On This Day in History for March 7

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135


Event of interestEvent of Interest

161 Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.

Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius

Event of interestEvent of Interest

321 Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire.

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 1138 Conrad II von Hohenstaufen re-elected German king
  • 1277 Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1530 King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope. Henry then declares that he, not the Pope, is supreme head of England's church

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1560 Christian fleet under Gian Andrea lands at Djerba, N Africa
  • 1573 Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1621 John Pieterszoon Coen's troops land on Lontor, East Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Prince Frederick Henry appoints himself viceroy of Limburg

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1644 Massachusetts establishes 1st two-chamber legislature in colonies
  • 1696 English King William III departs Netherlands
  • 1774 British close port of Boston to all commerce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 James Hutton, geologist, presents his full theory of uniformitarianism at a meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Geologist James Hutton
Geologist
James Hutton
  • 1798 The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
  • 1799 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • 1801 Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
  • 1808 Portugal's regent Dom Juan IV arrives in Rio De Janeiro

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1814 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1827 Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1835 HMS Beagle returns from Concepcion to Valparaiso
  • 1843 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1847 US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
  • 1848 In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • 1851 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 1852 Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • 1854 Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
  • 1862 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • 1865 -10] Battles round Kinston NC
  • 1872 -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone

  • 1876 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 1881 Southern University opens in New Orleans
  • 1887 North Carolina State University is founded by the North Carolina General Assembly.
  • 1896 Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
  • 1900 Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees
  • 1902 Boers beat British troops at Tweebosch, Transvaal
  • 1906 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • 1908 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council & announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • 1911 US sent 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • 1911 Willis Farnsworth, Petaluma, CA, patents coin-operated locker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 President Woodrow Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1918 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt naval base

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1922 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
  • 1922 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • 1925 American Negro Congress organizes
  • 1926 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)
  • 1927 Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale strikes Tango, Japan
  • 1932 Riots at Ford factory in Dearborn Michigan, 4 killed
  • 1933 Game of "Monopoly" invented
  • 1935 Saar incorporated into Germany

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1936 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1937 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • 1939 Glamour magazine begins publishing
  • 1939 Guy Lombardo & Royal Canadians 1st record "Auld Lang Syne"
  • 1941 3rd largest snowfall in NYC history (18.1")
  • 1941 50,000 British soldiers land in Greece
  • 1941 British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1942 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • 1942 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Major General George Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • 1945 Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
  • 1945 Cologne taken by allied armies
  • 1945 US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
  • 1945 Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
  • 1946 Max Frisch' "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zurich
  • 1947 The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1948 The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending Italian rule.
  • 1950 Ice Pairs Championship at London won by K Kennedy & P Kennedy (USA)
  • 1950 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in London won by Alena Vrzanova CZE
  • 1950 Men Figure Skating Championship in London won by Richard Button (USA)
  • 1951 Lillian Hellman's "Autumn Garden" premieres in NYC
  • 1953 Jackie McGlew scores 255* v NZ at Wellington
  • 1958 Chicago Cardinals announce they will play their 1958 opener in Buffalo
  • 1959 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
  • 1959 West Indies all out 76 v Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
  • 1960 Dutch Builders strike for CLA
  • 1962 Launch of OSO 1, 1st astronomy satellite (solar flare data)
  • 1965 Alabama state troopers & 600 black protestors clash in Selma
  • 1965 Bruce Taylor takes 5-86 in debut innings for NZ after ton
  • 1965 Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 Teamster president Jimmy Hoffa begins 8-year jail sentence for defrauding the union & jury tampering (commuted Dec 23, 1971)
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Ice Pairs Championship at Ljubljana won by Rodnina & Ulanov (URS)
  • 1970 Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Ljubljana won by Gabriele Seyfert (GDR)
  • 1970 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ljubljana won by Tim Wood (USA)
  • 1971 Egypt refuses to renew the Suez cease fire
  • 1973 Comet (Lubos) Kohoutek discovered at Hamburg Observatory

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1973 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League wins election in Bangladesh

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1974 "Monitor" (US Civil War Ship) restored at Cape Hatteras NC
  • 1974 1st general strike in Ethiopia
  • 1975 US Senate revises filibuster rule, allows 60 senators to limit debate
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 Morocco & Mauretania break diplomatic relations with Algeria

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

148 Lucilla, Rome, Roman noblewoman (daughter of Marcus Aurelius and sister of Commodus) (between 148-150 AD), born in Rome

Roman Noblewoman Lucilla
Roman Noblewoman
Lucilla
  • 189 Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor (d. 211)
  • 1481 Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)
  • 1543 Johan Casimir, count of Rhine (occupied Gent)
  • 1556 Guillaume du Vair, French writer (d. 1621)
  • 1602 Kano Tanju, Japanese painter (palaces, portraits)
  • 1671 Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
  • 1678 Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (d. 1736)
  • 1682 Johan W van Ripperda, Dutch diplomat/baron/duke
  • 1687 Jean Lebeuf, French historian (d. 1760)
  • 1693 Clement XIII, [Carlo Rezzonico], Pope (1758-69)
  • 1707 Stephen Hopkins, (Gov-RI) signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1715 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (d. 1755)
  • 1715 Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • 1730 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • 1762 Sebastiaan C Nederburgh, director-general (East Indies Company)
  • 1765 Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
  • 1785 Alessandro Manzoni, Italy, poet/novelist (Betrothed)
  • 1788 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, born in Châtillon-Coligny, France (d. 1878)
  • 1792 John Herschel, Slough England, William Herschel's son, astronomer
  • 1799 Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1816 James Donnelly, Irish-Canadian patriarch of the Donnelly family (Black Donnelly massacre), born in Ireland (d. 1880)

Squatter James Donnelly
Squatter
James Donnelly
  • 1827 Henry DeLamar Clayton, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • 1831 John Bratton, [Old Reliable], US physician/Confederate Brig Gen
  • 1832 Orlando Metcalfe Poe, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • 1837 Henry Draper, Virginia, astro-spectro-photographer (Moon, Jupiter)
  • 1841 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina, poet (El nido de condores)
  • 1841 William Rockhill Nelson, founder of The Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)
  • 1842 Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
  • 1844 Anthony Comstock, New Canaan Ct, anti-vice crusader/philatelist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1849 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Horticulturist
Luther Burbank

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1850 Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • 1856 Matilde Serao, [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 1857 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austria, psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 1866 Paul Ernst, German writer, born in Elbingerode, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1933)
  • 1869 Ernst J. Cohen, Dutch chemist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872 Piet Mondrian, Dutch abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie), born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. 1944)

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • 1878 Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1888 Alidius WLT van Starkenborch Stachouwer, gov of Neth Indies (1936-45)
  • 1891 Marcel Barger, [Meyer Streliskie], cabaret performer (I keep Susy)
  • 1893 Milton Avery, American artist (d. 1965)
  • 1898 Jan Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer
  • 1900 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
  • 1900 [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
  • 1904 Reinhard Heydrich, German governor (Bohemen/Moravia (Lidice))
  • 1905 Vera Fjodorova Panova, Russian author (Sputniki)
  • 1908 Joop [Joseph] van Santen, Dutch 1st chamber member (CPN)
  • 1909 Greta Schoon, German poet, born in Spetzerfehn (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Leo Malet, French crime novelist
  • 1915 Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician
  • 1917 Janet Collins, ballerina
  • 1918 June Wayne, artist/lithographer/teacher
  • 1919 Jocelyn Olaf Hambro, financier
  • 1919 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Jakarta)
  • 1922 Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Eduardo Paolozzi, British sculptor (Hydra)
  • 1924 Kobo Abe, playwright (Woman, the Dunes), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1925 Rene Gagnon, US Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (d. 1979)
  • 1927 Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and teacher (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Henri Landwirth, Belgian-American hotel owner and philanthropist
  • 1930 Anthony Armstrong-Jones [Lord Snowdon], British photographer and husband of Princess Margaret, born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen, director Social Businesses of Press
  • 1934 Willard Scott, weather forecaster (Today Show)
  • 1936 Georges Perec, French writer (Seire Noire, Retour a la bien-aimee)
  • 1937 Don Bonker, (Rep-D-WA, 1975- )
  • 1938 David Baltimore, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1940 Harald Gerlach, writer
  • 1940 Rudi [Rudolf] Dutschke, German student leader (Glasnost Berlin)
  • 1940 Viktor Petrovich Savinykh, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-4, T-13, TM-5)
  • 1942 Michael Eisner, Mt Kisko NY, CEO (Walt Disney)
  • 1942 Paul Preuss, US, sci-fi author (Medusa Encounter, Starfire)
  • 1942 Tommy F Robinson, (Rep-D-AR, 1985- )
  • 1942 Charles R. Boutin, American politician
  • 1944 Elton Gallegly, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1944 Jorgen Theobaldy, writer
  • 1944 Stanley Schmidt, American editor
  • 1947 Robert O'Neill Crossman, politician
  • 1947 Helen Eadie, Scottish politician
  • 1949 Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician
  • 1952 Vivian Richards, West Indian master blaster
  • 1957 Robert Harris, English TV reporter and journalist
  • 1958 Alan Hale, American astronomer (Comet Hale–Bopp), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1962 Peter Manley, English Darts Player
  • 1964 Bret Easton Ellis, American writer
  • 1967 Ai Yazawa, Japanese mangaka
  • 1970 Jacquelyn Doucette, Miss Massachusetts USA (1996)
  • 1970 James Calvin Spivey, Schiller Park Ill, miler
  • 1971 Matthew Vaughn, British producer and director
  • 1982 Erika Yamakawa, Japanese talent
  • 1990 Abigail and Brittany Hensel, American conjoined twins

Deaths in History

  • 322 BC Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

161 Antoninus Pius [Titus Aurelius], 15th Emperor of Rome (138-161 AD), dies at 74

Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius
  • 203 Perpetua and Felicitas, Christian martyrs (perhaps after 209)
  • 308 Saint Eubulus, Christian martyr
  • 851 Nominoe, Duke of Brittany
  • 1111 Bohemund I of Tarente, French ruler of Antioch, dies
  • 1226 William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1274 Thomas Aquinas, Italian thelogian/saint, dies at 48

  • 1305 Gwijde van Dampierre, count of Flanders/count of Namur, dies at 78
  • 1578 Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (b. 1515)
  • 1625 Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
  • 1719 Steven J Vennekool, Amsterdam's master builder, buried
  • 1724 Innocent XIII, [Michelangiolo dei Conti], Pope (1721-24), dies at 68
  • 1737 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl/fieldmarshal, dies at 79
  • 1750 Cornelis Troost, Dutch painter (Beslikte Zwaentje), dies at 52
  • 1767 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer (b. 1680)
  • 1778 Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1720)
  • 1810 Albertus H Wiese, gov-gen of Neth Indies, dies at about 48
  • 1810 Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)
  • 1833 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German author, dies at 61
  • 1862 Ben McCulloch, US Confederate brig-general (KIA), dies at 50
  • 1862 John Baillie McIntosh, US general-major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • 1862 William Slack, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
  • 1904 Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (b. 1828)
  • 1911 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il Santo, Leila), dies at 68
  • 1913 Emily Pauline Johnson, Native Canadian poet
  • 1928 Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)
  • 1931 Akseli V Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter/illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1931 Theo van Doesburg, [Christian Kupper], painter/architect, dies at 47
  • 1932 Aristide Briand, 11 x Prime Minister of France (Nobel Peace Prize 1926), dies at 69
  • 1938 Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)
  • 1939 John Jules Barrish, Irish writer (b. 1885)
  • 1941 Gunther Prien, German commandant (U-47), dies in battle
  • 1945 Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
  • 1949 Francis Dodd, English artist (b. 1874)
  • 1951 Ali Razmara, Shah of Iran (1950-51), assassinated
  • 1951 Shah Ali Razmara, of Iran, assassinated
  • 1952 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (b. 1893)
  • 1954 Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1957 Wyndham Lewis, British author (b. 1882)
  • 1959 Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), dies
  • 1959 Hinsdale Smith, developer of roll-down auto windows, dies at 88
  • 1961 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter, dies at 42
  • 1961 Max Hymans, WW II resistance fighter/Head of Air France, dies at 60
  • 1964 Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analyst, dies at 73
  • 1967 Alice B. Toklas, American companion to Gertrude Stein (b. 1877)
  • 1973 Andre de Meulemeester, Belgium WW I pilot [Eagle of Flanders], dies at 78
  • 1975 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)
  • 1976 Wright Patman, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 1981 John Gnagy, artist (Learn to Draw), dies at 73
  • 1984 Paul Rotha, English director (b. 1907)
  • 1985 Robert W Woodruff, CEO (Coca-Cola), dies at 95
  • 1985 Victor W Farris, inventor of paper milk carton, etc, dies
  • 1986 Jacob K Javits, American politician (Sen-R-NY), dies in Palm Beach, Florida at 81
  • 1988 Divine, [Harris Milstead], female impersonator (Pink Flamingos), dies
  • 1991 Greta Schoon, German poet, dies at 81
  • 1995 Don Cook, British foreign correspondent, dies at 74
  • 1995 Jaap van den Hurk, TV-director (NCRV), dies
  • 1995 Jacques Lefebvre, Belgian air force gen, commits suicide at 64
  • 1995 Paul-Emile Victor, French pole explorer, dies at 87
  • 1995 Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found paper (Typhoon), dies at 82
  • 1996 Aled Eames, mAritime historian, dies at 74
  • 1997 E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1999 Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (b. 1918)
  • 2006 Gordon Parks, photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 John Junkin, British performer (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Mary Josephine Ray, Canadian supercentenarian (b. 1895)
  • 2016 Michael White, British theater/film producer (The Rocky Horror Show), dies at 80