On This Day in History for March 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 138

  • 141 BC Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne of the Han Dynasty in China and rules for 54 years
  • 590 Bahram Chobin is crowned as King Barham VI of Persia.
  • 1009 First known written mention of Lithuania, in the annals of Quedlinburg
  • 1230 Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.
  • 1276 Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.
  • 1496 Jews are expelled from Carintha, Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Nicolaus Copernicus' 1st recorded astronomical observation

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1500 Pedro Cabral departs with 13 ships to India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1522 Martin Luther begins preaching his "Invocavit Sermons" in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God's word rather than violence and thus helping bring to a close the revolutionary stage of the Reformation

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1551 Emperor Karel appoints son Philip as heir to the throne
  • 1562 Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)
  • 1566 David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1617 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Stolbowa
  • 1640 Pierre Corneilles "Horace" premieres in Paris
  • 1642 English Queen Henriette Maria arrives in Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
  • 1689 Thomas Shadwell appointed second English Poet Laureate by William and Mary after John Dryden refuses to swear The Oath allegiance
  • 1701 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • 1721 British Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • 1741 British fleet under admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena
  • 1745 Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston

MurderMurder of Interest

1765 After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Publication of the influential economics book "The Wealth of Nations" by Adam Smith

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • 1798 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • 1820 -11) Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
  • 1822 Charles Graham of NY granted first US patent for artificial teeth
  • 1834 French Foreign Legion is founded.
  • 1839 Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 1841 US Supreme Court rules the kidnapped slaves from the Spanish schooner the Amistad are free
  • 1856 Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
  • 1858 Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • 1860 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in SF en route to Washington
  • 1861 Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000
  • 1862 USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1889 Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
  • 1889 Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US
  • 1891 Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England (lasts until 13th March; 200 people and 6,000 animals killed)
  • 1893 Congo cannibals killed thousands of Arabs
  • 1897 Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
  • 1897 Indians fans start calling the team "Indians" (in 1915 becomes official)
  • 1907 1st involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana
  • 1907 Lady Gregory's "Rising of the Moon" premieres in Dublin
  • 1908 Inter Milan is founded.
  • 1914 Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US Sen albert fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1916 Mexican General Francisco "Pancho" Villa invades US (18 killed)
  • 1916 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • 1918 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • 1918 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • 1918 Wageningen Agricultural College Neth opens
  • 1922 Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Amsterdam taxi strike ended
  • 1923 Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC
  • 1924 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
  • 1925 Pink's War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins.
  • 1926 Bertha Landes elected 1st woman mayor of Seattle
  • 1929 Marcel Pagnol's "Marius" premieres in Paris
  • 1932 Eamon De Valera becomes president of Ireland
  • 1932 Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi installed as head of Manchuria
  • 1933 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 US Congress is called into special session by FDR, beginning its "100 days"

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Construction of the Alaska Highway began
  • 1943 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • 1943 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps

BattleFirebombing of Tokyo

1945 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bombs

  • 1945 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
  • 1946 Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang
  • 1947 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1947 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1948 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
  • 1949 Brigadier Gen Edwin K Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1949 England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Willie Sutton robs Manufacturers Bank of $64,000 in NYC

Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam submit a classified paper at the Los Alamos lab, in which they proposed their revolutionary new design, staged implosion, for a practical megaton-range hydrogen bomb

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Josef Stalin buried in Moscow

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1956 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrested & exiled to Seychelles
  • 1956 Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England
  • 1957 8.1 earthquake shakes Andreanof Islands, Alaska
  • 1959 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
  • 1959 Barbie makes her debut at the American Toy Fair in New York. Over a billion have been sold worldwide since.
  • 1961 Soviet flight Sputnik 9 carries and returns a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), frogs and a guinea pig from orbit
  • 1961 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72
  • 1961 Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka (dog) into orbit
  • 1962 Egyptian Pres Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians
  • 1962 US advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight
  • 1964 1st Ford Mustang produced
  • 1964 Creighton's Paul Silas grabs Midwest record 27 rebounds against Okla
  • 1964 Supreme Court issues NY Times vs Sullivan decision, public officials must prove malice to claim libel & recover damages
  • 1966 Andrew Brimmer becomes 1st black governor of Federal Reserve Board
  • 1967 Svetlana Allilueva, Stalin's daughter, defected to the West
  • 1971 J M Noreiga takes 9-95 WI v India at Port-of-Spain
  • 1971 Three off-duty Scottish soldiers are killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; 4000 shipyard workers take to the streets to demand internment in response
  • 1972 Four members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature explosion at a house in Clonard Street, Lower Falls, Belfast
  • 1974 Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
  • 1975 Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • 1976 1st female cadets accepted to West Point Military Academy
  • 1977 Hanafi Muslims invade 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., siege ended Mar 11th

Birthdays in History

  • 1213 Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (d. 1271)
  • 1285 Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (d. 1318)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1454 Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), born in Florence (d. 1512)

  • 1564 David Fabricius, Essens Germany, astronomer (discoved variable star)
  • 1568 Aloysius "Luigi" van Gonzaga, Italian prince/jesuit/saint
  • 1629 Tsar Alexis I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1720 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (d. 1790)
  • 1749 Honore Mirabeau, French writer and politician (d. 1791)
  • 1753 Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)
  • 1758 Franz Joseph Gall, German/French physician (frenology)
  • 1763 William Cobbett, English journalist and author (d. 1835)
  • 1777 Alexander Orlowski, Polish painter/cartoonist/graphic artist
  • 1791 George Hayward, US, surgeon, 1st to use ether
  • 1814 Taras Shevchenko, Ukraine, national poet/painter/prof of Kiev [NS]
  • 1815 David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)
  • 1820 Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)
  • 1824 Leland Stanford, (Gov/Sen)/found Stanford U
  • 1825 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
  • 1833 Frederick A. Schroeder, tobacco industrialist and mayor of Brooklyn (d. 1899)
  • 1839 Felix Huston Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1928)
  • 1839 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1908)
  • 1865 Margaret Murray Washington, wife of Booker T/head (NACW 1896..1918)
  • 1877 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist
  • 1881 Enver Pasja, Turkish general/politician
  • 1881 Ernest Bevin, British minister of Labour/Foreign affairs
  • 1883 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1887 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)
  • 1890 Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Soviet foreign minister (UN)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 Jose Paciano Laurel y Garcia, 3rd President of the Philippines (1942-44), born in Tanauan, Batangas (d. 1959)

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • 1892 David Garnett, English novelist and editor (Lady into Fox)
  • 1892 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Adel und Untergang)
  • 1892 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst)
  • 1893 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian muralist/decorator
  • 1894 Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)
  • 1900 Aimone duke of Spoleta/Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43)
  • 1900 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
  • 1902 Edward Durell Stone, US, architect (US Embassy, New Delhi)
  • 1904 Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs. (d. 2002)
  • 1905 Félix L V L J Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes)
  • 1905 Grigori Kozintsev, director (Hamlet, King Lear), born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1905 Peter C Quennell, English biographer/critic (Byron in Italy)
  • 1905 Rex Warner, English poet/writer (Wild Goose Chase)
  • 1909 Derk Bodde, American sinologist (d. 2003)
  • 1910 Ed[uard] Hoornik, Dutch writer/poet (Survivor)
  • 1912 Alan David Melville, polymath
  • 1913 Ger[ar]da Brautigam, journalist/Dutch 2nd Chamber (PvdA)
  • 1917 Dante B Fascell, (Rep-D-FL, 1955- )
  • 1918 Mickey Spillane, [Frank], mystery writer (I the Jury), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1923 James Buckley, (Sen-R-NY)
  • 1923 André Courrèges, French fashion designer, born in Pau, French Basque country (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Gerrit A Kooy, Dutch sociologist (Apartheid & work in South Africa)
  • 1928 Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer (d. 1990)
  • 1929 Hugh Desmond Hoyte, president (Guyana, 1985-92)
  • 1929 Marie Cardinal, writer
  • 1930 Harrie J B Aarts, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA)
  • 1931 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Heere Heeresma, Dutch writer (Han de Wit goes in development aid)
  • 1933 Mel Lastman, Canadian politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), born in Klushino, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1968)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • 1935 Sister Bernard Ncube, South African nun
  • 1935 Andrew Viterbi, American telecommunications scientist and businessman
  • 1937 Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec from 2001-2003
  • 1941 Ger van Each, sculptor
  • 1941 Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (d. 1976)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Bobby Fischer, American world chess champion (1972-75), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • 1943 Charles Gibson, American television journalist
  • 1944 Trevor Burton, rocker (Move)
  • 1945 Dennis Rader, American serial killer
  • 1946 Gherman Semyonovich Arzamazov, Russian cosmonaut (backup TM-6)
  • 1947 Keri Hulme, New Zealandic writer
  • 1948 Jamie Lyn Bauer, actress (Young & Restless, Centerfold Girls), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1948 Emma Bonino, Italian politician
  • 1951 Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor
  • 1951 Helen Zille, South African politician
  • 1954 Bobby Sands, Irish IRA member and leader of the hunger strike at Maze Prison where he died in 1981
  • 1956 Shashi Tharoor, Indian author & United Nations Under-Secretary General
  • 1956 David Willetts, UK Shadow Secretary for Education (Conservative)
  • 1957 Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician
  • 1964 Herbert Fandel, German football referee
  • 1966 Tony Lockett, Australian Rules Footballer
  • 1966 Michael Patrick MacDonald, American memorist
  • 1970 Melissa Rathburn-Nealy, US soldier (Iraqi POW)
  • 1972 Spencer Howson, Australian radio broadcaster
  • 1976 Thor Halvorssen, human rights activist
  • 1983 Clint Dempsey, American footballer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1796 French Leader Napoléon Bonaparte (26) marries 1st wife Joséphine de Beauharnais (32), changing her name from Rose

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Deaths in History

  • 1202 King Sverre of Norway (1184-1202), dies
  • 1422 Jan Zelivsky, Hussite priest (b. 1380)
  • 1440 St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
  • 1566 David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles
  • 1620 Aegidius Albertinus, German writer (Lucifer's Kingdom), dies at 59
  • 1649 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
  • 1649 Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)
  • 1661 Jules "Cardinal" Mazarin, chief minister of France, dies at 58
  • 1688 Claude Mellan, French engraver/cartoonist/painter, dies at 89
  • 1709 Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English diplomat
  • 1747 Jacob Campo Weyerman, S Neth adventurer/painter/writer, dies at 69
  • 1808 Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)
  • 1824 Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/Friesland, dies at 79
  • 1831 Friedrich M Klinger, German (stage)author (Plimplamplasko), dies at 79
  • 1847 Mary Anning, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset), dies of breast cancer at 47

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1851 Hans Christian Oersted, Danish physicist, dies at 73

Physicist/Chemist Hans Oersted
Physicist/Chemist
Hans Oersted
  • 1877 Mark Prager Lindo, English/Dutch author (Neth Spectator), dies at 58
  • 1883 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, dies at 30
  • 1888 William I, German Emperor (b. 1797)
  • 1895 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59
  • 1897 Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)
  • 1913 Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61
  • 1918 [Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind, German writer/press sec, dies at 53
  • 1931 Ida B Wells-Barnett, African American civil rights activist, dies in Chicago at 78
  • 1937 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (b. 1864)
  • 1947 Carrie Chapman Catt, American women's suffrage leader, dies at 88
  • 1954 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • 1954 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (b. 1874)
  • 1955 Matthew A Henson, met Peary on 6/4/1909 at North Pole, dies at 88
  • 1960 Jack Beattie, Northern Irish politician (b. 1886)
  • 1962 Howard Engstrom, Boston, a designer of Univac computer, dies at 59
  • 1964 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general/politician, dies at 93
  • 1965 Kazys Boruta, writer, dies
  • 1969 Riad, chief of staff (Egyptian army), dies
  • 1974 Earl W Sutherland Jr, US pharmacologist (Nobel 1971), dies at 58
  • 1975 Joseph Dunninger, NYC, mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), dies at 82
  • 1975 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (b. 1888)
  • 1982 Richard A Butler, England, min of Finance, dies at 79
  • 1983 Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist famous for his work on neurotransmitters (Nobel 1970), dies at 78
  • 1988 Kurt Georg Kiesinger, West German chancellor (1966-69), dies at 83
  • 1989 Robert Mapplethorpe, US photographer, dies at 42
  • 1992 Jack McEdward, asst dir (Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell), dies at 94
  • 1992 James Brooks, US mural painter (Flight, La Guardia NY), dies at 85

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1992 Menachem Begin, PM Israel (1977-80, 81-83, Nobel 1979), dies at 85

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1994 Charles Bukowski, author/poet, dies of leukemia at 73
  • 1994 Lawrence E Spivak, journalist (Meet the Press), dies at 93
  • 1995 Ian Ballantine, publisher, dies of heart attack at 79
  • 1996 Alan Hugh Iliffe, psychologist, dies at 77
  • 1996 Elman Ali Ahmed, peace campaigner, dies at 42
  • 1996 Peter Mansfield, British political journalist and author, dies at 67
  • 1997 Terry Nation, writer (Dr Who, Blake 7) at 66
  • 2003 Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (b. 1946)
  • 2004 Dr. Gerald Deskin, Ph.D., clinical child psychologist (b. 1929)
  • 2005 Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler; aka Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (b. 1924)
  • 2006 John Profumo, British cabinet minister (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Geir Ivarsøy, Norwegian programmer, co-founder of Opera Software ASA (b. 1957)
  • 2007 Jeanne Hopkins Lucas, North Carolina politician (b. unknown)
  • 2010 Doris Haddock, American political activist (b. 1910)
  • 2011 David Broder, American journalist (b. 1929)
  • 2012 Selma Rubin, American environmental activist, dies at 96
  • 2012 Lord Wedderton of Charlton, British academic and politician, dies at 84
  • 2015 James Molyneaux [Baron Molyneaux of Killead], MP (Ulster unionist), dies at 94
  • 2016 John Gutfreund, American investment banker, CEO of Salomon Brothers (King of Wall Street), dies at 86