On This Day in History for March 21

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 129

  • 630 Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem.
  • 717 Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.
  • 1188 Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.
  • 1349 3,000 Jews killed in Black Death riots in Efurt, Germany
  • 1413 Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales, becomes King Henry V of England.
  • 1492 Alonzo Pietro, pilot, sailed with Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 King James I of England and VI of Scotland addresses English House of Commons

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1681 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London
  • 1702 Queen Anne addresses English parliament
  • 1788 Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans Louisiana
  • 1788 Olaudah Equiano (aka Gustavus Vassa), a freed slave, petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans
  • 1791 Capt Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in US Navy
  • 1804 Civil Code of Napoleon adopted in France
  • 1821 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1824 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin & Mariano Gonzales meet at Portillo Pass

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1844 Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
  • 1844 The original date predicted by William Miller of Massachusetts for the return of Christ and the end of the world.
  • 1859 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
  • 1859 Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1860 US extradition treaty with Sweden
  • 1863 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • 1864 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
  • 1866 US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • 1868 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC

CommunicationHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

1871 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1885 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • 1888 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • 1890 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • 1899 British & French accord over West Africa
  • 1907 US sends troops to Honduras to halt the Nicaraguan army takeover
  • 1909 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1913 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • 1914 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • 1914 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • 1916 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • 1917 Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
  • 1918 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • 1922 KGW-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
  • 1924 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
  • 1924 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
  • 1925 Edinburgh's Murreyfield Stadium officially opens
  • 1925 Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijrah calendar
  • 1925 The Butler Act, a Tennessee statue, is enacted prohibiting the teaching of evolution
  • 1927 Guomindang Army conquers Shanghai as British marines flee
  • 1931 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • 1931 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1931 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Hitler, Goering, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning & top army meet in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • 1935 Jean Anouilh's "Y avait un presonnier" premieres in Paris
  • 1935 Persia is officially renamed Iran
  • 1937 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • 1939 Nazi Germany demands the return of Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland
  • 1942 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • 1943 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
  • 1943 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Gen Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
  • 1945 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • 1945 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • 1946 UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)
  • 1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 US President Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1951 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1952 -22] Tornadoes in Ark, Tenn, Mo, Miss, Ala & Ky cause 343 deaths
  • 1952 31 storms crosses 6 states killing 340 in South-Central US
  • 1955 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus to join Greece
  • 1955 Brooklyn Bulletin ask Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Tennessee Williams' "Orpheus Descending" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1958 1st presentation of West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1960 Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC
  • 1962 A bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds
  • 1962 Bekkers of Bosch makes TV speech in Neth for birth control
  • 1962 Dutch RC bishop Beckers declares himself in favor of birth control

CommunicationClosure of Alcatraz

1963 Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
  • 1966 US preme Court reverses Mass ruling that "Fanny Hill" is obscene
  • 1968 "Royals" chosen as the name of new KC AL franchise
  • 1968 Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares banished to Sao Tomé

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2"
  • 1972 US Supreme Court rules states can't require 1-yr residency to vote
  • 1974 Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall
  • 1975 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • 1978 San Francisco passes its and the U.S.' most comprehensive homosexual rights bill
  • 1979 Egyptian Parliament unanimously approve peace treaty with Israel
  • 1982 "Little Johnny Jones" opens & closes at Alvin Theater NYC
  • 1983 Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled
  • 1984 Part of Central Park is named Strawberry Fields honoring John Lennon
  • 1984 Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
  • 1985 Bloodbath at Langa (Uitenhage) South-Africa, 19 killed
  • 1986 199.22 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

Birthdays in History

  • 1466 French van Brederode, leader Hoeksen
  • 1474 Angela Merici, Italian monastery founder/saint
  • 1521 Maurice, Duke and later Elector of Saxony (1547-53), (d. 1553)
  • 1713 Francis Lewis, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1763 Jean Paul, German romantic writer (Titan), born in Wunsiedel, Franconia (d. 1825)
  • 1765 Henry Fagel, Dutch/English baron/diplomat
  • 1768 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician/Egyptologist
  • 1801 Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • 1806 Benito Pablo Juarez, president of Mexico (1858-72), born in Oaxaca, Mexico
  • 1811 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • 1813 James Jesse Strang, King of Mormons on Beaver Is, MI (1850-56)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 Henry Ossian Flipper, American soldier, former slave and first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1877, born in Thomasville, Georgia (d. 1940)

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1863 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • 1865 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London (d. 1940)
  • 1866 Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury, astronomer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 Albert Kahn, American architect (architect of Detroit), born in Rhaunen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • 1869 Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)
  • 1880 Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real)
  • 1880 Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
  • 1884 George D Birkhoff, US mathematician (Aesthetic measure)
  • 1887 Edwin Scharff, German "entartet" painter/sculptor
  • 1893 Geoffrey Dearmer, poet
  • 1901 Richard Leslie Hill, historian
  • 1901 Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • 1902 William Downie Forrest, journalist
  • 1904 Forrest Mars Sr., American candymaker (d. 1999)
  • 1905 Phyllis McGinley, US, poet (Pulitzer 1961, Love Letters)
  • 1906 John D. Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist (oil)
  • 1906 Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman
  • 1910 Nick Castle, choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1910 M S Khan, Bangladeshi intellectual (d. 1978)
  • 1913 George Ghita Ionescu, academic
  • 1913 Max Youngstein, American producer (United Artists), born in NYC, New York
  • 1914 Herman Siles Zuazo, politician
  • 1917 Frank Hardy, Australian author (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist
  • 1921 Joe Sutter, American engineer and head of the Boeing 747 program, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • 1925 John E Grotberg, (Rep-R-IL, 1985-86)
  • 1927 Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (FDP), worked to re-unify Germany, born in Reideburg (d. 2016)
  • 1928 James W Kinnear, CEO (Texaco), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1928 Peter Hacks, German playwright (Tie Windloch)
  • 1931 Ivan William Hannaford, sociologist
  • 1933 John Hall, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1933 Michael Heseltine, UK Secretary of State for Defence (1986)/MP
  • 1935 Hubert Fichte, German writer, born in Perleberg (d. 1986)
  • 1936 Ed Broadbent, Canadian politician
  • 1938 Wilf Corrigan, English/US electronic manufacturer (LSI Logic)
  • 1941 Dirk D Frimout, Belgium, cosmonaut
  • 1946 Ray Dorset, rocker (Cold Blue Excursion)
  • 1949 Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic
  • 1961 Shawn Lane, American guitar virtuoso (d. 2003)
  • 1962 Mark Waid, American comic book writer
  • 1964 Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi international football star
  • 1965 Xavier Bertrand, French politician
  • 1967 Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
  • 1967 Maxim Reality, British MC (The Prodigy)
  • 1968 DJ Premier (Preemo), hip hop producer
  • 1972 Michele Michael, Miss Maryland USA (1996)
  • 1972 Large Professor, hip hop artist
  • 1975 Mark Williams, Welsh snooker player
  • 1978 Charmaine Dragun, Australian news anchor (d.2007)
  • 1980 Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 2004 Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1874 Ulysses S. Grant's daughter Nellie marries in the White House

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1891 A Hatfield marries a McCoy, ends long feud in West Virginia it started with an accusation of pig-stealing & lasted 20 years
  • 2009 British songbird who soared to the top of the charts with her hit "Unwritten" Natasha Bedingfield (27) weds California businessman Matthew Robinson at Church Estate Vineyard's in Malibu, California

Deaths in History

  • 1063 Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia, venerated in Roman Catholicism, wife of King Mieszko II of Poland
  • 1076 Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1011)
  • 1181 Taira Kiyomori, Japanese Feudal general (b. 1118)
  • 1306 Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1248)
  • 1487 Nicholas of Flue, Swiss hermit and saint (b. 1417)
  • 1538 Hugo, earl of Leisnig, governor of Frisia, dies at about 79
  • 1556 Thomas Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury, burned at stake at 66

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1617 Pocahontas, American Indian princess and daughter of Powhatan, dies at 22

American Indian Princess Pocahontas
American Indian Princess
Pocahontas
  • 1652 Vredius, [Olivier de Wree], Flem historian/mayor (Brugge), dies at 55
  • 1656 Armagh James Ussher, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (claimed world began 4004 BC), dies at 76
  • 1676 Henri Sauval, French historian (b. 1623)
  • 1729 John Law, Scottish financier, dies at about 57
  • 1734 Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian (b. 1679)
  • 1751 Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (b. 1706)
  • 1762 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
  • 1768 Jan J Mauricius, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1742-51), dies at 75
  • 1772 Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (b. 1703)
  • 1795 Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (b. 1714)
  • 1804 Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)
  • 1810 Philippe-Joseph van den Berghe graaf Limmighe, Brabants ships, dies
  • 1830 Johann Rudolf Wyss, Swiss folkorist and writer (Swiss Family Robinson), dies at 48
  • 1843 Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (b. 1786)
  • 1843 Robert Southey, English writer (The Story of the Three Bears), Poet Laureate (1813-43) and biographer (Nelson), dies at 68
  • 1844 Leopold F J J J van Sassen Ysselt, Dutch politician, dies at 65
  • 1850 Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • 1857 Abraham J van der Aa, lexicographer (Biograph dictionary), dies at 64
  • 1863 Edwin Vose Sumner, US Union-general-major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
  • 1881 Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • 1884 Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar (b. 1819)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 Frederick Winslow Taylor, American mechanical engineer and the father of scientific management, dies of influenza at 58

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor
  • 1916 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art expert, dies at 72
  • 1920 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (Torre, Tre Croci), dies at 37
  • 1921 "Big Jim" Colisimo, US gangster, murdered by Al Capone
  • 1941 Robert Liefmann, German economist (Kartelle und Trusts), dies at 67
  • 1945 J Woortman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39
  • 1945 Artur Nebe, German SS officer {b. 1894)
  • 1952 Wilhelm Albrecht, German SD-chief, executed
  • 1958 Cyril M Kornbluth, US sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), dies at 34
  • 1969 Gerhart Fritsch, writer, dies at 44
  • 1970 Marlen Haushofer, writer, dies at 49
  • 1975 Ralph Hawtrey, economist (multiplier), dies at 95
  • 1980 Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)
  • 1986 August de Boodt, Belgian politician, dies at 90
  • 1991 Leo Fender, American inventor (Fender guitar), dies at 81
  • 1994 Lili Damita, wife of Errol Flynn (Bridge of San Luis Rey), dies at 89
  • 1995 Daan Wildschut, Dutch painter/author, dies at 81
  • 1995 Etienne Martin, French sculptor, dies at 82
  • 1996 Frank Murray, police Officer, dies at 51
  • 1997 W. V. Awdry, English children's writer (b. 1911)
  • 1998 Galina Ulanova, Russian prima ballerina assoluta (b. 1910)
  • 2001 Chung Ju-yung, Korean industrialist (b. 1915)
  • 2002 Herman Talmadge, American politician (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Drew Hayes, American writer & graphic artist (b. 1969)
  • 2007 Sven O. Høiby, the father of Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway (b. 1936)
  • 2007 Kevin Whitrick, first British man to commit suicide on a live chatroom (b. 1964)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2013 Chinua Achebe, Nigerian poet and novelist (Things Fall Apart), dies at 82

Novelist and Poet Chinua Achebe
Novelist and Poet
Chinua Achebe
  • 2014 James Rebhorn, American actor, dies from melanoma at 65
  • 2015 Leon Brittan, [Baron Brittan of Spennithorne] British politician and Home Secretary, dies at 75
  • 2016 Robert McNeill Alexander, British zoologist (estimated speed of dinosaurs), dies at 81
  • 2017 Martin McGuinness, Irish Sinn Féin politician and IRA member, dies of a heart condition at 66
  • 2017 Colin Dexter, English crime writer (Inspector Morse), dies at 86
  • 2017 Chuck Barris, american TV game show producer and host (Gong Show), dies at 87