On This Day in History for May 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 236


Event of interestEvent of Interest

305 Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
  • 1006 Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus
  • 1048 Bishop Bernold flees St Pieterskerk for Utrecht Neth
  • 1328 Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1394 Ekiho exorcised the Zen temple & its surroundings of an old badger
  • 1523 Danish king Christian III arrives in Veere
  • 1544 Turkish troops occupy Hungary
  • 1551 Council of Trente resumes
  • 1598 Jacob van Neck's merchant fleet departs for Java
  • 1625 Portuguese & Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1625 Prince Frederick Henry appointed viceroy of Holland

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1682 Louis XIV & his court inaugurate Paris Observatory
  • 1703 Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians
  • 1704 Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper advertisement
  • 1707 Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1711 Archduke Karel of Austria/Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar
  • 1715 Prussia declares war on Sweden
  • 1725 Spain & Austria sign trade treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1753 Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.

Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • 1756 France & Austria sign alliance
  • 1757 Austria & France divide Prussia
  • 1759 British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West Indies, capturing it from France
  • 1776 Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
  • 1777 RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • 1778 American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • 1781 Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Kamehameha, the king of Hawaiʻi defeats Kalanikupule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • 1822 John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston
  • 1834 Belgian parliament accepts railway laws
  • 1840 "Penny Blacks", first adhesive postage stamps issued by Great Britain
  • 1841 First emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri, for California

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1844 Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • 1846 Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
  • 1848 The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1850 John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • 1851 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
  • 1852 The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation.
  • 1853 Argentina adopts its constitution
  • 1854 Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes
  • 1857 William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy
  • 1861 Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper's Ferry
  • 1862 Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans in US Civil War
  • 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
  • 1863 Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • 1863 Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • 1863 Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
  • 1864 -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
  • 1864 Atlanta campaign, GA begins
  • 1866 American Equal Rights Association forms
  • 1867 Howard University chartered
  • 1867 Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
  • 1869 Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • 1873 1st US postal card issued
  • 1873 Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • 1875 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • 1875 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • 1883 "Buffalo Bill" Cody puts on his 1st Wild West Show
  • 1883 Amsterdam World's Fair opens
  • 1884 Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
  • 1884 Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • 1885 Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
  • 1886 US general strike for 8-hour working day begins
  • 1889 2nd International Congress calls for 1st International Workers Day 1st May 1890 to mark protests in Chicago in 1886
  • 1889 Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)
  • 1892 US Quarantine Station opens on Angel Island, SF Bay
  • 1893 World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Seven days after parliament was dissolved, Charles Tupper is sworn in as the 6th Prime Minister of Canada

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 US Admiral George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US route Spanish fleet at Manila

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • 1900 Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
  • 1901 Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
  • 1903 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the sighing of the Entente Cordiale on 8 April, 1904
  • 1907 Belgium government of De Trooz forms
  • 1907 Indian Mine Laws passes (concessions from Neth-Indies)
  • 1908 World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo, Panama
  • 1909 Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
  • 1912 Beverly Hills Hotel opens
  • 1913 Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
  • 1914 China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification
  • 1915 British liner Lusitania leaves NY for Liverpool
  • 1915 German submarine torpedoes US tanker Gulflight
  • 1919 Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
  • 1920 Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • 1921 Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
  • 1922 Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1924 Admiral Paul Koundouriotis becomes president of Greece
  • 1925 A's Jimmie Foxx, 17, 1st game; he pinch-hits a single
  • 1925 Cyprus becomes a British Crown Colony
  • 1926 British coal miners go on strike
  • 1926 Satchel Paige makes pitching debut in Negro Southern League
  • 1927 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
  • 1928 6 children die & 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
  • 1928 Drunken fascist Erich Wichman attacks VARA-radio transmitter
  • 1928 Lei Day begun (a Hawaiian celebration)
  • 1928 Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service
  • 1929 Brooklyn's Johnny Finn sets 100 yard sack race in 14.4 seconds
  • 1929 Farm workers strike begins in East-Groningen
  • 1929 Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin
  • 1930 Planet Pluto offically named by 11 year-old Venetia Burney
  • 1931 Empire State Building opens in New York City

Birthdays in History

  • 1218 John I, Count of Hainaut (d. 1257)
  • 1218 Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)
  • 1238 Magnus VI Lagabuter, King of Norway (1263-80)
  • 1285 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1326)
  • 1545 Franciscus Junius, [Francois du Jon], French/Neth calvinist theologist
  • 1567 Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt, Dutch royal painter
  • 1577 Francois van Kinschot, Dutch treasurer
  • 1592 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionaries/astronomer
  • 1594 John Haynes, Massachusetts colonial magistrate
  • 1672 Joseph Addison, England, essayist (Spectator)
  • 1692 -31? James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770) born during this month
  • 1735 John H van Kinsbergen, Dutch lt-admiral/founder of Dutch Marines Corp

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1738 Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819), born in Kohala, Hawaii (d. 1819)

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • 1759 Jacob Albright, [Albrecht], German/US predictor
  • 1764 Benjamin Henry Latrobe, engineer/architect (built Capitol)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1769 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory: 1828-30), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1852)

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1800 Ret Thomas Aloysius Dornin, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • 1804 Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (d. 1860)
  • 1807 John Bankhead "Prince John" Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1818 Jose Amador de los Rios, Spanish historian/poet
  • 1819 William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • 1825 George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
  • 1829 Jose M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice
  • 1830 Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, US reformer and labor organizer
  • 1831 Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (d. 1903)
  • 1835 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffie, Brig Gen (Union volunteers)
  • 1839 Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)
  • 1850 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (d. 1942)
  • 1851 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer and psychiatrist (d. 1891)
  • 1852 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman (Wild Bill Hickok), born in Princeton, Missouri (d. 1903)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Frontierswoman
Calamity Jane
  • 1855 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter , born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1859 Willem J Leyds, Dutch/South Africa lawyer/politician/diplomat
  • 1872 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)
  • 1874 Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), American painter , born in Rome, Italy
  • 1880 Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
  • 1881 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, France, philosopher/paleontologist
  • 1896 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (d. 1947)
  • 1896 Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)
  • 1896 J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Eugene R Black, US, President of World Bank (1953-62)
  • 1900 Ignazio Silone, Italy, novelist/politician (Bread & Wine)
  • 1901 Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian (d. 1945)
  • 1905 Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet PM (1980-85)
  • 1905 Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (d. 1982)
  • 1906 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (d. 1983)
  • 1907 Jan Pauw, CEO (Aruban Theater Group)
  • 1907 Oliver Hill, civil rights attorney (d. 2007)
  • 1908 Giovanni Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone)
  • 1909 Ethel Jane Cain, original UK Speaking Clock voice
  • 1909 Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet and political activist, born in Monemvasia (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander (d. 1998)
  • 1916 Jane Jacobs, urbanologist, born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1917 Ahron Soloveichik, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Khislavichi, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1919 Alwyn Farquharson, Scottish clan-captain/large landowner
  • 1921 12th Lord Middleton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1921 Paul Daels, president (Flemish Iron Pilgrimage committee)
  • 1923 Joseph Heller, American novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Patricia Roberts Harris, 1st US African American woman cabinet member
  • 1924 Terry Southern, writer
  • 1925 Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Boulder Colo, astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7)
  • 1925 Scott Carpenter, Boulder, CO, pilot and astronaut (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • 1927 Lord Bathurst, English earl/large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1928 Raoul Servais, Belgian cartoonist/pres (l'ASIFA)
  • 1928 Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racer (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Richard Riordan, mayor of Los Angeles (R, 1993-2001), born in NYC, New York
  • 1934 Alette Beaujon, Curacaos poet (Gedichten on the Bay & Elsewhere)
  • 1934 Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
  • 1940 Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
  • 1944 Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • 1946 John Woo, Hong Kong director
  • 1947 Sergio Infante, Chilean poet and writer
  • 1947 Jacob Bekenstein, American-Israeli theoretical physicist (Bekenstein-Hawking radiation), born in Mexico City (d. 2015)
  • 1949 Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
  • 1951 Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
  • 1954 Joel Rosenberg, science fiction author
  • 1957 Dick Swett, (Rep-D-New Hampshire)
  • 1957 Paul D Ronney, ScD/astronaut (STS 83 alt), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 Marilyn Milian, current judge on The People's Court
  • 1964 Ruth Picardie, journalist
  • 1964 Sarah Armstrong-Jones, daughter of princess Margaret & Lord Snowdon
  • 1968 Denise Masino, American Female Bodybuilder
  • 1969 Wes Anderson, American director and writer

Weddings in History

  • 1576 Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

HeartWedding of Interest

1840 Women's rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton (24) weds fellow abolitionist Henry Brewster Stanton (34)

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

HeartWedding of Interest

1850 Soldier William Tecumseh Sherman (30) weds Eleanor Boyle Ewing in Washington, D.C.

HeartWedding of Interest

1881 Physiologist Ivan Pavlov (32) weds Seraphima Karchevskaya

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • 1884 "Poems of Passion" author Ella Wheeler Wilcox (33) weds Robert M. Wilcox in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1929 American poet e.e (Edward Estlin) Cummings marries 2nd wife Anne Minnerly Barton

HeartWedding of Interest

1954 Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos (36) weds Imelda Romualdez (24) in a Catholic church

First Lady and Politican Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politican
Imelda Marcos
10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos

HeartWedding of Interest

1980 Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko (49) weds Bobi Ladawa

President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko

Deaths in History

  • 408 Arcadius, Eastern Roman emperor (b. 337/338)
  • 1118 Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
  • 1171 Dermot MacMurrough, last Irish King of Leinster, dies
  • 1240 Jacques de Vitry, Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals
  • 1277 Stefanus IV Uros I de Great, King of Serbia (1243-76), dies
  • 1308 Albrecht I van Habsburg, German King (1298-1308), murdered
  • 1447 Louis VII, Duke of Baveria (1413-43), dies
  • 1456 Hugues de Lannoy, Flemish viceroy of Holland/Zealand, dies
  • 1471 Thomas a Kempis, spiritual writer (Navolging of Christ), dies at 91
  • 1539 Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)
  • 1555 Marcellus II, [Marcello Cervini], Italian Pope (1555), dies at 53
  • 1572 Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri], great-inquisiteur/Pope (1566-72), dies
  • 1700 John Dryden, English poet and playwright, first Poet Laureate (1668-1688), dies at 68
  • 1703 Kiva Yoshinaka, Japanese monarch, murdered
  • 1738 Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
  • 1772 Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer/statistics/economist, dies at 52
  • 1813 Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  • 1831 Antonius van Alphen, apostle vicar of De Bosch, dies at 82
  • 1863 Edward Dorr Tracy, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 29
  • 1870 Francisco Solano Lopez, fieldmarshal/president of Paraguay
  • 1872 Amalia, princess of Weimar/wife of prince Hendrik the Navigator, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1873 David Livingstone, British physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1886 Conrad Busken Huet, writer (Country of Rubens)
  • 1892 Willem A Scholten, manufacturer (potatoes), dies at 89
  • 1896 Nasr-ed-Din, shah of Persia (184.-96), murdered at 65
  • 1898 Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian, dies at 81
  • 1899 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)
  • 1902 John Glover, English chemist (production sulfuric acid), dies at 85
  • 1913 John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)
  • 1917 Jose E Rodo, Uruguayan writer (Motivos de proteo), dies
  • 1924 August Cuppens, Flemish author (Limburgs Driemanschap), dies at 62
  • 1926 Nicolaus Adriani, translator (Middle-Celebes Language), dies at 60
  • 1932 Paul Doumer, Pres France (1931-32), assassin by Russia's Paul Gargalov
  • 1941 John R Locksmith de Brown, vicar/CHU-politician, dies at 71
  • 1943 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Paul Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi Minister of Propoganda, commits suicide aged 47 with his wife and arranges the death of his 6 children aged

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1947 Sanner, leader of Norger blood bath, executed
  • 1948 Christos Ladas, Greek minister of Justice, murdered
  • 1952 William Fox, [Fried], US film pioneer (Nickelodeon), dies at 73
  • 1959 Oscar Torp, Norwegian premier, dies
  • 1963 Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer, Father of the Philippine National Language and Grammar (b. 1879)
  • 1968 Harold G Nicolson, English author (English sense of humor), dies at 71
  • 1970 Crown Prince Euimin, Crown Prince Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1972 Fernand Ansseau, Belgian operator (Orfeo), dies at 82
  • 1976 Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek poet who fought the military junta in Greece (b. 1939)
  • 1976 T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
  • 1981 Clarence A Bacote, historian/political scientist, dies at 75
  • 1982 William Primrose, Scottish violist (b. 1903)
  • 1988 Carroll Righter, American columnist and astrologer to the stars, dies prostate cancer at 88
  • 1989 David Webster, South African white anti-apartheids activist, murdered
  • 1989 Sally Kirkland, fashion editor at LIFE (b. 1912)
  • 1991 Richard Thorpe, American director (Jailhouse Rock, Night Must Fall), dies at 95
  • 1993 Hans [Henri EA] Tuynman, provo (Full-time Provo), dies at 50
  • 1993 Ranasinghe Premadasa, pres (Sri Lanka, 1989-93), assassinated at 68
  • 1996 Asher Wallfish, journalist, dies at 67
  • 1997 Bebe, AKA Flipper, dolphin, dies at 40
  • 1998 Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 Rob Lacey, Christian Author. (b. 1962)
  • 2008 Anthony Mamo, Malta's first President (b. 1909)
  • 2008 Deborah Jeane Palfrey, American escort owner, commits suicide at 52
  • 2009 Danny Gans, Canadian-born Las Vegas entertainer (b. 1956)
  • 2011 Ted Lowe, English snooker commentator (b. 1920)