On This Day in History for May 16

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 157

  • 955 Alberich II, (bastard?) son of Octavianus elected pope
  • 1165 Ramjbam & his family reach Acre Palestine
  • 1204 Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders, is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.
  • 1527 Florence becomes a republic
  • 1532 Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1547 Protestant German monarch surrenders to Karel in Wittenberg
  • 1568 Mary Queen of Scots flees to England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1571 Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler
  • 1584 7 Westfriese towns divide monasteries of Egmond/Blokker/St-Pietersdal
  • 1605 Camillo Borghese elected to succeed Pope Leo XI, becomes Paul V
  • 1606 2,000 foreigners murdered in Russia
  • 1648 Battle of Zhovti Vody: Bohdan Chmielricki's cosacks defeat Polish King John Casimir after 18 days of battle
  • 1747 Prince Willem V sworn in as admiral-general of Netherlands
  • 1763 Samuel Johnson 1st meets his future biographer James Boswell in London
  • 1771 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.
  • 1792 Denmark abolishes slave trade
  • 1795 Hedges Treaty: Bataafse Republic becomes French vassal state
  • 1796 Lombardian Republic forms
  • 1803 Peace of Amiens between French Republic and Great Britain ends
  • 1811 Peninsular War: Allies defeat French at Albuera
  • 1815 The Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, officially names the town of Blackheath in the upper Blue Mountains.
  • 1817 Mississippi River steamboat service begins
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1860 -18] Chicago: Republican convention selects Abraham Lincoln as candidate

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 Twiggs Surrender, San Antonio, Texas during US Civil war
  • 1861 Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
  • 1861 Kentucky proclaims its neutrality
  • 1862 Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • 1863 Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi - bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
  • 1864 Battle of Bermuda Hundred, VA
  • 1864 Last battles at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (6,666 casualties)
  • 1866 Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • 1866 US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote.

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1872 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • 1874 1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Mass)
  • 1875 Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
  • 1877 May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.
  • 1879 Antonin Dvorák's "Slavic Dancing" premieres
  • 1879 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • 1881 World's 1st electric tram enters service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)
  • 1888 CPR opens Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, BC
  • 1891 George A. Hormel & Co establishes Geo. A.Hormel & Co. (Hormel Foods Corporation) in Austin, Minnesota
  • 1901 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Priory School" (BG)
  • 1902 2 deaf-mutes face each other for 1st time as Dummy Hoy leads off for the Reds against Dummy Taylor of the Giants, Reds win 5-3
  • 1903 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip begins at SF (George Wymann)
  • 1907 In the Pact of Cartagena, Great Britain, France, and Spain agree to maintain the status quo in the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast of Europe and Africa
  • 1910 US Bureau of Mines forms
  • 1911 Remains of a neanderthal man found on Jersey, Channel Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Zeppelin "Deutscheland" wrecked at Dusseldorf

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1918 The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1920 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • 1922 White Star Liner Majestic completes 5½ day maiden voyage
  • 1924 108°F (42°C) in Blitzen, Oregon
  • 1927 US Supreme Court ruled bootleggers must pay income tax
  • 1932 Yanks 4th straight shutout to equal record set by Cleveland & Boston
  • 1933 Cecil Travis becomes 1st player to get 5 hits in his 1st game
  • 1936 1st British air hostess (Daphne Kearley) flight to France
  • 1938 1st animal breeding society forms (NJ)
  • 1938 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta Ga)
  • 1939 1st AL night game, Philadelphia Shribe Park (Indians 8, Athletics 3 in 10)
  • 1939 Food stamps are 1st issued
  • 1940 Nazis forbid non-professional auto workers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 British Premier Winston Churchill returns to London from Paris

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 Italian army under Aosta surrenders to Britain at Amba Alagi Ethiopia
  • 1941 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • 1942 1st transport of British/Dutch prisoners to South Burma
  • 1943 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs
  • 1943 German troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw
  • 1943 Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting
  • 1944 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • 1945 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon, Okinawa
  • 1948 Mikhail Botvinnik wins 5-player tournament to determine world chess champion
  • 1948 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st president of Israel
  • 1948 Egyptians enter the Gaza
  • 1948 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1951 The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between Idlewild Airport (New York International Airport) and Heathrow Airport (London), operated by El Al Israel Airlines.
  • 1955 King Baudouin of Belgium visits Congo
  • 1956 Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Monte Bello Is Australia
  • 1956 Kraft Theater presents an act from "Profiles in Courage"
  • 1956 Laker takes 10-88 for Surrey v Australians at the Oval
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Invicti Athletae
  • 1957 US launches its 3rd atomic submarine, USS Skate, at Groton Conn
  • 1957 Yanks involved in Copacabana Incident, leads to Billy Martin trade
  • 1958 Maj Irwin, USAF, flies a Lockheed Starfight F-104 A to a record 1,404.18 MPH
  • 1958 Eli Beeding experiences 83 g deceleration on a rocket sled, New Mexico
  • 1960 Big 4 summit in Paris collapses as USSR levels spy charges against US
  • 1960 Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California.
  • 1963 Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits in Faith 7, ends US Proj Mercury
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1964 Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Balt Oriole Jim Palmer's pitching debut, beats Yankees 7-5 & homers
  • 1965 Bomb destroys USAF base Bien Hoa South Vietnam
  • 1965 The Campbell Soup Company introduces SpaghettiOs under its Franco-American brand.
  • 1966 Beach Boys' "Pets Sounds" is released
  • 1966 National Welfare Rights Organization organizes
  • 1966 Stokely Carmichael named chairman of Student Nonviolent Coordinating

Birthdays in History

  • 1558 Andreas of Austria, Bohemia cardinal/gov of Netherlands (1598-1600)
  • 1578 Everard Digby, English conspirator (d. 1606)
  • 1609 Ferdinand, Austria, cardinal of Spain/governor of Netherlands
  • 1611 Innocent XI, [Benedetto Odescalchi], Italian, 240th Pope (1676-89), born in Como (d. 1689)
  • 1641 Dudley North, English financier and economist
  • 1659 Campegius Vitringa, Dutch theologist
  • 1710 William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (d. 1782)
  • 1718 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (d. 1799)
  • 1748 Antonius van Alphen, apostolic vicar of De Bosch
  • 1761 John Opie, English painter, born in Trevellas, Cornwall (d. 1807)
  • 1763 Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, chemist (discovered chromium, beryllium)
  • 1782 John Sell Cotman, water color artist
  • 1788 Friedrich Rückert, German Poet, Translator and Orientalist (d. 1866)
  • 1801 William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, bought Alaska at 2 ¢/acre (d. 1872)
  • 1804 Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, educator/founder (US kindergarten)
  • 1806 George C Cadwalader, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1879)
  • 1816 Henry Hopkins Sibley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1886)
  • 1819 Daniel Ammen, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1898)
  • 1821 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • 1824 Edmund Kirby Smith, Fla, General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • 1824 Levi Parsons Morton, (R) 22nd US VP (1889-93)
  • 1827 Petrus J H Cuypers, architect (Amsterdam Museum, Central station)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1831 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), born in either London, England or Corwen, Wales (d. 1900)

  • 1832 Philip Danforth Armour, founder (Armour Foods)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861 H. H. Holmes [Herman Webster Mudgett], 1st known American serial killer, born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire (d. 1896)

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • 1866 Ernest Watson Burgess, US sociologist (ecological school)
  • 1887 Jakob van Hoddis [Hans Davidsohn], German Jewish poet (d. 1942?)
  • 1889 Joan Collette, Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • 1892 Coenraad B van Haeringen, linguist/etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)
  • 1893 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance (1925-30)
  • 1898 August de Schrijver, Belgian politician/founder (CVP)
  • 1898 Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (d. 1980)
  • 1905 H[erbert] E[rnest] Bates, novelist (Feast for July, Love for Lydia)
  • 1906 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuela, writer/minister (Lanzas Coloradas)
  • 1906 Nicholas Beriozoff, ballet master
  • 1906 Alfred Pellan, French Canadian painter (d. 1988)
  • 1906 Margret Rey, author and illustrator (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Hilary Preston, editor
  • 1908 Mohammed Roem, Indonesian foreign minister (Linggadjati)
  • 1909 Charles Wislon, principal (Glasgow University)
  • 1910 Olga Berggolts, Russian poet (d. 1975)
  • 1911 Olaff J de Landell, [JB Wemmerslager van Sparwoude], writer
  • 1912 Studs Terkel, American author/host (Stud's Place, Working), born in NYC, New York
  • 1914 Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist and author
  • 1916 Ephraim Katzir, biophysicist/president (Israel)
  • 1916 Irene Elizabeth Beatrice Ighodaro, doctor/social reformer
  • 1918 Edward Thomas, historian/intelligence expert
  • 1918 Juan Rulfo, Mexican writer (Pedro Paramo)
  • 1918 Kevin Skelton, Bishop (Lichfield)
  • 1919 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Ramon Margalef, Spanish scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Robert Croften Brown, politician
  • 1922 Colin Cole, Principal King of Arms
  • 1922 Russell Wood, treasurer (Queen Elizabeth)
  • 1923 Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1924 Dawda Kairaba Jawara, president (Gambia, 1970-94)
  • 1924 Frank F Mankiewicz, American columnist (Perfectly Clear), born in NYC, New York
  • 1925 Bobbejaan Schoepen, Belgian entertainer
  • 1927 John Walford, solicitor
  • 1928 Reginald Askew, dean (King's College London)
  • 1928 Hiroshi Nakajima, Chiba, Japan, doctor (WHO Director-General, 1988-98), (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Adrienne Cecile Rich, Balt Md, feminist writer (Diamond Cutters), (d. 2012)
  • 1929 John Conyers Jr, (Rep-D-MI, 1965- )
  • 1929 Claude Morin, French Canadian politician
  • 1930 Desmond Langley, gov (Bermuda)
  • 1930 Don Conicannon, government minister
  • 1931 Lowell P Weicker, (Sen-R-CT, 1971-88/Gov-D-CT)
  • 1931 Peter Levi, poet/writer
  • 1931 Natwar Singh, Indian politician
  • 1931 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • 1934 Anthony Walker, British army officer (Commandant of the Royal College of Defense Studies)
  • 1934 Nicholas Goodison, CEO (TSB Group)
  • 1936 Philippe de Montebello, art exhibitionist (Treasures of Tut), born in Paris, France
  • 1936 Karl Lehmann, German Catholic cardinal
  • 1937 James Hunt Jr, (Gov-NC)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Ivan Sutherland, American computer scientist (Sketchpad), born in Hastings, Nebraska

Computer Scientist Ivan Sutherland
Computer Scientist
Ivan Sutherland
  • 1940 Gareth Roberts, chancellor (Sheffield University)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Aldrich Ames, CIA officer and spy for the Soviet Union, born in River Falls, Wisconsin

Soviet Union Spy Aldrich Ames
Soviet Union Spy
Aldrich Ames
  • 1943 Dan Coats, (Rep-R-IN, 1981- )
  • 1943 Jon Jost, director (All the Vermeers in NY)
  • 1945 Brewster H Shaw Jr, Mich, Col USAF/astro (STS-9, STS 61B, STS-28)
  • 1945 James Moran, (Rep-D-Virginia)
  • 1946 Jessi B Wilson, Mississippi, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1946 Roger Earl, rocker (Foghat)
  • 1950 Johannes Bednorz, German superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1950 Christian Lacroix, French fashion designer, born in Arles
  • 1952 James Herndon, American media psychologist
  • 1953 David Maclean, British minister of state
  • 1954 [Dafydd] Rhys Williams, Saskatoon Canada, MD/astronaut (sk: STS 90)
  • 1963 Jon Coffelt, American artist
  • 1969 Tucker Carlson, American television commentator
  • 1980 Melanie Lofton, American Journalist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1770 Marie Antoinette (14) marries future King Louis XVI (15) of France

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette

HeartWedding of Interest

1836 US writer Edgar Allan Poe (26) marries his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm

  • 1880 British writer Mary Anne Evans, (pen name George Eliot), aged 60 marries John Cross, 20 years her junior
  • 1981 Pretenders' Martin Chambers weds Tracy Atkinson

Deaths in History

  • 583 Saint Brendan, Irish navigator (b. 484)
  • 942 Saadiah Gaon, head of Talmudic Academy of Sura, dies
  • 1265 Saint Simon Stock, English saint (b. 1165)
  • 1434 Pieter Appelmans, Flemish architect/master builder, dies at about 60
  • 1569 Dirk Willems, Anabaptist Martyr
  • 1620 William Adams, English navigator (b. 1564)
  • 1657 Andrzej Bobola, Polish Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1667 Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, English statesman (b. 1607)
  • 1669 Pietro da Cortona, [Berrettini], painter/architect, dies
  • 1669 Reyer Anslo, writer/poet, dies at about 42
  • 1691 Jacob Leisler, becomes 1st American colonist hanged for treason

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1703 Charles Perrault, French author/fairy tale writer, dies at 75

Fairytale writer Charles Perrault
Fairytale writer
Charles Perrault
  • 1768 Cornelis Writer, fleet supervisor, dies at about 81
  • 1777 Button Gwinnet, US revolutionary leader, dies from wounds
  • 1778 Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat (b. 1718)
  • 1782 Daniuel Charles Solander, botanist, dies
  • 1790 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (b. 1720)
  • 1805 Christian Brunings, hydraulic engineer, dies at 68
  • 1819 Alexander van Bylandt, military, dies at 75
  • 1829 William Congreve, English officer, dies at 56
  • 1830 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, dies
  • 1835 Felicia Dorothea Hemans, poet/hymn writer, dies
  • 1862 Lev A Ms, Russian nobleman/poet, dies at 40
  • 1863 Lloyd Tilghman, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 47
  • 1864 Lean Bear, Cheyenne chief, murdered
  • 1891 Ion Brătianu, Romanian statesman (b. 1821)
  • 1892 John Banvard, painted worlds largest painting (3 mile canvas), dies
  • 1892 Theodoor J Canneel, Flemish painter, dies at 74
  • 1904 N I Bobrikov, Russian governor-general in Finland, dies
  • 1910 Henri E Cross [Delacroix], French painter, dies at 53
  • 1913 Louis Perrier, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1849)
  • 1918 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, dies at 64
  • 1920 Levi P. Morton, United States Vice President under Benjamin Harrision (b. 1824)
  • 1926 Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Mohammed Osman), last sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1928 Edmund William Grosse, poet/author, dies
  • 1932 Ki Imukai, premier of Japan (1931-32), murdered
  • 1932 William Pember Reeves, politician/poet, dies
  • 1938 Stephen Fairbairn, oarsman/coach, dies
  • 1942 Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies
  • 1943 Alfred Hoche, German psychiatrist (b. 1865)
  • 1944 George Ade, US novelist/playwright (Counsel Widow), dies at 78
  • 1944 Max Brand, [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • 1944 George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
  • 1947 Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1861)
  • 1949 William Newzam Prior Nicholson, painter/engraver, dies
  • 1952 Frances Benjamin Johnston, early American female photgrapher
  • 1954 Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer, dies accidentally at 38
  • 1955 James Agee, US critic/writer (Death in Family), dies in NY
  • 1956 H. B. Reese, American founder of Reese's (b. 1876)
  • 1957 Eliot Ness, American federal agent "The Untouchables" (put away Al Capone), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1958 Jeroom Verten [Jozef F Vermetten], Flemish playwright, dies at 49
  • 1961 George A. Malcolm, American jurist & educator (b. 1881)
  • 1969 Johnny Jordan, cameraman (You Only Live Twice), dies at 44
  • 1975 Michael X, (Abdul Malik), hanged in Trinidad, for murder
  • 1979 Asa Philip Randolph, American labor leader & civil rights pioneer, dies at 90
  • 1984 Irwin Shaw, US writer (Rich Man, Poor Man), dies at 71
  • 1988 Kay Baxter, best bodybuilder in the world (1983-85), dies in car crash at 42
  • 1988 Louise Wood, director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72), dies at 78
  • 1988 Charles Keeping, English illustrator (b. 1924)
  • 1989 Hassan Khaled, sheik of Lebanon, murdered
  • 1990 Dag Drollet, Cheyenne Brando's boyfriend killed by brother Christian
  • 1994 Barbara Jean Jones, fictional character on General Hospital, dies at 7
  • 1995 Ragnhild Marie Hatton, historian, dies at 82
  • 1996 Edward McInnes, German scholar, dies at 60
  • 1996 Mike Jeremy Boorda, Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) commits suicide at 57
  • 1996 Pierre Debizet, resistance fighter/special agent, dies at 72
  • 1997 Elbridge Durbrow, American diplomat (b. 1903)
  • 2000 Bodacious the Bull Famous rodeo bull (b. 1988)
  • 2002 Alec Campbell, the last surviving ANZAC (b. 1899)
  • 2003 Mark McCormack, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2011 Bob Davis, Australian rules footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2011 Bill Skiles, American comic (b. 1931)
  • 2012 James Abdnor, American senator, dies at 89
  • 2013 Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist and Nobel Laureate, dies at 79
  • 2013 Bernard Waber, American children's book author, dies from kidney failure at 88