On This Day in History for March 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 121

  • 1586 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt becomes Dutch chief legal advisor
  • 1658 Peace of Roskilde between Sweden & Denmark
  • 1702 Queen Anne becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland upon death of King William III
  • 1706 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established
  • 1711 Antoin de Guiscard tries English premier Haley for murder
  • 1722 Afghan monarch Mir Mahmud occupies Persia
  • 1746 Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • 1754 Marquis of Ensenada becomes premier of Spain
  • 1766 Willem V (18) becomes governor of United Provinces
  • 1777 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt.
  • 1782 Gnadenhutten Massacre - Ohio militia kills 90 indians
  • 1801 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 1813 1st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
  • 1817 The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
  • 1838 US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • 1844 King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 US Commodore Matthew C. Perry's second trip to Japan

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1855 1st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • 1861 St Augustine Florida surrenders to Union armies
  • 1862 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • 1862 Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • 1865 Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks)
  • 1867 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada's constitution for more than 100 years
  • 1884 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1884 Susan B. Anthony addresses U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote, 16 years after legislators 1st introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1887 Everett Horton, CT, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes
  • 1894 The state of New York enacts the nation's first dog-licensing law.
  • 1896 Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • 1898 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen
  • 1908 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, NY
  • 1910 Baroness Raymonde de Laroche of Paris becomes the 1st ever licensed female pilot
  • 1913 Federal League organizes with 6 teams
  • 1913 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • 1915 1st US navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
  • 1916 US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
  • 1917 Russian "February Revolution" begins in earnest with protests celebrating International Woman's Day and riots in St Petersburg over food rations and conduct of the war [OS=Feb 23]
  • 1920 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • 1921 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1924 Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate, Utah
  • 1927 Pan American Airlines incorporates
  • 1929 US worker union commission reports of slavery in Liberia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1939 Lenore Coffee & William Joyce Cowan's "Family Portrait" premieres
  • 1942 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • 1943 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • 1943 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • 1943 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1943 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Arthur Vaughn
  • 1944 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • 1945 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • 1945 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
  • 1945 International Women's Day is 1st observed
  • 1945 Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn in as US Navy ensign
  • 1946 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use (NYC)
  • 1948 US Supreme Court rules in McCollum v. Board of Education that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional
  • 1949 WBAP-FM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • 1950 1st woman medical officer assigned to naval vessel (BR Walters)
  • 1952 Antoine Pinay forms French government
  • 1953 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years
  • 1954 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1957 Israeli troops leave Egypt; Suez Canal re-opened for minor ships
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Silky Sullivan comes from 40 lengths back to win by 3 at Santa Anita

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 William Faulkner says US school degenerated to become babysitters

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1959 Groucho, Chico & Harpo's final TV appearance together
  • 1959 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • 1961 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from SC in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Syrian Arab Rep Revolution Day - Military coup in Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Malcolm X resigns from the Nation of Islam

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1965 1st US combat forces arrive in Vietnam (3,500 Marines)
  • 1966 An IRA bomb destroyed Nelson's Column in Dublin
  • 1966 Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1968 Students demonstrate in Warsaw
  • 1971 Radio Hanoi broadcasts Jimi Hendrix's "Star Spangled Banner"
  • 1971 Gun battle between Official Irish Republican Army and Provisional IRA leave 1 man killed; result of feud between two wings of the IRA developing since the split in 1970
  • 1972 1st airship flown over Britain in 20 years (Europa)
  • 1972 1st flight of the Goodyear blimp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Eisenhower Tunnel, world's highest/US longest, opens

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 The Provisional Irish Republican Army undertakes its first operation in Great Britain, planting four car bombs in London; 10 members of PIRA are arrested at Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the country
  • 1974 Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France
  • 1975 Royal Canadian Mint announces branch opening in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1977 Henry L Marsh III elected mayor of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1977 Princess Anne announces she's expecting her 1st child (Peter)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 The first-ever radio episode of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams, is transmitted on BBC Radio 4.

  • 1979 1st extraterrestrial volcano discovered (Jupiter's satellite Io)
  • 1979 China withdraws invasion troops from Vietnam
  • 1979 Shuttle Columbia (OV-102) transported 38 miles overland from Palmdale
  • 1980 Greg Chappell 235 & Yallop 172, for 217 stand at Faisalabad
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Dennis Lillee ct by Qld 12th man Dennis Lillie in Shield game
  • 1983 House Foreign Affairs Com endorses nuclear weapons freeze with USSR
  • 1983 IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0
  • 1986 4 French TV crew members are abducted in west Beirut Lebanon
  • 1986 Japanese probe Suisei passes Halley's Comet at 109,800 km
  • 1987 17th Easter Seal Telethon raises $35,184,425

Birthdays in History

  • 1075 Abu 'l-Kasim Mahmud ibn Omar al-Zamachshari, Arab theologist
  • 1286 John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)
  • 1293 Beatrice of Castile, queen of Portugal (d. 1359)
  • 1495 John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint (d. 1550). Founder of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of God.
  • 1514 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1562)
  • 1659 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (d. 1738)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1702 Anne Bonny, Irish pirate (date of birth is approximate), born in Kinsale, Ireland (d. 1782)

Pirate Anne Bonny
Pirate
Anne Bonny
  • 1712 John Fothergill, English physician (d. 1780)
  • 1726 Richard Howe, British admiral (d. 1799)
  • 1746 André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
  • 1748 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic
  • 1783 Hannah Hoes Van Buren, NY, wife of pres Martin (1837-41), (d. 1819)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1799 Simon Cameron, Secy War (Union), (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Alvan Clark, Ashfield Massachusetts, American Astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, Old University of Chicago, the largest telescope in the world at the time
  • 1814 Ede Szigligeti, Hungarian dramatist (d. 1878)
  • 1822 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
  • 1827 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (d. 1875)
  • 1830 João de Deus, Portuguese poet (d. 1896)
  • 1836 Matthew Calbraith Butler, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1839 James Mason Crafts, US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1841 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • 1847 Karl von Bach, German engineer (Maschinenelemente)
  • 1856 Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1929)
  • 1856 Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931)
  • 1859 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • 1862 Joseph Lee, helped develop playgrounds
  • 1865 Frederick William Goudy, US, printer/type designer
  • 1879 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, bavaria (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 44, radiothorium/actinium)
  • 1886 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host/zoo director (Artis)
  • 1886 Edward Kendall, chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)
  • 1888 Stuart Chase, NH, writer/economist (Tragedy of Waste)
  • 1889 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business)
  • 1890 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist/philosopher
  • 1892 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader/premier (1952-53)
  • 1896 Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Eric Linklater, Scotland, novelist/poet (Blue Swallows)
  • 1899 Elmer Keith, Firearms enthusiast and Author (d. 1984)
  • 1902 Jennings Randolph, (Sen)
  • 1907 Constantine Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (d. 1998)
  • 1909 Hugh Murphy, English multi-millionaire
  • 1910 Bernard Benjamin, statistician, actuary and demographer (d. 2002)
  • 1911 Elsie Agnes Giorgi, physician/humanitarian
  • 1912 Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Jacob B Bakema, urban developer (St Louis Missouri)
  • 1914 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
  • 1915 Vivien John, English painter and daughter of Augustus John, born in Dorset (d. 1994)
  • 1916 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1986)
  • 1916 John Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer (d. 2004)
  • 1917 A Marja, [ATE Mooy], Dutch literary (Shreds on the River)
  • 1922 Carl Furillo, Brooklyn Dodger (NL Batting Champ 1953)
  • 1922 Heinar Kipphardt, German writer and playwright (In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer), born in Heidersdorf, Lower Silesia (d. 1982)
  • 1922 Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Manga artist (GeGeGe no Kitarō), born in Sakaiminato, Tittori (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Ralph Baer, Creator of the first video game console
  • 1923 Juan M G "Wancho" Evertsz, premier of Dutch Antilles (NVP, 1973-77)
  • 1924 Victor "Toby" Neuberg, teacher/writer
  • 1925 Petrus Steenkamp, Dutch politician (KVP/CDA)
  • 1927 Stanisław Kania, Polish politician
  • 1931 John McPhee, author (Back to ----)
  • 1931 Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Ron Taylor, Australian cinematographer (Those Amazing Animals), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Juvenal Hayarimana, president of Rwanda (1973-94)
  • 1937 Pamela McEvoy-Johnston, psychotherapist-board member (WIC)
  • 1939 George William Reed, astronomy writer/cartoonist (Dark Sky Legacy)
  • 1939 Mike Lowry, American politician (Rep-D-WA, 1979-89, Governor of Washington 1993-97 ), born in St. John, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Leslie Isben Rogge, one of FBI's most wanted
  • 1942 Ralph Ellis, England, rhythm (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • 1944 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • 1945 Jim Chapman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-1997), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • 1945 Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • 1947 Florentino Pérez, Spanish football executive
  • 1952 Vladimir Vladimirovich Vasyutin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-14)
  • 1952 George Felix Allen, American politician
  • 1965 Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
  • 1966 Holly Ann Salo, Keani Alaska, Miss Alaska-America (1991)
  • 1968 Ellen Forney, American cartoonist
  • 1980 Stephen Milne, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist

Weddings in History

  • 1418 Jacqueline, Countess of Haintaut marries her cousin John IV Duke of Brabant in The Hague

HeartWedding of Interest

1820 5th US President James Monroe's daughter Maria 1st child of a President to marry in the White House

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe

HeartWedding of Interest

1848 Confederate General James Longstreet (27) weds Maria Louisa Garland in Lynchburg, Virginia

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • 1969 Marriage of 12 year old Marcella Rosciglione in Palermo

HeartWedding of Interest

1969 CEO of McDonald's Ray Kroc (66) weds philanthropist Joan Mansfield (40)

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • 2012 Former "Raising Sextuplets" star Jenny Masche weds longtime beau Levi McClendon in San Diego
  • 2014 Supermarket Superstar hostess Stacy Keibler (34) weds Future Ads CEO Jared Pobre on an intimate beachside ceremony in Mexico

Deaths in History

  • 883 Albumasar, [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi], Arabic astronomer, dies
  • 1126 Urraca of Castile (b. 1082)
  • 1144 Celestine II, [Guido], Italian Pope (1143-44), dies in battle
  • 1223 Wincenty Kadłubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1403 Bajezid I Jildirim, 4th sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42
  • 1466 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiere/duke of Milan, dies at 64
  • 1550 Juan de Dios, Port/Sp saint (Brothers of Mercy), dies at 55
  • 1638 Jacob C van Neck, admiral/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73
  • 1641 Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer (b. 1587)
  • 1661 Jules Mazarin, Italian cardinal/premier of France, dies at 58
  • 1674 Charles Sorel, sieur de Souvigny, French writer (b. 1597)
  • 1702 John de Baen, portrait painter/etcher, buried at 69
  • 1702 William III, Dutch King of England (1689-1702), dies at 51 [NS-Mar 19] (b. 1650)
  • 1709 William Cowper/Cooper, English anatomist, dies at about 62
  • 1724 Enrico Giovanni Zuccalli, Swiss architect, dies at about 81
  • 1728 Gian M Crescimbeni, Italian literary/critic (Arcadia), dies at 64
  • 1731 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1754 Don Jose de Carvajal bon Lancaster, Sp min of Foreign affairs, dies
  • 1757 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
  • 1771 Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1819 Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (b. 1739)
  • 1844 Charles XIV [Jean Bernadotte], French-born King of Sweden & Norway (1818-44), Marshall of France, dies at 81
  • 1853 Edward John Dent, British Clockmaker, dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1855 William Poole, Infamous member of New York City's Bowery Boys gang, dies of a gunshot wound at 33

Gang Leader Bill the Butcher
Gang Leader
Bill the Butcher
  • 1862 Nat Gordon, last pirate, hanged in New York City for stealing 1,000 slaves

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (Whig: 1850-53), dies at 74

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • 1887 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian/critic, dies at 73
  • 1887 Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
  • 1887 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer (b. 1820)
  • 1889 Jens/John Ericsson, Swed/US, engineer (fire extinguisher), dies at 85
  • 1901 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German politician, dies at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Dutch count/air pioneer, dies at 78

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1920 Rafael Obligado, Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910), dies at 85

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • 1923 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer (b. 1835)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 William Howard Taft, 27th US President (1909-13) and Chief Justice, dies at 72

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1930 Edward Terry Sanford, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1865)
  • 1932 Jan de Louter, Dutch lawyer/tutor of Queen Wilhelmina, dies at 84
  • 1937 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion), dies at 71
  • 1941 Sherwood Anderson, US writer/publisher (Winesburg Ohio), dies at 64
  • 1942 Jose R Capablanca, Cuban chess player (world champ 1927), dies at 53
  • 1945 H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • 1945 Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1946 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), dies at 77
  • 1951 Honeymoon Killers, dies in electric chair
  • 1955 Clementine, Princess of Belg, wife of V Napoleon Bonaparte, dies at 82
  • 1959 Abdel Wahab Shawwaf, Iraqi colonel/putschist, murdered
  • 1972 Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (b. 1899)
  • 1974 Christian van Geel, Dutch poet/sculptor (Spinroc), dies at 56
  • 1975 George Stevens, US director (Swing Time, Gunga Din), dies at 70
  • 1976 Alfons Rebane, Estonian military commander (b. 1908)
  • 1985 Thomas Creighton, US heart patient (3 implants in 46 hrs), dies at 33
  • 1986 Hubert Fichte, German writer, dies of an AIDS related illness at 50
  • 1988 Werner Hartmann, German physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1993 Johan Bodegraven, radio host (Purses Open, Dikes Closed), dies at 78
  • 1994 John Ewart, Sydney Australia, dies of cancer at 55
  • 1994 Joop C Swart, publisher/founder (World Press Photo), dies at 69
  • 1994 Knut Haukelid, Norway/US resistance fighter (Rjukan 1943), dies at 82
  • 1995 Ota Adler, Czech/British fur trader (Jewish Aid Fund), dies at 83
  • 1995 Paul George Vincent O'Shaughnessy Horgan, novelist, dies at 91
  • 1996 Alison McCartney, pathologist/Breast Cancer campaigner, dies at 45
  • 1996 Jack Malcolm Thorpe Fleming Churchill, commando, dies at 89
  • 1997 Alexander Salkind, producer (Superman), dies at 75
  • 1999 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinean writer (b.1914)
  • 2005 Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen leader (b. 1951)
  • 2005 César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
  • 2009 Ali Bongo, President of the Magic Circle (b.1929)
  • 2009 Zbigniew Religa, Minister of Health of the Republic of Poland (b. 1938)
  • 2012 Leslie Cochran, American peace activist and police critic, dies from head trauma at 60
  • 2014 William Guarnere, American WWII veteran, dies at 90