irish Home Rule Party-Lower house member
  • 1849 Harriet Hubbard Ayer, American cosmetics manufacturer and columnist, born in Chicago (d. 1903)
  • 1850 Ivan Vazov, Bulgaria, poet/novelist/playwright (Under the Yoke)
  • 1850 Lafcadio Hearn, US, journalist/author (Chita)
  • 1850 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (d. 1919)
  • 1869 Emma Goldman, anarchist/publisher (Mother Earth)
  • 1869 Kate Carew, American caricaturist (d. 1961)
  • 1869 Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet and novelist (Oak & Ivory), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1906)

  • 1878 Jean François van Royen, Dutch bibliophile/secretary-general of PTT

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880 Helen Keller, American blind-deaf author and lecturer, born in Tuscumbia, Alabama (d. 1968)

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • 1882 Eduard Spranger, German psychologist/educator
  • 1884 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu)
  • 1888 Antoinette Perry, American theater director (d. 1946}
  • 1888 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian (d. 1960)
  • 1889 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor
  • 1892 Paul Colin, French poster designer (d. 1985)
  • 1896 Franciscus J Feron, vicaris-general of Roermond
  • 1898 Alexandra G "Alja" von Hoyer-Rachmanova, Russ/Aust author (Students)
  • 1899 Juan Trippe, American airline entrepreneur (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Otto E Passman, (Rep-D-La, 1947-77)
  • 1905 Ruby Middleton Forsythe, teacher (50 years in 1 room school in SC)
  • 1906 Catherine Cookson, English novelist (Bannaman Legacy)
  • 1906 Vernon P Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd)
  • 1908 João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian writer (d. 1967)
  • 1911 Alfred Scott Witherbee Jr, US, 3 year old who drowned on Lusitania
  • 1911 Paul Eekman, Flemish RC politician (1964- )
  • 1913 Willie Mosconi, world champion pool player (1941-57)
  • 1914 Giorgio Almirante, Italy, fascist (member of parliament (1948-87))
  • 1914 Robert Aickman, English author (d. 1981)
  • 1916 Arthur Walter Lucas, picture restorer
  • 1917 Ronald George Hayward, political manager
  • 1921 G M J Veldkamp, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1922 Herbert Ziergiebel, writer
  • 1924 Paul F Conrad, US cartoonist (Pulitzer 1964, 71, 84), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa
  • 1924 Efua Theodore Sutherland, writer
  • 1926 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • 1927 Bob Keeshan, Lynbrook NY, aka Capt Kangaroo/Clarabelle (Good Morning)
  • 1928 Rudy Perpich, American politician (d. 1995)
  • 1930 H Ross Perot, Texas, billionaire/presidental candidate (1992)
  • 1931 Charles Bronfman, CEO (Seagrams, Montreal Expos)
  • 1932 Joachim Wohlgemuth, writer
  • 1935 Eduard Pavlovich Kugno, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1936 John MD "Shali" Shalikashvili, Polish/US general (NATO)
  • 1936 Lucille Clifton, American poet
  • 1937 Joseph P Allen IV, Crawfordsville Ind, PhD/astronaut (STS-5, STS 51A)
  • 1938 Bruce E Babbitt, (Gov-D-AZ)/secretary of interior
  • 1941 James P[atrick] Hogan, UK, sci-fi author (Giants' Star)
  • 1944 Cornelis J "Kees" Ouwens, Dutch writer/poet (Intimate Acts)
  • 1945 Norma Kamali, American dress designer (Costumes for the Wiz), born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 Omar Badsha, Durban, South Africa, South African photographer, trade unionist and political activist
  • 1946 Sally Priesand, 1st us woman rabbi
  • 1951 Sidney M Gutierrez, Mjr USAF/astronaut (STS 40, 59), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1951 Ulf Andersson, Sweden, International Chess Grandmaster (1972)
  • 1951 Mary McAleese, President of Ireland
  • 1952 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (d. 1993)
  • 1955 Frank H G de Grave, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1956 Ted Haggard, American evangelical preacher
  • 1959 Dan Jurgens, American comic book writer
  • 1960 7th marquess of Cholmondeley, English large landowner/millionaire
  • 1960 Jim Nussle, (Rep-R-Iowa)
  • 1963 Paul Roos, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 Arkadiusz Radomski, Polish footbaler

Weddings in History

  • 1524 Earl Henry III of Nassau weds Mencia de Medoza, 16-years old marquess

HeartWedding of Interest

1948 Inventor Jack Kilby (24) weds Barbara Annegers

Engineer Jack Kilby
Engineer
Jack Kilby
  • 1998 Prince Michael of Greece daughter Princess Alexandra (29) weds perfume executive Nicolas Mirzayantz (37) in Torcello Island

Deaths in History

  • 444 Cyrillus van Alexandria, patriarch of Alexandria, dies
  • 1137 Guigo de Castro, [Venerabilis], 5th prior of Grande Chartreuse, dies
  • 1162 Eudes II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1118)
  • 1296 Floris V, count of Holland & Zeeland, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1458 Alfonso V, King of Aragon/Sicily/Naples (Alfonso I), dies

  • 1543 Agnolo Firenzuola, [Giovannini], Italian monk (De golden ezel), dies
  • 1574 Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (b. 1511)
  • 1603 Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
  • 1627 John Hayward, English historian
  • 1638 Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies
  • 1641 Michiel Jansz of Mierevelt, royal painter, dies at 74
  • 1654 Johann V Andreae, German vicar/writer (Christenburg), dies at 67
  • 1672 Roger Twysden, English antiquarian (b. 1597)
  • 1720 Guillaume Amfrye de Chaulieu, French poet (b. 1639)
  • 1757 Willem Gideon Deutz, Amsterdam regent/banker/merchant, dies at 59
  • 1773 Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (b. circa 1706)
  • 1776 Thomas Hickey, plan to hand George Washington to British, executed
  • 1785 Egbert de Free Temminck, Amsterdam regent, dies at 84
  • 1794 Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
  • 1794 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
  • 1827 Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
  • 1829 James Smithson, dies, his will establishes Smithsonian Institute

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1831 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, dies at 55

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain
  • 1839 Ranjit Singh, gov of Lahore, dies
  • 1844 Hyrum Smith, founder/leader (Mormon Church), shot by mob in Carthage Ill

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the Mormon Church, shot by a mob at 38

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • 1848 Denis-Auguste Affre, archbsp of Paris (1840-48), shot to death at 54
  • 1848 Zschokke, writer, dies
  • 1859 Jean C Baud, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1834-36), dies at 69
  • 1862 Chatham Roberdeau Wheat, Confederate major, dies in battle at about 35
  • 1863 Martin E Green, Confederate brig-general, shot dead at 38
  • 1864 Charles Garrison Harker, US Union-brig-general, dies in battle at 26
  • 1876 Christian G Ehrenberg, German zoologist (micro-organisms), dies at 81
  • 1907 Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator (b. 1822)
  • 1917 Gustav von Schmolle, German economist (Historical School), dies at 79
  • 1935 Eugene Augustin Lauste, French inventor (b. 1857)
  • 1944 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • 1944 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • 1950 Milada Horakova, Czech advocate/anti fascist, hanged
  • 1952 Max Dehn, German mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1957 Malcolm Lowry, English writer (Ultramarine), dies at 48
  • 1960 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain dies at 69
  • 1962 Paul Viiding, Estonian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1965 Anthony Veiller, writer, dies at 62
  • 1966 Arthur D Waley, [Schloss], British sinology/poet (Monkey), dies
  • 1973 Earl Browder, leader US Communist Party (1930-45), dies at 82
  • 1983 Don Ida, balloonists, dies during a race
  • 1983 Maxie Anderson, balloonists, dies during a race
  • 1988 Leonie Fuller Adams, US poetess (High Falcon), dies at 88
  • 1989 Alfred J Ayer, English philosopher (Logical Positivism), dies
  • 1991 Klas Bruinsma, leader criminal organization, murdered
  • 1991 Willem J [Molly] Geertsema, liberal/foreign minister), dies
  • 1992 Sandy Amoros, Bkln Dodger, dies at 62 of pneumonia
  • 1993 Wolfgang Grams, German RAF-terrorist, shot to death at 40
  • 1994 Jeremy Brooks, English writer (Jampot Smith), dies at 67
  • 1995 Madeleine Gillian Jinkinson, medical administrator, dies at 59
  • 1996 Roy James Alfred Kaulback, soldier, dies at 85
  • 1998 Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician (b. 1935)
  • 1999 George Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (b. 1919)
  • 2001 Tove Jansson, Finnish author (b. 1914)
  • 2004 George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Shelby Foote, American author and historian (b. 1917)
  • 2005 John T. Walton, American businessman (b. 1946)
  • 2005 Ray Holmes, Battle of Britain veteran (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Domino Harvey, English-born bounty hunter (b. 1969)
  • 2006 Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, Mexican serial killer, known as "The Railway Killer" (b. 1959)
  • 2007 Dragutin Tadijanović, Croatian poet (b. 1905)
  • 2008 Michael Turner, American comic book artist (b. 1971)
  • 2008 Sam Manekshaw, Indian Field Marshal (b. 1914)
  • 2016 Alvin Toffler, American author (Future Shock, Power Shift, The Third Wave), dies at 87