On This Day in History for June 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 156


Event of interestEvent of Interest

70 Titus & his Roman legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
Titus
  • 754 Friezen murders bishop Boniface & over 50 companions
  • 1257 Kraków, Poland, receives city rights.
  • 1284 Charles of Salerno is captured by Roger of Lauria during a naval battle in the Gulf of Naples, part of the Sicillian Vespers uprising
  • 1288 Battle of Woeringen: Reinald I vs Jan I
  • 1305 Archbishop Bertrand the Got of Bordeaux elected Pope Clement V
  • 1507 England & Netherlands sign trade agreement
  • 1625 Spanish troops under Spinola conquer Breda

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1632 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Roermond

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1716 England & Emperor Karel VI signs military treaty
  • 1752 Prince William of Orange becomes Knight of Garter
  • 1794 US Congress prohibits citizens from serving in foreign armed forces
  • 1798 The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland set sail in the Pizarro from A Coruña and begin their 5 year Latin American expedition

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1805 1st recorded tornado in "Tornado Alley" (Southern Illinois)
  • 1806 1st trotter to break 3 minute mile (Yankee)
  • 1806 Batavian Republic becomes Kingdom of Holland
  • 1827 Turks capture the Acropolis & take Athens during Greek War of Independence
  • 1829 HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
  • 1832 Anti-monarchist forces launch an uprising in Paris, starting the unsuccessful June Rebellion

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1833 Ada Lovelace (future 1st computer programmer) meets Charles Babbage

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
Inventor Charles Babbage
Inventor
Charles Babbage
  • 1846 Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia & Balt
  • 1848 Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
  • 1849 Danish National Day-Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • 1855 Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's 1st convention
  • 1857 Walter Woodbury & James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Jakarta)
  • 1861 Federal marshals seize arms & gunpower at Du Pont works DE
  • 1863 Battle of Franklin's Crossing, VA (Deep Run)
  • 1863 CSS "Alabama" captures "Tailsman" in Mid Atlantic
  • 1864 Battle of Piedmont, VA (Augusta City)
  • 1870 Constantinople fire; 900 die
  • 1872 Republican National Convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • 1873 Sultan Bargash bin Said under British pressure closes the infamous slave market of Zanzibar in modern day Tanzania
  • 1875 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
  • 1876 Bananas become popular in US, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
  • 1882 Storm & floods hits Bombay; about 100,000 die
  • 1884 William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated & will not serve if elected"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1888 The Rio de la Plata Earthquake takes place.
  • 1899 Alfred Dreyfus acquitted
  • 1900 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Emperor Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the slavs

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1906 Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet
  • 1912 US marines invade Caimanera, Cuba
  • 1913 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • 1915 Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage.
  • 1916 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • 1917 10 million US men begin registering for draft in WW I
  • 1920 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell in San Francisco (later Bank of America)
  • 1922 The Banker's committee of the Reparations Commission refuses an international loan to Germany
  • 1926 Indians triple-play Yankees & win 15-3
  • 1927 Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard & 200-yard free-style swim record
  • 1929 Ramsey MacDonald forms minority Labour government in Britain
  • 1931 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • 1933 Gold standard abolished
  • 1934 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1940 A synthetic rubber tire exhibited Akron, Ohio by Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company.
  • 1940 American Negro Theater organizes
  • 1940 Battle of France begins in WW II
  • 1940 General Von Bock starts a German offensive in the Somme

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 General Charles de Gaulle becomes French junior minister of Defense

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1940 Governor of Suriname & Netherlands Antilles refuse entry to Jewish refugees
  • 1940 Netherlands rations petroleum
  • 1941 World War II: At least 4,000 people who hid in a tunnel die after a Japanese air attack on the Chinese city of Chongqing
  • 1942 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • 1942 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • 1942 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • 1943 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • 1944 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • 1944 1st British gliders touched down on French soil for D-Day invasion
  • 1944 Allies march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower decides invasion set for June 6

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • 1946 Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946 Eric de Noorman, a Dutch comic strip by Hans G. Kresse, is launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the "Marshall Plan" to rebuild Western Europe

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1950 US Supreme Court undermines legal foundations of segregation
  • 1953 Denmark adopts a new constitution
  • 1953 US Senate rejects China People's Republic membership to UN
  • 1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ecclesiae fastos
  • 1956 Fed court rules racial segregation on Montgomery buses anti-Const
  • 1957 NY narcotics investigator, Dr Herbert Berger, urges AMA to investigate use of stimulating drugs by athletes
  • 1959 Bob Dylan graduates from Hibbing High School in Minnesota

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 The first independent government of the State of Singapore is sworn in with Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1963 British Minister of War John Profumo resigns due to Christine Keeler scandal
  • 1963 Princess Marijke changes her name to Christina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 State of siege proclaimed in Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini arrested

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1965 "Wooly Bully" by Sam the Sham & Pharaohs hits #2
  • 1965 Lopez Arellano becomes president of Honduras
  • 1967 Six-day war begins between Israel and the neighboring Arab states of Egypt, Jordan and Syria
  • 1967 Murderer Richard Speck sentenced to death in electric chair
  • 1967 Royal Canadian Mint ordered to start converting 10 cent & 25 cent coins to pure nickel as soon as possible
  • 1968 12:16AM PST-Sirhan Sirhan shoots Bobby Kennedy, who dies next day
  • 1969 Dutch Antilles government of Kroon resigns
  • 1969 Race riot in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1969 The International communist conference begins in Moscow.
  • 1970 Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

Birthdays in History

  • 1341 Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (d. 1402)
  • 1493 Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (d. 1555)
  • 1523 Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (d. 1573)
  • 1553 Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1617)
  • 1554 Elisabeth of Austria, queen consort of France (d. 1592)
  • 1640 Pu Songling, Chinese writer (d. 1715)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1646 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1684)

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • 1660 Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (d. 1744)
  • 1664 Mustafa II, sultan of Turkey (1695-1703)
  • 1695 Johann Conrad Schlaun, German baroque architect
  • 1718 Thomas Chippendale, England, furniture maker (baptized)
  • 1736 Corneille F de Nelis, Flemish scholar/bishop of Antwerp
  • 1757 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (d. 1808)
  • 1760 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium)
  • 1771 Ernst Augustus I, Duke of Cumberland/King of Hanover (1837-51)
  • 1771 Willem F, count of Bylandt, Dutch military officer
  • 1781 Christian August Lobeck, German scholar (d. 1860)
  • 1819 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune)
  • 1823 George Thorndike Angell, Mass, lawyer (ASPCA)
  • 1825 Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, Georgia, educator (Rep-Ala, 1857-61)
  • 1827 Beverly Holcombe Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831 Marcus Joseph Wright, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1922)
  • 1850 Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
  • 1862 Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish physician (Nobel 1911)
  • 1868 James Connolly, Irish socialist (d. 1916)
  • 1877 Johan W Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • 1878 [Francisco] Pancho Villa, Mexico, revolutionary/guerrilla leader
  • 1879 Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist (d. 1985)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1946)

  • 1884 Ivy Compton-Burnett, novelist
  • 1885 Georges Mandel, [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, born in Chatou, Yvelines (d. 1944)
  • 1887 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • 1888 Raden Mas Nato Suroto, Indonesia, poet (Melatiknoppen)
  • 1892 Alexander Loudon, diplomat (Washington)
  • 1894 Roy Thomson, Lord Thomson of Fleet, English publisher (d. 1976)
  • 1895 William Boyd, Ohio, cowboy (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • 1898 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spain, poet/dramatist (Blood Wedding)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-British engineer and physicist (invented holography, Nobel Prize 1971), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1979)

Physicist and electrical engineer Dennis Gabor
Physicist and electrical engineer
Dennis Gabor
  • 1900 Barbara Gooden, novelist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Daughter of the last Russian Tsar, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • 1902 Hugo Huppert, Austrian writer and poet, born in Bielitz, Silesia (d. 1982)
  • 1906 Kenneth Anderson, deputy comptroller (British GPO)
  • 1906 Viscount Rochdale, British CEO
  • 1907 Rolf Bongs, German writer, born in Dusseldolf (d. 1981)
  • 1907 Rudolf Peieris, physicist
  • 1908 Jack Jacob, senior master (British Supreme Court)
  • 1911 Arthur Vick, vice chancelor (Queens University, Belfast)
  • 1911 Charles Fletcher, physician/CEO (ASH)
  • 1912 Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Beatrice de Cardi, British archaeologist, born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1915 Alfred Kazin, US writer/literature critic (Inmost Leaf)
  • 1915 Lancelot Ware, founder (MENSA)
  • 1916 Jack Sutherland, journalist
  • 1917 Carel van Dillen, resistance fighter
  • 1919 Richard McClure Scarry, children's author/illustrator
  • 1920 Cornelius Ryan, US historian/writer (Italians: Face of a Nation)
  • 1924 Kenneth Burslam Gardner, librarian/orientalist
  • 1925 William L Dickinson, (Rep-R-AL, 1965- )
  • 1928 Otto F. Walter, Swiss writer and publisher (Walter Verlag), born in Rickenbach (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Tony Richardson, England, director (Delicate Balance, Hotel NH)
  • 1930 Robert Buchanan, founder (Center for History of Tech Bath University)
  • 1930 Roger W Suddards, solicitor
  • 1930 Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Jacques Demy, France, director (Lola, Magic Donkey)
  • 1931 John Dellow, commisioner (London Metropolitan Police)
  • 1931 Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher, antroposopher
  • 1932 Christy Brown, novelist (My Left Foot, Down All the Days), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1934 Bill D Moyers, Hugo Oklahoma, news commentator (Bill Moyers' Journal)
  • 1934 F Curtis Michel, LaCrosse Wisconsin, astronaut
  • 1934 Gwen Swire, British social worker
  • 1936 Barry Wilson, deputy chief (British Defense Staff)
  • 1938 Marion Chapman, smallest known premature baby to survive (280 g)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Joe Clark [Charles Joseph], 16th Prime Minister of Canada (1979-80), born in High River, Alberta

16th Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark
16th Prime Minister of Canada
Joe Clark
  • 1939 Margaret Drabble, British author (Needle's Eye)
  • 1941 Jeffrey Rooker, MP (Labour)
  • 1942 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979- )
  • 1943 Ann Craft, researcher/writer
  • 1943 Matthew Lesko, American author
  • 1946 Fuzzy Fuscaldo, rocker (Capt Beefheart)
  • 1946 Michael Monarch, rocker (Steppenwolf)
  • 1947 David Hare, playwright (Strapless, Plenty, Wetherby, Fatale)
  • 1947 Eric Molobi, South Africa, activist (ANC)
  • 1948 Frank Estersmith, Australia, rocker (Air Supply)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 Ken Follett, Welsh spy author (Eye of the Needle, Lie Down with Lions), born in Cardiff, Wales

Author Ken Follett
Author
Ken Follett
  • 1956 Richard A Searfoss, Mount Clemons Mich, Astronaut (STS 58, 76, sk 90)
  • 1958 Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, President of the Comoros
  • 1960 Margo Lanagan, Australian author
  • 1962 Astrid, Belgian princess/daughter of Albert II
  • 1972 Chuck Klosterman, American journalist
  • 1973 Gella Vandecaveye, Belgian judoka
  • 1980 Yasser Latif Hamdani, Pakistani constitutional lawyer
  • 2005 Irene Urdangarin, granddaughter of King Juan Carlos I of Spain

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1856 Industrialist Samuel Colt (41) weds philanthropist Elizabeth Hart Jarvis (29)

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt

Deaths in History

  • 535 Epiphanius of Constantinople, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 754 Boniface, [Winfrid], English saint/archbishop (Dokkum), dies at 79
  • 754 Eoda, English speaking bishop of Utrecht, murdered
  • 1017 Emperor Sanjō of Japan (b. 976)
  • 1118 Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
  • 1288 Hendrik VI, earl of Luxembourg/Laroche (1281-88), dies in battle
  • 1296 Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (b. 1245)
  • 1316 Louis X, King of France (1314-16), dies at 26
  • 1383 Dmitry Konstantinovich, Russian prince (b. 1324)
  • 1443 Ferdinand, Portuguese saint/slave to Fez, dies
  • 1568 Lamoral, Count of Egmont and Philip de Montmorency executed in Brussels, fueling Dutch resistance to Spanish rule
  • 1568 Philips van Montmorency count of Horne, admiral/statesman, beheaded
  • 1568 Willem Key, painter, dies at about 47
  • 1667 Pietro Sforza, Italian theologist (Assertiones Theologicae), dies
  • 1688 Constantine Phaulkon, Greek adventurer (b. 1667)
  • 1716 Roger Cotes, English mathematician (b. 1682)
  • 1738 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (b. 1659)
  • 1791 Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
  • 1825 Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence
  • 1861 John Garland, US Union colonel/brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1864 William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 39
  • 1866 John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (b. 1815)
  • 1880 Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Betuwsche Novellen), dies at 52
  • 1893 Mary Ann Shadd [Cary], American/Canadian Publisher and anti-slavery campaigner (1st African American Publisher), dies at 69
  • 1898 Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian Shoemaker

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Stephen Crane, author (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 28

Novelist Stephen Crane
Novelist
Stephen Crane
  • 1902 Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassins of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1842)
  • 1906 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • 1910 O. Henry, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1915 Brzeska, sculptor, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1920 Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
  • 1921 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (Chat and Poche), dies at 58
  • 1923 George H Breitner, impressionist painter, dies at 65
  • 1930 Jules Pascin, [Julius Pincas], Bulgarian/US painter/cartoonist, dies
  • 1939 Elijah Beardsworth, world quick shaving champion, dies
  • 1939 Frank Van de Goes, writer/marxist theorist, dies
  • 1966 Natacha Rambova, costume designer, dies at 69
  • 1970 "Jopie" Pengel, [Johan A], premier Suriname (1963-69), dies at 54
  • 1970 Jay Irving, cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), dies at 69
  • 1975 Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1976 Walter Field, entertainer, dies at 101
  • 1978 John Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher, dies at 71
  • 1979 Pauline Offner, Zen Theravadin nun, dies at 53
  • 1980 Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician, dies at 70
  • 1984 Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Indies Sikh leader
  • 1984 Frederick Russell, English Marine Biologist (plankton life history and long-term changes in marine ecosystems), dies at 86
  • 1988 Clarence M Pendleton, chairman of comm on Civil Rights (1981-88) dies
  • 1990 J Zeldenrust, pathology-anatomy, dies
  • 1990 Vasily V Kuznetsov, President of USSR supreme soviet (1982-83, 85), dies
  • 1992 Max Lerner, US writer/columnist (NY Post), dies at 88
  • 1993 Conway Twitty, country star (Linda on My Mind), dies in surgery at 59
  • 1994 Ish Kabbible, [Merwyn A Bogue], cornetist (Kay Kyser), dies at 86
  • 1994 Thomas Millar, historian, dies at 67
  • 1996 Baldev Singh Chahal, campaigner, dies at 59
  • 1997 J Anthony Lukas, writer (Pulitizer, Common Ground), suicide at 64
  • 1998 Sam Yorty, American politician, Mayor of Los Angeles (1961-73), dies at 88
  • 2001 Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist
  • 2003 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (b. 1945)
  • 2005 Adolfo Aguilar Zínser, Mexican politician (b. 1949)
  • 2006 Frederick Franck, American artist and writer (b. 1909)
  • 2007 Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (b. 1922)
  • 2009 Boris Pokrovsky, Russian operatic stage director (b. 1912)
  • 2012 Ray Bradbury, American author (Fahrenheit 451), dies at 91
  • 2012 Barry Unsworth, British novelist, dies from lung cancer at 81
  • 2013 Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, Irish politician, dies at 80
  • 2015 Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician and close adviser to Saddam Hussein, dies at 79