On This Day in History for June 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 65 Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem
  • 68 Rome Senate accepts emperor Galba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

218 Elagabalus becomes the emperor of Rome

Roman Emperor Elagabalus
Roman Emperor
Elagabalus
  • 452 Italy invaded by Attila the Hun
  • 536 St Silverius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 793 Vikings plunder St Cuthbert's monestary on Lindisfarne
  • 979 Louis V de Luie, crowned King of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191 Richard I arrives in Acre thus beginning his crusade.

  • 1405 Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, are executed in York on Henry IV's orders.
  • 1551 Pope Julius III excommunicates Duke Ottario Farnese of Parma
  • 1624 Earthquake strikes Peru

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1632 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Sittard

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1663 Battle at Amegical: English & Portuguese fleet beats Spanish
  • 1690 Siddi general Yadi Sakat, razes the Mazagon Fort in Mumbai.
  • 1694 English troop landing at Brest attack (300 killed)
  • 1761 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 Admiral Horatio Nelson and Captain Thomas Hardy on HMS Foudroyant set sail against Spanish fleet

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1783 Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption
  • 1786 Commercially made icecream 1st advertised (Mr Hall, NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives.

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1809 William Hyde Wollaston invents the first reflective goniometer

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1812 Robert Jenkinson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Spencer Perceval's assassination

British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • 1815 39 German states unite under Act of Confederation
  • 1824 Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec
  • 1834 HMS Beagle sails from Port Famine to Cape Turn
  • 1846 Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • 1861 US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
  • 1861 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union.
  • 1862 Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
  • 1865 Tristanderl und Zusholde, premieres
  • 1869 Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
  • 1872 Congress endorses penny post card
  • 1886 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland defeated by 343 votes to 313 in the British House of Common
  • 1887 Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.
  • 1889 Cable Cars begin service in LA
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Boscombe Valley Mystery" (BG)
  • 1892 Homer A Plessy refuses to go to segregated RR car (Plessy v Ferguson)
  • 1896 First car thief; Baron de Zuylen’s Peugeot is stolen by his mechanic in Paris
  • 1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1911 Belgium government of Schollaert falls
  • 1912 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • 1914 34.7°F (1.5°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1915 92°F (33.3°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • 1917 Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School
  • 1918 Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
  • 1920 Reds' Edd Roush falls asleep in center during long infield argument Heinie Groh goes to wake him, but ump ejects Roush for delay of game
  • 1928 1st US-to-Australia flight lands (Sir Charles Kingford)
  • 1929 Venezuelan rebel Rafael Urbina overthrows Fort Amsterdam, Curacao kidnap governor Fruytier
  • 1931 Duke of Kent wed Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
  • 1931 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo
  • 1933 A's Jimmie Foxx homers his 1st 3 at bats for 4 consecutive HRs
  • 1936 1st parking meters are invented
  • 1937 World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • 1938 Gert Terblanche, a local school boy, discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa
  • 1940 Discovery of element 93, neptunium, announced
  • 1940 Last British troops leave Narvik Norway
  • 1941 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria
  • 1944 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • 1944 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • 1944 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • 1944 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1948 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines
  • 1949 Siam changes name to Thailand
  • 1950 Jean Duvieusart becomes Belgian premier
  • 1950 Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
  • 1953 Cluster of 6 tornadoes touches down in Flint Michigan killing 113
  • 1953 Segregated lunch counters in DC forbidden by Supreme Court
  • 1956 Lim Yem Hock forms Singapore government
  • 1959 1st official "missile mail" lands (Jacksonville, Fla)
  • 1959 X-15 makes 1st unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 11,500 m
  • 1960 1st date in James Clavell's novel "Nobel House"
  • 1960 Argentine government demands release of Adolf Eichmann
  • 1962 Jim Beatty runs world record 2 mile (8:29.8)
  • 1963 American Heart Association is 1st agency to campaign against cigarettes
  • 1965 A's draft Rick Monday #1
  • 1965 US troops ordered to fight offensively in Vietnam
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 6; it missed the Moon by 99,000 miles
  • 1966 Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
  • 1967 Israel attacks USS Liberty in Mediterranean, killing 34 US crewmen
  • 1968 Bermuda adopts its constitution
  • 1968 Don Drysdale pitches a record 58th consecutive scoreless inning
  • 1968 James Earl Ray, alleged assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., captured
  • 1968 New colonial constitution for Bermuda adopted

MurderAssassination

1968 The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery.

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 General Franco closes Spain's frontier with Gibraltar

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1969 Nixon says 25,000 US troops would leave Vietnam by end of August
  • 1970 Players & management end labor dispute up min salary to $12,000
  • 1971 North Vietnam demands US end aid to South Vietnam
  • 1971 General Officer Commanding the British Army Harry Tuzo, then claims that a permanent military solution to the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland could not be achieved
  • 1973 Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco appointed premier of Spain
  • 1974 US & Saudi Arabia sign military-economic contract
  • 1975 2 passenger trains collided near Munich Germany killing 35
  • 1975 USSR launches Venera 9 for Venus landing
  • 1978 51st National Spelling Bee: Peg McCarthy wins spelling deification
  • 1978 Nevada jury rules Howard Hughes "Mormon Will" is a forgery
  • 1979 "The Source," 1st computer public information service, goes on-line
  • 1979 Mariners draft Al Chambers #1
  • 1980 34th Tony Awards: Children of a Lesser God & Evita win

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 111

  • 1318 Eleonora Plantagenet, daughter of King Eduard II/wife of Reinald II
  • 1625 Giovanni D Cassini, Perinaldo, France, discoverer (4 moons of Saturn)
  • 1652 William Dampier, English explorer/pirate
  • 1717 John Collins, American politician (d. 1795)
  • 1724 John Smeaton, Leeds, civil engineer
  • 1743 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • 1745 Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1756 Cornelis van Foreest, mayor of Alkmaar
  • 1757 Cardinal Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1824)
  • 1759 Thomas Dunham Whitaker, British topographer, born in Rainham, Norfolk
  • 1772 Robert Stevenson, civil engineer, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1804 Jan Baptist van Son, Dutch politician (RC)
  • 1806 Gideon Johnson Pillow, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1878)
  • 1813 David Dixon Porter, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1891)
  • 1814 Charles Reade, English novelist (Cloister & Hearth)
  • 1821 John Dunlap Stevenson, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • 1821 Samuel White Baker, explorer (Ceylon/Egypt), born in London, England
  • 1823 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts(d. 1882)
  • 1824 James Loudon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies
  • 1824 William Montgomery Gardner, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1829 John Everett Millais, England, painter (Order of Release)
  • 1831 Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (d. 1917)
  • 1837 Moriz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf)
  • 1842 John Q. A. Brackett, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
  • 1847 Ida Sazton McKinley, 1st lady (1897-1901)
  • 1849 Juliaan Dillens, Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument)
  • 1851 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist (d. 1940)
  • 1854 Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician (d. 1921)
  • 1859 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure (d. 1947)
  • 1860 Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician (d. 1940)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867 Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (Guggenheim) recognized as "the greatest American architect of all time", born in Richland Center, Wisconsin (d. 1959)

  • 1885 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (d. 1957)
  • 1889 Joseph L Hromadka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957)
  • 1896 Samuel Gonard, chairman (International Red Cross)
  • 1897 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author (d. 1974)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899 Noel Wien, American aviation pioneer (Wien Air Alaska), born in Lake Nebagamon, Wisconsin (d. 1977)

Aviation Pioneer Noel Wien
Aviation Pioneer
Noel Wien
  • 1900 Herman J Friedericy, [H J Merlijn], writer (Last general)
  • 1901 Lena Baker, American murderer (d. 1945)
  • 1902 Albe, [Renaut A Joostens], Flemish writer (Andalusian Diary)
  • 1903 Gerrit C Berkouwer, Dutch theologist (Dogmatic Studies)
  • 1903 Ralph Webster Yarborough, politician
  • 1905 Brian Coffey, Irish poet (Avent), born in Dublin (d. 1995)
  • 1909 William Odling, major-general
  • 1910 John W Campbell, US, sci-fi writer (Moon is Hell)
  • 1910 Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1912 Ian Morrow, company director
  • 1912 Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist (d. 1987)
  • 1913 Graham Watson, British-born literary agent (Curtis Brown)
  • 1913 Peter Diamand, artistic administrator
  • 1914 Kurt Barthel [KuBa], German writer and political activist, born in Garnsdorf (d. 1967)
  • 1915 Gustaaf AWC baron van Hemert Dingshof, (mayor-Maarn Neth)
  • 1915 Julian Ridsdale, British politician (C), (d. 2004)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure and 1962 Nobel laureate, born in Northampton, England (d. 2004)

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • 1918 John D. Roberts, American chemist
  • 1920 Bert Leysen, TV director (Belgian National TV)
  • 1920 Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Alwyn Williams, Vice-Chancellor (Glasgow U)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 Suharto, 2nd Pesident of Indonesia (1967- 98), born in Yogyakarta, Java (d. 2008)

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
Suharto
  • 1921 LeRoy Neiman, American painter, (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Alice Coleman, geographer (UK Land Use Survey)
  • 1923 Jean Maxwell-Scott, Lady-in-Waiting (Prin Alice Duchess Gloucester)
  • 1923 Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest, author and civil rights activist, born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1924 Glidewell, Lord Justice
  • 1924 William Barlow, CEO (BICC)
  • 1924 Lyn Nofziger, American political operative (d. 2006)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 Barbara Bush, US First Lady (1989-93), born in NYC, New York

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
  • 1925 Eddie Gaedel, 3'7" St Louis Browns pinch-hitter (he walked)
  • 1926 Cranley Onslow, British politician (C), born in Bexhill (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Nico Kiasashvii, professor of English Literature
  • 1927 Dame Anne Warburton, President (Lucy Cavendish College-Cambridge_
  • 1927 David Hobman, director (Age Concern England)
  • 1927 Michael Levey, director (British National Gallery)
  • 1928 Kat[i]e [Gertrude] Wilhelm, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Hamlet Trap)
  • 1929 Earl Ferrers, British minister of state (Department of Environment)
  • 1930 Bo Gunnar Widerberg, Swedish director (Elvira Madigan), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Michael Codron, theatrical producer
  • 1930 Robert Aumann, German-born Israeli mathematician; Nobel laureate
  • 1930 Marcel Léger, Quebec politician (d. 1993)
  • 1931 Ivan V. Lalić, Serbian poet, born in Belgrade (d. 1996)
  • 1931 James Leander "Leo" Nichols, honorary consul
  • 1932 Lady Littler, CEO (Gaming Board for Great Britain)
  • 1932 Raymond Illingworth, CEO )England committee, TCCB)
  • 1933 Dr Robert Stevens, Master (Pembroke College, Oxford)
  • 1933 Eric Parker, deputy CEO (Trafalgar House)
  • 1936 Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist, Nobel laureate, (d. 2013)
  • 1937 Bruce McCandless II, Cap USN/astronaut (STS 41B, STS-31), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1937 Norma Shaw, English lawn bowler, born in Wakefield, West Yorkshire (d. 2009)
  • 1941 Joop H van den Berg, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA)
  • 1942 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1942 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • 1943 J C A Barrett, Headmaster (Leys School-Cambridge)
  • 1943 Vicki Stangroome, campaigner
  • 1943 William Calley, American war criminal
  • 1944 Marc Ouellet, Archbishop of Quebec City
  • 1945 Donna Deitch, director (Sexual Advances, Women of Brewster Place)
  • 1946 Elizabeth A Lynn, US, sci-fi author (Watchtower, Red Hawk)
  • 1947 Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1952 Lindka Cierach, fashion designer
  • 1952 Martin Taylor, CEO (Barclays Bank)
  • 1954 Sergei Storchak, Russian deputy finance minister

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1927 Painter Marcel Duchamp (39) weds Lydie Sarazin-Lavassor

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • 1961 English prince Edward, Duke of Kent, weds Katharine Worsley
  • 2013 Celebrity chef Curtis Stone (37) weds actress Lindsay Price (36) at a private villa in Mallorca, Spain
  • 2013 Princess Madeleine of Sweden (30) weds banker Christopher O'Neill at The Royal Palace Church in Stockholm, Sweden

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1999 Media tycoon Rupert Murdoch (68) divorces journalist Anna Torv (55) after 31 years of marriage

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch

Deaths in History

  • 218 Opellius Macrinus, emperor of Rome (217-8), dies in battle at 54
  • 632 Mohammed, prophet of Islam (Koran), dies (according to tradition)
  • 1042 Harthacnut/Harthacanute, King of Denmark and England (b. 1018) Lambeth
  • 1115 Peter van Amiens, French minister of crusades, dies at about 64
  • 1376 "Black Prince" of Wales, son of King Edward of England, dies at 46
  • 1383 Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, English Crusader (b. 1338)
  • 1476 George Neville, English archbishop and statesman
  • 1505 Hongzhi, Emperor of China (b. 1470)
  • 1611 Jean Bertaut, French poet (b. 1552)
  • 1621 Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (b. 1567)
  • 1628 Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)
  • 1661 John Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 39
  • 1688 Hans Bontemantel, Amsterdams merchant, buried
  • 1695 Christian Huygens, inventor/astronomer (ring of Saturn), dies at 66
  • 1711 Katharina Lescaille, [Netherlands Sappho], poetess, dies at 61
  • 1716 Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1658)
  • 1727 August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (b. 1663)
  • 1742 Omobono Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius, dies at 62
  • 1768 Johann J Winckelmann, German archaeologist, dies at 50
  • 1771 George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (b. 1716)
  • 1794 G A Borger, writer, dies
  • 1795 Louis XVII Charles, king of France (1793-95), dies at 10
  • 1803 Joannes Natalis Paquot, Belgian priest/historian, dies at 80
  • 1806 George Wythe, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at about 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Thomas Paine, English/American writer (Age of Reason, Common Sense), dies at 72

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • 1835 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (b. 1761)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1845 Andrew Jackson, (D) 7th US President (1828-37), dies at 78

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1857 Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)
  • 1865 Joseph Paxton, English architect, gardener and MP (Crystal Palace), dies at 61
  • 1871 Satank, Kiowa indian chief, shot to death
  • 1874 Cochise, Apache leader
  • 1876 George Sand, French author (Indiana, Consuelo), dies at 71
  • 1885 Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal (b. 1799)
  • 1889 Gerard Manley Hopkins, poet, dies at 54
  • 1913 Emily Wilding Davison, suffragette, trampled to death by a horse
  • 1924 Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1902)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 George Leigh Mallory, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1886)

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • 1929 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet, dies at 68
  • 1945 Karl Hanke, Nazi official (b. 1903)
  • 1951 Eugène Fiset, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1874)
  • 1956 Marie Laurencin, French painter (b. 1883)
  • 1965 Edmondo Rossoni, Italian fascist (b. 1884)
  • 1966 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)
  • 1966 Joseph A. Walker, WWII and NASA test pilot (1st spaceplane flights to edge of outerspace), dies in an aircraft collison at 45
  • 1970 Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
  • 1975 William F Jenkins, author (Time Tunnel, Land of Giants), dies at 78
  • 1979 Herb Polesie, producer/playwright (20 Questions), dies at 79
  • 1988 Virgil Oliver Jr, entertainer, dies
  • 1990 Alfredo Poveda, president of Consul of Ecuador (1976-79), dies
  • 1990 Jose Figueres, president of Costa Rica (1948-49, 53-58, 70-74), dies
  • 1992 Beverly Carter, entertainer, dies at 51
  • 1992 Farag Foeda, Egyptian writer/publicist, murdered
  • 1992 William McGowan, entrepreneur (MCI), dies at 64
  • 1993 René Bousquet, French Vichy-police chief (deported Jews), dies at 84
  • 1993 Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (b. 1945)
  • 1995 Juan Carlos Ongania, President of Argentina (1966-70), dies
  • 1995 Lord Erskine of Rerrick, peer, dies at 69
  • 1996 Percy Edwards, animal imitator, dies at 88
  • 1996 Phyllis Stedman, politician, dies at 79
  • 1997 George Turner, Australian author (b. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1998 Sani Abacha, President of Nigeria, dies at 54

President of Nigeria Sani Abacha
President of Nigeria
Sani Abacha
  • 1998 Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (b. 1903)
  • 2000 Jeff MacNelly, American political cartoonist (b. 1948)
  • 2003 Leighton Rees, Welsh darts player (b. 1940)
  • 2006 Abouna Matta El Meskeen, Coptic Orthodox monk (b. 1919)
  • 2007 Kenny Olsson, Swedish speedway racer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 Richard Rorty, American postanalytic, pragmatic philosopher (b. 1931)
  • 2009 Omar Bongo, President of Gabon (b. 1935)
  • 2013 Paul Cellucci, American politician, dies from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at 65
  • 2015 Marie-Louise Grog-Carven, French fashion designer (Ma Griffe perfume), dies at 105
  • 2016 Michael Manser, English architect, dies at 87