On This Day in History for May 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 153

  • 1267 Vienna's church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb
  • 1278 Jews of England imprisoned on charges of coining
  • 1291 Scottish nobles recognize authority of English king Edward I
  • 1427 Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci leaves for his first voyage to the New World (disputed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1503 Columbus discovers Cayman Islands

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1525 Church reformer John Pistorius caught in the Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1559 Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen mother Mary
  • 1570 Tsar Ivan IV becomes Protestant
  • 1624 Dutch admirals Jacob Willekens & Piet Heyn conquer Salvador da Bahia (Brazil)
  • 1652 John Johnson, a free African American, is granted 550 acres in Northampton, Virginia
  • 1655 Jamaica captured by English
  • 1676 Bacon's Rebellion begins, frontiersmen vs Virginia government
  • 1768 John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for The North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
  • 1774 Louis XVI ascends to throne of France
  • 1775 Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and issues paper currency for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia names George Washington, supreme commander

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1775 Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga NY-American Revolution
  • 1787 British Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal
  • 1796 French government arrest 10 utopists

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1796 Riot after disagreement of patriotic demand in Amsterdam
  • 1797 1st US Navy ship, the "United States," is launched
  • 1801 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)
  • 1816 British steamship "Defiance" arrives at Rotterdam harbor
  • 1823 1st steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River arrives at Ft Snelling
  • 1824 The National Gallery in London opens to the public in its temporary home in a townhouse on Pall Mall
  • 1837 Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
  • 1857 Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut
  • 1861 Union troops march on state militia in St Louis, MI
  • 1862 Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)
  • 1864 Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Ny River, Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops at Irwinsville Georgia

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1865 Surrender of Sam Jones
  • 1869 Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
  • 1871 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
  • 1872 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC
  • 1876 Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia
  • 1879 Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa
  • 1881 Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation
  • 1893 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • 1902 Portugal goes bankrupt, but its parliament passes a bill converting its external debt. Contributing to Portugal's troubles is a recent revolt in its colony of Angola, put down on 6 September
  • 1906 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • 1906 Italian King Victor Emmanuel & Swiss president Ludwig Forrer open Simplon tunnel
  • 1908 1st Mother's Day observed (Philadelphia)
  • 1909 Winchester's Fred Toney no-hits Lexington for 17 inning
  • 1910 1st aircraft air display held (Hendon, England)
  • 1910 Halley's Comet closest approach to Earth in 1910 pass
  • 1910 The British House of Commons pass three major resolutions on political reform
  • 1913 Yanks commit 8 errors & still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings
  • 1915 Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England
  • 1916 Disastrous fire in Ellendale, ND
  • 1916 Historic Shipport Museum opens in Amsterdam
  • 1917 Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks
  • 1918 HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor
  • 1919 Race riot in Charleston SC, 2 blacks killed
  • 1921 Luigi Pirandello's "Sei Personaggi in Cerca d'Autore" premieres
  • 1922 Dr Ivy Williams is 1st woman to be called to the English Bar
  • 1922 WHB-AM in Kansas City MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 The United States annexes the Kingman Reef in n the North Pacific Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 J. Edgar Hoover appointed head of FBI

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1925 To control demonstrations against foreigners, British troops in Shanghai fire into a crowd, leading to a boycott against British goods
  • 1930 1st US planetarium opens (Adler-Chicago)
  • 1930 Clarrie Grimmett takes 10 for 37 v Yorkshire at Sheffield
  • 1932 Government declares "Wilhelmus" as the Netherlands' national anthem
  • 1932 Senate chairman Albert Lebrun becomes President of France
  • 1933 Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF) forms
  • 1933 Nazis stage public book burnings in Germany
  • 1933 Paraguay declares war on Bolivia
  • 1933 Suriname worker's union leader A de Come banish to Netherlands

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1936 Manuel Azaña elected the second President of the Spanish Republic

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1936 Nahas Pasja becomes premier of Egypt
  • 1937 Busmen strike in London
  • 1938 Banning speech on anti-fascism demonstration in Amsterdam
  • 1940 British Local Defence Volunteers forms (later renamed the Home Guard)
  • 1940 Dutch torpedo boat Johan van Galen sinks
  • 1940 Dutch-Indies Governor Van Starkenborch proclaims end to state of siege
  • 1940 French marines stationed on Aruba
  • 1940 French troops arrive in Zealand/Brabant Netherlands
  • 1940 Nazi armies attack Netherlands, Belgium & Luxembourg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1940 World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.
  • 1941 Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland
  • 1941 British House of Commons & Holborn Theatre damaged in an air raid
  • 1941 Queen Wilhelmina on Radio Orange warns against treason
  • 1942 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign.
  • 1944 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • 1944 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • 1945 Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
  • 1945 Soviet troops occupied Prague
  • 1948 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel
  • 1948 Winston Churchill visits The Hague
  • 1950 1st Netherlands-US telex sent
  • 1951 Z Alexander Looby elected to Nashville City Council
  • 1954 Bolshoi Ballet does not appear in Paris
  • 1956 French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria
  • 1957 1st meeting of legislative of Cameroon
  • 1957 Dmitri Shostakovitsch's 2nd Piano concerto premieres in Moscow

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 128

  • 1265 Emperor Fushimi of Japan (d. 1317)
  • 1536 Thomas Howard, 4th duke of Norfolk, English Earl Marshall
  • 1604 Jean Mairet, French dramatist (d. 1686)
  • 1724 Johan A Zoutman, Dutch lt-admiral (battle of Doggersbank)
  • 1727 Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot, French minister of Finance (17.. -76)
  • 1730 George Ross, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1746 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1754 Asmus Jakob Carstens, painter
  • 1760 Johann Peter Hebel, German writer (Allemannische Gedichte), born in Basel (d. 1826)
  • 1769 Jean Lannes, duc de Montebello, Marshal of France
  • 1770 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal (defeated Prussians)
  • 1775 Robert Gray, Sea Captain (d. 1806)
  • 1788 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, optics pioneer/physicist
  • 1788 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1795 Jacques-Nicolas-Augustin Thierry, historian
  • 1810 James Shields, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1879)
  • 1813 Montgomery Blair, Franklin County Ky, lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford)
  • 1822 August Ritter von Pettenkofen, painter
  • 1823 John Sherman, MC (Union), (d. 1900)
  • 1824 Charles Henry Van Wyck, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • 1830 Francois M Raoult, French physicist/chemist (law of Raoult)
  • 1837 Pinckney B S Pinchback, Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • 1838 James, 1st Viscount Bryce, historian/statesman
  • 1840 Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian revolutionist (d. 1868)
  • 1841 James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)
  • 1843 Kaufmann Kohler, reform rabbi/theologian
  • 1843 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (d. 1920)
  • 1847 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
  • 1857 Hendrik Zwaardemaker, Dutch physiologist (olfactometer)
  • 1866 Léon Bakst, Russian artist (d. 1924)
  • 1872 Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
  • 1873 Carl J Eldh, Swedish sculptor
  • 1873 Jan Kalf, literary/art historian (Preservation of museums)
  • 1874 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
  • 1876 Ivan Cankar, Slavs author (Hlapec Jernej-Njegova Pravica)
  • 1878 Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923, Nobel 1926)
  • 1879 Symon Petlura, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1926)
  • 1885 Fritz von Unruh, German writer, (d. 1970)
  • 1886 Karl Barth, Basel Switzerland, theologian/author (Action in Waiting)
  • 1886 Olaf Stapleton, British religious sci-fi writer (Star Maker)
  • 1886 Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Jacobus C Bloem, Dutch poet (Sintels)
  • 1897 Ewart Maurice Levy, 2nd Baronet
  • 1897 Einar Gerhardsen, Prime minister of Norway (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Ariel Durant, writer (Story of Civilization)
  • 1901 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist
  • 1902 David O Selznick, producer (Gone With the Wind), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1902 Joachim Prinz, author/Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37)
  • 1903 Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (d. 1994)
  • 1904 David Brown, CEO (Aston Martin Lagonda)
  • 1905 Angus Paton, civil engineer
  • 1908 Carl Albert, (D) speaker of the House
  • 1908 Henry Diamond, Irish Nationalist MP
  • 1909 Harold Francis Collison, trade Unionist
  • 1909 Lord Collison, British union leader (agriculture workers)
  • 1910 Jimmy Demaret, winner of 44 golf tournaments, but not the Open
  • 1910 Margot Turner, matron-in-chief (Army Nursing Service)
  • 1911 Bel Kaufman, American author, born in Berlin, Germany, (d. 2014)
  • 1912 Edward Gardner, Queen's Court/MP
  • 1914 Lord Smith, British surgeon
  • 1915 Denis Thatcher, husband of British PM Margaret (1979-90)
  • 1915 John Egerton, 6th Duke of Sutherland, British peer
  • 1915 Monica Dickens, author/founder (US Samaritians)
  • 1915 Salah Abou Seif, director
  • 1918 T Berry Brazelton, doctor (On Being a Father)
  • 1918 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, born in Wawaset Park, Delaware (d. 1954)
  • 1919 Ella Grasso, (Gov-D-Ct)
  • 1919 Louis Sen A Kaw, Surinam dam builder
  • 1920 Basil Kelly, Lord Justice of Appeals (Northern Ireland)
  • 1922 David Orr, deputy chairman (Inchcape)/CEO (British Council, Unilever)
  • 1923 John Dugdal, Lord-Lt (Salop)
  • 1923 Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Edward Fursdon, British Maj-Gen (defense council)
  • 1926 Duncan Watson, president (World Blind Union)
  • 1926 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
  • 1927 Nayantara Sahgal, Indian author
  • 1928 Arnold Rüütel, Estonian president
  • 1929 Brian Corby, CEO (Prudential)
  • 1929 Robin Hill, 8th Marquess of Downshire, Irish peer and the Hereditary Constable of Hillsborough Fort
  • 1930 June Knox-Mawer, British radio host/novelist (World of Islands)
  • 1930 Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)
  • 1931 Lord Michael Mustill, of Pateley Bridge, Lord Justice of Appeal
  • 1932 Ian Leslie, 21st Earl of Rothes, Scottish nobleman
  • 1933 Barbara Taylor Bradford, author
  • 1934 Cliff Wilson, snooker player
  • 1934 William Lithgow, Scottish industrialist/multi-millionaire
  • 1936 Anthony Mullens, British Lt-Gen (Deputy chief of defense)
  • 1936 Michael Stone, English broker/multi-millionaire (Man Group)
  • 1936 Trevor Clay, Gen-Sec (Royal College of Nursing)
  • 1936 Jayne Cortez, Fort Huachuca, Arizona, poet (I see Chano Pozo), (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Arthur Kopit, US playwright ('Wings', 'Nine'), born in New York City
  • 1938 Michael Shea, director (Hanson Trust), Queen's press secretary
  • 1940 Wayne Dyer, American psychologist and author (Universe Within You) (d. 2015)
  • 1940 Bill Cash, British politician (C, born in London
  • 1940 Wayne A. Downing, retired United States Army general
  • 1941 Win Bischoff, CEO (Schroders)
  • 1942 Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • 1943 James Earl Chaney, US civil rights activist
  • 1943 Richard Darman, American economist
  • 1944 Jim Abrahams, Shorewood WI, director (Hot Shots, Top Secret)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1927 1954 Nobel Prize winner in Literature Ernest Hemingway (27) weds journalist Pauline Pfeiffer (31)

  • 2003 Fashion designer Shoshanna Lonstein (28) weds investment analyst Joshua Gruss at the Metropolitan Club in New York City
  • 2008 President George W. Bush's daughter Jenna Bush (26) weds Henry Hager (30) at the Bush family ranch in Texas

Deaths in History

  • 238 Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus, the Thracian, Roman Emperor, murdered
  • 995 Boudouin, bishop of Utrecht
  • 1034 Mieszko II, King of Poland (1025-34), dies
  • 1290 Duke Rudolph II of Austria (b. 1271)
  • 1424 Go-Kameyama, Emperor of Japan
  • 1493 Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1521 Sebastian Brant, Alsatian humanist (b. 1457)
  • 1566 Leonhard Fuchs, German botanist, dies at 65
  • 1569 Juan the Avila, Spanish minister/writer
  • 1637 Susanna van Baerle, Dutch wife of Constantine Huygens, dies at 37
  • 1641 Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (b. 1596)
  • 1653 John Bicker, ship builder/merchant/regent, dies at 61
  • 1657 Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (b. 1592)
  • 1691 Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)
  • 1696 Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (b. 1645)
  • 1717 John Hathorne, American magistrate (b. 1641)
  • 1726 Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (b. 1670)
  • 1737 Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (b. 1702)
  • 1764 Picander, [Christian Henrici], German writer (Die Weiberprobe), dies
  • 1774 Louis XV, king of France (1715-74), dies at 64
  • 1787 William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1792 John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • 1794 Elisabeth PMH, princess of France, beheaded at 30
  • 1798 George Vancouver, British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40
  • 1807 Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (b. 1725)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818 Paul Revere, American silversmith and patriot who alerted the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, dies at 83

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1829 Thomas Young, physicist/decipherer of Egyptian hierogolyphics, dies
  • 1833 Francois GJS Andrieux, French writer/politician, dies at 74
  • 1849 Katsushika Hokusai, Japanese painter, dies at 89
  • 1859 John Archduke of Austria, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863 Stonewall Jackson, Confederate general during the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 39

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1864 James Clay Rice, lawyer/Union brig-general, dies in battle at 34
  • 1864 Thomas Greeley Stevenson, Union brig-general, dies at about 27
  • 1868 Henry Bennett, American politician (b. 1808)
  • 1889 Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
  • 1897 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader (b. 1863)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh journalist and African explorer (discovered source of the Nile), dies at 63

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1909 Johannes de Koo, journalist/playwright, dies
  • 1910 Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist, dies at 85
  • 1910 William Huggins, discoverer of stellar nature of Andromeda, dies
  • 1915 Albert Weisgerber, German painter/graphic artist, dies in battle
  • 1920 John Wesley Hyatt, inventor/plastics pioneer, dies
  • 1923 Vaslav Vorovsky, Russian delegate, assassinated
  • 1924 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (L'ave), dies at 58
  • 1940 Euphemia "Phemia" Molkenboer, Dutch author/poster artist, dies at 56
  • 1943 Andre Bertulot, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • 1943 Arnaud/Armand Fraiteur, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • 1943 Maurice-Albert Raskin, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • 1945 Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
  • 1950 John G Fletcher, US poet (Burning Mountain), dies
  • 1950 Belle da Costa Greene, librarian, bibliographer, archivist (b. 1883)
  • 1955 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (b. 1865)
  • 1960 Yuri Olesha, Russian writer, dies at 61
  • 1964 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (b. 1881)
  • 1965 Hubertus J van Mook, Dutch min of Colonization (1942-45), dies at 70
  • 1968 Philippa Bevans, dies at 55
  • 1968 Scotty Beckett, dies at 38
  • 1973 Loren Tindall, dies of heart attack at 51
  • 1974 Hal Mohr, Cinematographer, Husband of Evelyn Venable (b. 1894)
  • 1976 George Curzon, dies at 77
  • 1976 Elias Aslaksen, Leader of Smith's Friends (b. 1888)
  • 1979 John Cameron Andrieu Bingham Morton, satirist (Beachcomber), dies
  • 1979 Louis Paul Boon, Flemish writer (Eros & the Lonely Man), dies at 67
  • 1982 Jean C M Picart le Doux, French designer, dies
  • 1982 Peter Weiss, German playwright (Marat-Sade), dies at 65
  • 1983 John P Strijbos, writer (Called that Bird), dies at 92
  • 1988 Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (Long River), dies at 85
  • 1990 Walker Percy, physician/novelist (Lancelot), dies of cancer at 73
  • 1991 Armand HF Boni, [Armand the Good], Flemish poet/writer, dies
  • 1992 Liesbeth Saijers, sculptor, dies

BattleExecution

1994 John Wayne Gacy, mass murderer, executed in Illinois at 52

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • 1994 Lucebert [J Swaanswijk], poet/cartoonist (PC Hooft 1967), dies at 69
  • 1994 Phyllis Flowerdew, school Reading text author, dies at 81
  • 1995 Hilde Jarecki, educationist, dies at 83
  • 1997 Joanie Weston, roller derby queen (Bay Bombers), dies at 61
  • 2000 Jules Deschênes, Quebec superior court judge (b. 1923)
  • 2002 Lynda Lyon Block, convicted murderer (b. 1948)
  • 2006 Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (b. 1917)
  • 2006 A. M. Rosenthal, American newspaper editor (b. 1922)
  • 2007 Brian Wolfson, British CEO (Wembley Stadium Ltd), dies at 71
  • 2010 Frank Frazetta, American artist (b. 1928)
  • 2012 Evelyn Johnson, American pilot, dies at 102
  • 2012 Carroll Shelby, American automobile designer, dies at 89