On This Day in History for March 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 142

  • 1227 Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
  • 1279 A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.
  • 1452 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome
  • 1524 Giovanni de Varrazano, a Florentine explorer in the service of King Francis I of France, lands around area of Carolinas
  • 1540 Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
  • 1563 Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
  • 1571 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1628 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England
  • 1644 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor
  • 1682 Nationally Council accept independence of French church
  • 1687 Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
  • 1702 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England
  • 1748 Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize north American colonies
  • 1775 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 1775 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1799 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • 1803 Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar
  • 1822 Boston, Mass, incorporated as a city
  • 1831 1st US bank robbery (City Bank, NY/$245,000)
  • 1861 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
  • 1863 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
  • 1866 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 1877 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • 1882 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona
  • 1883 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • 1895 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • 1906 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich
  • 1907 18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record)
  • 1911 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
  • 1915 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • 1917 US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • 1918 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • 1918 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • 1920 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • 1921 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (later Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop, appointed as Apostolic Visitor to Bulgaria

  • 1927 Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin
  • 1930 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
  • 1931 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • 1932 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
  • 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • 1937 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
  • 1940 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
  • 1940 French government of Daladier falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • 1943 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
  • 1943 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • 1943 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
  • 1944 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • 1945 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • 1945 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • 1946 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
  • 1946 Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
  • 1947 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1947 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1948 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1949 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tn
  • 1950 City College of NY defeats Bradley to win the NIT
  • 1951 Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny" published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1954 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1954 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • 1954 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 1954 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1954 Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings for the West Indies v England
  • 1957 Indians reject Boston's offer of $1 million for Herb Score
  • 1958 Britain's first planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's, London
  • 1958 Gary Sobers completes a century in each innings for WI vs. Pakistan
  • 1962 Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal
  • 1965 Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
  • 1965 Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000 guilders
  • 1965 Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania
  • 1965 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000, said to have been most powerful Confederate cruiser, discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.
  • 1966 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
  • 1967 French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
  • 1968 Howard University, Washington, DC, students seize administration building
  • 1969 British invade Anguilla
  • 1969 Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
  • 1969 The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.
  • 1970 W German chancellor & E German premier meet
  • 1972 India & Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
  • 1973 Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency"
  • 1974 Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1977 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)
  • 1978 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
  • 1979 US House of Representatives begins live TV broadcasts via C-SPAN
  • 1981 -21] Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time
  • 1981 2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
  • 1982 National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
  • 1982 Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the U.K.
  • 1984 "Kate & Allie" premieres
  • 1984 John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of New York
  • 1984 KSD-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA
  • 1984 Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River

Birthdays in History

  • 1434 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
  • 1488 Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)
  • 1503 Benedetto Varchi, Italian humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)
  • 1589 William Bradford, gov of Plymouth colony for 30 years (baptized)
  • 1593 Georges de la Tour, French painter
  • 1601 Alonzo Cano, Spanish painter/sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
  • 1610 Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter
  • 1629 Aleksei M Romanov, 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
  • 1684 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1721 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1728 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter
  • 1734 Thomas McKean, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence) [or Apr 19]
  • 1739 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
  • 1742 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • 1742 Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • 1749 Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • 1777 Anton R Falck, Dutch minister of Education/diplomat
  • 1778 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1813 David Livingstone, Scottish explorer (found by Stanley in Africa), born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1873)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1817 Lewis Henry Little, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1819 David Henry Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • 1821 Francis Barretto Spinola, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), born in Torquay, Devon (d. 1890)

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • 1821 William Allingham, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Irish poet (The Fairies, Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • 1823 Cornelis A van Sypesteyn, Dutch governor of Surinam (1873-82)
  • 1823 Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1827 Alexander Shaler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1911)
  • 1829 Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1837 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • 1844 Minna Canth, Finland, playwright (The Pastor's Family) and social activist
  • 1845 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1848 Wyatt Earp, American sheriff (OK Corral), born in Monmouth, Illinois (d. 1929)

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp
OK Corral Sheriff
Wyatt Earp
  • 1849 Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
  • 1851 Roque Saenz Pena, President of Argentina (1910-14)
  • 1851 William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860 William Jennings Bryan, American orator and statesman known as "The Great Commoner", born in Salem, Illinois (d. 1925)

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1861 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • 1864 Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • 1865 William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • 1872 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • 1882 Gaston Lachaise, US sculptor (Standing Woman)
  • 1883 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • 1888 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • 1889 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 Earl Warren, Governor of California/14th supreme court chief justice (1953-69), born in Los Angeles, California

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1892 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • 1892 James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • 1894 Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)
  • 1897 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer, born in Inishmore, Aran Islands (d. 1984)
  • 1900 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • 1901 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, Dutch Min of Justice (Nobel 1954)
  • 1901 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • 1903 Benjamin M Telders, president of Dutch Liberal States Party
  • 1903 James Bullock, colliery manager

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 John Sirica, US federal judge (Watergate hearings), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1992)

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica
  • 1905 Albert Speer, German architect/minister of Armament (NSDAP)
  • 1906 Adolf Eichmann, Ruhr Germany, Nazi Gestapo officer
  • 1907 Nakagawa Soen, Formosa, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)
  • 1910 Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin, cosmonaut
  • 1910 Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Kenneth Robinson, politician/businessman
  • 1912 Adolf Galland, fighter Pilot
  • 1914 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914 Jiang Qing [Madame Mao], Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China (d. 1991)

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1915 Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Irving Wallace, author (People's Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]
  • 1917 Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)
  • 1919 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • 1920 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • 1925 Brent Scowcroft, Ogden Utah, Lt Gen (USAF)/National Security Council
  • 1928 Hans Küng, Swiss theologian
  • 1933 Philip Roth, novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy's Complaint), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1934 Borge Andersen, Denmark, Danish Chess Champion (1967, 68)
  • 1937 Egon Krenz, President of East Germany
  • 1941 Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)
  • 1942 David Minge, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • 1943 Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943 Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • 1944 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • 1944 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • 1944 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • 1947 John Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1954 Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • 1956 Alina Castro, Havanna Cuba, daughter of Fidel
  • 1956 Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.
  • 1968 Mots'eoa Senyane, Lesotho diplomat
  • 1971 Sébastien Godefroid, Belgian sailor
  • 1975 Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1980 Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator
  • 1992 Henry & Angus Bernsen, twin sons of Corbin Bernsen & Amanda Pays
  • 2007 Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan

Weddings in History

  • 1924 American poet e.e. (Edward Estlin) Cummings marries first wife Elaine Orr. The marriage lasts less than 9 months.

Divorces in History

  • 1976 Princess Margaret separates from the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1996 Winnie Mandela divorces Nelson Mandela after 38 years of marrage

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Deaths in History

  • 1238 Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)
  • 1263 Hugo of St-Cher/a S Caro, French cardinal, dies
  • 1279 Emperor Bing of Song China (b. 1271)
  • 1286 King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)
  • 1330 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (b. 1301)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1406 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), dies at 73

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1556 Lieven van der Maude, [Ammonius], South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • 1623 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1556)
  • 1635 Pieter Christiaensz Bor, Dutch historian, dies
  • 1637 Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman (b. 1570)
  • 1638 Paul Moreelse, Dutch painter/master builder, dies at about 66
  • 1649 Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)
  • 1683 Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (b. 1612)
  • 1687 Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle, Fren explorer (Louisiana), killed at 43
  • 1702 William III, William of Orange, King of England and Scotland (1689-1702) and Stadtholder, dies at 51 [O.S. 8 Mar]
  • 1711 Thomas Ken, English bishop and hymn-writer (b. 1637)
  • 1717 John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist
  • 1721 Clement XI, [Giovanni F Albani], Italian Pope (1700-21), dies at 71
  • 1796 Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
  • 1816 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician (b. 1730)
  • 1862 F Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
  • 1869 Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (triangulatie), dies at 64
  • 1871 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • 1897 Antoine T d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), dies at 87
  • 1898 Joao da Cruz, Brazilian poet, dies at 26
  • 1900 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (b. 1815)
  • 1907 Thomas Bailey Aldrich, US writer (Stillwater Tragedy), dies at 70
  • 1914 Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)
  • 1916 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1918 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/liberal politician, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), dies of unremitting circulatory trouble at 81

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1934 Anthony J Block, lawyer (Dutch strafproces), dies at 66
  • 1937 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan author/poet, commits suicide at 58
  • 1939 Lloyd L. Gaines, American civil rights activist
  • 1940 Gustaaf Sap, Belgian minister of Economic Affairs, dies at 54
  • 1942 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist (b. 1855)
  • 1943 Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)
  • 1944 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • 1945 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • 1946 Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), dies at 35
  • 1950 Edgar Rice Burroughs, sci-fi author (Tarzan of the Apes), dies at 74
  • 1971 Jan Greshoff, Dutch poet/author/journalist (Last Things), dies at 82
  • 1971 Mary Dorna, Dutch author, dies at 79
  • 1974 Anne Klien, fashion designer, dies at 51
  • 1974 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist/daughter of Otto K, dies at 70
  • 1975 John A DeMott, dies at 63
  • 1978 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (b. 1893)
  • 1984 Garry Winogrand, American photographer (b. 1928)
  • 1987 Arch Oboler, radio writer (Lights Out), dies at 77
  • 1987 Louis Broglie, French physicist (Nobel 1929), dies at 94
  • 1987 Tony Stratton-Smith, journalist/record co CEO (Charisma), dies at 53
  • 1989 Alan Civil, English French horn player (b. 1929)
  • 1991 Ron Pagano, dies after lengthy illness at 37
  • 1993 Barend P Tammeling, journalist (Trouw, Peek on the North), dies at 58
  • 1994 Giuseppe Diana, Italian anti-mafia priest, murdered
  • 1994 Jose Coronel Urtecho, poet, dies at 87
  • 1995 Fernand Lodewick, literature historian (Literature), dies at 85
  • 1995 Gerard Tebroke, 5/10 km-dasher, dies at 45
  • 1996 William Hutchinson Murray, mountaineer/author, dies at 83
  • 1997 Willem De Kooning, artists (Abstract), dies of Alzheimer at 92
  • 1999 Jaime Sabines, Mexican poet (b. 1926)
  • 1999 Tofilau Eti Alesana, former Prime Minister of Samoa (b. 1924)
  • 2001 Charles K. Johnson, President of the Flat Earth Society (b. 1924)
  • 2003 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2004 Mitchell Sharp, Canadian politician (b. 1911)
  • 2005 John De Lorean, American automobile engineer (b. 1925)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2008 Arthur C. Clarke, English science fiction author (2001: A Space Odyssey, Childhood's End), dies at 90

Sci-Fi Author Arthur C. Clarke
Sci-Fi Author
Arthur C. Clarke
  • 2008 Hugo Claus, Belgian writer (b. 1929)
  • 2012 William Charette, American navy hospital corpsman and Medal of Honour recipient, dies at 79