On This Day in History for May 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1194 King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter.

  • 1230 William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny is hanged by Prince Llywelyn the Great.
  • 1335 Otto the Merry, Duke of Austria, becomes Duke of Carinthia.
  • 1345 "Quaden Maendach" in Ghent: battles between fullers & weavers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 John Cabot's expedition departs Bristol searching for new lands across the Atlantic

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot
  • 1526 German evangelical monarchy joins Schmalkaldic League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 Anne Boleyn is arrested and taken to the Tower of London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1595 King Philip II names Albrecht of Austria land guardian of Netherlands

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1598 France & Spain sign Peace of Vervins
  • 1668 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle/1st peace of Aachen: ends War of Devolution, French-Spanish war in The Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1670 King Charles II gives royal charter to the Hudson's Bay Company

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1672 John Maitland becomes Duke of Lauderdale and Earl of March.
  • 1703 Portugal signs treaty with England to become a Great Covenant
  • 1749 Empress Maria Theresa signs "Haugwitzschen State reform"
  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "La Botega di Caffè" premieres in Mantua
  • 1776 France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 William Herschel discovers 1st binary star, Xi Ursae Majoris

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant is promoted by brevet to Major of Engineers in recognition of his service to American liberty

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • 1808 Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • 1824 Goethe visits Ettersberg (Buchenwald)
  • 1829 After anchoring nearby, Captain Charles Fremantle of HMS Challenger, declares the Swan River Colony in Australia.
  • 1833 Russian Tsar Nicolas I bans public sale of serfs
  • 1845 Argentinian Domingo Sarmiento publishes his anti-tyranny work "Facundo Civilización y Barbarie"
  • 1853 Franconi's Hippodrome opens (NYC)
  • 1863 South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 US President Andrew Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1866 Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
  • 1876 The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
  • 1878 US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • 1885 "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • 1885 Congo Free State formed by King Leopold II of Belgium
  • 1887 Gioacchino Rossini's corpse transfered to Santa Croce, Florence
  • 1887 Hannibal W Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • 1889 Abyssinian Emperor Menelik II and Italy sign Treaty of Wichale
  • 1890 Territory of Oklahoma created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 French newspapers publish lists of Jules Vernes unpublished work

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat

  • 1907 Jules baron de Trooz forms Belgian government
  • 1908 1908 "Take me out to the Ball Game" registered for copyright.
  • 1911 French troops occupy Fès El Bali, Morocco
  • 1915 Old Fordham Road in Bronx renamed Landing Road

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1916 2nd Ave & Bronx Terrace renamed Bronx Blvd; Seward Pl renamed Sycamore Ave; Herald Ave renamed Dickinson Ave; Monroe & Selwyn Avenue named
  • 1917 Cin Fred Tooney & Chic's Hippo Vaughn pitch duel no-hitter, Vaughn gives up 2 hits & a run in 10th, so Cin wins 1-0
  • 1918 General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • 1921 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • 1922 WBAP-AM begins broadcasting from Fort Worth, Texas
  • 1924 Netherlands refuses to recognize USSR
  • 1925 Kezar Stadium opens in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park
  • 1926 US military intervenes in Nicaragua
  • 1927 International Economic Conference (52 countries including USSR) opens
  • 1927 Pulitzer prize awarded to Louis Bromfield (Early Autumn)
  • 1927 U.S. Supreme Court's "Buck v. Bell", permits forced sterilizations of various "unfits" by states' authorities where such surgeries are practiced for eugenic reasons
  • 1928 KPQ-AM in Wenatchee WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 Des Moines (Western League) defeats Wichita 13-6 to open 1st ballpark with permanently installed lights
  • 1932 Pulitzer prize awarded to Pearl S Buck (Good Earth)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 In Germany, Adolf Hitler bans trade unions

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 Nazi Germany begins People's Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie and family flee Abyssinia

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1938 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for his play "Our Town"
  • 1941 FCC approves regular scheduled commercial TV broadcasts to begin July 1
  • 1941 Nazi occupied Netherlands lays off Jewish journalists
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • 1943 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia
  • 1945 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany
  • 1945 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
  • 1945 German Army in Italy surrenders

Victory in battleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945 World War II: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders

  • 1945 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
  • 1946 The "Battle of Alcatraz" takes place, killing two guards and three inmates
  • 1947 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon for the Misbegotten" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • 1949 Bolivian state of siege proclaimed
  • 1949 Don Newcombe, 1st start, shuts out Cincinnati on 5 hits to win 3-0
  • 1950 Carlo Terron's "Giuditta" premieres in Milan
  • 1950 Dutch 1st Chamber accept Laws on immigration
  • 1950 Dutch PM Malan recognizes South-Africa but not China People's Republic
  • 1952 1st performance of John Cage's "Water Music"
  • 1952 1st scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a BOAC Comet
  • 1952 Operations begin at United Suriname Workers of Netherlands which flew from London to Johannesburg carrying 36 passengers
  • 1953 Feisal II installed as king of Iraq
  • 1953 Hussein I installed as king of Jordan
  • 1955 India proposal to discrimination against Dalits or "Untouchables" punishable

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1956 US Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus
  • 1956 US Methodist church disallows racial separation

MurderAssassination Attempt

1957 Gangster Frank Costello escapes an assassination attempt made by rival mobsters

Gangster Frank Costello
Gangster
Frank Costello
  • 1958 Yanks threaten to broadcast games nationwide if NL goes ahead with plans to broadcast, games into NYC
  • 1960 Harry Belafonte 2nd Carnegie Hall performance
  • 1960 Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice & Consent)
  • 1960 House investigating committee, looking into payola questions
  • 1962 OAS strikes in Algeria
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 First ascent of Shishapangma the fourteenth highest mountain in the world and the lowest of the Eight-thousanders.
  • 1965 Early Bird satellite goes into commercial service
  • 1966 Pulitzer prize awarded Arthur M Schlesinger Jr (Thousand Days)
  • 1968 Gold reaches then record high ($39.35 per ounce) in London

Birthdays in History

  • 1360 Yongle, Emperor of China (d. 1424)
  • 1451 René II, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1508)
  • 1458 Leonor of Viseu, queen of Portugal (d. 1525)
  • 1551 William Camden, English historian (Brittania, Annales)
  • 1601 Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit/inventor (magic lantern)
  • 1695 Giovanni Niccolo Servandoni, Italian-born architect (d. 1766)
  • 1702 Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (d. 1782)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1729 Catherine the Great [Catherine II], German Empress of Russia (1762-96), born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1796)

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1737 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1782-83), born in Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland (d. 1805)

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
  • 1740 Elias Boudinot, lawyer/patriot, found American Biblical Society
  • 1750 John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1780)
  • 1768 Jean-Louis M Alibert, French dermatologist
  • 1772 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), born in Oberwiederstedt, Saxony (d. 1801)
  • 1773 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian philosopher (d. 1845)
  • 1779 John Galt, Scotland, novelist (Ayrshire Legatees, Lawrie Todd)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1797 Abraham Gesner, Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia (d. 1864)

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner
  • 1821 Abram Sanders Piatt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1908)
  • 1828 Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (d. 1915)
  • 1837 Henry Martyn Robert, parliamentarian (Robert's Rules of Order)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844 Elijah McCoy, Canadian-American inventor of African descent, notable for his 57 US patents (lubrication of steam engines), born in Colchester, Ontario (d. 1929)

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Inventor
Elijah McCoy
  • 1859 Jerome Klapka Jerome, English writer (d. 1927)
  • 1860 D'Arcy Thompson, zoologist/classicist (On Growth & Form)
  • 1860 Theodor Herzl, Austria, journalist/founder (Zionist movement)
  • 1865 Clyde Fitch, American playwright (d. 1909)
  • 1872 G G van der Hoeven, Dutch editor-in-chief (NRC)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879 James F. Byrnes, American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1972)

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • 1884 Francois de Vries, Dutch economist
  • 1885 Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (d. 1966)
  • 1886 Gottfried Benn, writer
  • 1890 E[dward] E[lmer] "Doc" Smith, US, sci-fi author (Triplanetary), (d. 1965)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1895 Alfred Kurella, writer
  • 1895 Peggy Bacon, Ridgefield Ct, author/illustrator (Off With Their Heads)
  • 1896 Helen of Greece and Denmark, queen of Romania (d. 1982)
  • 1898 Jef [Josephus C F] Last, Dutch poet/politician (The Spark)
  • 1899 George Hamilton Combs, American politician and TV and radio commentator (Through the Curtain), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • 1901 Lev N Lunts, Russia, writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth)
  • 1901 Willi Bredel, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1964)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician (Common Sense Book of Baby Care), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1998)

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock
  • 1906 Philippe Halsman, American photographer (d. 1979)
  • 1907 Pinky Lee, children's show host (Pinky Lee Show)
  • 1910 Alexander Bonnyman, U.S. Marine (d. 1943)
  • 1912 Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate
  • 1912 Marten Toonder, writer/cartoonist (Mr Bommel)
  • 1918 Frederick Archibauld Warner, diplomat
  • 1920 Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian writer and ecological activist (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Satyajit Ray, Calcutta India, director (Goddess, Adversary)
  • 1922 Abraham Rosenthal, editor (NY Times)
  • 1924 Jamal Abro, Sindhi writer (d. 2004)
  • 1926 Gérard D. Lévesque, Quebec politician (d. 1993)
  • 1930 Marco Pannella, Italian politician and activist, born in Teramo (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Kees de Galan, Dutch economist
  • 1935 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58)/son of Ghasi I
  • 1935 Hussain ibn Talal, King of Jordan (1952- )
  • 1937 Gisela Elsner, German writer, born in Nuremberg (d. 1992)
  • 1938 Moshoeshoe II, King of Lesotho (1966-90), born in Morija, Lesotho (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Sumio Iijima, Japanese physicist
  • 1940 Sari van Heemskerck Pillis-Duvekot, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1941 Jules Wijdenbosch, premier Suriname
  • 1944 Franz Innerhofer, Austrian writer (Beautiful Days), born in Krimml, Salzberg
  • 1944 John Verity, rocker (Argent)
  • 1945 Sarah Weddington, American attorney
  • 1947 Bill Lowery, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- )
  • 1949 Joey Phillips, percussionist (Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover)
  • 1950 Duncan Gay, Australian politician
  • 1954 Bulelani T Ngcuka, South African attorney/leader (UDF)
  • 1955 Donatella Versace, Reggio Italy, Italian fashion designer
  • 1957 Domonic L Pudwill Gorie, Lake Charles LA, USN/astronaut (sk: STS-91)
  • 1961 Phil Vickery, English celebrity chef
  • 1962 Jimmy White, English snooker player
  • 1966 Belinda Stronach, Canadian politician
  • 1977 Fredrik Malm, Swedish politician
  • 2015 Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, daughter of Prince William, born in London

Weddings in History

  • 1652 Daughter of the Prince of Orange, Albertine Agnes marries William Frederick Prince of Nassau-Dietz
  • 1816 Léopold (Léopold I)of Saxe-Coburg, 1st King of Belgium following independence from the Netherlands marries British Princess Charlotte Augusta

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes marries Maude Busch

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes

Deaths in History

  • 373 Athanasius, Patriarch of Alexandria (b. 298)
  • 649 Maruta of Tagrit, theology/1st mafriaan Jakobitische church, dies
  • 756 Emperor Shōmu, Emperor of Japan (b. 701)
  • 907 Boris I, King of Bulgaria (852-889), saw Bulgaria converted to Christianity
  • 1230 William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny (b. 1197)
  • 1250 Toeransa, sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1300 Blanche of Artois, regent of Navarre (b. 1248)
  • 1450 William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English military leader (b. 1396)
  • 1459 Pierozzi Antoninus, Italian archbishop of Florence/saint, dies
  • 1488 Jacob van Horne, Burgundy statesman, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1519 Leonardo da Vinci, artist/scientist, dies at 67

Painter, Scientist & Visionary Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, Scientist & Visionary
Leonardo da Vinci
  • 1564 Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (b. 1500)
  • 1567 Marin Drzic, Croatian playwright (Dundo Maroje), dies
  • 1667 George Wither, English writer (b. 1588)
  • 1669 Pieter Jansz Post, master builder (Waag, Gouda), dies at 61
  • 1683 Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)
  • 1685 Adriaen van Ostade, Dutch painter, buried
  • 1711 Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester, English statesman (b. 1641)
  • 1727 Paul Aler, French jesuit/poet (Gradus ad Parnassum), dies at 70
  • 1736 Albert Seba, Amsterdam pharmacist, dies at 71
  • 1802 Herman Willem Daendels, Dutch statesman (b. 1762)
  • 1810 Rev. Dr. Henry Jerome de Salis, divine (b.1740)
  • 1818 Herman W Daendels, governor-gen of Guinea (1815-18), dies at 55
  • 1819 Mary Moser, English painter (b. 1744)
  • 1845 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • 1849 David H Chasse, baron/gen (fought Napoleon at Waterloo), dies at 84
  • 1857 LC Alfred the Musset, French poet (Lesson caprices Marianne), dies
  • 1859 Eliza Courtney, English illegitimate daughter of Charles Grey and Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, dies at 67
  • 1898 Charles C. Walcutt, American general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, dies of an old war wound at 60
  • 1919 Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies
  • 1927 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (b. 1866)
  • 1934 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist (commercial synthetic rubber), dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), most likely commits suicide age 44 [remains identified in 1972]

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • 1945 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • 1947 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (b. 1920)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957 Joseph McCarthy, anti-communist US senator (R-Wisc), dies at 48

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1958 Alfred Weber, German economist/sociologist, dies at 89
  • 1960 Caryl Chessman, rapist executed after 12 years of appeals at 39
  • 1963 Van Wyck Brooks, US historian (Ordeal of Mark Twain), dies at 77
  • 1964 Nancy N Witcher Astor, US/Eng feminist/ex of Waldorf Astor, dies
  • 1968 Donald L Hall, airplane designer (Spirit of St Louis), dies at 69
  • 1969 Franz JHMM von Papen, German chancellor (1932), dies at 89
  • 1972 Hugo Hartung, writer, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72) dies at 77

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1979 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1983 Marius F Duintjer, architect, dies
  • 1984 Jack Barry, game show emcee (Joker's Wild), dies at 66
  • 1984 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Failing God, Niggers), dies at 64
  • 1985 Milton S Eisenhower, US diplomat, dies at 85
  • 1989 Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic Cardinal (b. 1906)
  • 1989 Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (b. 1902)
  • 1990 Oleg Anatolyevich Yakovlev, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 49
  • 1991 Hal Bell, dies at 65
  • 1991 Leib Lensky, dies at 82
  • 1991 Ronald McKie, Australian author (b. 1909)
  • 1992 Lee Salk, baby doctor/author, dies of cardiac arrest at 65
  • 1992 Wilbur Mills, (Rep-D-Ark)/involved with Fanne Foxe, dies at 82
  • 1993 Julio Gallo, wine maker (Gallo), dies in a car accident at 82
  • 1993 WLPM, the Short, Dutch MP (KVP, 1945-73), dies at 83
  • 1993 Will Weng, Sunday Times crossword puzzle editor (1968-78), dies at 86
  • 1994 Louis Calaferte, writer (Requiem of the Innocents), dies at 65
  • 1994 Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero, dies at 75
  • 1996 Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton, civil servant, dies at 97
  • 1996 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), dies at 73
  • 1996 Peter John Swales, football club chairman, dies at 63
  • 1997 Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator (b. 1921)
  • 1999 Edward Portman, 9th Viscount Portman, British landowner and multimillionaire, dies at 65
  • 2002 W. T. Tutte, English-born codebreaker (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Kenneth B. Clark, American psychologist (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Wee Kim Wee, 4th President of Singapore (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Louis Rukeyser, American columnist (b. 1933)
  • 2009 Jack Kemp, former United States Congressman and 1996 Vice Presidential Candidate (b. 1935)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2011 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, shot and killed in Abbottabad, Pakistan by navy seals during Operation Neptune Spear at 54

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2014 Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., American actor, dies at 95
  • 2015 Ruth Rendell, English thriller writer (Inspector Wexford novels), dies at 85
  • 2015 Maya Plisetskaya, Russian Ballerina (Bolshoi Ballet), dies at 89
  • 2016 Afeni Shakur, mother of Tupac Shakur, Black Panther Party member, dies at 69
  • 2017 Leo Thorsness, American Vietnam War pilot (Medal of Honor), dies at 85