On This Day in History for March 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 212

  • 752 BC Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.
  • 86 BC Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
  • 293 Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

317 Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 492 St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 492 St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 705 John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 743 Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
  • 918 Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260 Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquers Damascus
  • 1382 Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
  • 1420 Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
  • 1457 The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
  • 1562 Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
  • 1565 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1587 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1591 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henry IV

  • 1593 The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1634 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642 Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
  • 1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets
  • 1711 "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
  • 1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
  • 1781 Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • 1781 Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
  • 1784 E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 1785 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 1790 1st US census authorized
  • 1792 US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 1796 1st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • 1809 Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1811 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1815 Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1840 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • 1847 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1852 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbour with apprpx 480 passengers and crew; she was never seen again
  • 1854 German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1859 Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
  • 1864 Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
  • 1866 Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • 1867 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • 1867 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • 1869 Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
  • 1871 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • 1872 Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park
  • 1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
  • 1875 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 1876 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 1878 First winter ascent of Aneto
  • 1879 Library of Hawaii founded
  • 1886 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • 1890 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
  • 1893 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • 1896 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • 1909 1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
  • 1910 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
  • 1912 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs 1st (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • 1912 Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
  • 1913 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
  • 1914 Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • 1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1916 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1917 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • 1917 U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
  • 1919 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • 1920 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
  • 1920 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • 1920 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • 1921 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1923 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • 1924 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • 1927 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) becomes an American National Bank
  • 1932 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 The "Lindbergh kidnapping", 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh kidnapped from home in East Amwell, New Jersey, found dead 12 May

Aviation Pioneer and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviation Pioneer and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh
  • 1933 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
  • 1934 Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • 1936 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • 1936 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1937 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • 1937 Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • 1937 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.
  • 1940 Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
  • 1941 Captain America first appears in comic book form, published by Timely Comics
  • 1941 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tenn
  • 1941 German troops invade Bulgaria
  • 1941 Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1942 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • 1942 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • 1942 Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 104

  • 40 Martial, Latin poet (d. 102)
  • 772 Po Tjiu-i, Chinese poet/governor of Hang-tsjow
  • 1432 Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (d. 1455)
  • 1445 Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), probable date of birth
  • 1456 Wladyslaw Jagiello, king of Bohemia/Hungary (1471/90-1516)
  • 1494 Il Bacchiacca, [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter
  • 1528 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, [the Generous], duke of Bavaria
  • 1547 Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)
  • 1597 Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)
  • 1610 Johann B Schup, [Schuppius], German poet/historian
  • 1610 John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)
  • 1630 Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere, Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1657 Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (d. 1740)
  • 1683 Caroline of Ansbach, wife of George II of Great Britain (d. 1737)
  • 1732 William Cushing, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States. (d. 1810)
  • 1734 Pieter Valck[x], South Netherland sculptor
  • 1760 François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
  • 1780 Leonard PJ du Bus de Gisignies, gov-general of Neth Indies (1826-30)
  • 1788 Gheorghe Asachi, Romania, writer/humanist/politician
  • 1807 Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
  • 1811 Robert Christie Buchanan, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1878)
  • 1812 Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Giovanni Duprè, Italian sculptor (d. 1882)
  • 1820 George Davis, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1896)
  • 1821 Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Catholic bishop (d. 1896)
  • 1822 Albin Francisco Schoepf, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1822 Charles Champion Gilbert, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1828 James Fleming Fagan, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • 1828 Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright
  • 1831 Hiram Bronson Granbury, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1835 Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • 1837 Ion Creanga, Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • 1837 William Dean Howells, US, novelist/critic/editor (Atlantic)
  • 1838 Gabriele dell' Addolorata, [Francesco Possenti], Italian priest
  • 1841 Blanche Kelso Bruce, Virginia, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)
  • 1842 Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • 1848 Augustus Saint-Gaudens, US, sculptor/designer (1907 $20 gold piece)
  • 1852 Theophile Delcasse, French statesman
  • 1856 Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw)
  • 1858 Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist
  • 1863 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Gerard Vissering, Dutch banker/president (Bank of Java)
  • 1865 Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • 1874 Jean de Merode, [Marie-Louise B Courtenay], Princess of Neth
  • 1876 Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president (d. 1942)
  • 1880 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • 1886 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • 1889 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • 1890 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Zonnestral)
  • 1892 Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japan, writer (Rashomon in Kappa)
  • 1893 Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)
  • 1895 G B "Duke" Keats, hockey hall of fame (elected 1958)
  • 1896 Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)
  • 1899 Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (d. 1972)
  • 1900 Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
  • 1900 Yorgos Seferis, [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
  • 1905 Pol le Roy, Flemish author/novelist/writer (Stroom)
  • 1909 Robert Selby Taylor, bishop

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist and Nobel laureate, born in London (d. 2002)

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1911 Harry Golombek, chess grandmaster
  • 1912 Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, archbishop of Toronto (d. 2003)
  • 1913 Helmut Erich Robert Gernsheim, photogrpaher/collector
  • 1914 Archibald J Gumede, South African ANC member/chairman (UDF)
  • 1914 Ralph Waldo Ellison, American writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Cast), born in Oklahoma City (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Robert Lowell, American poet/pacifist (Lord Weary's Castle, Near the Ocean), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1918 Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Howard Nemerov, US, 3rd US poet laureate/novelist (Blue Swallows)
  • 1921 Richard Wilbur, 2nd US Poet Laureate (Ceremony, Walking to Sleep)
  • 1921 Terrence "Cardinal" Cooke, (NY)
  • 1922 William M Gaines, publisher (MAD Magazine)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1922 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1974-77 and 1992-95) and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Jerusalem (d. 1995)

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1923 Kuczka Péter, Hungarian writer and editor (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Donald "Deke" Kent Slayton, Sparta Wisc, Major USAF/astro (Apollo 18)
  • 1927 Robert Heron Bork, judge, nominated for supreme court, (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Seymour Papert, South African mathematician, born in Pretoria (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978)
  • 1933 Myrlie Evers, politician/commissioner (LA Board of Public works)
  • 1934 Riet [M J J] Roosen-van Pelt, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA)
  • 1935 Judith Rossner, author (Looking for Mr Goodbar)
  • 1936 Camille E Baly, St Maartens poet (Sonny)
  • 1936 Jean-Edern Hallier, writer
  • 1936 Marion Farouk-Sluglett, political scientist
  • 1936 Monique Bégin, French-Canadian politician
  • 1938 Michael J[oseph] Kurland, US, sci-fi author (Infernal Device)
  • 1940 Robert Grossman, American illustrator
  • 1941 Michael L Lampton, Williamsport Pa, astronaut
  • 1942 Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1943 Benjamin W Jipcho, Mt Elgon Kenya, 3K steeplechase (Oly-silver-1972)
  • 1943 Franz Hohler, Swiss writer, born in Biel
  • 1943 Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist
  • 1943 Richard H. Price, American physicist
  • 1943 Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist
  • 1944 John B Breaux, (Rep-D-LA, 1972-88)
  • 1944 John Napier, set designer (Royal Shakesphere Company), born in London, England
  • 1946 Lana Wood, [Svetlana Gurdin], Santa Rosa California, (Diamonds are Forever)
  • 1949 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu
  • 1951 Barbara DeAngelis, talk show hostess (Barbara DeAngelis Show)
  • 1952 Steven Barnes, American writer
  • 1952 Leigh Matthews, Australian rules footballer
  • 1958 Bertrand Piccard, Swiss balloonist and psychiatrist

Weddings in History

  • 1434 Jacqueline, Countess of Haintaut formally marries Frank van Borssele 2 years after first secretly marrying him

HeartWedding of Interest

1827 Father of U.S. History George Bancroft (26) weds first wife Sarah Dwight

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft

HeartWedding of Interest

1947 Rocket engineer Werner von Braun (34) weds Maria Luise von Quistorp in Landshut, Germany

Rocket Scientist Werner von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Werner von Braun

Divorces in History

  • 1989 Julianne Philips & Bruce Springsteen divorce

Deaths in History

  • 589 Saint David, Patron Saint of Wales (b. 500)
  • 965 Leo VIII, Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65), dies
  • 986 King Lothair of France (b. 941)
  • 1131 Stephen II, King of Hungary (1116-31), dies
  • 1233 Count Thomas I of Savoy (b. 1178)
  • 1244 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)
  • 1383 Amadeus VI, (Green Earl), earl of Savoy, dies at 49
  • 1510 Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier, explorer and 1st Viceroy of India dies at Table Bay, Africa at about 59
  • 1535 Bernardo Accolti, [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia), dies
  • 1546 George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
  • 1633 George Herbert, English poet, dies at 39
  • 1661 Richard Zouch, English jurist (b. 1590)
  • 1697 Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
  • 1706 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)
  • 1734 Roger North, English biographer (b. 1653)
  • 1757 Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
  • 1768 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)
  • 1773 Jan Wagenaar, Dutch historian, dies at 63
  • 1773 Luigi Vanvitelli, [Louis van Wittel], Italian architect, dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1792 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), dies at 44

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1826 J J Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect/archaeologist, dies at 59
  • 1841 Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • 1862 Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)
  • 1865 Anna Paulowna Romanova, great monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • 1869 Alphonse MLP de Lamartine, Fr poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
  • 1870 Francisco S Lopez, President of Paraguay (1862-70), dies at 43
  • 1875 Tristan Corbière, French poet (b. 1845)
  • 1879 Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)
  • 1884 Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)
  • 1892 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist, dies at 60
  • 1896 Albertone, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1896 Arimondi, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1896 Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general (Eritrea), dies in battle
  • 1898 George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India, author (b. 1825)
  • 1899 Gyorgy earl Apponyi, Hungarian MP, dies at 90
  • 1906 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833)
  • 1911 Jacobus H van 't Hoff, Dutch chemist/physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 58
  • 1914 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845)
  • 1920 Joseph Trumpeldor, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • 1920 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (b. 1842)
  • 1921 Nicholas Petrovic Njegos, King of Montenegro (1910-18), dies at 79
  • 1924 Louise MA, princess of Belgium, dies at 66
  • 1926 Camilo d'Almeida Pessanha, Portuguese poet (China), dies at 58
  • 1929 Royal H. Weller, American politician (b. 1881)
  • 1932 Dino Campana, Italian poet (Canti Orfici), dies at 46
  • 1933 Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)
  • 1938 G D'Annunzio, writer, dies at 74
  • 1938 Gabrielle d'Annunzio, Italian poet/fascist (Il fuoco), dies at 74
  • 1940 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (b. 1878)
  • 1942 George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain (b. 1882)
  • 1944 ... Formans, director Milos Formans mother, dies in Auschwitz
  • 1947 J Boogaard, nazi collaborator, executed
  • 1952 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (b. 1873)
  • 1953 Anton GO Ridder Van Rappard, painter/lithographer/etcher, dies
  • 1958 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter, dies at 86
  • 1966 Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1968 G v d Vring, writer, dies
  • 1968 Georg von der Vring, German painter (Camp Lafayette), dies at 78
  • 1970 Ed[uard] Hoornik, Dutch writer/poet (Na jaren), dies at 59
  • 1972 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, dies at 77
  • 1974 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological/poet (Azuren Holte), dies at 53
  • 1979 Molla Mustafa Barzani, Iranian Kurd leader (KDP), dies at 75
  • 1983 Arthur Koestler, Hung/British writer ("Darkness at Noon"), commits suicide at 77
  • 1989 Henk van Stipriaan, Dutch radio host, dies at 64
  • 1990 Claude Spaak, Belgian dramatist, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1991 Edwin Land, American inventor of instant photography and co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation, dies at 81

Scientist and Inventor Edwin Land
Scientist and Inventor
Edwin Land
  • 1993 Luis Kutner, US co-founder (Amnesty International), dies at 84
  • 1994 Eliseo Diego, Cuban poet, dies at 74
  • 1994 Jacob "Jimmy" Herman Huizinga, journalist/writer, dies at 75
  • 1995 Edmund Boyd Fisher, publisher, dies at 56
  • 1995 Vladislav Listyev, Russian TV-journalist, murdered at 38
  • 1996 Margaret McKay, politician, dies at 85
  • 2005 Peter Malkin Israeli secret agent (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)
  • 2012 Andrew Breitbart, American conservative blogger and publisher, dies at 43
  • 2016 Jim Kimsey, American co-founder of AOL, dies at 76
  • 2017 Paula Fox, American writer for children (The Slave Dancer) and adults, dies at 92