On This Day in History for June 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1083 Henry IV of Germany storms Rome, capturing St Peter's Cathedral

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1098 After 5-month siege in First Crusade, the Crusaders seize Antioch (now in modernTurkey)
  • 1140 French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy.
  • 1326 Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark.
  • 1357 Peace of Ath signed (in modern Belgium), settles Brabant succession

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1539 Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain

Spanish Explorer and Conquistador Hernando de Soto
Spanish Explorer and Conquistador
Hernando de Soto
  • 1540 Hernando de Soto crosses Appalachian Mountain, 1st European to do so
  • 1620 Construction of the oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
  • 1621 Dutch West India Company (WIC) receives charter for The West Indies (The Americas, Caribbean and West Africa)
  • 1658 Pope Alexander VII appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France.
  • 1665 Duke of York (future James II) defeats Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft
  • 1748 Amsterdam establishes municipal postal service
  • 1752 Moscow houses & churches destroyed by fire
  • 1770 Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo founded in Calif

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781 Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1784 US army officially established by Congress of the Confederation
  • 1789 Alex Mackenzie explores Mackenzie River (Canada)
  • 1818 Maratha Wars between British & Maratha Confederacy in India ends
  • 1833 4th national black convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • 1856 Cullen Whipple patents a machine for making screws
  • 1860 Comanche, Iowa, completely destroyed by one of a series of tornadoes
  • 1861 1st Civil War land battle-Union defeats Confederacy at Philippi, WV

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1876 Lacrosse introduced in Britain & Canada
  • 1884 John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
  • 1886 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda
  • 1888 "Casey at the Bat" published (SF Examiner)
  • 1889 The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
  • 1906 Belgian King Leopold II claims Congo as his private possession
  • 1907 Centro Escolar University is established by Librada Avelino and Carmen de Luna in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1911 "Come Josephine in My Flying Machine" hits #1
  • 1913 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws
  • 1915 Austro-German forces recapture Przemysl, a crucial city in southeastern Poland, and the entire Russian front begins to collapse
  • 1916 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • 1918 US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
  • 1919 Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) organized by blacks
  • 1921 A sudden cloudburst kills 120 near Pikes Peak, Colorado
  • 1924 Gila Wilderness Area established by US Forest Service
  • 1925 Goodyear airship "Pilgrim" makes the first with an enclosed cabin
  • 1929 1st trade show at Atlantic City Convention Center (electric light)
  • 1929 Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their border dispute from the War of the Pacific (1879–83). Chile keeps Arica and Peru regains Tacna.
  • 1932 John McGraw, who came to NY in 1902, resigns as manager of Giants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Paul von Hindenburg disbands German Parliament

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1933 A's score 11 runs in 2nd, Yanks score 10 in 5th & win 17-11
  • 1933 Pope Pius XI encyclical "On oppression of the Church in Spain"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted

  • 1935 French liner SS Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of four days, three hours and 14 minutes on her maiden voyage
  • 1935 One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario.
  • 1937 Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
  • 1938 German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery
  • 1940 Last British & French troops evacuated from Dunkirk
  • 1941 Attack on telephone exchange in Schiphol
  • 1941 German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports
  • 1943 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms
  • 1943 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots.
  • 1944 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • 1944 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • 1946 1st bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris)
  • 1946 International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals
  • 1947 British Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten visits Pakistan
  • 1948 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • 1948 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • 1949 1st negro to graduate from US Naval Academy (Wesley Anthony Brown)
  • 1949 Dragnet is 1st broadcast on radio (KFI in Los Angeles)
  • 1949 GN Clark becomes 1st female US treasurer
  • 1950 French expedition reaches top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal
  • 1952 Romanian premier Petru Groza chosen president
  • 1953 Congress cites research of NYC librarian Robert Henderson in proving
  • 1956 3rd class travel on British Railways ends
  • 1959 1st US Air Force Academy graduation in Colorado Springs, Colorado

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1959 US President Eisenhower routes Canadian premier Diefenbaker a message off the Moon

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • 1959 Singapore adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK & Khrushchev meet in Vienna

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1962 Air France Boeing 707 crashes on takeoff from Paris, kills 130

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives by train in Oldenzaal, Netherlands

Ex-soldier, drifter Lee Harvey Oswald
Ex-soldier, drifter
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1963 A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia, killing 101.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Ringo Starr collapses from tonsillitis & pharyngitis

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1965 Gemini 4 launched; 2nd US 2-man flight (McDivitt & White)
  • 1966 European DX Council forms in Copenhagen (shortwave listeners)
  • 1966 Gemini 9 launched; 7th US 2-man flight (Stafford & Cernan)
  • 1968 Canada announces it will replace silver with nickel in coins
  • 1968 Poor Peoples March on Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 Yanks turn 21st triple-play in their history lose 4-3 to Twins
  • 1968 Valerie Solanas, author of SCUM Manifesto, attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times.
  • 1970 1st artificial gene synthesized
  • 1972 "Hot Rod Lincoln" by Commander Cody & His Lost Planet Airmen hits #9
  • 1972 1st female US rabbi installed, Sally J Priesand at 25
  • 1973 At Paris air show, Tupolev 144, a Soviet supersonic airliner ("Concorde-ski"), crashes, 15 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Yitzhak Rabin forms a new Israeli government

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1976 Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody" goes gold

AgreementMagna Carta

1976 US presented with oldest known copy of Magna Carta

  • 1977 Belgium government of Tindemans forms
  • 1977 US & Cuba talk about diplomatic relations
  • 1979 33rd Tony Awards: Elephant Man & Sweeny Todd win
  • 1979 Ex-president Idi Amin of Uganda flees to Libya
  • 1979 Ixtoc I rig in Gulf of Mexico blows; 3 million bbl of oil spilled in one of world's worst oil spills
  • 1980 Crew of Soyuz 36 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 35

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Jimmy Carter wins enough delegates for renomination

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Birthdays in History

  • 1540 Charles I of Austria (d. 1590)
  • 1610 Jacob Neefs, Flemish engraver/publisher, baptised
  • 1659 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • 1685 Cornelis Hop, Amsterdam regent/diplomat
  • 1723 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born naturalist (d. 1788)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1726 James Hutton, geologist, born in Edinburgh, Scotland

Geologist James Hutton
James Hutton
  • 1761 Henry Scrapnel, English inventor (shrapnel shell)
  • 1770 Manuel Belgrano, Argentina
  • 1771 Sydney Smith, Woodford Essex, preacher/reformer/author
  • 1771 Charles Bernard Desormes, Dijon, French Physicist and Chemist who determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases as well as the exact composition of carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide
  • 1773 Caspar G C Reinwardt, German/Dutch biologist
  • 1780 William Hone, England, author/bookseller (Every-Day Book)
  • 1782 Charles Waterton, eccentric naturalist/pioneer
  • 1804 Richard Cobden, Sussex, founder (Anti-Corn-Law League)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1808 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), born in Fairview, Kentucky (d. 1889)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1812 Pieter Mijer, Dutch gov-gen of Neth Indies (1866-72)
  • 1815 Martin Edward Green, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Louis Faidherbe, French general (d. 1889)
  • 1819 Johann Barthold Jongkind, Lattrop Neth, Dut/Fr painter (Winter Scenes)
  • 1824 Charles Kinnaird Graham, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1829 Charles Brooke, 2nd White Rajah of Sarawak (1868-1917), born in Burnham-on-Sea, England (d. 1917)

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke
  • 1831 Otho French Strahl, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1839 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Der Herr im Hause)
  • 1840 Eugeen van Oye, Flemish writer/poet (Morning Twilight)
  • 1843 Frederik VIII, King of Denmark (1906-12)
  • 1844 Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron, German poet
  • 1844 Garret Augustus Hobart, (R) 24th US VP (1897-99)
  • 1853 William Matthew Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (d. 1942)
  • 1864 Ransom Eli Olds, auto (Oldsmobile) & truck (REO) manufacturer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1865 George V, King of Great Britain (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1866 George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • 1868 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Camagüey Cuba, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever)
  • 1869 Maria Radulphus, inspector on Curacao (Radulphus College)
  • 1873 Otto Loewi, Frankfurt am Main Germany, physician (Nobel-1936)
  • 1877 Raoul Dufy, France, Fauvist painter (Palm)
  • 1879 Pieter J A Adriani, Dutch tax lawyer
  • 1879 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • 1881 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • 1895 Kavalam Madhava Panikkar, India, diplomat (Asia & Western Dominance)
  • 1898 Rosa Chacel, spanish novelist
  • 1899 Georg von Bekesy, Budapest Hungary, physician (Nobel-1961)
  • 1900 Gerard den Brabander, [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New)
  • 1902 Edward Wayne, physician (Queen of Scotland)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Charles R. Drew, American physician, surgeon, and pioneer of blood plasma research, born in Washington, D. C. (d. 1950)

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1905 Martin Gottfried Weiss, German, commandant of Dachau concentration camp (d. 1946, by execution)
  • 1906 Louis Simmonds, bookseller
  • 1906 Robert Brown Black, British diplomat/gov (Hong Kong)
  • 1910 Wilfred Thesiger, explorer/writer
  • 1911 Mason Gross, Dr/TV professor (Think Fast, Two for the Money)
  • 1912 Richard D'Aeth, president (Hughes Hall Cambridge)
  • 1912 William Douglas-Home, playwright (Now .. Barabbas)
  • 1913 Pedro Mir, Dominican Poet Laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist
  • 1914 Ronald George Woodman, pilot
  • 1918 Lili St. Cyr, American ecdysiast (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, Lord of appeal (Ordinary)
  • 1922 Alain Resnais, France, director (Providence, Hiroshima, Mon Amour)
  • 1922 M Alain Resnais, Vannes France, director (Melo, I Want to Go Home)
  • 1923 Michael Jaffe, director (Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge England)
  • 1923 Igor Shafarevich, Russian mathematician
  • 1924 David Richard Holloway, literary Editor
  • 1924 Michael Gow, commandant (Royal College of Defense Studies)
  • 1925 Gerhard Zwerenz, writer
  • 1925 Thomas Winning, Roman Catholic archbishop (Glasgow)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Allen Ginsberg, American beat poet (Howl), born in Newark, New Jersey

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1926 Hamilton Fish Jr, (Rep-R-NY, 1969- )
  • 1926 Roscoe G Bartlett, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1928 Donald Judd, US, sculptor (minimal art)
  • 1929 Chuck Barris, TV game show producer/host (Gong Show) [or 6/2], born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1929 Howard Yanks, founder (Philadelphia folk festival)
  • 1929 Werner Arber, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1930 Marion Zimmer Bradley, American sci-fi author (Storm Queen), born in Albany, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931 Raúl Castro, 18th President of Cuba (2008-) and former revolutionary, born in Biran, Holguin, Cuba

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro
  • 1933 Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (d. 1999)
  • 1934 Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
  • 1935 Raoul Franklin, chancellor (City University London)
  • 1936 David Nicholls, priest/theologian/political theorist
  • 1936 Harry Pitt, vice chancellor (Reading University)
  • 1936 Larry McMurtry, US scriptwriter (Lonesome Dove, Pulitzer 1986), born in Archer City, Texas
  • 1936 Philip J Attenborough, CEO/publisher (Hodder & Stoughton)
  • 1937 Solomon P Ortiz, (Rep-D-TX, 1983- )
  • 1943 Eddie McGrady, Northern Irish politician (SDLP) unseated Enoch Powell, Born in Downpatrick (d. 2013)
  • 1946 Anita Pollack, MEP (Labour)
  • 1946 Earl of Cromer, managing director (Inchcape (China) Ltd)
  • 1947 Timothy David, diplomat
  • 1947 John Dykstra, American special effects supervisor
  • 1949 David Evenett, MP (Conservative)
  • 1950 Christos Verelis, Greek politician
  • 1961 Lawrence Lessig, American lawyer and author
  • 1962 Susannah Constantine, British fashion guru
  • 1963 Yuri Yuriyevich Krikun, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1963 Rudy Demotte, Belgian politician
  • 1965 Suzan Kaminga, bodybuilder, born in Austin, Texas
  • 1967 Anderson Cooper, American reporter
  • 1970 Ammon McNeely, American rock climber
  • 1976 Enda Markey, Irish/Australian entertainer
  • 2002 Prince Tirso of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 2006 Countess Leonore, Member of the Dutch Royal Family

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1937 Duke of Windsor (Edward VIII) weds Mrs Wallis Warfield Simpson in France

King of Great Britain Edward VIII
King of Great Britain
Edward VIII
Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • 1941 Author Irving Wallace marries writer Sylvia Kahn

Deaths in History

  • 545 Chlotilde, wife of French King Clovis/saint, dies at about 70
  • 1107 Kilidj Arslan I, Seldjoeken-sultan, dies in battle
  • 1395 Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria
  • 1397 William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (b. 1328)
  • 1411 Duke Leopold IV of Austria (b. 1371)
  • 1548 Juan de Zumárraga, Spanish Catholic bishop of Mexico (b. 1468)
  • 1594 Michel Renichon, priest, executed
  • 1594 John Aylmer, English political theorist (b. 1521)
  • 1615 Sanada Yukimura, Japanese samurai (b. 1567)
  • 1640 Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (b. 1584)
  • 1649 Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
  • 1657 William Harvey, English physician (b. 1578)
  • 1659 Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
  • 1679 Jean-Francius Miller, painter, buried
  • 1688 Maximilian H of Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik, dies at 66
  • 1732 Pieter Vuyst, Dutch gov-gen of Ceylon, executed
  • 1764 Hans A Brorson, Danish poet/bishop of Ribe, dies at 69
  • 1780 Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (b. 1711)
  • 1826 Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (b. 1766)
  • 1844 Louis-Antoine Bourbon, French duke of Angouleme, dies
  • 1861 Stephen A Douglas, "Little Giant", senator (Lincoln Debates), dies
  • 1864 James P McMahon, US Union colonel (164th NY), dies in battle
  • 1864 Peter A Porter, US Union colonel (8th NY), dies in battle
  • 1865 Okada Izō, Japanese samurai (b. 1838)
  • 1877 Frank Pocock, British explorer, drowned in the Congo
  • 1881 Japanese giant salamander, dies in Dutch zoo at 55; oldest amphibian
  • 1882 Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)
  • 1894 Karl Eduard Zachariae, German expert on Byzantine Law (b. 1812)
  • 1898 Samuel Plimsoll, English MP (Folkestone), dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Franz Kafka, Czech writer (Trial, Amerika, Metamorphosis), dies at 40

Writer Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka
  • 1928 Li Yüan-hung, Chinese general and political figure (b. 1864)
  • 1943 Folkert E Posthuma, Min of Agriculture, dies
  • 1946 Michail I Kalinin, Pres (Supreme Soviet), dies at 60
  • 1949 Amedos Peter Giannine, founder of Bank of America dies at 79
  • 1955 Barbara Graham, American murderer (b. 1923)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1963 Pope John XXIII [Angelo G Roncalli], Pope (1958-63), dies at 81

  • 1963 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (b. 1902)
  • 1964 Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1967 Arthur Mitchell Ransome, critic/children's book author, dies
  • 1967 Arthur W Tedder of Glenguin, British air marshal (WW II), dies at 76
  • 1967 Gertrude "Mickey" MacFadden, entertainer, dies of heart attack at 67
  • 1970 Douwe Hermans Kiestra, [Harm Harmstra], Fries boer/writer, dies at 70
  • 1970 H G Hjalmar Schacht, pres Germany Kingdom bank/minister of Eco, dies
  • 1971 Heinz Hopf, German mathematician (b. 1894)
  • 1977 Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1979 Arno Schmidt, German writer, dies at 65
  • 1981 Carleton Coon, anthropology prof (What in the World), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1989 Ayatollah Khomeini [Ruhollah Khomeini], Supreme leader of Iran (1979-89), dies of a heart attack at 89

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1991 Harry Glicken, volcanologist, killed by Mt Unzen Volcano in Japan
  • 1991 Takeshi Nagata, Japanese geophysicist (b. 1913)
  • 1992 Patrick Peyton, Rosary Priest, dies of kidney failure at 83
  • 1992 William E Gaines, publisher (Mad Magazine), dies at 70
  • 1994 Parmeso Emekrasha, buddhist Monk, dies
  • 1994 Roger Wolcott Sperry, physicist, dies at 89
  • 1995 Alastair Webster Mackie, poet/teacher, dies at 69
  • 1995 Frank Waters, American writer, dies at 92
  • 1995 Jean-Patric Manchette, thriller writer, dies at 52
  • 1996 Len Creed, bookmaker, dies at 79
  • 1996 Tito Okello, Ugandan general, dies at 81
  • 2003 Felix de Weldon, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 2004 Frances Shand Kydd, mother of Diana, Princess of Wales (b. 1936)
  • 2005 Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader, writer, and lawyer (b. 1945)
  • 2010 John Hedgecoe, English photographer (b. 1932)
  • 2011 Jack Kevorkian, American pathologist, right-to-die activist (b. 1928)
  • 2013 Frank Lautenberg, American Politician, dies from complications from pneumonia at 89
  • 2016 Dave Swarbrick, British folk fiddler (Fairport Convention), dies at 75