On This Day in History for March 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 118


Event of interestEvent of Interest

37 Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.

3rd Roman Emperor Caligula
3rd Roman Emperor
Caligula
  • 193 Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
  • 364 Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.
  • 845 Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
  • 1535 Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked & destroyed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 Karel V's son Philip II crowned king of Spain

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1556 Origin of Fasli Era (India)
  • 1738 Parliament sends an address to the king requesting that he demand redress from Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)
  • 1774 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • 1776 Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
  • 1794 Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
  • 1794 Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
  • 1795 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1796 Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia is 1st US-African church
  • 1797 Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine
  • 1799 NY State abolished slavery
  • 1802 Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man.
  • 1804 Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804
  • 1809 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
  • 1834 Senate censure President Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US
  • 1844 Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio" premieres in Madrid
  • 1845 Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • 1854 Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War
  • 1860 First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins (New Zealand).
  • 1862 Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • 1866 1st ambulance goes into service
  • 1871 SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
  • 1881 "Greatest Show On Earth" was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey
  • 1885 US Salvation Army officially organized
  • 1902 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1904 Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • 1905 Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used
  • 1910 1st seaplane, takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)
  • 1913 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 First performance of "Jerusalem" by Geroge Parry set to words by William Blake at a Fight for Right meeting at the Queen’s Hall, London

Poet/Artist William Blake
Poet/Artist
William Blake
  • 1917 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities
  • 1917 Puccini's "La Rondine" premieres in Monte Carlo

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1920 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • 1920 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks/Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • 1922 1st microfilm device introduced
  • 1924 WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 1927 Majestic Theater opens at 245 W 44th St NYC
  • 1929 Democratic constitution goes into effect in Ecuador
  • 1930 Turkish cities Constantinople & Angora change their names to Istanbul & Ankara

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Robert Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1939 Dutch hunter shoots down British bombers
  • 1939 Philip Barry's "Philadelphia Story" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1940 Construction begins of the exhibition center to host the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair.
  • 1941 Sea battle at Cape Matapan: British fleet under Cunningham defeats Italy
  • 1942 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • 1942 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • 1944 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • 1945 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • 1946 Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  • 1948 2nd Tony Awards: Mister Roberts win
  • 1952 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 1952 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1953 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • 1953 7th Tony Awards: Crucible & Wonderful Town win
  • 1953 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 1953 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1954 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon & Kismet win
  • 1957 1st National Curling Championship held
  • 1959 11 days after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet's government & installs Panchen Lama
  • 1960 Pope John appoints the first Japanese, African & Filipino cardinals
  • 1960 Scotch whisky factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow, Scotland)
  • 1962 Military coup in Syria, President Nazim al-Kudsi flees
  • 1964 1st pirate radio station near England (Radio Caroline)
  • 1967 UN Sect General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam
  • 1969 Pope Paul VI names JGM Willebrands cardinal
  • 1970 1,086 die when 7.4 quake destroys 254 villages (Gediz Turkey)
  • 1971 25th Tony Awards: Sleuth & Company win
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1974 Rock group Raspberries breakup
  • 1975 Wash Caps win 1st game on road after 37 straight road loses also
  • 1977 Morarji Desai forms government in India
  • 1978 Daryl Gates becomes the 49th Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department
  • 1979 British government of Callaghan falls
  • 1979 Major nuclear accident at 3 Mile Island, Middletown, Pa (no deaths)
  • 1981 Christa Rothenburger skates ladies world record 500 m 40.18 sec)
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1981 Gabi Schonbrunn skates ladies world record 3 km (4:21.70)
  • 1981 Viv Richards scores century in the 1st Test at his home Antigua
  • 1981 Yevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (36.91 secs)
  • 1982 12th Easter Seal Telethon raises $19,500,000
  • 1982 JN Duartes' Christian Democrats win elections in El Salvador
  • 1985 International Cometary Explorer measures solar wind ahead of Halley
  • 1985 STS 51-D vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Extremist Sikhs kill 13 hindus in Ludhiana India
  • 1986 John N McMahon, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1987 Stacking of Discovery's SRBs gets underway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 US President George H. W. Bush awards Jesse Owen the Congressional Gold Medal

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 Ann Transon runs female world record 50k (3:35:31)
  • 1992 PBA National Championship Won by Eric Forkel
  • 1993 Conservatives win French parliamentary election
  • 1993 Type II supernova detected in M81 (NGC 3031)
  • 1994 Armed Zulus demonstrate in Johannesburg, over 53 killed

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • 1468 Charles I, Duke of Savoy
  • 1472 Fra Bartolomeo/Fra Bartolommeo, monk, Florentine Renaissance painter (d. 1517)
  • 1483 Raphael Sanzio, Italian painter and master builder (Madonna Sistina School of Athens), born in Urbino, (d. 1520) Gregorian calendar date
  • 1515 Teresa of Avila/Teresa de Jesus, Spanish mystic writer/saint, born in Gotarrendura, Ávila (d. 1582)
  • 1522 Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (d. 1557)
  • 1569 Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1622)
  • 1592 Jan Amos Komensky [Comenius], Moravia, Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer
  • 1599 Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (d. 1658)
  • 1613 Xiaozhuangwen Grand Empress Dowager, Empress of Manchu (d. 1688)
  • 1615 Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent/diplomat
  • 1652 Samuel Sewall, American magistrate (d. 1730)
  • 1660 Arnold Houbraken, Dutch schilder/writer
  • 1725 Andrew Kippis, English clergyman and biographer (d. 1795)
  • 1727 Maximilian III Jozef, Elector of Bayern (1745-77)
  • 1729 Pieter Fouquet, Dutch art seller (Atlas of Fouquet)
  • 1750 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan freedom fighter, born in Caracas
  • 1760 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation)
  • 1770 Sophie Mereau, German writer, born in Altenburg (d. 1806)
  • 1773 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (d. 1844)
  • 1793 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist (d. 1864)
  • 1795 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian (d. 1876)
  • 1799 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow)
  • 1806 Ludolf AJW Sloet van de Beele, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1861-66)
  • 1806 Thomas Hare, English barrister (d. 1891)
  • 1815 Arsène Houssaye, French novelist (d. 1896)
  • 1818 Wade Hampton, SC, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • 1819 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (d. 1891)
  • 1836 Frederick Pabst, American brewer (d. 1904)
  • 1840 Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer/governor (Equatoria)
  • 1842 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)
  • 1849 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (d. 1894)
  • 1851 Bernardino Machado, Portuguese politician (d. 1944)
  • 1853 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms)
  • 1862 Aristide Briand, 11x Prime Minister of France (1909-22) (Nobel Peace Prize 1926), born in Nantes (d. 1932)
  • 1868 Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1872 Jose Sanjurjo y Sacanell, Spanish general (Morocco)
  • 1891 Karel MJF Cruysberghs, Flemish author
  • 1891 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag)
  • 1892 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1892 Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • 1893 Spyros Skouras, Greek-born American movie executive (d. 1971)
  • 1895 Spencer W. Kimball, American 12th President of the Mormon Church (1973-1985), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1895 Christian Herter, 59th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Sepp Herberger, German football coach (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Harold B. Lee, American religious leader (d. 1973)
  • 1907 "Swifty" Lazar, American talent agent (d. 1993)
  • 1909 Nelson Algren, US, novelist (Man with the Golden Arm)
  • 1910 Ingrid, Queen Mother of Denmark
  • 1910 Frederick Baldwin Adams, Jr., American Librarian (d. 2001)
  • 1911 Myfanwy Piper, librettist
  • 1911 J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language (d. 1960)
  • 1912 A[rthur] Bertram Chandler, UK, sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space)
  • 1912 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator (d. 1943)
  • 1914 Bohumil Hrabal, writer
  • 1914 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Kenneth Richard Norris, Australian entomologist (d. 2003)
  • 1920 Gene Chappie, (Rep-R-CA, 1981-86)
  • 1920 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator
  • 1922 Neville Bonner, Australian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Gerhart Fritsch, writer
  • 1924 Peter Baer, artost/printmaker
  • 1926 Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba
  • 1927 Marianne Fredriksson, Swedish author (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Zbigniew Brzezinski, national security advisor (Carter), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Alexander Grothendieck, German mathematician
  • 1929 Aubrey J Watson Sr, bishop
  • 1930 Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1930 George Bruce, British portrait painter, born in London
  • 1932 Sven Oskar Lindqvist, Swedish writer (Myten om Wu Tao-tzu)
  • 1936 Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, poet, journalist, presidential candidate and Nobel Prize Laureate (Aunt Julia), born in Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru
  • 1941 Charlie McCoy, Oak Hill WV, harmonica player (Hee Haw)
  • 1942 Neil Kinnock, Tredegar, Wales, leader of the British opposition (Labour Party)
  • 1942 Samuel Ramey, Colby Kansas, American operatic bass (La Scala)
  • 1942 Daniel Dennett, American philosopher
  • 1942 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)
  • 1943 Mike Newell, director (Bad Blood, Awakening, Amazing Grace & Chuck)
  • 1943 Richard Eyre, British director (National Theatre)
  • 1945 Hans Brunhart, leader of Liechtenstein (1978-93)
  • 1945 Count Björn Hamilton, Swedish politician
  • 1945 Rodrigo Duterte, Philippines politician, President of the Philippines (2016-), born in Maasin, Leyte
  • 1946 Alejandro Toledo, President of Peru
  • 1946 Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut, born in Almelo Netherlands, (d. 2014)
  • 1947 Bruce Gilbert, producer (China Syndrome, 9 to 5, On Golden Pond)
  • 1947 John Landecker, American disk jockey
  • 1948 Gerry House, American radio personality
  • 1951 Karen Kain, Canadian ballerina
  • 1953 Nydia M Velazquez, (Rep-D-New York, 1993- )
  • 1953 Melchior Ndadaye, Burundian politician (d. 1993)
  • 1954 Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer (d. 1985)
  • 1955 John Alderdice, Northern Irish politician
  • 1956 April Margera, Bam Margera's mother
  • 1960 José Maria Neves, Cape Verdeian politician
  • 1960 Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt, French author and dramatist
  • 1962 Jure Franko, Slovenian skier
  • 1963 Bernice King, daughter of Martin Luther King Jr
  • 1968 Iris Chang, American author (d. 2004)
  • 1970 Michelle Gildernew, Irish republican politician
  • 1974 Mark King, English snooker player
  • 1974 Scott Mills, British radio disc jockey

Divorces in History

  • 1849 Dutch princess Marianne & Prince Albert of Prussia separate

Deaths in History

  • 193 Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (192-93), assassinated
  • 593 Guntram, French King in Burgundy, dies at about 67
  • 1072 Ordulf, Duke of Saxony (1059-1072)
  • 1134 Stefanus Harding, 3rd abbott of Côteaux/saint, dies
  • 1239 Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (b. 1180)
  • 1285 Pope Martin IV (Simon de Brion), reigned 1281-85.
  • 1566 Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat, dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1584 Ivan IV [Ivan the Terrible], Russian tsar (1547-84), dies at 53 [O.S. 18 Mar]

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1673 Adam Pijnacker, Dutch landscape painter/etcher, buried at 51
  • 1677 Wenzel Hollar, Bohemia cartoonist/etcher, dies at about 69
  • 1701 Domenico Guidi, Italian sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1712 Jan van der Heyden, Dutch inventor (street lantern), dies at 75

MurderMurder of Interest

1794 Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1799 Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55
  • 1801 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • 1828 William Thornton, British-American architect (Capitol Building in Washington, D.C), dies at 68
  • 1840 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89
  • 1849 Stephan L Endlicher, Austrian priest/botany, dies at 44
  • 1850 Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)
  • 1863 James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brigadier general, dies at 52
  • 1865 Albert G Bilders, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26
  • 1866 Solomon Foot, American politician (b. 1802)
  • 1868 James Thomas Brudenell, 7th earl of Cardigan, dies at about 70
  • 1870 George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)
  • 1874 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer (b. 1795)
  • 1887 Ditler G Monrad, Danish bishop/premier (1863-..), dies at 75
  • 1889 Matilde "Tillie" Ziegler, killed by husband William Kemmler
  • 1896 E Rundle Charles, writer, dies
  • 1908 John Eliot, English meteorologist, dies at 68
  • 1910 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1837)
  • 1929 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (b. 1861)
  • 1939 Francis Matthew John Baker, Australian politician (b. 1903)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Virginia Woolf-Stephen [Adeline], British writer (To Lighthouse), dies from suicide at 59

  • 1941 Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian Police Commissioner (b. 1877)
  • 1942 Herman Adrian van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1918-27), dies at 67
  • 1942 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), dies at 31
  • 1944 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by nazis
  • 1944 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • 1947 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (b. 1897)
  • 1954 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (In South Africa), dies at 69
  • 1962 Hugo Wast, Argentine writer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 VAA Mary, English princess, dies at 67
  • 1965 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (b. 1888)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1969 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President (R, 1953-61) and WWII general, dies of a congestive heart failure at 78

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1969 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi, dies at 84
  • 1973 Hakuun Yasutani, Zen teacher/co-founder (Sanbo Kyodan), dies
  • 1979 Emmett Kelly, circus clown (Weary Willy), dies at 80
  • 1982 William Giauque, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1983 Martinus A. Jansen, Bishop of Rotterdam (1956-70), dies at 77
  • 1984 Kenneth Whitty, 1st sec at British Embassy in Athens, shot dead
  • 1985 Marc Chagall, French painter, dies at 97
  • 1985 Nand Baert, Belgian radio/tv-host, dies at 53
  • 1992 Wendell Mayes, writer, dies of cancer at 72
  • 1993 Scott Cunningham, Occult author (b. 1956)
  • 1994 John Logan Gorlay, journalist, dies at 74
  • 1995 Vivienne Byerley, publicist, dies at 88
  • 1995 William Hayter, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-57), dies at 88
  • 1996 Charles Barnet "Roscoe" Harvey, soldier, dies at 95
  • 1996 David Band, British banker (BZW), dies at 53
  • 1996 Edith Fowke, folklorist, dies at 82
  • 1996 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1996 James Herbert Lloyd Morrell, bishop, dies at 89
  • 1996 Shin Kanemaru, VP of Japan (1986-87), dies at 81
  • 1996 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, British bibliophile, dies at 87
  • 2000 Anthony Powell, British novelist (b. 1905)
  • 2004 Art James, American game show host (b. 1929)
  • 2006 Caspar Weinberger, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Charles Schepens, American ophthalmologist (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Kevin Pro Hart, Australian artist (b. 1928)
  • 2012 John Arden, English novelist/playwright, dies at 81
  • 2016 Peggy Fortnum, British Illustrator (first to draw Paddington Bear), dies at 96
  • 2017 Ahmed "Kathy" Kathrada, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, dies at 87