On This Day in History for June 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 159

Event of interestEvent of Interest

68 Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
  • 641 Arabic/Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
  • 721 Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
  • 922 French republic chooses Robert I, King of France

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1075 Battle at Homburg/Unstrut: German King Henry IV beats Saksen

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1310 Duccio's Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy.
  • 1456 23rd recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1525 Tax revolt in Hertogenbosch
  • 1529 Zurich declares war on Catholic kantons
  • 1531 Pope Clemens VII & Francois I sign secret treaty against Karel V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 Jacques Cartier 1st sails into mouth of St Lawrence River

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1549 Book of Common Prayer is adopted by the Church of England
  • 1549 England enforces Act of Supremacy
  • 1572 Willem van Oranges army occupies Gelderland
  • 1628 1st deportation from what is now US, Thomas Morton from Mass
  • 1650 The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.
  • 1720 Sweden & Denmark signs 3rd Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1732 Royal charter for Georgia granted to James Oglethorpe
  • 1742 Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia
  • 1752 French army surrenders to the British in Trichinopoly India
  • 1772 1st Protestant church west of Penn (in Ohio) holds communion
  • 1772 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, RI
  • 1784 John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • 1789 Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver Island
  • 1790 1st book copyrighted under constitution, "Philadelphia Spelling Book"
  • 1802 US Academy at West Point founded
  • 1815 End of the Congress of Vienna: New European political situation is set.
  • 1822 Charles Graham patents false teeth
  • 1851 SF Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • 1856 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
  • 1860 1st US "dime novel" published: "Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter," by Mrs Ann Stevens
  • 1862 Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp
  • 1863 Battle of Brandy Station, VA (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford)
  • 1864 Battle of Big Shanty, GA
  • 1864 Battle of Kenesaw Mountain, GA (Pine Mt, Pine Knob, Golgotha)
  • 1865 Battle of Grand Gulf, MS
  • 1868 1st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California
  • 1869 Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Philadelphia)
  • 1870 Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
  • 1873 Alexandra Palace burnt down, after being open for only 16 days.
  • 1891 Painter Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti
  • 1898 China leases Hong Kong's new territories to Britain for 99 years
  • 1900 In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege.
  • 1902 1st Automat restaurant opens (818 Chestnut St, Philadelphia)
  • 1906 Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia

  • 1909 Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the USA, driving a Maxwell automobile 3,800 miles from Manhattan to San Francisco in 59 days with three non-driving female companions.
  • 1910 A passenger on SS Arawatta throws bottle with note overboard (found June 6, 1983 in Queensland)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 William Jennings Bryan quits as US Secretary of State

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1915 US President Wilson sends the second Lusitania note to Germany demanding reparations and prevention of 'recurrence of anything so obviously subversive of the principles of warfare'; Wilson refuses to recognize the 'war zone' that Germany has proclaimed around the British Isles
  • 1919 General steel strike in France
  • 1919 Red Army captures Ufa
  • 1922 First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University.
  • 1923 Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
  • 1923 Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown
  • 1928 Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm are 1st to fly across the Pacific when they end their flight from California to Brisbane
  • 1929 Venezuelan rebel Urbina lets Dutch/Curacaose hostages free

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1930 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 6 mile (29:36.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1933 Spanish president Zamora takes power
  • 1935 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 General Charles de Gaulle's 1st meeting with Winston Churchill

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Norway surrenders to Germany during WW II
  • 1941 Ammunition plant at Fort Smederovo in Belgrade explodes; kills 1,500
  • 1941 Archbishop De Young bans priests cooperating with Rijks radio
  • 1942 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • 1942 German-Neth press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, and Hitler’s order was given to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”.

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized
  • 1944 Russian offensive in Carelia
  • 1945 "Gruesome Twosome" premieres in USA
  • 1945 -10] Australian troops lands in Brunei Bay North-Borneo
  • 1946 19 guests at Canfield Hotel die in fire (Dubuque, Iowa)
  • 1946 66,545 fans help Yanks break million attendance mark, the earliest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Bhumibol Adulyadej becomes King of Thailand after the death of his brother King Ananda Mahidol

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1946 NY Giant Mel Ott is 1st mgr ejected from both games of a doubleheader
  • 1949 Mrs Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of US
  • 1953 South African premier D. F. Malan visits Netherlands
  • 1953 Worcester County tornado (94 killed, 1310 injured, 10,000 homeless)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Joseph Welch asks US Senator Joseph McCarthy "Have you no sense of decency, sir?" during Senate-Army hearings

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1955 100°F - Hottest day in Seattle, Washington
  • 1956 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
  • 1957 Anthony Eden resigns as British PM
  • 1957 First ascent of Broad Peak (the world's 12th highest mountain).
  • 1958 "Purple People Eater" by Sheb Wooley hits #1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 HM Queen Elizabeth II officially opens London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, United Kingdom.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1959 1st ballistic missile sub launched (George Washington-Groton, Ct)
  • 1960 Typhoon Mary in China killed at least 1,600
  • 1962 "Bill of Hare" premieres in USA
  • 1962 Tony Bennett debuts in concert at Carnegie Hall in NYC
  • 1965 Frenchman, Machal Jazy, runs record mile in 3:53.6
  • 1967 Boycott scores 246* v India, Leeds, 573 minutes, 29 fours 1 six
  • 1967 Israeli troops reach Suez Canal
  • 1968 Yugoslav president Tito promises reforms
  • 1969 Warren Burger confirmed as US Chief Justice
  • 1970 Argentine milt junta under lt-gen Lanusse drives out pres Ongania
  • 1970 Harry A Blackmun, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
  • 1971 Abdul Zahir appointed premier of Afghanistan
  • 1972 14" of rain in 6 hrs burst Rapid City SD dam, drowns 237

Birthdays in History

  • 1508 Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
  • 1510 Nicolaas van Nieuwland, corrupt 1st bishop of Harlem
  • 1573 Henricus Hondius, Dutch etcher/publisher
  • 1580 Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
  • 1595 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), born in Kraków (d. 1648)
  • 1597 Pieter J Saenredam, architecture painter
  • 1640 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1658-1705)
  • 1661 Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1672 Peter the Great [Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov],Tsar of Russia (1682-1725), born in Moscow (d. 1725)

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1686 Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (d. 1747)
  • 1768 Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)
  • 1781 George Stephenson, Newcastle England, inventor (RR locomotive)
  • 1792 Frederic L G, Earl of Merode, Belgian revolutionary
  • 1812 Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens)
  • 1812 Johann G Galle, German astronomer (discovered Neptune)
  • 1833 John Rogers Cooke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • 1836 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1843 Bertha von Suttner, Austria, novelist/pacifist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1845 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (d. 1914)
  • 1849 Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
  • 1851 Charles Joseph Bonaparte, French politician (d. 1921)
  • 1854 Gerardus J P J Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)
  • 1861 Floris H Verster, [van Wulverhorst], painter/cartoonist/etcher
  • 1875 Henry Dale, physiologist (Nobel-1936), born in London, England
  • 1877 Rudolf Borchardt, writer
  • 1879 Oscar Back, Austrian-Dutch viola player
  • 1896 Catherine Filene Shouse, philanthropist (Wolf Trap Institute)
  • 1898 Curzio Malaparte, [Kurt E Suckert], Italian author (Kaputt)
  • 1900 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot
  • 1901 George Price, cartoonist
  • 1908 J F Williams-Wynne, Lord-Lieutenant (Gwynedd)
  • 1909 Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher
  • 1910 Geoffrey Musson, British General
  • 1913 Alida Margaretha Bosshardt, lt-colonel of Dutch Salvation Army
  • 1913 Patrick Steptoe, scientist (developed in vitro fertilization)
  • 1915 Jane Cowan, cello teacher
  • 1916 Robert S McNamara, US Sec of Defense (1961-68)/head (World Bank)
  • 1917 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Izaak Boleslavski, Russian chess player
  • 1920 Isobel June Braybrooke English, novellist
  • 1921 Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Forrest Bird, American aviator and inventor (1st respirators and ventilators), (d. 2105)
  • 1922 George Axelrod, playwright (Breakfast at Tiffany, Bus Stop)
  • 1922 Peter Beazley, British politician (C) (European Parliament), born in Chale, Isle of Wight (d. 2004)
  • 1922 John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (d. 1941)
  • 1922 Fernand Seguin, Canadian biochemist - Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
  • 1924 Peter Heatly, CEO (Commonwealth Games Federation)
  • 1925 Roy Hughes, Baron Islwyn, British politician (L), born in Pontllanfraith, Monmouthshire (d. 2003)
  • 1925 [John] Keith Laumer, [Anthony LeBaron], US, sf author (Retief's War)
  • 1927 Norman Sisisky, (Rep-D-VA, 1983- )
  • 1928 Geraint Gruffydd, director (U of Wales Centre for Welsh Studies)
  • 1929 June O'Dell, deputy CEO (Equal Opportunities Commission)
  • 1929 Robert E Badham, (Rep-R-CA, 1977- )
  • 1930 Lin[wood] [Vrooman] Carter, US, sci-fi author (Thongor of Lemuria)
  • 1932 Douglas Smith, CEO (Acas)
  • 1933 Don Young, (Rep-R-AK, 1973- )
  • 1933 Patrick Symons, British vice-admiral
  • 1934 Donald Duck, famous fowl
  • 1934 Michael Mates, British politician (C) resigned during Asil Nadir scandal, born in Brentford, Middlesex
  • 1937 Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • 1938 Jeremy Hardie, CEO (W H Smith Group)
  • 1938 Peter Sanders, CEO (Commission for Racial Equality)
  • 1938 Roger Hurn, CEO (Smith's Industries)
  • 1939 Derek Hunt, CEO (MFI Furniture Group)
  • 1939 Charles Webb, American writer (The Graduate), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1941 Peter Wilson, CEO (Gallaher)
  • 1942 Nicholas Lloyd, editor (Daily Express)
  • 1943 Charles Saatchi, English magnate (Saatchi & Saatchi)
  • 1943 Joe Haldeman, US sci-fi author (The Forever War), born in Oklahoma City. Oklahoma
  • 1944 23 puppies (record litter) born to Lena, a foxhound, Ambler Penn
  • 1945 Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater
  • 1946 Peter Kilfoyle, British MP
  • 1947 John Gurda, American historian
  • 1948 Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
  • 1949 Douglas Henderson, British MP
  • 1954 George Pérez, American comic book artist
  • 1954 Gregory Maguire, American fantasy writer
  • 1956 Patricia Cornwell, American author
  • 1958 Donald Michael Santini, Mass, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1959 Christian Wulff, German politician, currently prime minister of Lower Saxony.
  • 1960 Steve Paikin, Canadian journalist
  • 1961 Aaron Sorkin, American writer
  • 1965 Michelle Francis Bird, campaigner
  • 1969 Eric Wynalda, American footballer
  • 1974 Tim Shaw, British radio personality
  • 1977 Roopa Mishra, Indian civil servant
  • 1978 Shandi Finnessey, game hostess
  • 1981 Anoushka Shankar, Famous sitarist and daughter of Ravi Shankar

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1660 French King Louis XIV (21) marries Maria Theresa of Spain (21) at Saint-Jean-de-Luz

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain

HeartWedding of Interest

1908 Poet Joyce Kilmer (21) weds author Aline Murray (19)

HeartWedding of Interest

1936 Novelist and journalist George Orwell (33) weds Eileen Maud O'Shaugnessy (30) at St. Mary's Church

HeartWedding of Interest

1939 Medical researcher Jonas Salk (24) weds social worker Donna Lindsay

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1993 Japanese crown prince Naruhito weds Masaka Owada

Divorces in History

  • 1977 George & Patti Harrison divorce

Deaths in History

  • 62 Claudia Octavia, wife of Nero (b. 40)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

68 Claudius Nero, Roman emperor (54-68), commits suicide at 31

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
  • 373 Ephrem the Syrian, Christian hymnodist
  • 597 St. Columba, Christian missionary (b. 521)
  • 630 King Shahrbaraz of Persia
  • 1171 Jacob Ben Meir, [Rabbenu Tam], French Tosofist, dies
  • 1382 Philip of Lead, lawyer of Utrecht, dies
  • 1563 William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, English statesman (b. 1506)
  • 1572 Jeanne d'Albret, queen of Navarra, dies at 44
  • 1583 Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • 1597 Jose de Anchieta, Spanish jesuit/missionary, dies
  • 1681 William Lilly, English astrologer, dies
  • 1716 Banda Bahadur, Sikh military commander (executed)
  • 1717 Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de la Mothe-Guyon, French mystic, dies at 69
  • 1820 Wilhelmina FS, princess of Prussia/Orange, dies at 68
  • 1825 M Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma/Guastalla, dies at 44
  • 1834 William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
  • 1839 Gerrit J Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800), dies at 89
  • 1847 Pierre-Simon Ballanche, French philosopher/poet (Orphée), dies
  • 1863 Benjamin Franklin "Grimes" Davis, Union major, dies in battle at 30

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), dies of a stroke at 65

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Charles Dickens, English writer (David Copperfield, Oliver Twist), dies at 58

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1871 Anna Atkins, English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, dies of paralysis, rheumatism, and exhaustion at 72

Botanist and Photographer Anna Atkins
Botanist and Photographer
Anna Atkins
  • 1875 Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
  • 1892 Taiso Yoshitoshi, Woodblock print artist
  • 1892 William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
  • 1897 Alvan Graham Clark, American Astronomer (Sirius B), dies 3 weeks after 1st use of Yerkes 40" lens at 64
  • 1901 Walter Besant, novelist/philanthropist, dies
  • 1907 Manuel Estrada Vabrera, president Guatemala, murdered
  • 1908 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os meus amores), dies at 46
  • 1911 Carry Amelia Moore Nation, American temperance leader, dies
  • 1912 Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writer (b. 1852)
  • 1922 Albert Baertsoen, Flemish painter/etcher, dies at 56
  • 1927 Victoria Woodhull, American woman's suffrage leader and first woman to be nominated for US presidency, dies at 88
  • 1944 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • 1946 Rama VIII, king of Siam (1935-46), dies at 21
  • 1947 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40), dies at 62
  • 1953 Ugo Betti, dramatist, dies
  • 1960 René Maran, Martiniques writer (Batouala, Prix Goncourt), dies
  • 1961 Camille Guérin, French scientist (b. 1872)
  • 1964 Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook/newspaper owner (Leatherhead), dies
  • 1964 W Maxwell Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, Engl Min of Info, dies at 85
  • 1968 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (b. 1884)
  • 1973 Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan novelist (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67), journalist and poet, dies at 74

Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist Miguel Ángel Asturias
Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist
Miguel Ángel Asturias
  • 1976 James A Farley, US Postmaster General (1932-38), dies at 88
  • 1976 Paul T B Rodenko, Dutch poet/writer (Never Marry a Witch), dies at 55
  • 1977 Hans Andreus, [Johan W van de Zant], Dutch poet, dies at 51
  • 1980 Leonard Huizinga, journalist/writer (Olivier & Adrian), dies at 73
  • 1981 Allen Ludden, game show host (Password), dies at 63
  • 1982 Guillaume Jorissen, Flemish politician, dies at 60
  • 1989 Piet[er J] Lieftinck, Dutch minister of Finance (1945-52), dies
  • 1989 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, dies at 68
  • 1989 George Beadle, US Biologist and Nobel Laureate (biochemical genetics), dies at 85
  • 1991 Charles Loloma, painter/sculptor, dies
  • 1992 Cathy Bennett, jury selection expert, dies of breast cancer at 41
  • 1993 Ian Mikardo, British politician, dies
  • 1994 Angela Lakeberg, siamese twin, dies at 11 months
  • 1994 Dhirendra Bhramachari, [Flying Swami], hindu leader, dies at 70
  • 1994 Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist (Plan of Labor, Nobel 1969), dies at 91
  • 1994 Lloyd Lindroth, the Liberace of the Harp, dies at 63
  • 1995 Walter Landor, designer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Edward Morris Bernstein, economist, dies at 91
  • 1996 Robert Kidd, marine geoscientist, dies at 48
  • 1997 Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (b. 1908)
  • 2000 Jacob Lawrence, American painter (b. 1917)
  • 2000 Ernst Jandl, Austrian writer and poet (Otto's Pug), dies at 74
  • 2004 Brian Williamson, Jamaican Gay Activist (b. 1945)
  • 2007 Frankie Abernathy, Former The Real World: San Diego castmate (b. 1981)
  • 2008 Algis Budrys, American writer (b. 1931)
  • 2011 M. F. Husain, Indian artist, painter (b. 1915)
  • 2013 Iain Banks, Scottish author, dies from gallbladder cancer at 59