On This Day in History for May 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 156

  • 254 Stephan I succeeds Lucius I as Catholic Pope
  • 919 Duke Henry of Saxony becomes King Henry I of Oostfrankischreich
  • 1082 Battle at Mailberg: Vratislav II of Bohemia beats Leopold II of Austr

AgreementMagna Carta

1215 English barons serve ultimatum on King John; leads to Magna Carta

  • 1328 Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV and assembly of priests select P Rainalducci as anti-Pope Nicolaas V
  • 1328 Antipope Nicholas V, a claimant to the papacy, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice.
  • 1459 Sun City India founded by Rao Jodhpur
  • 1525 Battle at Biblingen: Zwabische Union beats rebel Wurttemberg farmers
  • 1534 German Duchy of Wurttemberg becomes Lutheran under Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg
  • 1551 San Marcos University in Lima Peru, opens
  • 1588 Catholic League under duke Henri de Guise occupies Paris
  • 1604 Spanish garrison of Aardenburg surrenders to Mauritius
  • 1640 Uprising against Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1689 England & Netherlands form League of Augsburg
  • 1695 English king William III departs to Netherlands
  • 1701 Drenthe adopts Gregorian calendar (yesterday is 4/29/1701)
  • 1733 Maria Theresa crowned queen of Bohemia in Prague
  • 1776 Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigns
  • 1777 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-NY Gazette)
  • 1780 British troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina (Revolutionary War)
  • 1789 Society of St Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in the UK House of Commons, reasoning the slave trade morally reprehensible and an issue of natural justice

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce
  • 1792 Toilet that flushes itself at regular intervals is patented

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1797 Nore Mutiny: British Royal Navy sailors mutiny on the Thames, England and blockade London
  • 1821 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1849 Willem Alexander PFL crowned king Willem III in Amsterdam
  • 1862 Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1863 Battle of Raymond, Miss
  • 1864 Battle of Drewry's Bluff, fought in Chesterfield County, Virginia (Peninsula Campaign), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1864 Battle of Spotsylvania, fought near Courthouse, Virginia (Overland Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1864 Battle of Todd's Tavern, cavalry battle fought near Todds Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1864 US Union colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to brigadier general
  • 1865 Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
  • 1870 Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • 1871 Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky
  • 1873 Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden
  • 1874 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized
  • 1877 Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
  • 1881 Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1885 Battle of Batoche: Louis Riel and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • 1888 Crouching start 1st used by Charles Sherrill of Yale
  • 1890 Louisiana legalized prize fighting
  • 1891 Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • 1897 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
  • 1897 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • 1898 Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
  • 1900 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • 1900 Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
  • 1901 US President McKinley visits San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 140,000 miners of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania go out on a strike called by the United Mine Workers after the owners have refused to recognize the UMW, negotiate or submit to arbitration

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 George Bernard Shaw's "Getting Married" premieres in London

  • 1908 Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B Stubblefield
  • 1910 2nd NAACP conference (NYC)
  • 1911 American economic expert W Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911 1st Inter-Empire Championships open in London
  • 1915 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • 1915 Franklin K Mathiews presents idea of "Book Week"
  • 1916 James Connolly and Sean McDermott are executed following their involvement in the Easter Rising in Dublin
  • 1919 Yanks & Senators play 2nd straight extra inning tie, 4-4 in 15
  • 1919 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • 1921 National Hospital Day 1st observed
  • 1925 Uzbekistan & Kirgizistan become autonomous Soviet republics
  • 1926 Airship Norge is 1st vessel to fly over North Pole
  • 1926 General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime
  • 1926 Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole
  • 1926 Hans Luther resigns for 2nd time as German Chancellor after no-confidence vote against his minority government
  • 1926 British General Strike ends after 9 days, coal mine workers stay on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Benito Mussolini ends women's rights in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1928 Second Opium Law introduced - international law to control drugs
  • 1929 Pulitzer prize awarded to Julia Peterkin (Scarlet Sister Mary)
  • 1930 Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Body of kidnapped son of Charles Lindbergh is found in Hopewell, New Jersey

  • 1933 Federal Emergency Relief Administration & Agricultural Adjustment Administration form to help the needy & farmers
  • 1936 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Poisoned Kiss" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • 1938 Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • 1940 French marines occupy St Maarten
  • 1940 German tanks conquer Moerdijkbrug
  • 1940 Nazi blitzkrieg conquest of France began by crossing Muese River

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Martin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Hitler's deputy

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1941 British forces march into Alexandria
  • 1941 Konrad Zuse presents the Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer, in Berlin.
  • 1942 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1942 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • 1942 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • 1943 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • 1944 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • 1944 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • 1944 Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
  • 1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 1st foreign woman ambassador received in USA (Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit of India)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • 1951 1st H Bomb test, on Enewetak Atoll
  • 1952 Charlton Playground named in Bronx
  • 1952 Gaj Singh is crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur.
  • 1955 Chicago Cub Sam Jones is 1st black to pitch no-hitter (Pirates, 4-0)

Birthdays in History

  • 1401 Emperor Shōkō (d. 1428)
  • 1496 Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1560)
  • 1590 Cosimo II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1621)
  • 1622 Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor General of New France (d. 1698)
  • 1626 Louis Hennepin, Flemish missionary (d. 1705)
  • 1662 Jan F van Bloom, [Orizonte] Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1670 Frederick Augustus I/ August II, the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland (reputed to have sired 355 children) (d. 1733)
  • 1700 Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect
  • 1725 Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (d. 1785)
  • 1767 Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (d. 1851)
  • 1790 [Johannes] Carsten Hauch, Danish writer
  • 1803 Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist (agricultural chemics)
  • 1804 Robert Baldwin, (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • 1806 Amos Beebe Eaton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Catskill, New York (d. 1877)
  • 1806 J V Snellman, Finland, journalist/statesman/nationalist
  • 1812 Edward Lear, England, landscape painter, (Complete Nonsense Book)
  • 1812 Louis Ludwig Blenker, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Worms, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1813 Johann Czerski, German chaplin

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1820 Florence Nightingale, British nurse (Crimean War), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1910)

  • 1828 Gabriel Dante Rossetti, England, poet/painter, Pre-Raphaelite figure
  • 1850 Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
  • 1868 Halsey William Wilson, American publisher of reference books
  • 1874 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian physician (Reaction of Pirquet)
  • 1876 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria
  • 1880 Lincoln Ellsworth, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights
  • 1886 Albert Saverys, Flemish painter
  • 1889 Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank
  • 1892 Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
  • 1895 Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [NS=May 22]
  • 1899 Indra Devi, Latvian Yoga Instructor (d. 2002)
  • 1902 Heinrich Kirchner, German sculptor (d. 1984)
  • 1906 William M Ewing, US geologist/geophysicist
  • 1907 Leslie Charteris, English/US detective writer (Enter the Saint)
  • 1910 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (penicillin/B12/Nobel 1964), born in Cairo (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Archibald Cox, U.S. Solicitor General (d. 2004)
  • 1914 Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet/writer
  • 1914 Dan Daniel, politician (Rep-D-VA, 1969-88), born in Chatham, Virginia (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (d. 2001)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Julius Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed for espionage, born in NYC, New York

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
  • 1921 Giovanni Benelli, archbishop (Florence)/Papal candidate
  • 1921 Henry Mackie, designer of the Belfast Calorimeter
  • 1921 Joseph Beuys, German avant-garde painter/politician
  • 1921 Farley Mowat, Canadian writer and naturalist, born in Belleville, Ontario, (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Barend Busnac, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • 1922 Marco Denevi, Argentine writer (d. 1998)
  • 1923 Ewart G Abner, record company executive
  • 1923 Giovanni Testori, Italian writer (Rocco e i suoi fratelli)
  • 1923 Lord Laing, English biscuit manufacturer/pilot/multi-millionaire
  • 1924 Alexander Esenin-Volpin, Russian mathematician
  • 1925 John Simon, theater critic (NY Times)
  • 1926 Earl Hutto, Panama City Fla, (Rep-D-FL, 1979- )
  • 1926 Mervyn M Dymally, (Rep-D-CA, 1981- )
  • 1928 Manuel Lujan Jr, (Rep-R-NM, 1969- )
  • 1929 Sam Nujoma, first President of Namibia
  • 1931 Johan Fleerackers, Flemish vice-president of Dutch One
  • 1933 Andrey Voznesensky, Russian poet
  • 1934 Elechi Amadi, Nigerian novelist (The Concubine), born in Aluu (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Guillermo Endara, President of Panama
  • 1936 Frank Stella, American painter
  • 1937 Gerry E Studds, (Rep-D-MA, 1973- )
  • 1938 Andrei Amalrik, Russian writer/dissident
  • 1939 Ronald Ziegler, White House press secretary for Nixon
  • 1939 Miltiadis Evert, Greek politician
  • 1942 Barry B[rookes] Longyear, American sci-fi author (City of Baraboo)
  • 1942 Dumitru Dediu, Romania, cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • 1942 Timothy Hugh Brown, theatre critic
  • 1944 Eva Demski, German writer, born in Regensburg
  • 1945 Patrick Ricard, French businessman and CEO of Pernod Ricard, born in Marseille, France (d. 2012)
  • 1946 L. Neil Smith, American sci-fi author
  • 1947 Michael Ignatieff, Canadian politician
  • 1947 catherine yronwode, American writer and editor
  • 1950 Shōzō Fujii, Japanese judoka (4x World Champion 1971-79)
  • 1958 Christian Brando, son of Marlon/killed sisters boyfriend
  • 1958 Andreas Petroulakis, Greek political caricaturist
  • 1966 Rafael Bournigal, Azua Dom Rep, infielder (Oakland A's)
  • 1973 Travis Lutter, Mixed Martial Arts Fighter
  • 1977 Graeme Dott, British snooker player
  • 1979 Erdinç Saçan, Turkish-Dutch politician

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1191 Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre in Cyprus

  • 1641 Prince Willem II of Orange (14) marries English princess Mary Henrietta Stuart (9)

HeartWedding of Interest

1763 Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman (42) weds second wife Rebecca Prescott (20)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman

HeartWedding of Interest

1979 US Senator Edward W. Brooke (59) weds second wife Anne Lee Fleming

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke

Deaths in History

  • 912 Leo VI Sophos, Byzantine Emperor (886-912), dies at 45
  • 1003 Gerbert, French scholar, dies in Rome
  • 1003 Pope Sylvester/Silvester II, [Gerbert van Aurillac], 1st French Pope (999-1003), dies
  • 1012 Sergius IV, [Pietro Crescentii], Italian Pope (1009-12), dies
  • 1382 Johanna I, Queen of Naples/Provence, dies
  • 1465 Thomas Palaeologus, Despot of the Despotate of Morea
  • 1634 George Chapman, English dramatist/interpreter, dies
  • 1641 Thomas Wentworth, English viceroy of Ireland, beheaded at 48
  • 1649 Isaac Doreslaer, English lawyer/diplomat, murdered
  • 1684 Edme Mariotte, French physicist and priest
  • 1699 Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (b. 1626)
  • 1708 Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1658)
  • 1737 Cornelis van Alkemade, historian, dies at 83
  • 1748 Thomas Lowndes, English astronomer (b. 1692)
  • 1759 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (b. 1700)
  • 1784 Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (b. 1710)
  • 1792 Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (b. 1710)
  • 1796 Johann P Uz, German poet (Theodicee), dies at 75
  • 1801 Nicholas Repnin, Russian statesman (b. 1734)
  • 1814 Robert Treat Paine, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • 1845 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, dies at 77
  • 1845 János Bacsanyi, Hungarian poet (b. 1763)
  • 1852 John Richardson, Canadian writer (War of 1812), dies
  • 1856 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (b. 1786)
  • 1860 Charles Barry, English architect (b. 1795)
  • 1864 Abner Monroe Perrin, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 37

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1864 J.E.B. Stuart [James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart], Confederate General, dies at 31

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • 1867 Friedrich William Eduard Gerhard, German archaeologist (b. 1795)
  • 1871 John F W Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies
  • 1876 Henri A Esquiros, French poet (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • 1876 Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • 1897 Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown, Finnish playwright, dies at 53
  • 1897 Willem Roelofs, painter/lithographer, dies
  • 1907 J K Huysmans, writer, dies at 59
  • 1916 James Connolly, Irish socialist (b. 1868)
  • 1921 Emilia Pardo Bazan, Spanish writer (La sirena negra), dies
  • 1925 Alfred Milner, British governor (Cape Colony)/minister, dies at 71
  • 1925 Amy Lowell, writer, dies at 51
  • 1925 Amy Lowell, American poet (b. 1874)
  • 1930 Pieter Jelles Troelstra, Dutch SDAP leader, dies at 70
  • 1935 Józef Pilsudski, Polish statesman and Chief Marshall (1918-22), dies at 67
  • 1944 Arthur T Quiller-Couch [Q], British author/critic, dies at 80
  • 1951 Oscar DePriest, (Rep-D-Ill), dies at 80
  • 1956 Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education, dies at 87
  • 1956 Louis Calhern, dies at 61
  • 1962 Dick Calkins, co-author (Buck Rogers), dies at 67
  • 1965 Roger Vailland, French playwright (La Truite), dies at 57
  • 1966 Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (b. 1896)
  • 1967 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1970 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German/Swedish poet (Nobel 1966), dies at 78

  • 1970 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II), dies at 78
  • 1981 Benjamin Sheares, President of Singapore (1971-81), dies at 73
  • 1982 Humphrey Searle, writer (20th Century counterpoint), dies at 66
  • 1985 Jean Debuffet, French painter and sculptor (Landscape with 2 Personages), dies at 83
  • 1986 Elisabeth Bergner, dies at 85
  • 1989 Joe Valdez Caballero, creator of hard taco, shell, dies at 81
  • 1990 Chen Kenmin, Japanese chef (b. 1912)
  • 1994 Alfred Lane Beit, connoisseur, dies at 91
  • 1994 David Brooks, psychologist, dies at 91
  • 1994 John Smith, British Labour Party chairman (1992-94), dies at 55
  • 1994 Erik Erikson, American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst who coined the phrase "identity crisis", dies at 91
  • 1995 Giorgio Belladonna, bridge champion, dies at 71
  • 1995 Reza Abdoh, theatre Director, dies at 32
  • 1996 Hubert William Dean, air armaments specialist, dies at 84
  • 1996 Robert Edwin Hall, mountaineer/businessman, dies at 35
  • 1998 Hermann Lenz, German writer Swabian Chronicles), dies at 75
  • 1999 Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia 1993-1999 (b. 1910)
  • 1999 Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist and illustrator (The New Yorker), dies at 84
  • 2001 Alexei Tupolev, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French UN High Commissioner for Refugees (b. 1933)
  • 2005 Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
  • 2006 Gillespie V. Montgomery, former U.S. representative from Mississippi (b. 1920)
  • 2007 Mullah Dadullah Akhund, Taliban military leader (b. 1966?)
  • 2008 Robert Rauschenberg, American artist (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Irena Sendler, Polish social worker, WWII heroine (b. 1910)
  • 2014 H. R. Giger, Swiss Oscar-winning surrealist artist, dies from injuries from a fall at 74
  • 2016 Delbert L. Latta, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1959-89 ), dies at 96
  • 2017 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), dies at 93