On This Day in History for March 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 129

  • 241 BC First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
  • 418 Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire
  • 1535 Bishop Tomés de Berlanga discovers the Galapagos Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1578 Queen Elizabeth I of England gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1624 England declares war on Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1629 King Charles I dissolved Parliament; he recalled it 11 years later

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 French King Louis XIV ends office of premier

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1697 Tsar Peter the Great of Russia begins a tour of Western Europe
  • 1734 Spanish army under Don Carlos (III) draws into Naples
  • 1735 An agreement between Nadir Shah and Paul I of Russia is signed near Ganja and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1762 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1783 USS Alliance under Captain Barry fights and wins last naval battle of US Revolutionary War off Cape Canaveral
  • 1791 John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
  • 1791 Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
  • 1801 First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million
  • 1830 The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
  • 1831 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
  • 1847 1st money minted in Hawaii

1stHistoric Invention

1849 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent (only US president to do so) for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali
  • 1862 Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
  • 1862 US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • 1864 Ullyses Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • 1864 Red River campaign begun in Louisiana by Union forces
  • 1865 Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC
  • 1874 Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 First telephone call; Alexander Graham Bell says "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you" to his assistant Thomas Watson

  • 1880 Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
  • 1888 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Psyche"
  • 1891 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
  • 1893 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • 1893 New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • 1896 Bronx acquires O'Brien Square
  • 1900 Battle at Driefontein, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900 Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.
  • 1902 Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri
  • 1903 Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • 1905 Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
  • 1906 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Sonatine"
  • 1906 Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres, France
  • 1906 Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.
  • 1910 Republic of China officailly abolishes slavery
  • 1910 Pittsburgh Courier begins publishing
  • 1913 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • 1914 Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
  • 1915 British Army captures Neuve Chapelle, Belgium
  • 1917 Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines's earliest encomiendas.
  • 1920 Home Rule Act passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by the southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • 1922 KLZ-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 State of siege proclaimed during mine strike Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1925 Walter Mittelholzer is 1st to flies over Demawend mountain, Iran
  • 1926 Run on Belgian banks
  • 1927 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Bavaria lifts ban on Hitler's speeches

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1928 Christine Collins' son, Walter Collins, disappears in Los Angeles
  • 1931 Oswald Mosley leaves British Labour party and founds the "New Party"
  • 1933 Major earthquake in Long Beach, California
  • 1933 Nevada becomes 1st US state to regulate narcotics
  • 1934 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
  • 1934 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • 1939 17 villages damaged by hailstones in Hyderabad, India
  • 1941 Lee MacPhail, Dodger GM predicts all players will wear batting helmets
  • 1944 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • 1945 Fieldmarshal Albert Kesselring succeeds Gerd von Rundstedt as commander of German Army Command in the West
  • 1945 Germany blows up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
  • 1945 Japan grants occupied Vietnam independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton

BattleFirebombing of Tokyo

1945 Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombings, more than 100,000 people die, mostly civilians.

  • 1945 US troops land in western Mindanao, Philippines in Operation VICTOR IV
  • 1946 Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju, northeast Brazil
  • 1948 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declines post of baseball commissioner

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover

BattleCoup d'état

1952 Military coup led by General Fulgencio Batista in Cuba

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1956 General strike in Cyprus protesting exile of archbishop Makarios
  • 1956 Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1959 Tibetan uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa, Tibet
  • 1960 USSR agrees to stop nuclear testing
  • 1964 US reconnaissance plane shot down over East Germany
  • 1964 Simon and Garfunkel record the first version of "The Sound of Silence" at Columbia Studios in New York City
  • 1965 Dutch Princess Margriet & Pieter van Vollenhoven get engaged
  • 1966 5 time Horse of the Year, Kelso, retires
  • 1966 North Vietnamese capture US Green Beret Camp at Ashau Valley
  • 1968 North Vietnamese and communist Laotion troops overrun a secret US radar facility, Lima Site 85, on a Laos mountaintop
  • 1969 James Earl Ray pleads guilty to murder of Martin Luther King Jr
  • 1970 South Africa complete 4-0 series drubbing of Australia
  • 1970 Members of the Stormont Parliament of Northern Ireland given police protection
  • 1971 US Senate approves amendment lowering voting age to 18
  • 1971 Three members of the Royal Highland Fusiliers (a regiment of the British Army) are killed by members of the Irish Republican Army
  • 1972 1st black US political convention opens (Gary Indiana)
  • 1972 Gen Lon Nol becomes pres & prince Sirik Matak premier of Cambodia
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 BPAA US Open by Mike McGrath
  • 1973 Morocco adopts constitution
  • 1974 Christian Democrats win Belgium parliamentary election
  • 1974 Lawrence Rowe completes 302 v Eng Bridgetown, 36 fours 1 six
  • 1975 Dog spectacles patented in England
  • 1975 Sanyo Shinkansen open between Osaka and Fukuoka.
  • 1977 Rings of Uranus discovered during occulation of SAO
  • 1978 Soyuz 28 returns to Earth

Birthdays in History

  • 1415 Vasili II of Russia (d. 1462)
  • 1452 Ferdinand II, the Catholic, King of Aragon/Sicily (expelled Jews)
  • 1503 Ferdinand I, German emperor (1558-64)
  • 1538 Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk; executed by Queen Elizabeth (1572)
  • 1628 Constantine Huygens Jr, Dutch poet/painter/cartoonist
  • 1628 Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (d. 1694)
  • 1656 Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician
  • 1709 Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)
  • 1745 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)
  • 1748 John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
  • 1749 Lorenzo da Ponte, Italian librettist (d. 1838)
  • 1769 Joseph Williamson, English philanthropist and tunnel builder (d. 1840)
  • 1771 Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian (Idea und Probe)
  • 1772 Friedrich von Schlegel, Germany, romantic writer/critic (Lucinde)
  • 1776 Luise, Queen of Prussia/wife of Frederik Willem III
  • 1787 William Etty, English painter (nudes)
  • 1788 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (Das Marmorbild)
  • 1809 William David Porter, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1864)
  • 1810 John McCloskey, 1st American cardinal and Archbishop of New York, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1885)
  • 1810 Samuel Ferguson, Irish poet (d. 1886)
  • 1812 Victor Tesch, Belgian lawyer/min of Justice
  • 1818 George Wythe Randolph, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1867)
  • 1822 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter/lithographer
  • 1824 Thomas James Churchill, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
  • 1832 William Henry Penrose, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
  • 1842 Ina Donna Coolbrith, US, poet laureate of Calif
  • 1845 Alexander III A Romanov, Russian tsar (1881-94)
  • 1846 Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (d. 1850)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1847 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1934)

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • 1850 Mary Mills Patrick, US, 1st President of Istanbul Woman's College
  • 1867 Lillian D Wald, US, sociologist/organizer (Visiting Nurses)
  • 1873 Jakob Wassermann, Germany, novelist (My Life as German & Jew)
  • 1877 David M Chumaceiro, Curacao, poet
  • 1878 Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
  • 1881 Thomas Quinlan (impresario) (d. 1951)
  • 1885 Hans Luther, politician and German Chancellor (1925-6), born in Berlin (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Grandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)
  • 1891 Jacob van Gelderen, economist/sociologist/Dutch 2nd Chamber (SDAP)
  • 1892 Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
  • 1896 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, born in London (d. 1965)
  • 1899 Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany's oldest man. (d. 2007)
  • 1900 Sherman Billingsley, Enid Ok, talk show host (Stork Club)
  • 1908 Carl Albert, US speaker of house (1971-77)
  • 1909 Gerard Croiset, Dutch paragnost
  • 1915 Harry Bertoia, Italian artist (d. 1978)
  • 1917 Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.
  • 1918 Heywood Hale Broun, TV commentator and sports correspondent, born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot
  • 1920 Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Paul Coates, American columnist (Tonight! America After Dark), born in NYC, New York
  • 1925 Ed van der Elsken, movie photographer (Een liefdesgeschiedenis)
  • 1925 M J J A [Sef] Imkamp, Dutch politician (D66)
  • 1925 Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • 1927 Paul Wunderlich, German lithographer/painter/sculptor
  • 1928 James Earl Ray, American assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., born in Alton, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • 1935 Graham Farmer, Australian rules footballer
  • 1935 Ivan Calin, Ribneta, Moldova, President and Prime Minister 1980-1990 (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Alfredo Zitarrosa, Uruguayan Vocals and journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1937 Oscar Abrams, community organizer
  • 1940 David Rabe, Dubuque Iowa, playwright (Streamers)
  • 1945 Birgitta Sellén, Swedish politician
  • 1945 Elizabeth Brumfiel, [Elizabeth Stern], American feminist archaeologist, former president of the American Anthropological Association
  • 1946 Mike Hollands, Australian animator

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 [Avril] Kim Campbell, Canada's 1st female Prime Minister and 19th overall (1993), born in Port Alberni, British Columbia

19th Prime Minister of Canada Kim Campbell
19th Prime Minister of Canada
Kim Campbell
  • 1947 Laurie Langenbach, Dutch author
  • 1947 Paul Condon, Baron Condon, former Commissioner of The Metropolitan Police
  • 1947 Bob Greene, American journalist
  • 1948 Ed Grundy, American rocker (Bloodrock)
  • 1952 Oupa J Gqozo, South African warden/army commandant (Ciskei)
  • 1952 Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2011)

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1961 Laurel B Clark, Ames Iowa, Lt cmdr USN/astronaut

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1964 Prince Edward [Edward Anthony Richard Louis], Prince of Britain and son of Elizabeth II, born in Buckingham Palace, London

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 1964 David Faber, American television reporter
  • 1967 Omer Tarin [Omer Salim Khan], Peshawar, Pakistan, poet, scholar and activist
  • 1968 Felice Arena, Australian children's author
  • 1968 Thio Li-ann, Singaporean law academic and Nominated Member of Parliament
  • 1972 Takashi Fujii, Japanese television performer
  • 1977 Colin Murray, British radio DJ
  • 1983 Reena Virk, Canadian murder victim (d. 1997)
  • 1985 Kim Leclerc, Canadian politician

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1526 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V marries Princess Isabella of Portugal, his 1st cousin, in Seville

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1863 Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel
  • 1966 Dutch Crown Princess Beatrix (Queen Beatrix) marries German aristocrat Claus von Amsberg in Amsterdam

Divorces in History

  • 1927 American author and journalist "The Old man and the Sea" Enerest Hemingway divorces 1st wife Elizabeth Hadley Richardson

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

37 Tiberius Claudius Nero, Roman emperor (14-37), dies at 78

Roman Emperor Tiberius
Roman Emperor
Tiberius
  • 483 Simplicius, Italian Pope (468-83), dies
  • 1291 Arghun, 4th Mongul ruler of Ilkhanate dynasty
  • 1391 Tvrtko I first king of Bosnia (b. 1338)
  • 1510 Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (b. 1445)
  • 1513 John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander (b. 1443)
  • 1546 Thomas Elyot, English diplomat (Boke named the Governor), dies at 46
  • 1584 Thomas Norton, English politician and writer (b. 1532)
  • 1585 Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist, dies at 67
  • 1588 Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (b. 1533)
  • 1592 Michiel Coxcie, Flemish (court)painter/carpet designer, dies
  • 1597 Petrus Forestus, Dutch physician (Willem of Orange), dies
  • 1669 John Denham, English poet (b. 1615)
  • 1670 Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)
  • 1735 Dirk T van Cloon, Dutch lawyer/gov-gen of E Indies, dies at about 46
  • 1776 Élie Catherine Fréron, French critic (b. 1719)
  • 1776 Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (b. 1701)
  • 1792 John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute/English premier (1760-63), dies at 78
  • 1819 Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, writer, dies
  • 1826 Johan VI M L J, King of Portugal (1816-26), dies at 56
  • 1861 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (b. 1814)
  • 1864 Maximilian II Jozef, King of Bayern (1848-64), dies at 52
  • 1865 William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting, Confed gen-maj, dies at 48
  • 1872 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66
  • 1892 Otto van Raised, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1884-88), dies at 69
  • 1895 Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (b. 1826)
  • 1906 Eugen Richter, German MP (Liberal), dies at 67
  • 1910 Karl Lueger, Austrian anti-semite/mayor of Vienna, dies at 65
  • 1919 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer (Remember the Alamo), dies at 87
  • 1925 John Fillmore Hayford, American Geodesist (theory of isostasy, geodesy science), dies at 56
  • 1937 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1940 Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1942 William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1944 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • 1948 Jan Masaryk, Czech Foreign minister, commits suicide or is murdered
  • 1948 Zelda Fitzgerald, American artist, wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900)
  • 1951 Kijūrō Shidehara, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1872)
  • 1953 Charles Gordon Curtis, inventor of (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92
  • 1966 Frederik "Frits" Zernike, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1953), dies at 77
  • 1966 Mari Sandoz, US author (Cheyenne Autumn), dies at 64
  • 1973 Richard Sharples, governor of Bermuda, assassinated
  • 1973 Eugene 'Bull' Connor, American segregationist (b. 1897)
  • 1977 Pieter Jan Bouman, Dutch sociologist/historian, dies at 74
  • 1977 Willem Schermerhorn, Dutch premier (1945-46), dies at 82
  • 1980 Herman Tarnower, doctor (Scarsdale Diet), killed by Jean Harris

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1985 Konstantin Chernenko, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1984-85), dies of Emphysema at 73

Soviet General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko
Soviet General Secretary
Konstantin Chernenko
  • 1988 Glenn Cunningham, US world record miler, dies at 78
  • 1990 Michael Stewart, UK Sect of State (1965-66, 68-70), dies
  • 1992 Roy Holmer Wallack, dies of pneumonia at 64
  • 1993 C Northcote Parkinson, English historian/sociologist (Law of P), dies
  • 1993 David Gunn, abortion doctor, killed by Michael Griffin at 47
  • 1994 Cecil Rolph Hewitt, journalist/policeman, dies at 92
  • 1994 Robert Shea, author, dies of cancer
  • 1995 Alexander Hyatt-King, Mozart scholar, dies at 84
  • 1995 Carel Birnie, ballet producer, dies at 69
  • 1995 Richard Baerlein, racing writer, dies at 84
  • 1996 Lucius E Burch Jr, US civil rights leader, dies at 84
  • 1999 Oswaldo Guayasamin, Ecuadorian paintor and sculptor (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Richard Fran Biegenwald, an American serial killer (b. 1940)
  • 2012 Jean Giraud, French comic artist, dies at 73
  • 2012 Mykola Plaviuk, Ukrainian president, dies at 86
  • 2012 Frank Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry, dies from Parkinson's disease at 84
  • 2016 Anita Brookner, English novelist (Hotel du Lac) and art historian, dies at 87
  • 2017 Robert James Waller, American author (Bridges of Madison County), dies at 77