On This Day in History for March 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 103

  • 240 BC 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
  • 804 Liudger becomes 1st bishop of Munster
  • 988 Boudouin IV with the Beard becomes earl of Flanders
  • 1282 The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.
  • 1296 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
  • 1422 Ketsugan, Zen teacher, performs exorcisms to free aizoji temple
  • 1456 Prince Louis of Bourbon elected bishop of Liege
  • 1474 Duke Sigismund of Tirol ends contacts with Switzerland
  • 1533 Thomas Cranmer becomes archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1603 Battle at Mellifont: English army under Lord Mountjoy beats Irish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, discovers the construction of the heptadecagon

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification.
  • 1822 Congress combined East & West Florida into Florida Territory
  • 1842 Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
  • 1856 Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War
  • 1858 Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • 1863 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • 1864 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • 1865 -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia
  • 1866 Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride) premieres
  • 1867 US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 (2 cents an acre - Seward's Folly)
  • 1870 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • 1870 Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 1870 Florida territorial government established.
  • 1885 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1893 Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • 1900 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
  • 1909 New York's Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens
  • 1910 Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.
  • 1911 Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed
  • 1912 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • 1919 Belgian Army occupies Düsseldorf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1919 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • 1922 KGY-AM in Olympia WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WWL-AM in New Orleans LA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority formed at Howard U in 1920 incorporates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Stalin supports rights of non-Serbian Yugoslavians

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1935 Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hrs W of Greenwich, repeats 44 sec
  • 1939 The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.
  • 1939 First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway military aircraft
  • 1941 German counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1942 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • 1942 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp
  • 1943 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • 1944 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1945 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
  • 1945 USSR invades Austria
  • 1945 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • 1949 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.
  • 1950 Phototransistor invention announced, Murray Hill, NJ
  • 1952 6th Tony Awards: Fourposter & King & I win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1956 USSR performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)
  • 1961 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Astronaut John Glenn withdraws from Ohio senate race

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1965 Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
  • 1968 General Ludvik Svoboda elected president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1969 Loyalists bomb water and electricity installations in Northern Ireland in the hope that the attacks would be blamed on the IRA and on elements of the civil rights movement, which was demanding an end to discrimination against Catholics
  • 1970 USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship
  • 1972 North Vietnam launches a major conventional offensive against South Vietnam
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 Northern Ireland's Government and Parliament dissolved by the British Government and 'direct rule' from Westminster is introduced
  • 1973 Ellsworth Bunker resigns as US ambassador to South Vietnam
  • 1976 Israel kills 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation
  • 1979 Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.
  • 1980 Mark Medoff's "Children of a Lesser God" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 3rd space shuttle mission-Columbia 3 lands at White Sands, NM
  • 1982 John Pielmeier's "Agnes of God" premieres in NYC
  • 1983 Ray Cooney's "Run for your Wives" premieres in London
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) begins trading in crude oil future
  • 1984 US ends participation in multinational Lebanon peace force

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Vincent van Gogh's "Sunflowers" sells for a record 22.5 million pounds ($39.7 million)

  • 1988 Tamil Nadu beat Railways by inns & 144 to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1991 Last issue of Dutch Newspaper "Vr˜e Folk" (Free People)
  • 1991 PBA National Championship Won by Mike Miller
  • 1991 William Kennedy Smith allegedly rapes a woman (found not guilty)
  • 1992 Man accidentally backs in A's Jose Canseco's $225,000 Lamborghini
  • 1992 P J Patterson, resigns as 6th PM of Jamaica
  • 1992 WNSR-FM (105.1) changes callsign to WMXV-FM (NYC)
  • 1993 French government of Balladur forms
  • 1993 Jamaican premier Percival Patterson wins parliamentary election
  • 1993 Lanford Wilson's "Redwood Curtain" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Prince Edward & girl-friend Sophie visited Graystoke Castle

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 1997 Five (channel) Begins broadcasting in the UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Richard Branson is knighted by Charles, Prince of Wales for "services to entrepreneurship" at Buckingham Palace, London

Business Magnate Richard Branson
Business Magnate
Richard Branson
His Royal Highness Prince Charles
His Royal Highness
Prince Charles
  • 2006 Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.
  • 2006 UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.
  • 2011 Global credit information group Experian report that economic recovery in Wales slower than the rest of the UK, forecasting growth of 1.6% vs 2.2% for the rest of the UK
  • 2012 Spanish Government cuts 27 billion Euros from its budget in a tough austerity measure
  • 2012 Mastercard and Visa announce a massive breach in security with over ten million compromised credit card numbers
  • 2012 American Mega Millions lottery hits a world record lottery amount of 640 million dollars
  • 2013 North Korea declares it is at a state of war with South Korea
  • 2013 Uhuru Kenyatta is declared the rightful winner of the Kenyan presidential election by the Supreme Court

Birthdays in History

  • 1135 Maimonedes, philosopher (d. 1204)
  • 1326 Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. 1359)
  • 1432 Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1481)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1649 John Trenchard, English radical Whig politician and statesman, born in Lytchett Matravers, Dorset (d. 1695)

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
  • 1674 Jethro Tull, agricultural writer (Basildon), baptised
  • 1681 Pieter Snyers, Flemish painter/engraver
  • 1697 John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor
  • 1746 Francisco Jose de Goya, Fuendetodos Spain, painter/etcher (Naked Maja)
  • 1790 Joseph Smith, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1877)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1811 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, born in Göttingen, Westphalia, Rhine Confederation (d. 1899)

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • 1820 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk (d. 1878)
  • 1823 Joseph Farmer Knipe, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • 1824 Innis Newton Palmer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825 Samuel Bell Maxey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1830 Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • 1836 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician
  • 1842 John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher
  • 1844 Paul M Verlaine, France, lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1853 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises), born in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands (d. 1890)

  • 1857 Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
  • 1864 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist/politician
  • 1865 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist
  • 1876 Clifford Whittingham Beers, US, mental hygiene pioneer
  • 1880 Sean O'Casey, Irish playwright (Juno and the Paycock), born in Dublin (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Melanie Klein, Austrian/British psycho analysis
  • 1883 Jo Davidson, US, sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman)
  • 1886 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Poland, logician/mathematician
  • 1887 Albert P Termote, Flemish/Dutch sculptor (Charles the Great)
  • 1892 Erwin Panofsky, German/US art historian
  • 1892 Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • 1892 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • 1894 Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin)
  • 1895 Jean Giono, French writer (World Chant)
  • 1898 Heinz Risse, German writer, born in Dusseldorf (d. 1989)
  • 1899 Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • 1903 Sol C Siegel, US, producer (High Society, Gentlemen prefer blondes)
  • 1903 Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (d. 1984)
  • 1905 Albert Pierrepoint, English executioner (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1912 Andrew Rodger Waterson, scholar/naturalist
  • 1913 Gottfried Reinhardt, theatre producer
  • 1913 Richard Helms, CIA head (1966-73)
  • 1913 Marc Davis, American animator (d. 2000)
  • 1913 Censu Tabone, President of Malta, (d. 2012)
  • 1918 John Gray, FRS/marine biologist
  • 1919 McGeorge Bundy, national security adviser (JFK), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1921 Countess of Sutherland, English great land owner/multi-millionaire
  • 1922 J F Coates, naval architect
  • 1923 Herbert Asmodi, writer
  • 1923 Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (d. 1986)
  • 1925 John Wells, British politician (C)
  • 1926 Lord Rayner [Derek Rayner], Norwich, Norfolk, English businessman and chief executive (Marks & Spencer)
  • 1926 Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish businessman, founder of IKEA, born in Pjätteryd
  • 1927 Lord Armstrong of Ilminster [Robert Armstrong], British life peer
  • 1928 Richard Trant, British general
  • 1928 Tom Sharpe, English historian/author (Riotous Assembly, Want), (d. 2013)
  • 1930 Lord Browne-Wilkinson [Nicolas Christopher Henry Browne-Wilkinson], Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (UK)
  • 1930 Rolf Harris, Australian/British cartoonist and entertainer, born in Bassendean, Western Australia
  • 1931 Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1932 A J Zuckerman, Dean (Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine)
  • 1932 Ted Morgan, Swiss-born writer
  • 1934 Lord Tanlaw [Simon Mackay], crossbench member of the House of Lords
  • 1935 Alan Jackson, CEO (BTR)
  • 1936 Mark Burns, British director (Juggernaut)
  • 1936 Richard Baker, Santa Fe NM, Zen teacher (Dharma Sangha)
  • 1937 J S Jennings, CEO (Shell Transport & Trading Co)
  • 1937 Lord MacLaurin of Knebworth [Ian MacLaurin], Blackheath, Kent, British businessman and chairman (Vodafone)
  • 1938 Martin Dunne, Lord-Lt (Warwickshire)
  • 1941 Brendan O'Friel, CEO (Prison Governors Association)
  • 1941 Robert C Smith, (Rep-R-NH, 1985- )
  • 1941 Ron Johnston, Vice-Chancellor (Essex U)
  • 1941 Bob Smith, former American politician
  • 1942 George Esson, Chief Constable (Dumfries & Galloway)
  • 1944 Gerrit Komrij, Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo)
  • 1945 Johnnie Walker [Peter Dingley], British radio DJ, born in Birmingham
  • 1947 Ryszard Kotla, Polish travel writer and activist, tour guide, journalist, academic teacher, engineer
  • 1948 Mervyn King, English economist, Governor of the Bank of England (2003-13), born in Chesham Bois
  • 1948 Nigel Jones, British MP
  • 1948 Eddie Jordan, Irish motorsport F1 boss and TV commentator, born in Dublin
  • 1949 Liza Frulla, Quebec politician
  • 1950 Dave McCurdy, (Rep-D-OK, 1981- )
  • 1951 Yves Séguin, Quebec politician
  • 1956 Bill Butler, Scottish politician
  • 1957 Elena V Kondakova, cosmonaut (STS 84), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1957 Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM 20, STS 84)
  • 1959 Peter Ellis, convicted child abuser
  • 1965 Piers Morgan, editor (Daily Mirror)
  • 1966 Efstratios Grivas, Greek chess grandmaster and author
  • 1973 Caroline Ramagos, Miss Mississippi USA (1996)
  • 1973 Matthew Pritchard, Welsh Stuntman

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1940 Broadcast journalist Walter Cronkite weds Mary Elizabeth Maxwell at the Grace and Holy Trinity Episcopal Church

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • 2013 ER actor Mekhi Phifer (38) weds long time girlfriend Reshelet Barnes at the Montage Hotel in Beverly Hills, California

Deaths in History

  • 988 Arnulf II, count of Flanders (965-988), dies
  • 1202 Joachim Van Fiore, Italian religious founder (Joachimism), dies
  • 1486 Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1526 Konrad Mutian, German humanist (b. 1471)
  • 1540 Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)
  • 1547 Francois I of Valois-Angouleme, King of France (1515-47), dies at 52
  • 1559 Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)
  • 1587 Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
  • 1662 François le Métel de Boisrobert, French poet (b. 1592)
  • 1707 Vauban, French architect (b. 1633)
  • 1783 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
  • 1804 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)
  • 1832 Stephen Groombridge, English Astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1840 George (Beau) Brummell, Dandy, dies
  • 1842 Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
  • 1871 W F A A Louisa/Lovisa, queen of Sweden/Norway, dies at 42
  • 1873 Benedict Augustin Morel, psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63
  • 1879 David van der Kellen, Dutch coin engraver, dies at 74
  • 1879 Thomas Couture, French painter/author, dies at 63
  • 1886 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau, French Canadian politician (b. 1838)
  • 1896 Charilaos Trikoupis, seven times prime-minister of Greece (b. 1832)
  • 1906 Betsy Perk, [Christina E], journalist/writer/feminist, dies at 73
  • 1912 Karl May, German writer (Winnetou/Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70
  • 1925 Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1942 Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson premier Valois), dies at 81
  • 1943 Jan Bytnar, Polish activist (b. 1921)
  • 1943 Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, Polish activist (b. 1920)
  • 1946 John S S P V Gort, viscount of Limerick/Hamsterley, dies at 59
  • 1949 Friedrich C R Bergius, chemist (brown coal, Nobel 1931), dies at 64
  • 1950 Leon Blum, French premier (People's Front Government), dies at 77
  • 1959 Daniil Andreev, Russian writer and mystic (b. 1906)
  • 1959 Riccardo Zanella, president of Free State of Fiume (b. 1875)
  • 1960 Fritz Klimsch, German sculptor/painter, dies at 90
  • 1961 P J Melotte, discovered Jupiter's 8th satellite Pasiphae, dies
  • 1965 Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, (Nobel Prize 1950 for cortisone), dies at 69
  • 1966 Erwin Piscator, German director (Plebeians test rebellion), dies at 72
  • 1966 Maxfield Parrish, US painter, dies at 95
  • 1966 Newbold Morris, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1967 Jean Toomer, American writer (b. 1894)
  • 1970 Heinrich Brüning, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1885)
  • 1972 Gabriel Heather, US news anchor, dies at 81
  • 1972 Gabriel Heatter, American radio commentator (b. 1890)
  • 1974 Ludovicus J Rogier, Dutch historian (Reborn in Freedom), dies at 79
  • 1975 Peter Bamm, writer, dies
  • 1979 Airey Neave, British MP (Conservatives), killed by terrorist bomb
  • 1981 Dewitt Wallace, US founder (Reader's Digest), dies at 91
  • 1984 Peter Yarrall, strongest Englishman/weighed 826 lb (374.7 kg), dies
  • 1986 John Ciardi, US poet/interpreter (Dante), dies at 69
  • 1988 Edgar Faure, French politician (b. 1908)
  • 1992 Art Hannes, announcer, dies of a respiratory ailment at 72
  • 1992 Luigi De Laurentiis, Italian producer (Toto, Macaroni), dies
  • 1992 Manolis Andronikos, Greek archeologist, professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (b. 1919)
  • 1992 Manolis Andronicos, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece, dies at 72
  • 1993 Richard C Diebenkorn Jr, US painter (Ocean Park Paintings), dies at 70
  • 1996 Ryoei Saito, businessman, dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2002 Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother of the United Kingdom, dies at 101

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • 2003 Valentin Pavlov, Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (b. 1937)
  • 2004 Alistair Cooke, English-born journalist (b. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2004 Michael King, New Zealand historian and author (Penguin History of New Zealand), dies in a car crash at 58

Historian and Author Michael King
Historian and Author
Michael King
  • 2004 Frances Schreuder, American socialite convicted of murder, dies at 65
  • 2005 Robert Creeley, American poet (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Fred Korematsu, American civil rights activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 O. V. Vijayan, Indian author and cartoonist (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Jaime Escalante, Bolivian-born American high school teacher at Garfield High School (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Martin Sandberger, German military officer (b. 1911)
  • 2017 Donald Harvey, American serial killer, healthcare worker who killed at least 37 patients, dies after being attacked in prison at 64