On This Day in History for May 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 126

  • 535 St Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 609 Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon in Rome into a Catholic church
  • 641 Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes bishop of Doornik-Noyon
  • 1106 Henry I of Limburg loses the duchy of Lower Lorraine to Godfrey of Louvain
  • 1110 Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath
  • 1364 Peter Coutherel banished from Leuven
  • 1497 Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola
  • 1559 Exhumed corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
  • 1568 Mary Queen of Scots is defeated at battle of Langside
  • 1588 King Henri III flees Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1607 English colonists, led by John Smith, land near James River in Virginia

Explorer John Smith
Explorer
John Smith
  • 1624 Admiral Hermites' fleet blockade Lima, Peru
  • 1637 Cardinal Richelieu of France reputedly creates the table knife
  • 1643 Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • 1643 Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population
  • 1648 Construction of the Red Fort at Delhi is completed.
  • 1652 Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki
  • 1654 Venetian fleet under Adm Adeler beats Turkish
  • 1777 University library at Vienna opens
  • 1779 War of Bavarian Succession ends
  • 1787 Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia
  • 1830 Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president
  • 1835 1st foreign embassy in Hawaii forms
  • 1846 US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
  • 1848 First performance of Finland's national anthem.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Queen Victoria announces Britain's position of neutrality

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1861 The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.
  • 1864 -16] Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca Georgia
  • 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed
  • 1874 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • 1876 Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
  • 1877 Caesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides" premieres
  • 1882 Toba indians killed 20 members of French expedition
  • 1884 Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York
  • 1888 DeWolf Hooper 1st recited "Casey at Bat"
  • 1888 Princess Isabel of Brazil signs "Lei Auréa" abolishing slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1906 Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem
  • 1909 Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
  • 1911 NY Giant Fred Merkle is 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • 1912 Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • 1915 US Secretary of State Bryan sends a note to Germany demanding that Germany disavow the attacks on the Lusitania and make immediate reparations; however, the note is written only to 'pacify exited public opinion', according to Bryan
  • 1916 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day
  • 1917 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal
  • 1917 Ernest Bloch's "Schelomo" premieres
  • 1918 1st US airmail stamps issued (24 cents)
  • 1923 Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
  • 1927 "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange
  • 1930 Farmer killed by hail in Lubbock, Texas; only known fatality due to hail
  • 1931 Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • 1934 Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
  • 1936 Quiroga government takes office in Spain
  • 1939 SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jews fugitives
  • 1940 British bomb factory at Breda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Winston Churchill says I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears & sweat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina flees to England
  • 1940 German breakthrough at Grebbelinie
  • 1941 Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Chancellery in Germany
  • 1941 Trial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins
  • 1942 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
  • 1943 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • 1943 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands
  • 1945 US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
  • 1946 Sarwate & Banerjee add 249 for 10th wkt for Indians v Surrey
  • 1946 US sentences 58 camp guards of Mauthausen concentration camp to death
  • 1946 Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam
  • 1947 US Senate approved the Taft-Hartley Act limiting the power of unions
  • 1949 1st British-produced jet bomber, the Canberra, makes its 1st test flight
  • 1950 Diner's Club issues its 1st credit cards
  • 1950 The first round of the Formula 1 World Championship is held at Silverstone.
  • 1952 Pandit Nehru becomes premier of India
  • 1952 The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting.
  • 1954 Labour Party wins British municipal elections
  • 1954 Robin Roberts gives up a HR then retires next 27 men in a row
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1954 Chinese Middle School students in Singapore take part in anti-National Service riots.
  • 1956 Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
  • 1958 French settlers riot against French army in Algeria
  • 1958 Jordan & Iraq form Arab Federation
  • 1958 Pierre Pflimlin forms French government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Rioters attack US VP Richard Nixon in Venezuela

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1958 The trade mark Velcro is registered.
  • 1960 1st launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed
  • 1965 Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1966 US Federal education funding is denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 1,000,000 French demonstrate against Charles de Gaulle & Georges Pompidou

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1969 Race riots, later known as the May 13 Incident, take place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • 1971 Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane seriously injured in a car accident
  • 1972 115 die in nightclub atop 7-story Sennichi dept store (Osaka Japan)
  • 1972 Battle at Springmartin: following a loyalist car bombing of a Catholic-owned pub in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast, clashes erupte between the PIRA, UVF and British Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Howard Stern begins broadcasting at WRNW, Briarcliff Manor NY

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1978 Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m steeplechase (8:05.4)
  • 1978 Joie Chitwood drives a Chevette 5.6 miles on just 2 wheels
  • 1979 "Utter Glory... Morrissey Hall" opens & closes at Mark Hellinger NYC
  • 1979 Shah of Iran & family sentenced to death in Tehran

MurderAssassination Attempt

1981 Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter's Square, Vatican City

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1982 Braniff Airlines files for bankruptcy
  • 1982 Soyuz T-5 is launched-Berezovoi & Lebedev for 211 days in space
  • 1985 Philadelphia police attack a house held by group "Move", 11 killed

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 101

  • 1024 Hugh of Cluny, French saint (d. 1109)
  • 1254 Maria of Brabant, queen of France (d. 1321)
  • 1314 Sergius of Radonesh, Russian saint
  • 1588 Ole Worm, Danish physician (d. 1654)
  • 1592 John Cloppenburg, vicar/theologist
  • 1638 Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (d. 1712)
  • 1655 Innocent XIII, [Michelangiolo dei Conti], Italy, 244th Pope (1721-24)
  • 1699 Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1782)
  • 1712 Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (d. 1772)
  • 1717 Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria (Wife of emperor Franz I)
  • 1729 Henry William (Baron) Stiegel, early American glassmaker

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1730 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1765-66, 1782), born in Wentworth, Yorkshire, England (d. 1782)

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • 1742 Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
  • 1753 Lazare Carnot, French general, politician, and mathematician (d. 1823)
  • 1761 Adrian Loosjes Pzn, publisher/writer (Mauritius Lijnslager)
  • 1792 Pius IX "Pio Nono", [Giovanni-Maria Mastai-Ferretti], Pope (1846-78)
  • 1794 Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (d. 1835)
  • 1795 Joshua Ratoon Sands, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • 1795 Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (d. 1875)
  • 1822 Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (d. 1902)
  • 1828 Josephine Elizabeth Butler, social reformer
  • 1830 Zebulon Baird Vance, Governor (Confederacy), (d. 1894)
  • 1831 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller, Dutch minister of Colonies
  • 1840 L-M Alphonse Daudet, French writer (Tartarin of Tarascon)
  • 1843 Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer, Belgian politician
  • 1854 Louis H Chrispijn, Dutch director (Lost & Found, Silvia Silombra)
  • 1856 Peter Henry Emerson, 1st to promote photography as an independent art
  • 1857 Ronald Ross, England, pathologist (Nobel 1902)
  • 1867 Frank Brangwyn, Wales, painter/muralist/cartoonist (Willam Morris)
  • 1882 Georges Braque, French cubist painter and sculptor (My bicycle) who helped develop Cubism with Pablo Picasso, born in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise (d. 1963)
  • 1883 Henk JFM Sneevliet, leader RSAP/editor Spartacus (Dutch-Indies)
  • 1883 Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)
  • 1894 Ásgeir Ásgeirsson, 2nd President of Iceland (d. 1972)
  • 1898 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (d. 2007)
  • 1900 Jos Panhuysen, author (Pornographer)
  • 1903 Alfred Pugsley, civil engineer
  • 1904 Alfred Earle Birney, poet
  • 1906 Thomas Mitchell, architect/engineer
  • 1907 Austin Whitaker, schoolmaster classical scholar/archivist
  • 1907 Daphne du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Parasites)
  • 1907 Laurence Kirwan, archaeologist
  • 1908 Michael Richardson, commandant (Home for Disabled Sailors)
  • 1912 Judah Nadich, American rabbi (d. 2007)
  • 1913 Sanjiva Reddy, president (India)
  • 1913 William R Tolbert, president Liberia (1971-80)
  • 1915 John Habakkuk, principal (Jesus College in Oxford)
  • 1917 Paul Osmond, British senior civil servant
  • 1917 Wilhelmus C Wijen, [Broeder Pius], social worker (Curacao)
  • 1918 John Johnston, British diplomat (Rhodesia, Malaysia)
  • 1920 Ratu Kasmisere Mara, PM of Fiji (1960-70, 70- )/pres (1994- )
  • 1920 Gareth Morris, British flautist (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Syd[ney G] Vincent, British mine workers leader
  • 1924 Harry Schwarz, South African MP and Ambassador to the US
  • 1924 Theodore Mann, American theatre producer and director
  • 1926 Wallace Breem, British author
  • 1926 Dewey Philip "Daddy-O", American pioneering DJ, born in Crump, Tennessee (d. 1968)
  • 1927 Clive Barnes, drama critic (NY Times, NY Post)
  • 1928 Enrique Bolaños, President of Nicaragua
  • 1928 Jim Shoulders, Champion rodeo cowboy (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Mike Gravel, (Sen-R-Alaska)
  • 1930 Vernon Shaw, former president of Dominica
  • 1931 Eileen Diss, theatrical designer (August, Secret Places, Betrayal)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931 Jim Jones, American Leader of Peoples Temple cult (Jonestown Massacre), born in Randolph County, Indiana (d. 1978)

Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult
Jim Jones
  • 1931 Sydney Lipworth, CEO (Monopolies & Mergers Commission)
  • 1931 William Utting, chief inspector (British Social Services)
  • 1933 Sid Morrison, (Rep-R-WA, 1981- )
  • 1934 Adolf Muschg, Swiss writer (Gruppe Olten), born in Zollikon
  • 1936 Alan Rayfield, governor (Long Latin Prison)
  • 1937 John Cope, MP/Paymaster General
  • 1937 Roger [Joseph] Zelazny, sci-fi author (6 Hugos, Chronicles of Amber)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Roch Carrier, Canadian novelist (The Hockey Sweater), born in Sainte-Justine, Quebec

Novelist and Author of
Novelist and Author of "contes"
Roch Carrier
  • 1937 Trevor Baylis, English inventor of the wind-up radio
  • 1938 Laurent Beaudoin, French Canadian businessman (Bombardier)
  • 1938 Giuliano Amato, Italian politician
  • 1939 William W Cobey Jr, (Rep-R-NC, 1985-87)
  • 1940 Bruce Chatwin, England, writer (On the Black Hill)
  • 1942 Vladimir A Dzhanibekov, USSR, cosmo (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13)
  • 1944 Betsy Finley Ashton, broadcast journalist/author/lecturer
  • 1944 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist
  • 1944 Armistead Maupin, American author
  • 1945 Magic Dick, [Richard Salwitz], harmonicaist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)
  • 1947 Stephen R Donaldson, US, sci-fi author (Lord Foul's Bane)
  • 1948 Jeffrey Evans, Lord Mayor of London (2015-16), born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1951 Jim Douglas, American politician, governor of Vermont
  • 1952 John Kasich, US politician (Governor of Ohio (R), 2011-), born in McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania
  • 1952 Manfred Langer, Austrian/Dutch disco builder
  • 1956 Aleksandr Yuriyevich Kaleri, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-14)
  • 1956 Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Founder of the Art of Living Foundation
  • 1957 Claudie Andre-Deshays, France, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-24)
  • 1957 Andrea Klump, German terrorist
  • 1962 Kathleen Jamie, Scottish poet
  • 1964 Ronnie Coleman, American bodybuilder
  • 1965 José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (d. 2006)
  • 1965 Natalie Massenet, entrepreneur and founder of Net-a-Porter, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1966 Kamen Vodenicharov, Bulgarian entertainer
  • 1966 Nikos Aliagas, Greek TV show host
  • 1968 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (d. 1997)
  • 1979 Prince Carl Philip of Sweden
  • 1982 Yoko Kumada, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1982 Oguchi Onyewu, American footballer

Weddings in History

  • 2006 British football star player Gary O'Neil (22) weds Donna Guerin in Highclere Castle, Hampshire

Deaths in History

  • 384 Servatius/Aravatius, bishop of Tongeren, dies at 65+
  • 1162 Géza II, King of Hungary and Croatia (1141-62)
  • 1176 Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1119)
  • 1312 Theobald II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1263)
  • 1381 John of Chatillon, governor/viceroy of Holland, dies
  • 1573 Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (b. 1521)
  • 1619 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, lands advocate, beheaded
  • 1704 Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher (b. 1632)
  • 1742 Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)
  • 1776 Anton de Haen, medical Ratio medendi, dies at 71
  • 1807 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (b. 1721)
  • 1831 Christian G Korner, German lawyer, dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1832 Georges Cuvier [Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier], French naturalist and zoologist, dies at 62

Naturalist and Zoologist Georges Cuvier
Naturalist and Zoologist
Georges Cuvier
  • 1835 John Nash, British town planner/architect (Regent's Park), dies
  • 1839 Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov, found Ashkenazic community (1815), dies
  • 1839 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator, dies
  • 1864 Junius Daniel, Confederate brig-general, dies at 35
  • 1866 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (b. 1796)
  • 1882 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer, murdered at 35

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1884 Cyrus Hall McCormick, American inventor (mechanical reaper), dies at 75

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus Hall McCormick
  • 1885 Juliana Horatia [Gatty] Ewing, author (Lob Lie-by-the-Fire), dies
  • 1885 Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (b. 1809)
  • 1896 Nora Perry, writer, dies
  • 1901 Leopoldo Alas y Ureña, a.k.a. "Clarín", Spanish novelist and literary critic (b. 1851)
  • 1904 Jan Boissevain, ship owner/politician, dies
  • 1916 Sholem Aleichem, yiddish writer (Fiddler on the Roof), dies
  • 1921 Jean Aicard, French poet and novelist (b. 1848)
  • 1925 Boris V Savinkov, Russian writer/terrorist, dies
  • 1926 Libert H. Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate (b. 1857)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Fridtjof Nansen, Arctic explorer/diplomat (Nobel 1922), dies at 68

Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1930 Helena Lange, German feminist, dies
  • 1933 Paul Ernst, German writer, dies at 67
  • 1937 Ekaterina Geladze, mother of Joseph Stalin (b. 1858)
  • 1938 Charles Edouard Guillaume, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1861)
  • 1951 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, author (Issue Beukennoot), dies at 65
  • 1956 Aleksandr A Fadejev, Russ author (Young Guard), commits suicide at 54
  • 1962 Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter, dies at 51
  • 1962 H Trendley Dean, doctor (introduced fluoridation into water)
  • 1963 Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazi war criminals escape (b. 1885)
  • 1966 Henk [Hendrik M] of Randwijk, poet/editor in chief (illegal), dies
  • 1974 Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican writer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 Leatrice Joy, silent screen star, dies in Riverdale (Bronx) NYC at 91
  • 1985 Selma Diamond, comedienne (Selma-Night Court), dies of cancer at 64
  • 1990 Venedikt Jerofejev, Russian writer, dies
  • 1992 Gisela Elsner, German writer, commits suicide at 55
  • 1992 F. E. McWilliam, Northern Irish sculptor (b. 1909)
  • 1994 Arthur Basil Cotle, medievalist, dies at 77
  • 1996 John "Jack" Baines, mountaineering publisher, dies at 57
  • 1997 Laurie Lee, English writer ('Cider with Rosie'), dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2001 R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (Malguidi Days), dies at 94

Novelist R.K. Narayan
Novelist
R.K. Narayan
  • 2001 Jason Miller, American playwright (b. 1939)
  • 2005 George Dantzig, American mathematician (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Michael Ross, American serial killer (b. 1959)
  • 2006 Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian (b. 1923)
  • 2008 Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait (b. 1930)
  • 2008 Ron Stone, American television reporter (b. 1936)
  • 2009 Rabbi Meir Brandsdorfer, member of the Rabbinical Court of the Edah HaChareidis, Jerusalem
  • 2013 Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, dies from respiratory failure at 85