On This Day in History for March 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 145

  • 1027 John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty
  • 1147 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1484 William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop's Fables.
  • 1526 King Francois I returns Spanish captivity to France
  • 1534 Lübeck accepts free Dutch ships into East Sea
  • 1552 Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru.
  • 1636 University of Utrecht opening ceremony
  • 1668 England takes control of Bombay, India
  • 1692 King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 1780 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)
  • 1790 US Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
  • 1793 Pro-royalist uprising in Vendée region of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1804 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 1804 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • 1808 Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.
  • 1812 Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die
  • 1821 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • 1830 The Book of Mormon is published in Palmyra, New York.
  • 1839 1st Henley Royal Regatta
  • 1845 Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 1845 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • 1852 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • 1856 New South Wales's first 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
  • 1859 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist
  • 1862 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • 1863 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
  • 1871 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • 1872 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 1872 Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • 1878 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • 1878 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve
  • 1881 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • 1885 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • 1886 1st cremation in England
  • 1889 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • 1889 Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • 1889 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • 1895 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • 1900 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
  • 1903 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • 1909 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1909 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • 1910 US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick
  • 1910 William H Lewis appointed US Assistant Attorney General
  • 1913 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • 1913 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • 1917 British win a battle against Turks at Gaza
  • 1924 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
  • 1926 ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1926 The 1st lip-reading tournament held in America
  • 1927 Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
  • 1927 Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
  • 1930 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
  • 1931 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • 1931 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
  • 1934 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • 1935 RJ Mitchell & Mjr Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire
  • 1936 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • 1936 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • 1936 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
  • 1937 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
  • 1937 William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Ernest Hemingway & Benjamin Glazer premiere in NYC

  • 1942 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
  • 1942 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pa, kills 21

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1943 Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
  • 1943 Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal
  • 1944 705 British bombers attack Essen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto
  • 1945 US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 Iwo Jima occupied, after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 United States Air Force flag officially adopted by President Harry S. Truman

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1952 F Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1955 "Ballad of Davy Crockett" becomes the #1 record in US
  • 1956 Medic Alert Foundation forms
  • 1956 Red Buttons debuts on TV in Studio One
  • 1958 US Army launched America's third successful satellite, "Explorer III"
  • 1958 The African Regroupment Party (PRA) is launched at a meeting in Paris.
  • 1959 Test debut for Mushtaq Mohammad v WI age 15 yrs 124 days
  • 1960 Iraq executes 30 after attack on President Kassem
  • 1962 US Supreme Court backs 1-man-1-vote apportionment of seats in state legistature
  • 1967 21st Tony Awards: Homecoming & Cabaret win
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Populorum progressio
  • 1969 Nuclear reactor Dodewaard Neth goes into use
  • 1969 Soviet weather satellite Meteor 1 launched
  • 1970 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory made city landmark
  • 1970 Peter Yarrow (Peter, Paul & Mary) plead guilty to "taking immoral liberties" with a 14 year old girl
  • 1970 The Police (Northern Ireland) Act becomes law; the act provides for the disarmament of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the establishment of an RUC reserve force
  • 1971 "Benny Hill Show" tops TV ratings
  • 1971 Bangladesh (East Pakistan) declares its independence
  • 1972 William Whitelaw appointed as the first Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 101

  • 1479 Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33)/son of Ivan III
  • 1516 Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (d. 1565)
  • 1554 Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)
  • 1577 Elisabeth of Nassau, daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon
  • 1659 William Wollaston, Coton England, philosopher
  • 1698 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (d. 1765)
  • 1749 William Blount, American Statesman (d. 1800)
  • 1753 Benjamin Thompson, physicist (Royal Inst of Great Britain, Woburn MA)
  • 1773 Nathaniel Bowditch, mathematician/astronomer/author (Marine Sextant)
  • 1794 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)
  • 1813 Thomas West Sherman, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1817 Herman Haupt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • 1819 Louise Otto, Germany, author/feminist
  • 1821 Earnest Angel, German statistician (Law of Angel)
  • 1830 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar/poet/writer
  • 1833 Betsy Perk, [Christina E], Dutch journalist/writer/feminist
  • 1840 George Smith, Archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform (script)), born in London, England
  • 1850 Edward Bellamy, author (Looking Backward)
  • 1856 David Alfred Thomas, Glamorganshire UK, 1st Viscount Rhondda
  • 1859 A[lfred] E[dward] Housman, England, poet (Shropshire Lad)
  • 1859 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (d. 1919)
  • 1868 Fuad I, king of Egypt (1922-36)
  • 1871 Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole of the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Robert Frost, American poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1963)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875 Syngman Rhee, First President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1876 Prince William of Wied (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Othmar Ammann, Swiss bridge engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1880 Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)
  • 1882 Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist (d. 1940)
  • 1885 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer
  • 1886 Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • 1888 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
  • 1890 Jozef Arras, Flemish writer
  • 1893 Palmiro Togliatti, founder (Communist Party of Italy)
  • 1896 Rudolf Dassler, Founder of PUMA AG (d. 1974)
  • 1899 James B Connant, chemist/college president (Yale)
  • 1902 Leslie Melville, economist
  • 1904 Emilio Fernandez, El Seco Mexico, director (La Choca, Flor Silvestre)
  • 1904 Joseph Campbell, mythologist (Mythic Image)
  • 1904 Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2004)
  • 1905 Viktor Emil Frankl, pyschiatrist (Man's Search for Meaning)
  • 1906 Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
  • 1908 Betty MacDonald, [Anne E Campbell Bard], US writer (Egg & I)
  • 1908 Kenneth Mellanby, entomologist
  • 1908 Robert William Paine, architect
  • 1911 Bernard Katz, biophysicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1911 Tennessee Williams, American playwright (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), born in Columbus, Mississippi (d. 1983)

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1911 T. Hee, American animator (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Paul Erdos, mathematician
  • 1914 Ian McGeoch, Vice-Admiral

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914 William Westmoreland, US general during the Vietnam War, born in Saxon, South Carolina (d. 2005)

  • 1914 Toru Kumon, Japanese educator (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Christian B Anfinsen, US chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972)
  • 1916 Mort Abrahams, producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes)
  • 1917 Jean Graham Hall, circuit court judge (England)
  • 1920 George E Brown Jr, (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73- )
  • 1921 George Jefferson, CEO (British Telecom)
  • 1921 Peter Horsley, CEO (Osprey Aviation)
  • 1922 Oscar Sala, Italian-born physicist
  • 1923 Clifton Williams, Traskwood Arkansas, band master (Sinfonians)
  • 1923 Elizabeth Jane Howard, British novelist (After Julius), (d. 2014)
  • 1923 Gert Bastian, German politician (d. 1992)
  • 1925 Lord Graham of Edmonton, House of Lords (chief opposition whip)
  • 1925 Baron Hooson [Hugh Emlyn], British politician and peer (MP for Montgomeryshire 1962-79), (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Jonathan Tod, Vice-Admiral (England)
  • 1929 Edwin Turney, American businessman
  • 1930 Gregory Corso, beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man)
  • 1930 Sandra Day O'Connor, Texas, 1st woman Supreme Court Justice (1981- )
  • 1932 Dick Nolan, football coach
  • 1934 G T Pryce, CEO (Dalgety)
  • 1935 Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestine National Authority
  • 1938 Anthony James Leggett, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 Colin Webb, general manager (Press Association)
  • 1939 Stuart Sutherland, Professor Emeritus (Sussex U)
  • 1940 Bill Ind, Bishop-designate (Truro)
  • 1940 Nancy Pelosi, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1940 Servaes [J S] Huys, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1941 Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist
  • 1941 Yvon Marcoux, Quebec politician
  • 1942 Erica Jong, [Mann], American author (Fear of Flying), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Robert "Bob" Woodward, Geneva Illinois, Washington Post investigative reporter (Watergate, CIA crimes)
  • 1946 Alain Madelin, French politician
  • 1947 Dar Robinson, American stuntman (d. 1986)
  • 1949 Baroness Hayman [Hélène Hayman], Wolverhampton, West Midlands, Lord Speaker of the House of Lords
  • 1949 Patrick Süskind, German writer
  • 1952 David Amess, British politician (C), born in London
  • 1953 Elaine Chao, U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1953 Lincoln Chafee, American Senator from Rhode Island
  • 1953 Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (d. 2002)
  • 1954 Piers Gardner, director (British Institute of Intl & Comparative Law)
  • 1959 Chris Hansen, American reporter and correspondent
  • 1961 Leigh Bowery, designer
  • 1961 William Hague, Secretary of State for Wales
  • 1962 Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko, Russia, lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1963 Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
  • 1969 Beth Howell, Clinton Mississippi, Miss Mississippi-America (1991)
  • 1971 Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist and sociobiologist
  • 1973 Larry Page, American search engine pioneer and co-founder of Google, born in East Lansing, Michigan
  • 1983 David Bennett, Canadian powerlifter and steamfitter
  • 1984 Gregory Strydom, Zimbabwean crickaeter

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1771 Political activist Thomas Paine (34) weds second wife Elizabeth Ollive

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine

HeartWedding of Interest

1842 Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi (34) weds Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro (20) in Montevideo

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

HeartWedding of Interest

1938 Writer Walter Lippmann (48) weds second wife Helen Byrne Armstrong

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann

HeartWedding of Interest

1942 Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi (25) weds politician and journalist Feroze Gandhi (29) at Anand Bhavan

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi

HeartWedding of Interest

1965 Playwright Tom Stoppard (28) weds nurse Josie Ingle

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1994 Talk show hostess Ricki Lake weds Rob Sussman
  • 1994 Half-brother of former President Bill Clinton and rodeo clown Roger Clinton (37) weds Molly Martin (25) in Dallas

Deaths in History

  • 304 Saint Emmanuel, Christian martyr killed under Diocletian
  • 809 Liudger, missionary/1st bishop of Munster/saint, dies at about 66
  • 1130 King Sigurd I of Norway (b. ca. 1090)
  • 1212 Sancho I, King of Portugal (1185-1212), dies at 58
  • 1258 Floris, the Guardian, count-regent of Holland, dies
  • 1350 Alfonso XI, King of Castile & Leon, dies
  • 1535 Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)
  • 1546 Thomas Elyot, English diplomat, dies at about 56
  • 1638 Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 30

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1649 John Winthrop, Puritan & 1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 61

Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop
  • 1657 Jacob van Eyck, Dutch blind flautist/carillonneur, dies at 69
  • 1679 Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
  • 1697 Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
  • 1726 John Vanbrugh, Dutch/English playwright (Provoked Wife), dies at 62
  • 1772 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (b. 1704)
  • 1776 Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)
  • 1780 Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1713)
  • 1793 John Mudge, English physician (b. 1721)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1797 James Hutton, geologist, dies

Geologist James Hutton
Geologist
James Hutton
  • 1814 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • 1831 Richard Allen, AME Church Bishop, dies at 71
  • 1858 John Addison Thomas, American soldier (b. 1811)
  • 1865 Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies
  • 1881 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)
  • 1888 Barghash bin Said, second Sultan of Zanzibar (b. 1837)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Walt Whitman, American poet, dies in Camden, NJ at 72

  • 1896 Nanny v Hof, writer, dies
  • 1900 Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/found American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), dies of heart failure at 48

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1910 Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
  • 1910 An Jung-geun, Korean assassin of Ito Hirobumi (executed) (b. 1879)
  • 1920 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • 1926 Konstantin Fehrenbach, German reichs chancellor (1920-21), dies at 74
  • 1929 Katharine Lee Bates, American poet (b. 1859)
  • 1934 Grete Gulbransson, writer, dies at 51

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), dies of cancer at 82

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1945 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • 1948 Helen Ernst, German poster artist/resistance fighter, dies at about 43
  • 1951 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico (d. 1864)
  • 1957 Édouard Herriot, French politician (b. 1872)
  • 1959 Raymond T Chandler, US detective writer (Long Goodbye), dies at 71
  • 1962 Marjorie Colton, inventor of wax paper, dies at 64
  • 1962 Augusta Savage, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate dies at 72
  • 1969 Günther Weisenborn, German writer and German Resistence fighter, dies at 66
  • 1970 Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist
  • 1973 Noel Coward, English playwright (Private Letters), dies at 73
  • 1973 Don Messer, Canadian fiddler (b. 1909)
  • 1976 Josef Albers, German artist (b. 1888)
  • 1976 Lin Yutang, Chinese writer (b. 1895)
  • 1979 Jean Stafford, US author (Boston Adventure), dies at 63
  • 1981 Cyril Dean Darlington, English biologist and geneticist who discovered the mechanics of chromosomal crossover and its role in inheritance and evolution, dies at 77
  • 1982 Agathe "Henriette" de Beaufort, writer (Dolly of Arnhem), dies at 91
  • 1983 Anthony F Blunt, British art historian/spy for USSR, dies at 75
  • 1984 Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (b. 1922)
  • 1990 Roy "Halston" Frowick, fashion designer, dies of AIDs at 68
  • 1991 Frans Dohmen, union leader (Neth Catholic Mine Workers), dies at 81
  • 1992 Barbara Frum, Canadian journalist (b. 1937)
  • 1993 Luis Falco, US choreographer (Fame, Angel Heart), dies at 50
  • 1994 Constantine Koukouchkine, Russ diplomat. murdered in Algeria at 41
  • 1996 (Elizabeth Cissie) Charlton, football matriarch, dies at 83
  • 1996 David Packard, electronic engineer/businessman, dies at 83
  • 1996 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), dies at 81
  • 1996 Thomas Wakefield, writer, dies at 60
  • 1997 Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (b. 1931)
  • 2000 Alex Comfort, American author (b. 1920)
  • 2003 Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator (b. 1927)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005 James Callaghan, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1976-79), dies of lobar pneumonia, cardiac failure and kidney failure at 92

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
  • 2005 Gérard Filion, Quebec businessman and journalist (b. 1909)
  • 2006 Anil Biswas, Indian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2008 Robert Fagles, American translator and professor (b. 1933)
  • 2008 Wally Phillips, American radio personality (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Manuel Marulanda Velez aka Tirofijo, founder and lifelong leader of Colombian rebel group FARC-EP (b. 1930)
  • 2011 Geraldine Ferraro, Congresswoman and VP nominee (b. 1935)
  • 2011 Diana Wynne Jones, British fantasy writer (b. 1934)
  • 2011 Paul Baran, internet pioneer who helped create the technical underpinnings of Arpanet, dies at 84
  • 2013 Yury Rudov, Soviet fencer, dies at 82
  • 2015 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), dies at 83
  • 2016 Jim Harrison, American poet and novelist (Legends of the Fall), dies at 78