On This Day in History for March 15

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135


Event of interestEvent of Interest

44 BC Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
Roman Senator Gaius Cassius
Roman Senator
Gaius Cassius
  • 221 Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself Emperor of Shu-Han, claiming legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty
  • 351 Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.
  • 493 Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy
  • 933 Battle of Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyars
  • 1311 Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
  • 1360 French attack English south coast, raiding Winchelsea
  • 1382 Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence Italy
  • 1391 Jew-hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first voyage to the New World

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1545 First meeting of the Council of Trent.
  • 1560 Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise, France
  • 1562 General Francois de Guise enters Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1580 Spanish king Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of prince Willem of Orange

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1729 Sister St Stanislas Hachard, 1st American nun, takes her vows, N Orleans
  • 1744 French King Louis XV declares war on Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island discovered by Captain James Cook

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1781 Battle of Guilford Court House, SC (British suffer heavy losses)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1812 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
  • 1820 Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • 1827 Freedom's Journal, 1st Black newspaper, publishes
  • 1827 University of Toronto is chartered
  • 1848 A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • 1855 Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
  • 1864 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, LA
  • 1867 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • 1875 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • 1885 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"
  • 1887 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
  • 1889 6 US & German warships sunk by a typhoon in Apia harbour, Samoa, 200 die
  • 1892 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (NYC)
  • 1892 NY State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)
  • 1897 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
  • 1906 Britons Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd
  • 1907 Finland is 1st European country to give women the right to vote
  • 1908 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1913 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1913 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • 1916 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • 1916 Gen Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Villa into Mexico; they stay 10 for 10 months
  • 1916 University of Ghent taken under Dutch control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]

  • 1919 American Legion forms (Paris)
  • 1922 1st southern radio station begins (WSB, Atlanta Georgia)
  • 1922 Sultan Faud crowned king of Egypt, England recognizes Egypt
  • 1922 France, which up until now has insisted on currency for all WWI reparation payments from Germany, now accepts raw materials as payment

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Lenin suffers with his 3rd stroke

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1926 Belgium's "black monday", franc falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Benito Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1930 1st seaplane glider flown, Port Washington, NY
  • 1930 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched
  • 1933 NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation & discrimination
  • 1934 US Information Service opens
  • 1937 First American blood blank in a hospital is opened at Cook County Hospital in Chicago
  • 1937 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1941 Blizzard in North Dakota kills 151 people
  • 1943 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • 1943 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • 1944 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • 1945 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1946 British Prime Minister Clement Attlee agrees with India's right to independence

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1947 John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy
  • 1950 NYC hires Dr Wallace E Howell as its official "rainmaker"
  • 1951 UN forces recapture Seoul, the fourth and final time the city changes hands in the Korean War
  • 1951 Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
  • 1952 Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean
  • 1955 Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
  • 1955 US Air Force unveils self-guided missile
  • 1957 Great Britain becomes the third nation to explode a nuclear bomb
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1959 Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
  • 1960 Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve established (1st underwater park)
  • 1960 National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated
  • 1961 South Africa withdrews from British Commonwealth
  • 1962 Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter
  • 1962 Donald Jackson of Canada is 1st to land a triple lutz ice skate jump
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1965 T.G.I. Friday's 1st restaurant opens in NYC
  • 1966 Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles
  • 1967 Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT)-headquarter moves to Brunssum
  • 1967 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva sworn in as President of Brazil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns after having a drunken row with Prime Minister Harold Wilson

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1968 US Mint stops buying & selling gold
  • 1968 Uprising in South Yemen
  • 1969 US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigns
  • 1969 Violent Chinese-Russian border dispute leaves 100s dead
  • 1970 Expo '70 opens in Osaka, Japan
  • 1971 Chatrooms make their debut on ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet
  • 1972 Danish airliner hit mountain in Sheikdom of Oman killing 112
  • 1972 NASA selects 3 part configuration for Space Shuttle
  • 1972 Two British soldiers killed when attempting to defuse a bomb in Belfast; an RUC officer iskilled in an IRA attack in Coalisland, County Tyrone
  • 1974 Brazilian president Garastazu Médici resigns
  • 1975 Bundy victim Julie Cunningham disappears from Vail, Colorado
  • 1975 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (37.99 sec)
  • 1975 "That's the Way of the World" 6th studio album by Earth, Wind & Fire is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1975)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 103


Person of interestPerson of Interest

270 Saint Nicholas [Nikolaos of Myra], Greek Bishop who became the model for Santa Claus, born in Patara, Asia Minor (d. 343)

Christian Saint and Greek Bishop of Myra Saint Nicholas
Christian Saint and Greek Bishop of Myra
Saint Nicholas
  • 938 Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)
  • 1275 Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)
  • 1455 Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1532)
  • 1493 Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, marshal of France
  • 1591 Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)
  • 1638 Shunzhi Emperor of China (1644-1661) Third Qing Emperor, born in Shengjing (d. 1661)
  • 1666 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)
  • 1678 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop
  • 1713 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, astronomer who mapped the So Hemisphere
  • 1733 Johann Zoffany, German painter, baptized

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1767 Andrew Jackson, General and 7th US President (1829-37), born in Waxhaws in the border area between North and South Carolina (d. 1845)

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1779 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig 1834, 1835-41), born in London (d. 1848)

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb
  • 1779 Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (d. 1848)
  • 1790 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1791 Charles Knight, English publisher (d. 1873)
  • 1801 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • 1809 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, 1st President of Liberia
  • 1809 Karl Josef von Hefele, German theologian (d. 1893)
  • 1810 Aernout Drost, Dutch literary (Hermingard van de Eikenterpen)
  • 1811 Robert Allen, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in West Point, Ohio (d. 1886)
  • 1813 John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1818 Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (d. 1924)
  • 1821 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)
  • 1821 Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
  • 1821 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Branko Radicevic, Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 1824 Jules Chevalier, French priest (d. 1907)
  • 1830 Paul von Heyse, German writer (Nobel 1910)
  • 1830 Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • 1831 Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831 Daniel Comboni, Italian missionary (d. 1881)
  • 1835 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1838 Alice Cunningham Fletcher, ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • 1852 Augusta, Lady Gregory, Irish playwright, poet and patron of Yates, born in Roxborough, County Galway
  • 1854 Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1858 Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding)
  • 1866 Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1866 Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1867 Lionel Pigot Johnson, British poet and critic (Ireland & Other Poems), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1902)
  • 1868 Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Lee Shubert, American theatre producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him), born in Lithuania (d. 1953) birth date disputed
  • 1874 Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician
  • 1874 Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1951)
  • 1878 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41)
  • 1879 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)
  • 1887 Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
  • 1892 James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • 1900 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • 1905 Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, attempted to assassinate Hitler
  • 1910 An Rutgers van der Loeff-Basenau, children book writer (Skating Race)
  • 1912 Duncan Stuart Wilson-MacDonald, fighter pilot
  • 1912 Louis Paul Boon, Flemish writer (Kapellekensbaan)
  • 1914 Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • 1916 Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)
  • 1916 Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Janet Leach, potter, born in Grand Saline, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Richard Ellmann, American literary scholar and biographer (Oscar Wilde), born in Highland Park, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • 1918 Punch Imlach, Canadian hockey coach and general manager (d. 1987)
  • 1920 Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1920 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1921 Stafford Smythe, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1971)
  • 1923 Laurence A Tisch, American CEO (Loews Corp), born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Yuri Bondarev, Russian writer (Silence), born in Orsk
  • 1925 Bert Bolin, Swedish meteorologist
  • 1926 Tim Valentine, American politician (Rep-D-NC, 1983-95 ), born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb, architect
  • 1930 Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 Alan Lavern Bean, Wheeler Texas, Capt USN/astronaut (Ap 12, Skylab 3)
  • 1932 David Alliance, Iran/British textile factory/multi-millionaire

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, born in Brooklyn, New York

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
  • 1934 Kanshi Ram, Indian dalit leader
  • 1935 Jimmy Lee Swaggart, evangelist
  • 1936 Donald K Sundquist, (Rep-R-Tennessee, 1983- )
  • 1936 David Andrews, Irish politician
  • 1937 Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer,(To Live and Remember), born in Atalanka, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • 1939 Robert Nye, British novelist and poet (Facts of Life & other fiction), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Jack Whyte, Scottish-Canadian author
  • 1940 Frank Dobson, British politician
  • 1940 Margo Coleman, American advice columnist
  • 1943 David Cronenberg, director (Shivers, Fly, Brood), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1944 David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)
  • 1945 Mark J Green, American lawyer/author (Closed Enterprise System), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1945 A. K. Faezul Huq, Bengali lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1946 Masaharu Satō, Japanese seiyū
  • 1947 Larisa Grigoriyevna Pozharskaya, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1948 Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003)
  • 1948 Kate Bornstein, American author
  • 1952 Howard Koh, American state government official
  • 1953 Richard Bruton, Irish politician
  • 1957 David Silverman, American animator
  • 1959 Lisa Holton, American writer
  • 1960 Chris Sanders, American animator and director
  • 1967 Naoko Takeuchi, Japanese artist
  • 1968 Terje Riis-Johansen, Norwegian politician
  • 1969 Rona Ambrose, Canadian politician
  • 1975 Veselin Topalov, Bulgarian chess player
  • 1976 Jennifer 8. Lee, American journalist
  • 1976 Katherine Brooks, American television director

Weddings in History

  • 2014 "Today" show anchor Savannah Guthrie (42) weds public relations Michael Feldman (45) at the Ritz Carlton Dove Mountain Resort in Tucson, Arizona

Deaths in History


MurderMurder of Interest

44 BC Julius Caesar, Roman military and political figure, stabbed to death at 55

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 220 Cao Cao, King of Wei (b. 155)
  • 493 Odiaker (Odoacer), German army leader/King of Italy (476-93), murdered
  • 752 Zachary, Greek/Italian Pope (741-52), dies [or Mar 22]
  • 963 Romanus II, Byzantine emperor (959-63), dies at 25
  • 1145 Pope Lucius II [Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso] (1144-1145)
  • 1311 Walter V of Brienne, Duke of Athens at the Battle of Halmyros
  • 1670 John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (b. 1597)
  • 1701 Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer and poet, dies at 76
  • 1711 Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (b. 1645)
  • 1723 Johann C Gunther, writer, dies at 27
  • 1731 Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician, dies at 75
  • 1820 Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751
  • 1849 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal and linguist (b. 1774)
  • 1880 Jan K J de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 51
  • 1881 Emory Upton, US Union gen-maj (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • 1889 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, dies of pneumonia at 45
  • 1891 Théodore de Banville, French writer (b. 1823)
  • 1891 Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)
  • 1898 Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)
  • 1905 Arnold Kerdijk, Dutch liberal/founder (Social Weekly), dies at 60
  • 1905 Amalie Skram, Norwegian author (Paa St Jorgen), dies at 58
  • 1906 Alfred Gilpin Jones, lt-gov of Nova Scotia (1900-06), dies at 81
  • 1930 Antonio Beltramelli, writer, dies at 51

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 Davidson Black, Paleoanthropologist, dies while working alone during the night, in Beijing, China at 49

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1937 H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (At the Mountains of Madness, Weird Tales), dies at 46
  • 1941 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (b. 1864)
  • 1944 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • 1945 Herman Bernard Wiardi Beckman, Dutch resistance fighter and politician (SDAP), dies at 41
  • 1951 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1957 Ernst Nobs, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1886)
  • 1966 Abe Saperstein, founder (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 63
  • 1970 Josef Martin Bauer, writer, dies at 68
  • 1970 Tarjei Vesaas, Nowegian author/novelist/writer (Isslottet), dies at 72
  • 1972 Aleksandr Ivanovich Laktionov, Russian painter (b. 1910)
  • 1975 Aristotle S Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, dies at 69
  • 1977 Kamal Joemblat, Lebanese politician, murdered
  • 1977 Hubert Aquin, Quebec novelist, political activist and editor (b. 1929)
  • 1983 Jose Luis Sert, Spanish-US architect/urban developer, dies at 80
  • 1983 Rebecca West, English writer (b. 1892)
  • 1985 Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (b. 1921)
  • 1987 Sterling W Cole, (Rep-R-NY), dies at 82

BattleExecution

1988 Dmitri Polyakov, Soviet Major General and spy for the CIA, executed at 66

Soviet General and Cold War Spy Dmitri Polyakov
Soviet General and Cold War Spy
Dmitri Polyakov
  • 1989 Muhammad Jameel Didi, Maldivian poet (b. 1915)
  • 1990 Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)
  • 1993 Ricardo M Arias Espinosa, president of Panama (1955-56), dies
  • 1995 Carlos Menem Jr, Son of Argentine President, dies at 26
  • 1996 Helen Chadwick, artist, dies at 42
  • 1996 Roswell Leavitt Gilpatric, lawyer/diplomat, dies at 89
  • 1997 Gail Davis, (Annie Oakley), dies at 72
  • 1997 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian painter (b. 1906)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1998 Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and writer, dies at 94

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock
  • 1998 Jheri [Robert] Redding, American hairdresser and businessman (created the Jheri curl and hair conditioner), dies at 91
  • 2003 Paul Stojanovich, Reality TV pioneer (b. 1956)
  • 2004 William "Bill" Pickering, New Zealand-born space scientist at NASA, dies at 93
  • 2004 John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1925)
  • 2005 Bob Bellear, Australian judge (b. 1944)
  • 2005 Shoji Nishio, Japanese martial artist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 George Rallis, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1918)
  • 2007 Charles Harrelson, American hitman and father of Woody Harrelson (b. 1938)
  • 2007 Stuart Rosenberg, American film and television director (b. 1927)
  • 2013 Booth Gardner, American politician, dies from Parkinson's disease at 76
  • 2014 Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef (Two Fat Ladies), dies at 66
  • 2015 Robert Clatworthy, English sculptor, dies at 87