On This Day in History for June 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 201

  • 296 St Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.
  • 833 Louis, king of Austria, crowned
  • 949 Otto I the Great gives away bishopric of Utrecht "foreestrecht"
  • 1294 Jews are expelled from Berne, Switzerland
  • 1371 Arnold II of Horne chosen bishop of Utrecht
  • 1397 Denmark, Norway & Sweden sign Union of Kalmar under Queen Margaretha
  • 1422 Battle of Arbedo between the Duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés take gold from Aztecs

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1520 The Spaniards are expelled from Tenochtitlan.
  • 1528 Burgundian army occupies Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1548 Augsburg Interim issued by Charles V becomes law - orders Lutherans to return to Catholic practices with some concessions

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1559 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery.

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1596 English/Dutch fleet reach Cadiz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1598 King Philip II moves to Escorial palace

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1607 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
  • 1643 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1648 French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
  • 1651 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1688 Whig Lords questions prince William III of Orange on Protestantism
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head: French under Tourville beat Dutch/English fleet
  • 1700 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
  • 1722 Hungarian Parliament condemns Emperor Karel VI's Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1734 Russian army occupies Danzig
  • 1741 Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
  • 1755 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place.
  • 1794 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 1815 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • 1834 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • 1851 Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • 1859 French acrobat Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1861 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
  • 1862 Battle of Glendale [Frayser's Farm], day 6 of 7 days battles, Virginia Confederate assault attack (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • 1863 Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
  • 1863 Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • 1863 Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • 1865 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
  • 1870 Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
  • 1871 Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • 1876 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full stolen goods
  • 1881 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
  • 1893 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered
  • 1894 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • 1894 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • 1896 W S Hadaway patents electric stove
  • 1898 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”
  • 1899 Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick Eng v Australia at Headingley
  • 1900 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • 1902 Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • 1905 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • 1905 Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5
  • 1906 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

  • 1908 Tunguska Event: a giant fireball most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet impacts in Siberia
  • 1910 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1911 Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
  • 1911 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes
  • 1913 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits"
  • 1918 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1921 The South African Reserve Bank is established.
  • 1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • 1924 England score 2-503 in day's play v South Africa at Lord's

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1924 J. B. M. Hertzog becomes Primes Minister, head of a coalition government between the National and Labour Parties in South Africa

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1927 Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
  • 1927 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
  • 1928 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards
  • 1930 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady NY
  • 1933 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism/war
  • 1933 US Assay Offices in Helena Mon, Boise Id & Salt Lake City Utah closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 "Night of Long Knives" - Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1935 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1936 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • 1937 The world's first emergency call telephone service is launched in London using the number 999.
  • 1938 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • 1938 Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • 1939 Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
  • 1940 US Fish & Wildlife Service forms
  • 1940 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands.
  • 1941 Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) declare Ukraine independent
  • 1941 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine.
  • 1942 Col-gen Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • 1942 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • 1942 US bombs Celebes & Timor
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1944 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • 1944 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • 1944 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.

Birthdays in History

  • 1286 John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English politician and the last Warenne earl of Surrey (d. 1347)
  • 1468 Johan, the Standvastige, monarch of Saxon
  • 1470 Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98), invaded Italy
  • 1503 Johan Frederik, elector of Saxon (1532-47)
  • 1641 Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (d. 1719)
  • 1685 Dominikus Zimmermann, German architect/painter (Liebfrauenkirche)
  • 1748 Jacques D "comte" Cassini, French astronomer
  • 1755 Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (d. 1829)
  • 1768 Elizabeth Kortright Monroe, 1st lady (1817-25)
  • 1789 E J Horace Vernet, French painter
  • 1791 Félix Savart, French surgeon/physicist (law of Biot & Savart)
  • 1803 Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet
  • 1807 Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer)
  • 1810 Stanko Vraz, [Jakob Frass], Slovenian/Croatian poet (illyrism)
  • 1817 Joseph D Hooker, British botanist
  • 1819 William A Wheeler, (R) 19th VP (1877-81)
  • 1823 Hendrik Jan Schimmel, Dutch writer/dramatist (2 Tudors)
  • 1823 Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Indian industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1837 Stephen D Ramseur, youngest West Pointer to be Maj Gen
  • 1843 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)
  • 1847 Jacob T Cremer, min of Colonies/pres (Dutch Trading Comp)
  • 1856 Gerrit Kalff, writer (history of Dutch writers)
  • 1858 Andre Antoine, French stage manager (Theatre Libre) [or 7/31]
  • 1860 Gyula Andressy Jr, Hungarian minister of Foreign affairs (1918-20)
  • 1884 Georges Duhamel, French author (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)
  • 1893 Harold/Joseph Laski, English economist/Labour leader (1945-..)
  • 1893 Walter Ulbricht, president German DR
  • 1899 Frantisek Tomasek, bishop of Prague/cardinal

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Willie Sutton, American bank robber, born in Brooklyn, New York

Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton
  • 1907 Roman Shukhevych, Ukrainian politician (d. 1950)
  • 1908 Charles Camproux, French linguistic/author (Bestiari)
  • 1908 Monica Maurice, industrialist
  • 1908 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • 1909 Juan Bosch, poet/President of Dominican Republic (1962-63)
  • 1911 Czeslaw Milosz, Polish/American writer (Bells in Winter, Nobel 1980)
  • 1911 Virginia Smith, (Rep-R-NB, 1975- )
  • 1912 Kenneth Jameson, art educator
  • 1912 Madhaviah Krishnan, naturalist
  • 1912 Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)
  • 1913 Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16th President of Portugal (d. 2001)
  • 1917 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician
  • 1919 Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Sam Moskowitz, SF fandom historian
  • 1926 Paul Berg, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 Joseph R Skeen, (Rep-R-New Mexico, 1981- )
  • 1928 Frank Ulrich Marcus, playwright/critic
  • 1931 Johannes Gruijters, Dutch mayor (D66-Lelystad)
  • 1931 Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Harry Blackstone Jr, magician (Blackstone Book of Magic & Illusion)
  • 1935 [Jacob] "Jack" Rosenthal, American journalist and government official, born in Tel Aviv, Israel (d. 2017)
  • 1942 Robert Ballard, explorer/geologist/author/discoverer (Titanic in 1985)
  • 1944 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist
  • 1947 Yuri Petrovich Sheffer, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 Bùi Thanh Liêm, Hanoi. Vietnamese cosmonaut (d. 1981)
  • 1950 Donna Jean Willmott, FALN member (FBI most wanted), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1951 Stephen S Oswald, astronaut (STS 42, 56, 67), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1952 Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician
  • 1954 Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1962 Vladimir Mikolaevich Dezhurov, Mordovia, astronaut (Mir 18, STS-71)
  • 1970 Mark Grudzielanek, infielder (Montreal Expos), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1972 James Martin, English celebrity chef
  • 1978 Owen Lafave, ex-husband of Debra Lafave
  • 1978 Ben Cousins, Australian Football League player
  • 1979 Travis Minor, National Football League Runningback
  • 1981 Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1831 Soldier and future Confederate General Robert E. Lee (24) marries Mary Custis (22) at Arlington House, Arlington Virginia

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

HeartWedding of Interest

1973 Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark (34) weds lawyer Maureen McTeer (21)

16th Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark
16th Prime Minister of Canada
Joe Clark
  • 1975 Cher, marries Gregg Allman, 4 days after divorcing Sonny Bono
  • 1978 English prince Michael marries baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz in Vienna, Austria
  • 2012 Mick Jagger's daughter Jade Jagger (41) weds longtime boyfriend Adrian Fillary at the Aynhoe Park Hotel in Oxfordshire, England
  • 2012 "The Doctors" co-host Travis Stork (40) weds pediatrician Dr. Charlotte Brown in Colorado

Deaths in History

  • 350 Nepotianus, Roman usurper
  • 1109 Alfonso VI, (imperator totius Hispaniae), king of Leon, dies
  • 1181 Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)
  • 1224 Adolf of Osnabrück, Saint Adolf (b. 1185)
  • 1364 Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1520 Moctezuma II, Aztec emperor (1502-20), killed either by the Spanish or stoned by his own people

Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II
Aztec Emperor
Moctezuma II
  • 1538 Charles van Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen, dies at 70
  • 1579 Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, Turkish Janissary
  • 1607 Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1538)
  • 1649 Simon Vouet, French painter
  • 1655 Jacob Boonen, South Netherlands clergyman/lawyer, dies at 81
  • 1660 William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
  • 1662 Johannes C Verspronck, portrait painter, buried at about 64
  • 1666 Alexander Brome, English poet
  • 1670 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
  • 1685 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
  • 1704 John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • 1709 Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
  • 1785 James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
  • 1796 Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman, dies at 71
  • 1817 Abraham Gottlob Werner, German geologist
  • 1839 Johan O Wallin, Swedish poet/archbishop (Dead Angel), dies
  • 1857 Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist, dies at 54
  • 1862 Richard Griffith, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 48

BattleExecution

1882 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, hanged at 40

  • 1882 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (b. 1827)
  • 1899 Jon Helgason, Icelandic poet (Ur Landsudri), dies
  • 1905 John Hay, US politician, dies
  • 1914 Bai Long, [White Wolf], Chinese Robin Hood/crowd leader, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), dies at 76

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • 1920 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), commits suicide at 38
  • 1924 Jacob Israel de Haan, Dutch poet/writer (Pypelyntjes), dies at 42
  • 1934 Ernst Rohm, German staff member, executed at 46
  • 1934 Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-leader, murdered at 42
  • 1934 Karl Ernst, German SA-leader, murdered
  • 1934 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (1932-33), murdered at 52
  • 1934 Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1862)
  • 1934 Erich Klausener, Catholic politician killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1885)
  • 1938 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), dies at 61
  • 1942 Arnoldus J H Aerts, Dutch bishop of New-Guinea, executed at 62
  • 1948 Karl Wolfskehl, writer, dies at 78
  • 1953 Elsa Beskow, (Maartman), Swedish author (children's book), dies at 79
  • 1953 Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
  • 1959 José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1961 Lee de Forest, American inventor (Electron Tube), dies at 87
  • 1962 Caspar Neher, German set designer/librettist, dies at 65
  • 1971 Georgi T Dobrovolsky, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 11-land accident), dies at 43
  • 1971 Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 11), dies at 35
  • 1973 Elmer Layden, one of Notre Dame's legendary 4-horsemen, died
  • 1973 Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (b. 1903)
  • 1973 Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), one of the Mitford sisters, dies of cancer at 68
  • 1974 Alberta King, mother of Martin Luther King Jr., assassinated in church
  • 1974 Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1979 Alfons Vranckx, Belgian politician, dies at 72
  • 1983 Mary Livingstone, [Sadye Marks] Comedienne, (Jack Benny), dies at 77
  • 1984 Lillian Hellman, playwright, (Little Foxes), dies at 79
  • 1985 James Dewar, inventor (Twinkie), dies
  • 1992 Doug Delauder, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Nico Booken, director (Jewish Labor Social), dies
  • 1994 Nicholas Warner, test Pilot, dies at 51
  • 1995 Georgi Timofeyevich Beregovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 3), dies at 74
  • 1995 Sicco Mansholt, pres Commission of Europe (1972-1973), dies
  • 1996 Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet, dies at 76
  • 1996 Michael Parkin, journalist, dies at 74
  • 1996 Norman Aldridge, biochemical toxicologist, dies at 76
  • 2002 Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (b. 1910)
  • 2003 Buddy Hackett, American comic (b. 1924)
  • 2003 Robert McCloskey, American children's book writer and illustrator (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Jamal Abro, Sindhi writer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 Christopher Fry, English playwright (The Lady's Not for Burning), dies at 97
  • 2006 Robert Gernhardt, German satirist (b. 1937)
  • 2007 Sahib Singh Verma, Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Delhi (b. 1943)
  • 2009 Pina Bausch, German choreographer (b. 1940)
  • 2012 Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli Prime Minister, dies from Alzheimer's disease at 96
  • 2014 Bob Hastings, American actor, dies from prostate cancer at 89
  • 2016 Geoffrey Hill, English poet, dies at 84