On This Day in History for June 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 137

  • 767 St Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
  • 1119 Battle of Sarmada - Emir Ilghazi defeats French Crusaders
  • 1245 1st Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1389 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan).
  • 1461 Edward IV crowned king of England
  • 1485 Gent/Brugge/Ieper recognize Maximilian of Austria as regent of Neth

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1519 King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1524 Duke of Bourbon occupies Province
  • 1575 Spanish troops conquer Buren
  • 1583 Duke Frans de Valois returns to France
  • 1593 Earl Mauritius conquers Geertruidenberg
  • 1629 Peace of Ales: Rights of French huguenots limited
  • 1635 French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean
  • 1651 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • 1675 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden
  • 1748 Riot after public execution in Amsterdam, 200+ killed
  • 1762 1st reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1762 Russian tsarina Catherine II seizes power, declaring herself Catherine II, the sovereign ruler of Russia

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1770 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress

  • 1776 Charleston, SC repulses British sea attack
  • 1778 Battle of Monmouth, NJ (Gen Washington beats Clinton)
  • 1778 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots
  • 1807 British troops lands at Ensenada, Argentina
  • 1820 Tomato is proven non-poisonous
  • 1832 Gerrit Moll measures noise of guns
  • 1833 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtain permission from Chief Moshoeshoe (Moshesh) to found a mission station in Basutoland (now Lesotho)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1838 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1841 The Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet Giselle
  • 1846 Saxophone is patented by Antoine Joseph Sax
  • 1855 The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
  • 1859 1st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England)
  • 1861 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest
  • 1862 Day 4 of 7 Day Battle of Savage's Station [Garnett's Farm] in Virginia
  • 1865 The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
  • 1869 Amsterdam typographer strike
  • 1874 Freedmen's Bank closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880 Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • 1894 Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees
  • 1894 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • 1895 El Salvador, Honduras & Nicaragua form Central American Union
  • 1897 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
  • 1902 Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin
  • 1902 US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million
  • 1902 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • 1904 International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1904 The SS Norge Runs aground and sinks
  • 1909 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • 1911 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France

MurderAssassination

1914 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1917 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • 1918 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
  • 1919 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • 1922 The Irish Civil War starts when Irish Free State forces attack anti-treaty republicans in Dublin.
  • 1923 Queen Wilhelmina & Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London
  • 1924 Tornado strikes Sandusky Ohio & Lorain Ohio, killing 93
  • 1928 Alfred E Smith (NY-Gov) nominated for US president at Democratic Convention
  • 1928 Friedrich Schmiedl attempted rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)
  • 1930 1st night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on KC Monarchs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knifes)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Earl Averill's consecutive-game streak ends at 673

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
  • 1939 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper)
  • 1939 Yanks hit 13 HRs, sweep A's 23-2 & 10-0
  • 1940 "Quiz Kids?" premieres on radio
  • 1940 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • 1941 German & Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • 1941 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • 1942 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • 1942 Dumont TV network begins (WABD NY)
  • 1945 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • 1946 Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st President of Italy
  • 1947 "Temptation" (Tim-Tayshun) by Red Ingle with Jo Stafford hits #1
  • 1948 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • 1950 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War
  • 1954 111°F (44°C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record)
  • 1956 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates Chicago Ill
  • 1956 Riots break out in Poznan Poland, 38 die
  • 1957 Reds' fans stuff ballot box, electing 8 Reds as All Star starters
  • 1959 Meldrim trestle disaster; freight train derails over Ogeechee River in Georgia causing IPG tanks to explode killing 23
  • 1960 10.40" (26.42 cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)
  • 1961 Phils & SF set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 inn tie
  • 1962 Thalidomide drug banned in Netherlands
  • 1963 Belaunde Terry inaugurated as President of Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Khrushchev visits East-Berlin

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Organization for Afro-American Unity formed in New York by Malcolm X

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 Princess Beatrice & Claus von Amsberg announce engagement
  • 1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem
  • 1968 Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers
  • 1969 Stonewall riots begin in New York City.
  • 1970 Around 500 Catholic workers at the Harland and Wolff shipyard are forced to leave their work by Protestant employees as serious rioting continues in Belfast
  • 1971 Rock venue Fillmore East closes in New York City
  • 1973 Lawsuit in Detroit challenges Little League's "no girls" rule
  • 1973 New Zealand ship HMNZS Otago sails for Mururoa nuclear test zone after France’s refusal to accept an International Court of Justice injunction against its atmospheric nuclear testing
  • 1973 Northern Ireland Assembly elections take place
  • 1974 Fall of earth & rocks kill 200 (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia)
  • 1976 1st woman was admitted to Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado

Birthdays in History

  • 1367 Sigismund, German Emperor/king of Hungary/Bohemia
  • 1476 Paul IV, [Giampietro Caraffa], inquisition/Pope (1555-59)
  • 1490 Albrecht von Brandenburg, German archbishop/monarch of Mainz/cardinal

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1491 Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47) who separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, born in London (d. 1547)

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1503 Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1550 John Drusius, Flemish hebrew translator
  • 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish Baroque painter (Circumcision), born in Siegen (d. 1640)
  • 1641 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1703 John Wesley, English Christian theologian and co-founder of the Methodist movement, born in Epworth, England (d. 1791)

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • 1719 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)
  • 1787 Henry G W Smith, leader of British-Indian forces
  • 1787 Sir Henry George Wakelyn (Harry) Smith, Wittlesea England, governor at the Cape Colony
  • 1794 Allen Frances Gardiner, Berkshire, England, naval officer and missionary in inter alia Port Natal
  • 1808 Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess/politician
  • 1812 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter
  • 1816 Jacob P P baron van Zuylen van Nijevelt, Min Foreign Affairs (1852-53)
  • 1824 Paul Broca, France, brain surgeon/anthro (located speech center)
  • 1824 William Tatus Wofford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • 1825 Richard ACE Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenemyer kolf)
  • 1865 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer/journalist (Remarkable Stories)
  • 1867 Luigi Pirandello, Italy, writer (6 Characters-Nobel 1934)
  • 1873 Alexis Carrel, France, surgeon/sociologist/biologist (Nobel 1912)
  • 1875 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), born in Châteldon, France (d. 1945)

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1884 Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)
  • 1885 Berthold Viertel, writer
  • 1891 Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
  • 1891 Esther Forbes, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1891 Carl Spaatz, Boyertown, Pennsylvania, American Air Force general (d. 1974)
  • 1892 Edward H Carr, England, historian (History of Soviet Russia)
  • 1897 Jacobus J E Hondius, graphic artist
  • 1900 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham)
  • 1906 Maria Goeppert Mayer, US atomic physicist (Nobel 1963)
  • 1906 Nancy Mayhew Youngman, English painter and educationalist, born in Maidstone, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Paul-Emile Victor, French pole explorer (La civilisation du phoque)
  • 1908 James L Reinsch, media-adviser (Roosevelt/Churchill/Kennedy)
  • 1909 Eric Ambler, suspense writer (Epitaph for a Spy), born in London, England
  • 1909 French van Immerseel, Belgian graphic artist
  • 1912 Audrey Langford, singing teacher
  • 1913 Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1914 Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
  • 1918 Bert Schierbeek, [Lambertus], Dutch writer/poet (Cross Roads)
  • 1920 A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright
  • 1921 P V Narasimha Rao, premier of India (1991- )
  • 1922 Terje Stigen, Norwegian author (Det siste paradiset)
  • 1924 Henk van Stipriaan, Dutch radio host
  • 1926 Robert Shelton Shapiro, journalist
  • 1926 Robert Ledley, Flushing, physiologist, biophysicist, and radiologist, born in Queens, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Theo van Tijn, Dutch marxist/social-historian
  • 1927 Frank Rowland, Newport Beach, California, Nobel laureate in chemistry, (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Ronald Alfred Gardyne "Rags" Butler, sailor
  • 1928 Dr Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003
  • 1928 Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times
  • 1928 Nick Virgilio, American Haiku poet, born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1989)
  • 1930 Itamar Franco, President of Brazil
  • 1933 Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician
  • 1934 Carl M Levin, (Sen-D Michigan, 1979- )
  • 1936 Bill Orton, (Rep-R-UT, 1983- )
  • 1936 Gisela Kraft, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 2010)
  • 1936 Major R Owens, (Rep-D-NY, 1983-2007), (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Leon E Panetta, (Rep-D-CA, 1977- )
  • 1938 Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
  • 1940 Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker, economist and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1940 Roderick Wright, ex-Scottish bishop (d. 2005)
  • 1941 Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1942 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, sec-gen (South African Communist Party)
  • 1942 Jim Kolbe, (Rep-R-AZ, 1985- )
  • 1942 Martin Thembisile Hani, Cofimvaba, Transkei, Chief of Staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, military arm of the ANC
  • 1943 Ed Pastor, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1943 Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 Jane Harmon, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1946 John "Mike" Lounge, astr (STS 51-I, STS 26, STS 35), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1946 Robert L Asprin, US, sci-fi writer (Thieves World, Cold Cash War)
  • 1946 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician.
  • 1947 Mark Helprin, US writer
  • 1947 Patrick Kincaid, who wrote the TODAY program; send him a card
  • 1949 Edward Totah, art dealer
  • 1950 Mauricio Rojas, Swedish politician
  • 1954 A. A. [Adrian Anthony] Gill, British critic (The Sunday Times), born in Edinburgh (d. 2016)
  • 1956 Noel Mugavin, Australian Rules Football player
  • 1957 Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1971 Elon Musk, American entrepreneur and inventor (SpaceX, Telsta, Paypal), born in Pretoria, South Africa

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk
  • 1977 Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers)
  • 1979 Florian Zeller, French novelist and playwright
  • 1994 Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1919 33rd US president Harry Truman (35) weds Elizabeth Truman (34) in Independence

US First Lady Bess Truman
US First Lady
Bess Truman
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

HeartWedding of Interest

1934 Novelist Kenneth Patchen (22) weds Miriam Patchen in nearby Sharon, Pennsylvania

Poet/Novelist Kenneth Patchen
Poet/Novelist
Kenneth Patchen

HeartWedding of Interest

1991 Explorer Jacques Cousteau (81) weds Francine Triplet in Paris

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • 1992 US President George H. W. Bush's daughter Dorothy marries Bobby Koch
  • 2013 Writer Josh Kilmer-Purcell (43) weds physician Brent Ridge in Sharon Springs, New York

Deaths in History

  • 573 Alboin, king of Longobarden, probably poisoned by his wife
  • 767 Paul I, Italian Pope (757-67), dies
  • 1061 Floris I, count of Holland, dies
  • 1175 Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
  • 1194 Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)
  • 1385 Andronicus IV Paleologus, Byzantine anti-emperor, dies
  • 1389 Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović of Serbia (b. 1329)
  • 1586 Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1598 Abraham Ortelius, [Ortels/Hortels], South Neth geographer, dies at 71
  • 1617 Johan Evertsen de Captain, Swiss admiral, dies in battle
  • 1714 Cornelis Chastelein, colonial director, dies at 56
  • 1714 Daniel van Papenbroeck, Flemish jesuit/historian, dies at 86
  • 1716 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
  • 1748 Marretje Arends, [Matje of Nieuwendijk], Amsterdam plunderer, hanged
  • 1748 Pieter van Dort, Amsterdam plunderer, hanged
  • 1776 Thomas Hickey, American sergeant convicted of treason, hanged
  • 1813 Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst, Prus min of War (1807-10), dies in battle
  • 1830 David Walker, abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 44
  • 1834 Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1836 James Madison, 4th US President (1809-17), dies in Montpelier Va at 85

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1846 Adrian van de Ende, vicar/protestant reformer, dies at 77
  • 1881 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
  • 1889 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), dies at 70
  • 1892 Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)
  • 1913 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1914 Sophie, Princess of Austria, assassinated

MurderAssassination

1914 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, led to declarations of war in WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1916 Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
  • 1922 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)
  • 1929 Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 1937 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1940 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot/gov-gen of Libya, dies at 44
  • 1946 Eduard Veterman, Dutch painter/playwright, dies in an auto accident
  • 1947 Stanislav K Neumann, Czech poet (Anti-Guide), dies at 72
  • 1954 Red deer, in Milwaukee Zoo, oldest known deer, dies at 26
  • 1958 Alfred Noyes, British poet/essayist (Robin Hood), dies at 77
  • 1960 Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
  • 1971 Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Serenity), dies at 78
  • 1971 Joseph Colombo, mobster, shot dead at 48
  • 1971 Franz Stangl, Austrian commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)
  • 1975 Rod Serling, writer/host (Twilight Zone, Night Gallery), dies at 50
  • 1975 Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
  • 1978 Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1980 Heal Gahagan Douglas, (Rep-D-Ca), lost to Nixon, dies at 79
  • 1981 Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, Iran Islamic Rep Party founder, bombed
  • 1982 Gerard[us M] Rutten, director (Sterren stralen overal), dies
  • 1989 Joris Ivens, director (Indonesia), dies at 90
  • 1990 Estelle Lamont, entertainer, dies
  • 1991 Klas Bruinsma, clergyman, dies
  • 1992 Mikhail Tai, World chess champion (1960-61), dies at 55
  • 1993 Boris Christoff, Bulgaria/Italian bass (Don Carlos), dies at 79
  • 1994 William A Henry III, critic (Time Mag), dies of heart attack at 44
  • 1995 Donald Sinclair, vet, dies at 83
  • 1996 George Ghita Ionescu, academic, dies at 83
  • 1996 Michael Wishart, artist, dies at 68
  • 1996 Piers Gray, critic/writer, dies at 49
  • 1996 Ronald George Woodman, pilot, dies at 82
  • 2000 Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
  • 2001 Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
  • 2004 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
  • 2006 Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)
  • 2006 Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Eugene Bennett Fluckey, American Navy Submariner (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1919)
  • 2009 Billy Mays, American television pitchman (b. 1958)
  • 2010 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, dies at 92
  • 2014 Meshach Taylor, American actor, dies from colorectal cancer at 67