On This Day in History for March 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 119

  • 1379 End of Gelderse war victory
  • 1545 German Parliament opens in Worms
  • 1550 France & England sign Peace of Boulogne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns.

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1629 1st game law passed in American colonies, by Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1664 Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1731 Jerome (aka Hieronimus) de Salis naturalised as British by Act of Parliamentary.
  • 1765 Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • 1792 Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London
  • 1801 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia
  • 1815 Handel & Haydn Society of Boston founded
  • 1828 Philadelphia & Columbia Railway (1st state owned) authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred & feathered in Ohio

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • 1837 Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote
  • 1848 State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • 1855 Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston Kansas
  • 1860 Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of NY
  • 1868 Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • 1877 University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • 1878 British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • 1880 Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 German scientist Robert Koch discovers and describes the tubercle bacillus which causes tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis)

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • 1883 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
  • 1887 Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • 1890 Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" (BG)
  • 1894 37 miners killed at Franklin, WA
  • 1900 New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • 1905 A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers
  • 1906 "Census of the British Empire" shows Britain rules 1/5 of the world
  • 1907 The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro is published.
  • 1910 83°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • 1913 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
  • 1916 German submarines torpedo the unarmed French cross-channel packet 'Sussex'
  • 1920 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City, NC)
  • 1924 Greece becomes a republic
  • 1925 KSL-AM in Salt Lake City UT begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 The Beehive in the Hague opens 1st escalator in Netherlands
  • 1927 Cuban chess champion Jose Capablanca wins 33-day Grand Chess Tournie
  • 1927 Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Belgian & Netherland's Wielingen Treaty
  • 1930 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
  • 1933 Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency
  • 1934 U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
  • 1937 Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
  • 1937 National Gallery of Art established by Congress
  • 1941 British troops defeat Italians in Somaliland
  • 1941 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
  • 1941 Richard Wright & Paul Green's "Native Son" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • 1944 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders
  • 1945 Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine
  • 1945 US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
  • 1947 Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 John D. Rockefeller Jr donates NYC East River site to the UN

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • 1949 Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win
  • 1949 SS police chief in the Netherlands Hanns Albin Rauter's request for a pardon denied, executed by firing squad
  • 1950 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • 1950 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1952 Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa
  • 1953 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1955 1st seagoing oil drill rig placed in service
  • 1955 British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast after 20 years
  • 1959 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • 1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
  • 1960 US appeals court rules novel "Lady Chatterly's Lover" not obscene

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Mick Jagger & Keith Richards perform as Little Boy Blue & Blue Boys

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • 1964 Kennedy half-dollar issued
  • 1965 US Ranger 9 strikes Moon, 10 miles (16 km) NE of crater Alphonsus
  • 1966 Selective Service announces college deferments based on performance
  • 1967 University of Michigan holds 1st "Teach-in" after bombing of North Vietnam
  • 1969 Francis Turner is sworn in as the director of the Federal Highway Administration
  • 1970 Dutch cartoonist Frans Piet ends "Sjors & Sjimmie" strip
  • 1972 Great Britain imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Harley Race beats Dory Funk Jr in Kansas City, to become NWA champ
  • 1973 Professional track debut of Kip Keino defeating Jim Ryun in the mile
  • 1976 Argentine President Isabel Martínez de Perón is deposed in a military coup
  • 1979 Columbia flown on carrier aircraft lands at Kennedy Space Center
  • 1981 Colombia drops diplomatic relations with Cuba
  • 1982 US sub Jacksonville collides with a Turkish freighter near Virginia
  • 1984 Andrea Schone skates ladies world record 5 km (7:34.52)
  • 1984 Igor Malkov skates world record 10 km (14:21.51)
  • 1985 5th Golden Raspberry (Razzie) Awards: Bolero wins
  • 1986 Suriname army capt Etienne Boerenveen arrested for cocaine smuggling
  • 1986 US & Libya clash in Gulf of Sidra
  • 1986 NASA publishes "Strategy for Safely Returning the Space Shuttle to Flight Status"
  • 1989 Worst US oil spill, Exxon's Valdez spills 11.3 mil gallons off Alaska
  • 1990 Indian troops leave Sri Lanka
  • 1991 Banks reopen in liberated Kuwait

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Wrestlemania VII in LA, Hulk Hogan pins Sgt Slaughter

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) launches into space
  • 1992 Sudanese Boeing 707 crashes on mountain Hymettos at Athens: 5-6 die
  • 1992 1st Belgium in the space, Dirk Frimout on Atlantis Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) launches into space
  • 1993 Ezer Weizman elected president of Israel
  • 1994 F-16 collides with C-130 Hercules above AFB in NC, 120 die
  • 1996 Eastenders star Michael French is reported to be a homosexual
  • 1996 MTA raises NYC bridge tolls to $3.50 each way
  • 1997 Australian parliament overturns world's 1st & only euthanasia law
  • 1998 Jonesboro massacre: Two students, ages 11 and 13, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are dead and ten are wounded.

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 101

  • 1188 Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders/son of Sancho I
  • 1441 Ernst I, elector of Saxon (1464-86)
  • 1494 Georgius Agricola, German mineralogist (De Re Metallica), born in Glauchau, Saxony (d. 1555)
  • 1607 Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear admiral (St Vincent, Dune)
  • 1628 Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1685)
  • 1630 José Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal, born in Logro, Old Castile (d. 1699)
  • 1657 Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)
  • 1693 John Harrison, British clockmaker (d. 1776)
  • 1703 Jose F de Isla, [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer
  • 1725 Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1813)
  • 1725 Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1788)
  • 1733 Joseph Priestley, England, Birstall England, clergyman/scientist (discovered oxygen)
  • 1755 Rufus King, framer of US constitution
  • 1782 Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (d. 1836)
  • 1796 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
  • 1797 Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity)
  • 1802 Jacob van Lennep, attorney/Dutch MP
  • 1809 Joseph Liouville, France, discover of transcendental numbers
  • 1814 Galen Clark, US, naturalist/discovered Mariposa Grove
  • 1820 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)
  • 1820 Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
  • 1821 Elisa Felix, [Rachel], tragedienne
  • 1821 [George] Hector Tyndale, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1880)
  • 1829 George Francis Train, American businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1829 Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican general (d. 1862)
  • 1830 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
  • 1834 John Wesley Powell, US, geologist/explorer/ethnologist
  • 1834 William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
  • 1835 Josef Stefan, Austria, physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
  • 1837 Philips, Count of Flanders Belgium
  • 1848 Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
  • 1850 Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1855 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
  • 1855 Olive Schreiner, South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Harry Houdini [Erich Weiss], Famous magician and escape artist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1874 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president of Italy (1948-55)
  • 1878 Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
  • 1883 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • 1884 Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
  • 1886 Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • 1886 Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • 1888 Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
  • 1891 Annie "Charley" Toorop, Dutch painter (3 Generations)
  • 1891 John Knittel, Swiss writer, born in Dharwar, India (d. 1970)
  • 1891 Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
  • 1896 Gianna Manzini, writer
  • 1897 Charles Eyck, Dutch painter/sculptor
  • 1897 Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-US psycho analysist (character analysis)
  • 1898 Dorothy Stratton, organizer (SPARS-women's branch of US Coast Guard)
  • 1898 George Alpert, railroad executive
  • 1901 Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Thomas E. Dewey, Governor of NY and Republican presidential candidate (1944, 1948), born in Owosso, Michigan (d. 1971)

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1903 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
  • 1903 Malcolm Muggeridge, English writer (Observer of Life)
  • 1905 Andre Christiaens, Flemish writer (Unfindable Country)
  • 1905 Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (d. 2007)
  • 1906 John Cameron Swayze, news correspondent/spokesman (Timex) [OS]
  • 1907 Janet Harmon Bragg, US pilot/columnist (Chicago Defender)
  • 1907 Lauris Norstad, US gen (NATO commander)/CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass)
  • 1907 Lucia Chase, US ballerina/co-founder (American Ballet Theater)
  • 1907 Lydia Korneevna Chukovskaya, writer
  • 1907 Paul Sauvé, Quebec politician (d. 1960)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1909 Clyde Barrow, American bank robber (of Bonnie & Clyde fame), born in Ellis County, Texas (d. 1934)

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1911 Herman W "Fritz" Liebert, US OSSer/librarian (Yale curator)
  • 1911 Jane Beverly Drew, English modernist architect, born in Croydon (d. 1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1911 Joseph Barbera, American animator (Hanna-Barbera - Tom and Jerry), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2006)

Animator Joseph Barbera
Animator
Joseph Barbera

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1912 Dorothy Height, American civil rights and women's rights activist (National Council of Negro Women), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2010)

Women's and Civil Rights Activist Dorothy Height
Women's and Civil Rights Activist
Dorothy Height
  • 1916 Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
  • 1917 John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter
  • 1919 Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind), born in Bronxville, New York
  • 1919 John J Duncan Jr, (Rep-R-TN, 1965- )
  • 1919 Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005
  • 1921 Wilson Harris, Guayanese author
  • 1922 Onna White, Canadian choreographer (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Edna Jo Hunter, expert on military families & prisoners of war
  • 1924 Lorraine Gourley, LA CA
  • 1926 Dario Fo, Italian playwright and performer (Nobel Prize Literature 1997), born in Sangiano (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Martin Walser, German writer, born in Wasserburg am Bodensee
  • 1932 Yuri Anatoyevich Ponomaryov, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 18 backup)
  • 1935 Peter Bichsel, Swiss writer (Gruppe Olten), born in Bellach
  • 1936 David Suzuki, Canadian scientist and environmentalist
  • 1937 Bill Tillman, basebal player
  • 1937 Erskine Sandiford, Premier of Barbados, 1987-94)
  • 1938 David Irving, British historian
  • 1940 Bob Mackie, Monterey Parks California, designer (Streisand, Cher)
  • 1943 H Martin Lancaster, (Rep-D-NC)
  • 1944 Vojislav Koštunica, Serbian Prime Minister
  • 1945 Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist
  • 1946 Paul Williams, climber

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Alan Sugar, English multi-millionaire/computer manufacturer (Amstrad), born in Hackney, London

Computer Entrepreneur Alan Sugar
Computer Entrepreneur
Alan Sugar
  • 1947 Paul McCandless, rocker (Torches on the Lake)
  • 1947 Pieter W Coetzer, South African journalist/MP (NP)
  • 1947 Christine Gregoire, American politician, current governor of Washington
  • 1951 Kenneth S Reightler Jr, Patuxent R Md, Cmdr USN/astro (STS 48, 60)
  • 1951 Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer, born in Elmira, New York
  • 1954 Irina Ratushinskaya, Odessa Ukraine, disident poet (Beyond the Limit)
  • 1957 Scott J Horowitz, PhD/Capt USAF/astronaut (STS 75, 82), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1960 Grayson Perry, English cross-dressing artist (Turner Prize 2003), born in Chelmsford

Weddings in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 56th UK Prime Minister Bonar Law (32) weds Annie Robley at West Free Church in Helensburgh, Scotland

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

HeartWedding of Interest

1896 Writer "Heart of Darkness" Joseph Conrad (39) marries Englishwoman Jessie George (23)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1996 Former Atlanta mayor and UN ambassador Andrew Young (64) weds Carolyn Watson (49) in South Africa

Divorces in History

  • 1994 Robert F Kennedy Jr divorces Emily Black

Deaths in History

  • 809 Harun al-Rashid, caliph of the Abbasid empire (786-809), dies at 44
  • 1284 Hugh III of Cyprus, King of Cyprus and Jerusalem (b 1235)
  • 1381 Saint Catharine of Sweden, Swedish saint
  • 1396 Walter Hilton, English mystic
  • 1400 Florens Radewijns, Dutch priest/leader Modern Devotion, dies
  • 1455 Nicholas V, [Tommaso Parentucelli], Italian Pope (1447-55), dies at 57
  • 1455 Rudolf van Diepholt, bishop/cardinal of Utrecht (1448-55), dies
  • 1471 Thomas Malory, author (Le Morte d'Arthur), dies at 55
  • 1558 Anna van Buren, countess of Egmond/Buren/Lingen, dies
  • 1563 Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)
  • 1575 Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1603 Elizabeth I Tudor, [Virgin Queen], of England and Ireland (1558-1603), dies at 69

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1635 Jacques Callot, French cartoonist/engraver, dies at about 42
  • 1644 Cecilia Renata, arch duchess of Austria, dies
  • 1661 William Leddra, last Quaker, hanged in Boston
  • 1773 Philip Dormer Stanhope, English statesman (b. 1694)
  • 1776 John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
  • 1823 Cornelis van Foreest, Dutch mayor (Alkmaar), dies at 66
  • 1844 Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (Dying Lion), dies at 73
  • 1866 Maria Amalia, of Bourbon-Sicily, wife of Louis Filips of Austria, dies
  • 1869 Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
  • 1877 Walter Bagehot, English economist/critic/banker, dies at 51
  • 1881 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
  • 1881 Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • 1882 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, US poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75
  • 1887 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic (b. 1837)
  • 1888 Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1905 Jules Verne, French writer "Father of Science Fiction" (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • 1909 John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist/playwright/poet, dies at 37
  • 1911 Matthew Stanley Robison, president (Cardinals), dies
  • 1915 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)
  • 1945 J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
  • 1945 Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies
  • 1946 Alexander A Alekhine, world chess champ (1927-35, 37-46), dies at 53
  • 1948 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (b. 1885)
  • 1950 James Rudolph Garfield, American politician, dies at 84
  • 1953 Mary, [Victoria Mary] of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
  • 1953 Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at 74
  • 1953 Mary, queen of Great-Britain/North-Ireland, dies at 85
  • 1956 Edmund Taylor Whittaker, British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions), dies at 82
  • 1960 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter, dies at 70
  • 1968 Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, Dutch sect leader, dies at 70
  • 1969 Joseph Kasavubu, president Congo (1960-65), dies at about 55
  • 1974 Doris Deane, dies at 74
  • 1974 Yoshida Isoya, Japanese architect (modern sukiya style), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1976 Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, dies at 88

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1978 Brackett Hamilton Leigh, [Douglass], author (Ginger Star), dies at 62
  • 1979 Yvonne Mitchell, writer, dies at 53
  • 1980 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman Catholic priest, murdered during mass at 62
  • 1990 An Wang, computer manufacturer (Wang), dies at 70 of cancer
  • 1991 Sir John Kerr, Australian politician and the Governor General who dismissed the Whitlam Government (b. 1914)
  • 1993 Erik Andriesse, Dutch painter (skulls, skeletons), dies at 35
  • 1993 John Hersey, Pulitzer prize author (Hiroshima), dies at 78
  • 1993 Peter Roovers, Dutch sculptor/teacher (war monuments), dies at 90
  • 1994 Edith Porada, art historian and archaeologist, dies at 81
  • 1994 Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician, assassinated
  • 1995 Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman, dies at 88
  • 1995 Trevor Oswald Ling, religious Studies Professor, dies at 75
  • 1997 Martin Caidin, American aviation writer (b. 1927)
  • 1999 Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women's activist (b. 1902)
  • 2001 Muriel Young, English TV entertainer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1927)
  • 2003 Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Hal Riney, American advertising executive (b. 1932)
  • 2010 Jim Marshall, American photographer (b. 1936)
  • 2012 Jocky Wilson, Scottish world champion darts player, dies at 62
  • 2016 Earl Hamner Jr, American creator and narrator of TV show "The Waltons", dies at 92