On This Day in History for May 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 649 Theodore I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1027 Robert II, the Vrome, names son Henry I, king of France
  • 1264 Battle of Lewes, 2nd Barons' War: Simon de Montfort the younger, Earl of Leicester, defeats English King Henry III
  • 1483 Coronation of Charles VIII of France ("Charles l'Affable").
  • 1509 Battle of Agnadello, French beat Venetians in Northern Italy
  • 1576 Dutch Council of State replaced by Council of Beroerten
  • 1607 1st permanent English settlement in New World, Jamestown, Va
  • 1608 The Protestant Union is founded in Auhausen.

MurderAssassination

1610 Assassination of Henry IV of France, bringing 9-year old Louis XIII to the throne

  • 1638 Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquers Batticaloa, Ceylon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1643 Louis XIV becomes King of France aged 4

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1664 Turkish great Kiprulu attacks 120,000 Donau soldiers
  • 1702 England & Netherlands declare war on France & Spain
  • 1702 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw
  • 1747 A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1767 British government disbands Americans import duty on tea

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1787 Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up US constitution

  • 1796 English country doctor Edward Jenner administers the first inoculation against smallpox, using cowpox pus, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire
  • 1800 Friedrich von Schiller's "Macbeth" premieres in Weimar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Meriwether Lewis & William Clark's expedition commissioned by Thomas Jefferson sets out from St Louis for Pacific Coast

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • 1811 Paraguay gains independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1832 Felix Mendelssohn's concert overture "Hebrides" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1842 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • 1845 Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens

1stHistoric Invention

1853 Gail Borden, land surveyor, newspaper publisher and inventor, patents his process for condensed milk

Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk Gail Borden
Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk
Gail Borden
  • 1861 The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite, strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.
  • 1862 Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • 1863 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place
  • 1868 Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.
  • 1874 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats Uni of McGill (Montreal) 3-0
  • 1878 Vaseline is granted a patent (U.S. Patent 127,568)
  • 1879 The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
  • 1884 Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • 1889 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to sub-lieutenant

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1894 Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings
  • 1896 Lowest US temperature in May recorded (-10°F /-23°C at Climax, Colorado)
  • 1897 Great Britain signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 President Theodore Roosevelt visits San Francisco

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1907 Sweden adopts universal suffrage for elections to its lower house and proportional representation for both houses
  • 1908 1st passenger flight in an airplane
  • 1910 Canada authorizes issuing of silver dollar coins
  • 1913 Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • 1914 Chic Jim Scott no-hits Cleve, gives up 2 hits in 10th & loses 1-0
  • 1919 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical In hac tanta
  • 1920 Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season
  • 1921 Florence Allen is 1st woman judge to sentence a man to death, Ohio

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1921 Mussolini's fascists obtain 29 parliamentary seats in Italian elections

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Virginia Woolf's novel "Mrs Dalloway" is published by The Hogarth Press

  • 1927 Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg.
  • 1927 The University of Chicago's local collegiate organization, Phi Sigma, becomes incorporated under Illinois law as Eta Sigma Phi, the National Honorary Classical Fraternity.
  • 1928 John McGraw is knocked down by a taxicab & suffers a broken leg
  • 1931 Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
  • 1932 "We Want Beer!" parade in NY
  • 1935 LA's Griffith Planetarium opens, 3rd in US
  • 1935 Plebiscite in Philippines ratifies independence agreement
  • 1939 Lina Medina becomes the world's youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
  • 1940 Admiral Johannes Furstner, Royal Dutch Navy, departs to England
  • 1940 Boston's Jimmie Foxx HR goes over Comiskey Park's left field roof
  • 1940 German breakthrough at Sedan
  • 1940 Lord Beaverbrook appointed British minister of aircraft production
  • 1940 Nazis bomb Rotterdam (600-900 dead), Netherlands surrenders to Germany
  • 1941 3,600 Parisian Jews arrested
  • 1942 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • 1943 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
  • 1944 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • 1944 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

1944 Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise
  • 1945 US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge. Stevens lives another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
Physician Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
Physician
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
  • 1946 Paul Hindemith's "For Those We Love" premieres
  • 1948 Israel declares independence from under British administration
  • 1948 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • 1948 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • 1948 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman signs bill establishing a rocket test range at Cape Canaveral

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 Pitts Johnny Hopp goes 6 for 6 including 2 HRs
  • 1954 Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1955 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • 1960 USSR launch 1st (unmanned) space capsule
  • 1960 Virgil Thomson's "Missa Pro Defunctis" premieres in Potsdam NY
  • 1961 Bus with 1st group of Freedom Riders bombed & burned in Alabama
  • 1961 Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix
  • 1962 Ex-present of Yugoslavia Milovan Djilas sentenced to 5 years
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 Kuwait is 111th member of the United Nations
  • 1964 Underground America Day is 1st observed
  • 1965 2nd Chinese atom bomb explodes
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 1st reported monitoring of pirate radio station WBBH (NJ)
  • 1968 Czech government announces liberalizing reforms under Alexander Dubček
  • 1968 RAF-leader Andreas Baader sentenced to 3 years in West Berlin
  • 1969 Abortion & contraception legalized in Canada
  • 1969 Last Chevrolet Corvair built
  • 1970 Cops kill 2 students in racial disturbance (Jackson State U, Miss)
  • 1970 Harry A Blackmun appointed to US Supreme Court

Birthdays in History

  • 1316 Charles IV, King of Bohemia (1346-78) and Holy Roman Emperor (1355-78). Dies 1378
  • 1553 Margaret of Valois, wife of Henry IV (d. 1615)
  • 1666 Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (d. 1732)
  • 1679 Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer
  • 1686 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Prussia, inventor (thermometer) [NS=5/24]
  • 1699 Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian field marshal (d. 1786)
  • 1701 William Emerson, English mathematician (d. 1782)
  • 1710 Adolf Frederik, king of Sweden (1751-70)
  • 1725 Ludovico Manin, last Doge of Venice (d. 1802)
  • 1727 Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (Blue Boy), baptized
  • 1737 George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, British statesman (d. 1806)
  • 1752 Albrecht Thaer, German agronomist (d. 1828)
  • 1752 Timothy Dwight, American theologian (d. 1817)
  • 1771 Robert Owen, England, factory owner/socialist
  • 1781 Friedrich von Raumer, German historian/parliamentarian
  • 1798 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian
  • 1814 Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1817 Alexander Kaufmann, German poet (d. 1893)
  • 1830 George Pierce Doles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1832 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1836 James Patrick Major, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • 1846 Arnold Kerdijk, Dutch lib politician/founder (Social Weekly newspaper)
  • 1846 Pieter W A Cort van de Linden, Dutch premier (1913-18)
  • 1863 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • 1867 Kurt Eisner, German premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • 1872 Elia Dalla Costa, Italian cardinals (d. 1961)
  • 1880 Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
  • 1881 G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (d. 1950)
  • 1883 Jan Olieslagers, Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • 1883 Julian Eltinge, Mass, vaudeville star/greatest female impersonator
  • 1893 Louis Verneuil, French playwright (d. 1952)
  • 1897 Ed Ricketts, American marine biologist (d. 1948)
  • 1899 Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1900 Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • 1900 Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • 1901 Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951)
  • 1904 Hans Albert Einstein, American professor (d. 1973)
  • 1904 Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (d. 1961)
  • 1905 Jean Daniélou, French cardinal (d. 1974)
  • 1906 Hastings Kamuzu Banda, president of Malawi (1964-94)
  • 1907 Dick Bentley, entertainer
  • 1907 Mohammed Ayub Khan, general/premier/president (Pakistan)
  • 1907 Hans von der Groeben, German diplomat (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Johnny Moss, American poker player (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Vladimir Alatortsev, USSR, International Chess Master (1950)
  • 1911 J Borremans, Belgian politician (communist)/MP
  • 1912 Marguerite Fawdry, museum curator
  • 1916 Marco Zanuso, Italian architect
  • 1917 Herta Ryder, literary agent
  • 1919 Heloise Bowles, columnist Heloise's mother (Hints from Heloise)
  • 1919 Maarten Vrolijk, Dutch soc-dem party minister (CRM 1965-66)
  • 1919 Solange Chaput-Rolland, French-Canadian journalist and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1919 John Hope, American meteorologist (d. 2002)
  • 1922 Agha Hasan Abedi, banker
  • 1922 Franjo Tuđman, Croatian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Diane Arbus, [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue/Harper's Bazaar), born in NYC, New York
  • 1923 Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • 1924 Sonia d’Artois, British Canadian WWII resistance agent, born in Eastchurch, Kent (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Brad Anderson, American cartoonist (Marmaduke), born in Jamestown, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Herbert W. Franke, Austrian writer
  • 1928 Frederik H. Kreuger, Dutch scientist and inventor
  • 1929 Vladimir Antoshin, USSR, International Chess Grandmaster (1964)
  • 1929 Barbara Branden, Canadian writer and lecturer, (d. 2013)
  • 1930 Edward V "Ned" Regan, Planfield NJ, (Controller-R-NY, 1978- )
  • 1930 Phillipo Seed, social work academic
  • 1932 Robert Bechtle, American painter
  • 1939 M N Fathulin, cosmonaut
  • 1940 Chay Blyth, English sailor (Alone in Order to the World)
  • 1940 'H'. Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • 1942 Byron L Dorgan, (Rep-D-ND, 1981- )
  • 1942 Lord McAlpine, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1943 Alan B Mollohan, (Rep-D-WV, 1983- )
  • 1943 Elizabeth Ray, Marshall NC, congressman Wayne Hays' lover
  • 1943 Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
  • 1944 Troy Shondell, rocker (Many Sides of Troy Shondell)
  • 1947 Karin Struck, German feminist writer, born in Groß Kiesow
  • 1950 Jill Stein, American physician, activist and Green Party nominee for President (2016), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1952 Donald R McMonagle, Mjr USAF/astronaut (STS 39, 54, 66), born in Flint, Michigan
  • 1953 Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia
  • 1954 Jens Sparschuh, German writer
  • 1956 Gillian [Marucha] Bradshaw, US, sci-fi author (Hawk of May)
  • 1956 Steve Hogarth, Kendal England, vocals (Marillion-Clutching at Straws)
  • 1957 William G Gregory, Lockport NY, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 67)
  • 1964 James M Kelly, Capt USAF/astronaut, born in Burlington, Iowa
  • 1965 Eoin Colfer, Irish writer
  • 1971 Sofia Coppola, American director (Lost in Translation), born in New York City
  • 1972 Mark Ruskell, England-born Scottish politician
  • 1984 Gary Ablett, Jr., Australian rules footballer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 Mark Zuckerberg, American internet entrepreneur and co-founder of Facebook, born in White Plains, New York

Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook Founder
Mark Zuckerberg

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1771 King of France Louis XVIII weds princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy at the Palace of Versailles

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • 1962 Princess Sophia of Greece weds Don Juan Carlos of Spain

HeartWedding of Interest

1994 Software salesman Todd Beamer (25) weds Lisa Brosious in Peekskill, New York

Passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 Todd Beamer
Passenger on United Airlines Flight 93
Todd Beamer
  • 2004 Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark (35), eldest son of Margrethe II of Denmark and heir apprent, marries Mary Elizabeth Donaldson (32), at Copenhagen Cathedral

Deaths in History

  • 347 Pachomius, Egyptian monastery founder/abbot (Coenobieten), dies
  • 649 Theodore, Greek Pope (642-49) (excommunicated by Paul II), dies
  • 964 John XII, [Octavianus], Pope (955-64), dies
  • 1470 Charles VIII of Sweden, King of Sweden (1448–57, 1464–65 and 1467-70) and Norway (1449–50), dies at 60
  • 1565 Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reform theologist, dies
  • 1574 Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (b. 1479)
  • 1608 Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1543)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1610 Henry IV, 1st Bourbon King of Navarra (1572-1610) and France (1589-1610), assassinated at 56

  • 1643 Louis XIII, King of France (1610-43), dies at 41
  • 1649 Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (b. 1600)
  • 1669 Georges de Scudéry, French writer and dramatist (L'Amour tyrannique), dies at 65
  • 1688 Antoine Furetière, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1726 John B Wellekens, poet/painter (Wedding Guests), dies
  • 1726 Moshe Darshan, Rabbi/author (Torat Ahsam), dies
  • 1742 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop, dies at 64
  • 1754 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (b. 1692)
  • 1761 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50
  • 1818 Matthew Gregory Lewis, English novelist (b. 1775)
  • 1832 John van Speijk, Dutch heroic sailor, buried
  • 1860 Ludwig Bechstein, German writer (b. 1801)
  • 1864 William N Green Jr, Union brigadier general, dies
  • 1873 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and writer (b. 1797)
  • 1878 Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration (b. 1830)
  • 1887 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • 1889 Volney E. Howard, American politician (b. 1809)
  • 1893 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician (surface of Kummer), dies at 83
  • 1893 Johan T Buys, Dutch lawyer, dies at 65
  • 1906 Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • 1912 August Strindberg, Swedish writer (Deaddans), dies at 63
  • 1912 Frederik VIII C W K, King of Denmark (1906-12), dies at 68
  • 1918 James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1841)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 Henry John Heinz, founder of the H. J. Heinz Company, dies at 74

Founder of Heinz Henry John Heinz
Founder of Heinz
Henry John Heinz
  • 1923 Charles de Freycinet, French prime minister (b. 1828)
  • 1925 Henry Rider Haggard, British author (King Solomon's Mines, She, Dawn), dies at 68
  • 1931 David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • 1931 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (b. 1887)
  • 1936 Edmond HH Allenby, English fieldmarshal in Egypt, dies at 74
  • 1936 Samuel Pl'h Naber, spy/librarian, dies at 71
  • 1940 Eddy [Charles E] du Platform, writer/poet, dies
  • 1940 Emma Goldman, US anarchists/feminist/author (Living My Life), dies
  • 1940 Jacob van Gelderen, economist/sociologist/SDAP-2nd-Chamber, dies at 49
  • 1940 Menno ter Braak, Dutch writer (Forum, New Elite), suicide at 38
  • 1943 Henri La Fontaine, Belgian Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1945 Heber J. Grant, seventh president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
  • 1947 John Ray Sinnock, US chief engraver (1925-47), dies at 59
  • 1953 Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japans/US painter/etcher, dies at 59
  • 1954 Heinz Guderian, German General (b. 1888)
  • 1955 Betty Ann Davies, dies at 44
  • 1957 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (b. 1884)
  • 1965 Frances Perkins, US 1st female minister of Labor (1933-45), dies at 83
  • 1966 Georgia BD Camp Johnson, US poet/playwright, dies at 88
  • 1966 Megan Lloyd George, English politician, dies at 64
  • 1968 Husband Edward Kimmel, commandant US Ocean fleet WW II, dies at 86
  • 1973 Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1975 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-American television pioneer (Alexanderson alternator), dies at 97
  • 1979 Paul van 't Veeer, Dutch journalist/writer (Vrije Volk), dies at 57
  • 1982 Baron Mariel-Henri Jaspar, Belgian minister/ambassador, dies
  • 1983 Miguel Aleman Valdes, attorney/President of Mexico (1946-52), dies at 80
  • 1983 Roger J. Traynor, American judge (b. 1900)
  • 1984 Walter Rauff, German colonel (b. 1906)
  • 1985 Mohammed Munir, Indonesian worker's union leader, executed
  • 1988 Willem Drees, PM of Netherland (1948-58), dies at 101
  • 1991 Ast Fonteyne, Flemish lecture artist, dies
  • 1991 Herman Niels, Flemish radio director, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1991 Jiang Qing, widow of Chinese leader Mao Zedong, commits suicide

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1991 John Edward Craven, dies
  • 1991 Shintaro Abe, minister of Exterior of Japan (1982-86), dies
  • 1993 Patrick Haemers, Belgian criminal, commits suicide at 40
  • 1993 William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate (Hearst Newspapers) and 1955 Pulitzer Prize winner, dies at 85
  • 1995 Maezumi Hakuyu Taizan Koun, teacher (Zen Buddhism), dies at 64
  • 1995 Christian B. Anfinsen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1916)
  • 1996 Edward John Gurney, American politician, US senator (1969-74), dies at 82
  • 1996 Qazaleh Alizadeh, writer, dies at 48
  • 1996 Vera Chapman, English writer and Tolkien Society founder, dies at 98
  • 1997 Harry Blackstone Jr, magician, dies of cancer at 62
  • 1997 Princess Caradja-Kretzulesco, descendant of Dracula, dies at 76
  • 1998 Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist (b. 1890)
  • 2000 Obuchi Keizo, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1937)
  • 2006 Stanley Kunitz, American poet (b. 1905)
  • 2007 Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (b. 1908)
  • 2007 Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (b. 1921)
  • 2010 Goh Keng Swee, former Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore (b. 1918)
  • 2014 Stephen Sutton, English cancer blogger (Stephen's Story), dies at 19