On This Day in History for May 17

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 160

  • 218 7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 352 Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I
  • 884 St Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1521 Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason.
  • 1525 Battle at Zabern: duke of Lutherans beats rebels
  • 1527 Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men - by 1536 only 4 survive

BattleExecution

1536 Anne Boleyn's 4 "lovers" executed

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1544 Scot Earl Matthew Lennox signs secret treaty with Henry VIII

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1579 Artois/Henegouwen/French-Flanders sign Treaty/Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish duke van Parma as land guardian
  • 1590 Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.
  • 1620 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair (Philippapolis, Turkey)
  • 1630 Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface
  • 1631 Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg
  • 1648 Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
  • 1672 Frontenac becomes governor of New France (Canada)
  • 1673 Louis Joliet & Jacques Marquette begin exploring Mississippi
  • 1712 Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of Netherlands"
  • 1733 Great Britain passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum & molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1742 Battle of Chotusitz: Frederick II and Prussia defeat the Austrians

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • 1744 French army takes Austrian Netherlands
  • 1750 -18] Tax revolt in Gorinchem
  • 1756 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War)
  • 1775 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada.
  • 1787 English slave ship Sisters, en route from Africa to Cuba, capsizes killing hundreds
  • 1792 24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street
  • 1794 Hard frost in southern New England
  • 1803 John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
  • 1809 Papal States annexed by France
  • 1814 Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
  • 1814 Norwegian constitution passed by constitutent assembly at Eidsvoll
  • 1814 Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian.
  • 1848 Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
  • 1849 Fire destroy Centrum in St Louis Missouri
  • 1853 Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • 1859 Australian Rules Football first 'laws of the game' published
  • 1860 German football club TSV 1860 München is founded
  • 1862 Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities
  • 1863 Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS
  • 1863 Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language.
  • 1864 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
  • 1865 The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes from Comanches in an ambulance

  • 1872 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 7th US Cavalry under General George Armstrong Custer leaves Ft Lincoln

  • 1877 Edwin T Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for Washington, D.C.

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1881 Revised version of New Testament
  • 1883 Buffalo Bill Cody's 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha
  • 1884 Alaska becomes a US territory
  • 1890 Clyde Fitch's "Beau Brummel" premieres in NYC
  • 1890 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • 1895 W G Grace completes his 100th 100 v Somerset at Bristol

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 The first successful submarine that can run submerged for any considerable distance and combines electric and gasoline engines is launched in the USA by its designer John Philip Holland

  • 1898 Camp Merritt forms in Presidio [see 0503]
  • 1899 Victoria & Albert Museum foundation laid, London, England
  • 1900 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • 1900 In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed.
  • 1902 Greek archaeologist Valerios Stais discovers the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient mechanical analog computer.
  • 1904 Maurice Ravel's "Shéhérazade" premieres in Paris
  • 1906 Switzerland's Simplon Tunnel open to rail traffic
  • 1909 White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • 1910 Canada sets the designs for the 1-50 cent coins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Last liberal British government of H. H. Asquith falls

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1915 National Baptist Convention chartered
  • 1916 British Summer Time (Daylight Savings) introduced
  • 1919 War Department (UK) orders use of National Star Insignia on all airplanes.
  • 1920 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • 1920 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • 1921 Belgian and Luxembourg sign customs union
  • 1921 US President Harding opens (via telephone) 1st Valencia Orange Show
  • 1923 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
  • 1925 Cleveland Indian Tris Speaker gets his 3,000th hit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Chiang Kai-shek is made supreme warlord in Canton

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Wilhelm Marx succeeds Hans Luther as Chancellor of Germany
  • 1927 U.S. Army aviation pioneer, Major Harold Geiger, dies in the crash of his Airco DH.4 de Havilland plane at Olmstead Field, Pennsylvania
  • 1932 US Congress changes name "Porto Rico" to "Puerto Rico"
  • 1933 Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling — the national-socialist party of Norway.
  • 1937 Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • 1938 US Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy
  • 1940 Germany occupies Brussels, Belgium & begins invasion of France
  • 1940 Nazis bombs Middelburg/B IJzerdrat begins illegal defiance
  • 1941 Pennsylvania declares legal holiday to honor A's manager Connie Mack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • 1943 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Millionaire Howard Hughes crashes into Lake Mead, while test flying his Sikorsky S-43, killing CAA inspector Ceco Cline and Richard Felt

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1944 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • 1944 Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • 1945 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
  • 1946 KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1946 US President Harry Truman seizes control of nation's railroads to delay a strike
  • 1948 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • 1948 Soviet Union recognized Israel
  • 1949 British government recognises Republic of Ireland (previously Irish Free State)
  • 1953 Yanks & Browns use record 41 players in a game
  • 1954 US Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown v Topeka Board of Education reversed 1896 "separate but equal" Plessy v Ferguson decision
  • 1955 Dutch government of Drees resigns
  • 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage, biggest civil rights demonstration to date (DC)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 104

  • 1155 Jien, Japanese poet and historian (d. 1225)
  • 1443 Edmund, Earl of Rutland, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England
  • 1451 Engelbert II, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz/viceroy of Luxembourg

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1490 Albert of Prussia, 1st Duke of Prussia, born in Ansbach (d. 1568)

Duke of Prussia Albert of Prussia
Duke of Prussia
Albert of Prussia
  • 1551 Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (d. 1608)
  • 1576 Ferdinand van Apshoven, the Older, Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1628 Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria, Regent of the Tyrol (d. 1662)
  • 1682 Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (d. 1722)
  • 1691 Antoine Court, French reformed theologist
  • 1706 Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (d. 1780)
  • 1718 Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat and politician (d. 1778)
  • 1741 John Penn, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence) [OS=May 6]
  • 1743 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader (d. 1784)
  • 1749 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, born in Berkeley (d. 1823)
  • 1758 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (d. 1839)
  • 1768 Caroline, Brunswick, Queen Consort of King George IV
  • 1768 Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general (d. 1854)
  • 1794 Anna Brownell Jameson, writer, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1796 Martinus J Niewindt, bishop of Curacao (advocate for fair treatment and abolition of slavery)
  • 1803 Robert Smith Surtees, novelist
  • 1804 Ottho G Heldring, Dutch vicar/reformer (Heldring Institutions)
  • 1812 Joseph Warren Revere, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Sebastian Kneipp, German naturopathist (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Joseph Norman Lockyer, discoverer (Helium)/founder (Nature magazine)
  • 1836 Wilhelm Steinitz, Austria, world chess champion (1866-94)
  • 1836 Virginie Loveling, Belgian writer and poet (d. 1923)
  • 1844 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)
  • 1846 Edmund Bishop, English secretary of Thomas Carlyle
  • 1867 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • 1868 Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturer (d. 1920)
  • 1871 Henricus P Bremmer, art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
  • 1873 Dorothy Miller Richardson, Abingdon Berkshire, novelist
  • 1873 Henri Barbusse, Asnieres France, novelist (Le Feu)
  • 1879 Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (d. 1926)
  • 1886 Alfonso XIII of Spain (d. 1941)
  • 1889 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican poet/historian/diplomat (Higenia Cruel)
  • 1891 Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife (d. 1959)
  • 1893 Frederick McKinley Jones, American inventor (developments in refrigeration), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • 1896 Hannah Tillich, writer
  • 1897 Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1898 Alfred Joseph Casson, Canadian painter (d. 1992)
  • 1903 Douglas Packard, British Lt General
  • 1906 Eric Mensforth, president (Westland Aircraft)
  • 1907 Charles Cawley, British chief scientist/minister of power
  • 1909 Edward Playfair, British senior civil servant
  • 1911 Knut Anders Haukfield, SOE Operative
  • 1912 Archibald Cox, special prosecutor (Watergate)
  • 1913 Alec Ogilvie, CEO (Powell Duffryn)
  • 1913 Lord Hirshfield, chartered accountant
  • 1915 Joseph D Craggs, electrical engineer
  • 1916 Cornelis A Eman, Aruban politician
  • 1916 John Hinde, photographer/circus promoter
  • 1919 Merle Miller, American biographer (d. 1986)
  • 1920 Harriet Van Horne, columnist/panelist (Leave it to Girls), born in Syracuse, New York
  • 1921 Dennis Brain, french-hornist (Serenade), born in London, England
  • 1921 John Garlick, British senior civil servant
  • 1923 Michael Beetham, Marshal (RAF)
  • 1923 Miles Wingate, deputy master (Trinity House)
  • 1924 Lord Tombs, CEO (Rolls Royce)
  • 1924 Thomas Baird, vice-admiral
  • 1926 Cicely Berry, voice director (Royal Shakespeare Company)
  • 1926 David Young, Lt-Gen/CEO (Cairn Tech)
  • 1926 David Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, Lord Chamberlain to Queen Elizabeth, born in London
  • 1926 Geoffrey Caston, vice chancellor (U of South Pacific)
  • 1927 Ronald Halstead, deputy CEO (British Steel)
  • 1928 Donald Cameron Watt, historian
  • 1928 Ian Griggs, bishop (Ludlow)
  • 1928 Vivian Moses, biotechnologist
  • 1929 Raymond Hide, geophysicist
  • 1929 George Weinberg, American psychotherapist (coined "homophobia"), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Arthur Jones, principal (Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester)
  • 1932 Colin Hope, British industrialist (Turner and Newall), born in Birkenhead (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Rodric Braithwaite, British ambassador to USSR
  • 1935 Dennis Christopher George Potter, playwright (Karaoke, Midnight Movie)
  • 1935 Ivan Slone, world-famous watchmaker
  • 1936 Lars Gustafsson, writer
  • 1937 Hazel R. O'Leary, United States Secretary of Energy
  • 1938 Trinus Riemersma, Dutch-Frisian writer (Conquest of Leeuwarden)
  • 1939 Wim de Bie, CEO (Simplistic Covenant)
  • 1939 Gary Paulsen, American author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940 Alan Kay, American computer scientist (GUI design and object-oriented programming), born in Springfield, Massachusetts

Computer scientist Alan Kay
Computer scientist
Alan Kay
  • 1941 Ben Nelson. American politician
  • 1942 Caroline Charles, fashion designer
  • 1944 Canon P B Price, general secretary, USPG
  • 1945 D A S Pennefather, Maj-General/Commandant (General Royal Marines)
  • 1945 George Miller, (Rep-D-CA, 1975- )
  • 1946 F. Paul Wilson, American novelist
  • 1949 Timothy Cordy, British director (Town/Country Planning Association)
  • 1950 Alan Johnson, British politician (Home Secretary 2009-10), born in London
  • 1950 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian politician
  • 1951 I R Evans, CEO (Hyder, Welsh Water)
  • 1951 Simon Hughes, British politician and government minister (SD)
  • 1952 Howard Hampton, Canadian politician
  • 1953 Nicholas Bacon, premier baronet of England
  • 1954 John Iles, dolby supervisor (Elephant Man, Richard III)
  • 1956 Dave Sim, Canadian cartoonist
  • 1962 Lise Lyng Falkenberg, Danish writer
  • 1965 Richard Baumhammers, American spree killer
  • 1970 Matt Lindland, American mixed martial arts fighter
  • 1975 Cheick Kongo, French martial artist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1763 Philosopher Marquis de Sade (22) weds Renee Pelagie de Montreuil in Paris

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade

HeartWedding of Interest

1827 US President Andrew Johnson (18) weds Eliza McCardle (16) in Warrenton, Tennessee

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson

Deaths in History

  • 1189 Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Japanese general (b. 1159)
  • 1336 Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1365 Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria and Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1328)
  • 1395 Constantine Dragas, Serbian ruler of a semi-independent realm
  • 1464 Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (executed) (b. 1427)
  • 1510 Sandro Botticelli, Florentine Renaissance painter (Birth of Venus), dies at about 65
  • 1521 Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, English politician (b. 1478)
  • 1536 George Boleyn, 2nd Viscount Rochford, English brother of Anna Boleyn, beheaded after being tried and convicted for high treason and incest at 32
  • 1575 Matthew Parker, archbishop of Canterbury (1559-75), dies at 68
  • 1591 Jost/Jobst/Jodocus Amman, Swiss cartoonist/graphic artist, dies at 51
  • 1606 Forges Dimitri #1, Tsar of Russia (1605-06), murdered
  • 1695 Cornelis de Heem, painter, dies
  • 1727 Catherine I, Empress of Russia (1725-27), dies
  • 1729 Samuel Clarke, theologian, dies
  • 1765 Alexis Claude Clairault, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1797 Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (b. 1719)
  • 1801 William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • 1807 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)
  • 1809 Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg, physician, dies
  • 1822 Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, French-Russian statesman (b. 1766)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1829 John Jay, American statesman, 1st US Chief Justice, dies at 83

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1838 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French statesman, dies at 84

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
Talleyrand
  • 1838 René Caillé, French explorer (b. 1799)
  • 1839 Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)
  • 1851 Jean E "Adrian" van Bevervoorde, journalist (Treason), dies at 31
  • 1868 Isami Kondo, Shinsengumi Commander (b. 1834)
  • 1875 John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States (b. 1821)
  • 1879 Asa Packer, railroad magnate and founder of Lehigh Valley Railroad (b. 1805)
  • 1883 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1886 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company) dies at 82

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • 1888 Giacomo Zanella, Italian poet (b. 1820)
  • 1889 William Roxby Beverly, artist, dies
  • 1892 Gyorgy Klapka, Hungarian general/parliament leader, dies at 72
  • 1914 Peter Leyten, bishop of Breda (1885-1914), dies at 79
  • 1916 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (b. 1862)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 Charles Brooke, 2nd White Rajah of Sarawak (1868-1917), dies at 87

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke
  • 1919 Guido von List, German occult author (b. 1848)
  • 1927 Harold Geiger, U.S. Army aviation pioneer (b. 1884)
  • 1930 Herbert David Croly, US founder (New Republic), dies at 61
  • 1931 Johan [Eliza J] de Master, art critic/writer, dies
  • 1931 Timothy Cole, wood engraver, dies
  • 1936 Panagis Tsaldaris, twice Greek prime minister (b. 1868)
  • 1938 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (b. 1877)
  • 1945 Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies
  • 1945 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • 1947 George William Forbes, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1869)
  • 1961 Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp, dies at 81
  • 1963 John Wilce, physician and former head football coach at the Ohio State University (b. 1888)
  • 1964 Otto V Kuusinen, President of Karelo-Finnish soviet rep (1940-56), dies 82
  • 1967 Nigel Martin Balchin, novelist, dies
  • 1969 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal, dies at 80
  • 1970 Nigel M Balchin, English author (My Executioner), dies at 61
  • 1973 Alexander J Kropholler, Dutch architect/writer, dies at 91
  • 1974 Ernest Nash, German born archaeologist (b. 1898)
  • 1978 John Selwyn Brooke Selwyn Lloyd, speaker of house of commons, dies
  • 1981 Jeannette Ridlon Piccard, 1st US woman free balloon pilot, dies
  • 1985 Bobby Ewing, (Patrick Duffy) killed off on Dallas
  • 1987 Gunnar Myrdal, Sweden, economist (Nobel 1974), dies at 88
  • 1994 Willian Noel Moffet, architect, dies at 82
  • 2000 Donald Coggan, 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1909)
  • 2001 Frank G. Slaughter, American novelist and physician (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Dave Berg, American cartoonist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 James Chichester-Clark, Irish politician, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1969-71), dies at 79
  • 2003 Frank "Pop" Ivy, American and Canadian football coach (b. 1916)
  • 2004 Jørgen Nash, Danish artist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Ezzedine Salim, leader of Iraqi Governing Council (b. 1943)
  • 2006 Cy Feuer, American playwright (b. 1911)
  • 2006 Eric Forth, British Member of Parliament (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Captain Nichola Goddard, Canadian soldier (b. 1980)
  • 2007 Lloyd Alexander, author (b. 1924)
  • 2009 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist, and poet, dies from respiratory and intestinal problems at 88
  • 2010 Walasse Ting, Chinese/American painter (b. 1929)
  • 2013 Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinean dictator, dies from complications from a fall at 87
  • 2014 Gerald Edelman, American biologist & Nobel laureate, dies from natural causes at 84