On This Day in History for March 17

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 141


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

45 BC In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 432 Saint Patrick, aged about 16 is captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland (traditional date)
  • 455 Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor
  • 1190 Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England
  • 1337 Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines

  • 1526 French King Francois I freed from Spain
  • 1537 French troops invade Flanders
  • 1580 Prince Willem of Orange welcomed in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1658 Pro-Charles II plot in England discovered

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1722 Willem KH Friso appointed mayor of Drente
  • 1755 Transylvania Land Company buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief
  • 1756 St. Patrick's Day is first celebrated in NYC at the Crown & Thistle Tavern
  • 1757 Prince Mas Saïd of Mataram surrenders to Mangkubumi in Java
  • 1762 1st St Patrick's Day parade in NYC
  • 1766 Britain repeals the Stamp Act
  • 1776 British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • 1800 British warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
  • 1804 Friedrich Schiller's play "Wilhelm Tell" premieres
  • 1824 Britain & Netherlands sign a trade agreement
  • 1833 Phoenix Society forms (NY)
  • 1842 Indians land in Ohio, a 12 square mile area in Upper Sandusky
  • 1845 Bristol man Henry Jones patents self-raising flour
  • 1845 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 1854 1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Mass
  • 1860 Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1863 Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
  • 1868 Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
  • 1870 Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • 1871 National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • 1876 Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • 1884 John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif
  • 1886 Carrollton Massacre (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed
  • 1891 British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • 1894 US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US
  • 1898 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island

  • 1899 Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die
  • 1900 In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
  • 1901 Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death

  • 1906 The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.
  • 1912 Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
  • 1913 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • 1917 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St Louis
  • 1917 Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School.

MurderMurder of Interest

1917 Albert Anastasia is convicted of murdering longshoreman George Turino

  • 1918 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • 1918 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • 1919 Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
  • 1921 Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic (London)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Lenin proclaims New Economic Politics

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)
  • 1921 The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
  • 1924 Eugene O'Neill's "Welded" premieres in NYC
  • 1924 Netherlands & USSR begin talks over USSR recognition
  • 1924 Sweden & USSR exchange diplomats
  • 1926 Dutch Calvinists oust Rev J G Geelkerken over Genesis 3
  • 1926 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
  • 1927 US government doesn't sign league of Nations disarmament treaty
  • 1929 General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel
  • 1929 Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 German police raid Hitler's Nazi headquarter

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1934 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1935 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR
  • 1939 Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out.
  • 1942 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1943 Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
  • 1943 F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, the Netherlands
  • 1945 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
  • 1950 Belgian government of Gaston Eyskens resigns due to constitutional crisis
  • 1950 Element 98 (Californium) announced
  • 1951 Government of Drees takes power
  • 1953 Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
  • 1953 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 Dutch ban on Sunday driving lifted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Presidential plane crashes on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu, Philippines killing 25 including Filipino President Ramon Magsaysay

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • 1958 US Navy launches Vanguard 1 into orbit (2nd US), measures Earth shape
  • 1959 Australia & USSR restore diplomatic relations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 US President Eisenhower forms anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1961 NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
  • 1961 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth
  • 1963 Elizabeth Ann Seton of NY beatified (canonized in 1975)
  • 1963 Eruptions of Mount Agung Bali, kills 1,900 Balinese
  • 1966 South Africa's government bans Defense & Aid Fund
  • 1966 US sub locates missing H-bomb in Mediterranean
  • 1968 2-tiered gold price negotiated in Washington, D.C. by US & 6 European nations
  • 1969 Golda Meir becomes Israel's 4th PM
  • 1970 US casts their 1st UN Security Council veto (Support England)
  • 1971 Government of Trygve Bratteli takes office in Norway
  • 1972 Ringo releases "Back off Bugaloo" in UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Queen Elizabeth II opens new London Bridge

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1973 St. Patrick's Day marchers carry 14 coffins commemorating Bloody Sunday
  • 1975 Valeri Muratov skates world record 1000m (1:16.92)
  • 1976 Malikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.76)
  • 1976 Rubin "Hurricane" Carter is retried

Birthdays in History

  • 1231 Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1473 James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)
  • 1578 Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Mary's Ascension)
  • 1628 Daniel van Papenbroeck, [Papebrochius], Flemish historian
  • 1676 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
  • 1685 Jean-Marc Nattier, French portrait painter
  • 1725 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
  • 1777 Roger Brooke Taney, Calvert Md, 5th Chief Justice (Dred Scott dec)
  • 1780 Thomas Chalmers, 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47)
  • 1781 Dominique J de Eerens, governor-general of Neth Indies
  • 1781 Ebenezer Elliott, British Poet. Know as the "Corn Law Rhymer'" (d. 1849)
  • 1787 George Simon Ohm, physicist (discovered Ohm's Law)
  • 1804 James Bridger, scout/fur trader/mountain man par excellance
  • 1820 Patrick Edward Connor, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820 Jean Ingelow, English poet (d. 1897)
  • 1825 Rodolphe Bresdin, French cartoonist/lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
  • 1826 Oskar Peschel, German journalist/geography (Volkerkunder)
  • 1828 Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1832 Moncure Daniel Conway, US, abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
  • 1832 Walter Quintin Gresham, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1834 Gottlieb Daimler, Germany, engineer/inventor/designed 1st motorcycle
  • 1846 Kate Greenaway, England, artist/book illustrator (Under the Window)
  • 1856 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1862 Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist (d. 1930)
  • 1866 Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)
  • 1870 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • 1873 Chard Somerset, 1st woman Cabinet minister (1929-31)
  • 1873 Margaret Bondfield, British politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), born in Chard (d. 1953)
  • 1874 Stephen Samuel Wise, US, President of Zionist Org of America
  • 1877 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
  • 1880 Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
  • 1880 Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
  • 1881 Kristian Elster, Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
  • 1881 Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1883 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1886 Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
  • 1887 Ben Sajet, Dutch physician/politician
  • 1888 Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • 1892 Benjamin Drake Van Wissen, Australian Engineer (d. 1984)
  • 1894 Paul Green, US, novelist/playwright (In Abraham's Bosom)
  • 1897 Jozef C. Mazur, American stained glass artist and painter (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Eisaku Sato, premier of Japan (Nobel 1974)
  • 1906 Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], actress (Gloria, Gold), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1907 Jan M J van Houtte, premier Belgium (1952-54)
  • 1908 Boris N Poveloi, [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [OS=Mar 4]
  • 1909 Patrick Reilly, Ootacamund, India, British diplomat
  • 1910 Bayard Rustin, civil rights leader
  • 1911 Patrick Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale, Scottish Unionist politician
  • 1915 Hans Namuth, German/US photographer (Todos Santos, Guatemala)
  • 1915 Henry Bumstead, American art director (d. 2006)
  • 1917 Arthur Basil Cotle, medievalist
  • 1918 Wilhelmus M J Russell, Dutch attorney/Member of 1st chamber (KVP/CDA)
  • 1922 Megan Bull, British head mistress (Holloway Jail)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1922 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Founding father of Bangladesh and 1st and 4th President of Bangladesh (1971-72 and 1975-76), born in Tungipara, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1975)

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1925 G M Hughes, British zoologist
  • 1925 Jerome Lejeune, physiologist
  • 1926 Siegfried Lenz, German writer (Ein Kriegsende)
  • 1927 Nancy Sheehan, writer
  • 1928 William John McKeag, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1930 James Benson Irwin, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 15), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1931 David Peakall, British scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1932 Donald N. Langenberg, American physicist
  • 1936 Thomas K Mattingly II, Chic, Capt USN/astro (Apollo 16, STS-4, 51C)
  • 1936 Ken Mattingly, American astronaut
  • 1936 Robert Daniel, republican Congressman for Virginia (1972-1983), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Galina Samsova, Russian ballerina, born in Stalingrad, Soviet Union
  • 1937 Frank Calabrese [Frankie Breeze], mafia hitman, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1939 Jim Gary, American sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1940 Mark White, American politician
  • 1941 Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 John Wayne Gacy, serial killer (32 boys), born in Chicago, Illinois

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • 1942 Sidney K Barthelmy, US politician(?)
  • 1944 Pattie Boyd, English photographer and author (Mrs George Harrison/Mrs Eric Clapton)
  • 1945 Michael Hayden, General USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1947 James Morrow, American author
  • 1947 Jan Andersson, Swedish politician
  • 1948 Robert Braunwart, who added thousands of dates to this database
  • 1948 William [Ford] Gibson, Canada, sci-fi author (Neuromancer, Count Zero)
  • 1948 Alexander Nelson Hood, 4th Viscount Bridport, British-born investment banker
  • 1951 Donald Findlay, Scottish lawyer
  • 1953 Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)
  • 1955 Cynthia McKinney, (Rep-D-Georgia)
  • 1956 Patrick McDonnell, American cartoonist
  • 1962 Ank Bijleveld-Schouten, Dutch politician
  • 1967 Barry Minkow, American religious leader and ex-convict (fraud)
  • 1969 [Lee] Alexander McQueen, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 2010)
  • 1970 Shannan Mitchem, Decatur GA, female infielder (Colo Silver Bullets)
  • 1974 Mark Dolan, TV show host

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1905 Eleanor Roosevelt (20) marries Franklin D. Roosevelt (23) later 32nd US President in New York, & given away by her uncle, 26th President Theodore Roosevelt

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

HeartWedding of Interest

1967 Novelist Alice Walker (23) weds civil rights lawyer Melvyn Leventhal in New York City

Novelist Alice Walker
Novelist
Alice Walker
  • 2006 Publicist Lizzie Grubman (35) weds Chris Stern in New York

Deaths in History

  • 45 BC Titus Labienus, Roman leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

180 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome, dies at 58

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius
  • 461 Saint Patrick, patron saint of Ireland, dies in Saul (according to legend),
  • 659 Gertrude of Nivelles, Belgian abbess, patron saint of travellers, dies at about 32
  • 1040 Harold Harefoot (Harold I), King of England (1035-40), dies
  • 1058 King Lulach I of Scotland
  • 1199 Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow
  • 1272 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)
  • 1425 Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (b. 1407)
  • 1516 Giuliano de' Medici, monarch of Florence, dies at 37
  • 1565 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, dies at 64
  • 1588 Petrus Dathenus, Flemish minister/physician (Psalms of David), dies
  • 1605 Pieter Bast, [Bastius], Dutch engraver/cartographer, dies at about 34
  • 1640 Philip Massinger, dramatist, dies
  • 1649 Gerardus Johannis Vossius, [Gerrit Vos], Dutch regent, dies at 71
  • 1649 Gabriel Lallemant, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1610)
  • 1653 Johan van Galen, admiral (battle of Livorno), dies in battle at 48
  • 1680 Francois Duc de La Rochefoucauld, writer, dies
  • 1704 Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63
  • 1713 Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)
  • 1715 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1643)
  • 1741 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (b. 1671)
  • 1764 George Parker, English astronomer, dies
  • 1782 Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematician (b. 1700)
  • 1796 Pieter Paulus, lawyer/Dutch CEO (National Convention), dies at 41
  • 1806 David Dale, industrialist & philanthropist, dies
  • 1830 Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • 1846 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1849 William II King of the Netherlands (1840-49), dies at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1853 Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist, dies at 49

  • 1863 John Pelham, US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • 1864 Alexandre Calamo, Swiss painter/etcher/lithographer, dies at 53
  • 1889 Joseph A Alberdingk Thijm, [Pauwels Foreestier], poet, dies at 68
  • 1891 Napoleon JKP Bonaparte, French prince/member National Convention, dies at 68
  • 1893 Jules Ferry, French statesman (b. 1832)
  • 1898 Blanche Kelso Bruce, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881), dies at 57, in Washington
  • 1901 Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69
  • 1906 Carlos Calvo, Argentina diplomat (Calvo Clause), dies at 82
  • 1915 Walter Crane, English painter/cartoonist/illustrator, dies at 69
  • 1941 Isaak E Babel, writer, dies at 46
  • 1941 Isaak Emmanuilovich Babel, Rus writer (Crvena Konjica), executed at 46
  • 1941 Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle
  • 1946 Dai Li, Chinese spymaster (b. 1897)
  • 1949 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1954 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor, dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel laureate 1935) and daughter of Marie Curie, dies at 58

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957 Ramon Magsaysay, 7th President of the Philippines, dies in a plane crash at 49

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • 1961 Susanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader, dies at 101
  • 1965 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, dies at 69
  • 1965 Almos Alonzo Stagg, football coach (University of Chicago), dies in California at 102
  • 1967 Frank Wisbar, director (Fireside Theater), dies at 67
  • 1970 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Chaud et Frois), dies at 83
  • 1971 Ernst Bachmeister, writer, dies
  • 1974 Carroll Nye, actor (Gone with the Wind), dies at 72
  • 1974 Louis I Kahn, Estonia/US architect, dies at about 73
  • 1976 Luchino Visconti di Modrone, It director (Terra Diaeresis), dies at 69
  • 1982 Hans ter Laag, Dutch sound technician, murdered in El Salvador
  • 1982 Jan Kuiper, Dutch news editor (IKON), murdered in El Salvador
  • 1982 Joop Willemsen, Dutch cameraman, murdered in El Salvador
  • 1983 Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1987 Santo Trafficante, Jr., American gangster (b. 1914)
  • 1992 George Lovi, US columnist (Sky & Telescope's "Ramblings"), dies
  • 1993 Laadi Flici, Algerian MP, murdered
  • 1994 Arthur C. Jacobs, Scottish poet, dies at 57
  • 1994 Walter Janka, German writer (Troubles with Truth), dies at 79
  • 1995 Ahmad Khomeini, youngest son of Iran ayatollah Khomeini, dies at 48
  • 1995 Marcus Jan Adriani, biologist/director (Weevers' Duin), dies at 56
  • 1995 Ronnie Kray, English gangster (The Firm), dies at 61
  • 1996 Bela Szigeti, theoretical physicist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Kenneth Jameson, art educationalist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Thomas Enders, diplomat, dies at 64
  • 2002 Pat Weaver, American broadcast executive (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Luise Rinser, German writer (Prison Journal), dies at 90
  • 2003 Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (b. 1902)
  • 2005 George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)
  • 2005 Andre Norton, American writer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (b. 1913)
  • 2007 John Backus, American computer scientist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Jim Cronin, Animal welfare campaigner and founder of Monkey World in Dorset, England. (b. 1951)
  • 2008 Roland Arnall, U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands (b. 1939)
  • 2012 John Demjanjuk, convicted Nazi war criminal, dies from natural causes at 91
  • 2012 Pope Shenouda III, Egyptian Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, dies from prostate cancer at 88
  • 2012 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull, dies from natural causes at 88
  • 2016 Paul Daniels, British magician (The Paul Daniels Magic Show), dies at 77