On This Day in History for May 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 155

  • 1086 Abbott Dauferio/Desiderius becomes Pope Victor III
  • 1153 Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots
  • 1218 The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.
  • 1276 Magnus Ladulås is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral.
  • 1300 King Philip IV occupies Flanders, Earl Gwijde captured
  • 1370 Hanzesteden signs peace treaty with Danish king Waldemar IV
  • 1487 Imposter Lambert Simnel ceremony crowned as King Edward VI of Dublin
  • 1595 Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library.
  • 1621 The Protestant Union is formally dissolved.
  • 1653 German Parliament selects Ferdinand II king of Austria
  • 1658 Battle of Dunes (Spanish-French War) fought

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 English king Charles II visits Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1667 French troops attack into Southern Netherlands
  • 1689 English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants
  • 1697 English King William III travels through northern Europe
  • 1726 -26] People's revolt due to increase in gin/brandy tax

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1738 John Wesley is converted, launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day.

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1775 John Hancock is unanimously elected President of the Continental Congress

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins.
  • 1809 Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • 1815 George Evans discovers Lachlan River, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1822 Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain
  • 1824 Pope Leo XII proclaims a universal jubilee
  • 1829 Pope Pius VIII issues his program for pontificate
  • 1830 "Mary Had A Little Lamb" by Sarah Josepha Hale is first published by Boston firm Marsh, Capen & Lyon
  • 1830 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
  • 1832 The First Kingdom of Greece is declared in the London Conference.

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1844 Samuel Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" in the world's 1st telegraph message

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1854 Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston
  • 1854 Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US founded by John Miller Dickey and Sarah Emlen Cresson
  • 1856 Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas
  • 1861 Alexandria, VA occupied by Federal troops
  • 1861 Maj Gen Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war"
  • 1862 Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
  • 1862 Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
  • 1866 Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • 1870 Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
  • 1878 CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
  • 1881 Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
  • 1881 Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1883 Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur & NY Governor Cleveland

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1884 Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People's Party in US
  • 1887 Sultan Bargash of Zanzibar grants E Afr Association at East African harbors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Caprivi succeeds Bismarck as chancellor of Germany

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1890 Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
  • 1890 Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London
  • 1895 Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight
  • 1899 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
  • 1901 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.
  • 1902 Empire Day 1st celebrated in Britain
  • 1902 Cleve's Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918
  • 1908 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • 1908 John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London
  • 1909 Bristol University granted Royal Charter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1916 Conscription begins in Britain
  • 1916 French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
  • 1916 Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
  • 1916 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
  • 1918 Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19th inning
  • 1918 British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • 1921 1st parliament for Northern Ireland elected
  • 1921 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter, leads 6 squadrons, and artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at their annual gathering on land of their leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed
  • 1922 Record temperature in Netherlands for May (35.6°C)
  • 1922 Russian-Italian trade agreement signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000 m (8:25.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1928 Record 12 future Hall of Famers take the field, as Yanks beat A's 9-7
  • 1928 Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole again
  • 1930 1st woman to fly from England to Australia solo, lands (Amy Johnson)
  • 1930 Ruth homers in both games of a doubleheader, giving him 9 in one week
  • 1931 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • 1933 Dmitri Shostakovitch's Preludes premieres in Moscow
  • 1934 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
  • 1936 Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party
  • 1936 Tony Lazerri 2 grand slams (11 RBIs); Ben Chapman sets record by reaching 1st 7 times safely, Yanks beat A's 25-2
  • 1940 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina speaks on BBC radio
  • 1940 Dutch army demobilizes
  • 1940 German tanks reach Atrecht France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler affirms Gen von Rundstedts "Stopbevel"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • 1943 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • 1944 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • 1944 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • 1946 Bill Dickey replaces Joe McCarthy as Yankee manager
  • 1951 Racial segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants ruled illegal
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1953 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Doctor Mellifluus
  • 1954 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, NM
  • 1954 Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st black to head an AMA unit
  • 1954 German airline Lufthansa forms
  • 1954 IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour
  • 1956 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna.
  • 1957 Anti-American riots breakout in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1957 Heavy earthquake strikes Colombia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Cuban President Batista opens offensive against Fidel Castro's rebellion

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 109

  • 15 BC Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commander (d. 19)
  • 1522 John Jewel, English bishop (d. 1571)
  • 1544 William Gilbert, Essex England, physicist (researcher into magnetism)
  • 1605 Nikon, [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • 1616 John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale (d. 1682)
  • 1619 Philips Wouwerman(s), Dutch painter
  • 1650 John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist
  • 1671 Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1737)
  • 1689 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (d. 1769)
  • 1743 Jean-Paul Marat, France, revolutionist
  • 1751 Charles Emanuel II, King of Sardina (1796-1802)
  • 1753 Oliver Cromwell, decorated African American soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence, born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • 1794 William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • 1803 Charles LJL Bonaparte, Corsican/French prince of Canino/Musignano
  • 1803 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist (d. 1866)
  • 1807 Cornelis E van Koetsveld, vicar/literature
  • 1807 Thomas Duncan, painter
  • 1810 Abraham Geiger, theologian/author/leader of Reform Judaism
  • 1811 Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • 1816 Emanuel Leutze, US, painter (Washington Crossing the Delaware)
  • 1816 Robert Seaman Granger, (Union Army Bvt Major general, (d. 1894))

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1830 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer (d. 1925)
  • 1838 Paul Laband, German lawyer
  • 1840 Frederick Walker, painter
  • 1841 Charles Napier Henry, painter
  • 1850 Ernest Albert Waterlow, water-color painter
  • 1852 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1854 Louis Mountbatten, admiral (WW I)
  • 1854 John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy (d. 1918)
  • 1855 Arthur Wing Pinero, British playwright
  • 1858 Johan C Braakensiek, political cartoonist (Green Amsterdammer)
  • 1863 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (d. 1938)
  • 1866 Armando Frid, Argentina, live until July 28 1990 (124 years)
  • 1868 Charles E. Taylor, First aircraft maintenance professional (d. 1956)
  • 1870 Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (d. 1938)
  • 1870 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations (d. 1950)
  • 1878 Lillian Moller Gilbreth, engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954)
  • 1879 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's and founder (d. 1956)
  • 1885 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist (d. 1948).
  • 1887 Edward "Mick" Mannock, Irish WWI flying ace (d. 1918)
  • 1891 Benedictus H Danser, Dutch botanist
  • 1891 William F Albright, US old testament scholar/archaeologist
  • 1893 W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)
  • 1895 Samuel I Newhouse, US millionaire publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour)
  • 1898 Kathleen Hale, British children book writer/illustrator (Orlando)
  • 1899 Henri Michaux, French poet (d. 1984)
  • 1904 Kenneth Buckley, British rear-admiral
  • 1904 Patrick Johnson, English physicist (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Mikhail Sholokhov, USSR, writer (And Quiet Flows the Don, Nobel 1965)
  • 1906 Edmund Sargant, solicitor
  • 1906 John Mayo, director-general (Help the Aged)
  • 1908 Michael Roberts, historian
  • 1909 Guillermo Diaz-Plaja, Spanish literary/poet (Lorca)
  • 1909 Louis Fornberg, writer
  • 1909 Wilbur Mills, (Rep-D-Ark)/involved with Fanne Foxe
  • 1911 Barbara West, English survivor of the Titanic sinking (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Clifford Irving, Chairman (Isle of Man government)
  • 1914 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, born in Budapest (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Roden Cutler, Governor (New South Wales)
  • 1917 Derek Hodgson, British high court judge
  • 1917 Lord Campbell of Alloway, QC
  • 1917 Theodore Hesburgh, president (Notre Dame), born in Syracuse, New York
  • 1918 Coleman Young, 1st African American Mayor of Detroit, born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • 1918 D V Jennings, solicitor
  • 1919 Sid Couchey, comic book artist (Richie Rich), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Paul Bramley, oral surgeon
  • 1925 Francois J [Frank] le Roux, chief whip (South Afr Conserv Party)
  • 1927 John Kelly Jr, US, sculls (Oly-bronze-1956)/brother of Grace Kelly
  • 1927 Martinus J Mentz, South African MP (Conservative)
  • 1927 Timothy Beven, CEO (Barclays Bank)
  • 1928 Peter Griffiths, British politician (C), controversially won his seat (1964), born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire (d. 2013)
  • 1928 William Trevor, Irish-born writer (Children of Dynmouth, Fools of Fortune), born in Mitchelstown, Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Ivor Richardson, Judge (NZ Court of Appeals)
  • 1932 Arnold Wesker, British playwright (Bratkartoffeln Inbegriffen), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Graham Arnold, British artist (Brotherhood of Ruralists)
  • 1932 James Anderton, Chief constable (Manchester England)
  • 1932 Terence Heiser, British senior civil servant
  • 1933 Christopher Staughton, British Lord Justice of Appeal
  • 1933 Joaquín Vaquero Turcios, Spanish painter
  • 1933 Tony Mullett, dir-general (National Criminal Intelligence Service)
  • 1933 Aharon Lichtenstein, Orthodox Jewish rabbi
  • 1934 Jane Byrne, (Mayor-D-Chic)
  • 1935 Joan Micklin Silver, American director
  • 1938 David Viscott, American psychiatrist (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Gert J Schutte, Dutch MP (GPV)
  • 1940 Joseph Brodsky, USSR, author (Less than 1, Nobel 1987)
  • 1941 Baroness Hollis of Heigham, history lecturer (U of East Anglia)
  • 1941 Martin Mogg, governor (British Durham Prison)
  • 1945 Richard Ottaway, British politician (C), born in Sonning, Berkshire
  • 1945 Steven Norris, British MP
  • 1946 Jeremy Treglown, English scholar/editor (TLS)
  • 1947 Luke Rittner, sect-gen (Arts Council)
  • 1947 Martin Winterkorn, German automotive executive
  • 1950 Larry Seidlin, American judge
  • 1951 Ronald A Parise, Warren Ohio, PhD/astronaut (STS 35, STS 67)
  • 1956 Michael Jackson, Northern Irish clergyman
  • 1957 John G Rowland, (Rep-R-CT, 1985- )
  • 1963 Michael Chabon, American author

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1917 Writer Walter Lippmann (27) weds Faye Albertson

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • 1935 Swedish princess Ingrid marries Danish crown prince Frederik (IX)
  • 2002 Princess Martha Louise of Norway (30) weds author Ari Behn (29) in Trondheim

Deaths in History

  • 1144 Petronella, wife of earl Floris II the Vette of Holland/regent, dies
  • 1153 David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68
  • 1351 Abu al-Hasan 'Ali, Sultan of Morocco (b. circa 1297)
  • 1408 Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1335)
  • 1425 Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)
  • 1456 Ambroise de Loré, French military commander (b. 1396)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1543 Nicolas Copernicus, astronomer, dies in Poland aged 70

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1612 Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury/PM (1598-1612), dies at 48
  • 1665 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscans, dies
  • 1669 Pieter Cuypers, South Neth lawyer, dies at 48
  • 1670 Ferdinand II, ruler of Toscane, dies at 59
  • 1696 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 62
  • 1725 Jonathan Wild, English criminal (b. 1682)
  • 1734 Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1749 Graf Valentin Potocki, Polish nobleman
  • 1751 William Hamilton, of Gilbertsfield, poet, dies
  • 1792 George Brydges, 1st baron Rodney/admiral, dies
  • 1792 Jakob M R Lenz, writer (That Soldier), dies
  • 1804 Simon Style, Fries medical/writer, dies at 73
  • 1806 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
  • 1843 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1765)
  • 1844 William Crockford, clubman/gambler, dies
  • 1850 Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 1851 Stanko Vraz, [Jakob Frass], Slavic poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
  • 1861 Elmer Ellsworth, US warrior (Chicago Zouaves), shot to death at 23
  • 1861 James T Jackson, US landlord (doodde EE Ellsworth), shot dead)
  • 1872 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, painter, dies
  • 1876 Henry Kingsley, English/Australian writer, dies at 46

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879 William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist (Liberator), dies at 73

  • 1881 Samuel Palmer, British landscape painter, dies at 76
  • 1883 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • 1895 Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter, dies at 73
  • 1895 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1884-85, 85-69), dies at 86
  • 1919 Amado Nervo, [Juan C Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican poet, dies at 48
  • 1941 Lancelot Holland, British vice-admiral (WW II-Hood), dies in battle
  • 1943 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • 1949 Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (b. 1873)
  • 1950 Archibald Wavell, British general (b. 1883)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1959 John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59), dies at 71

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • 1976 Henk Lankhorst, pacifist/Dutch MP (PSP), dies at 62
  • 1976 Melle J Oldeboerrigter ("Melle"), painter/cartoonist, dies at 65
  • 1986 Stephen D Thorne, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, dies in a plane crash at 33
  • 1988 James "Hamish" Hamilton, British publisher (Salinger/Mitford), dies at 87
  • 1989 Herwig Hensen [Flor Mielants], Flemish dramatist/poet, dies at 72
  • 1993 Jesus Posadas Ocampo, Mexican cardinal/archbishop, shot dead at 66
  • 1994 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Bird House), dies at 48
  • 1994 John Barrington Wain, author, dies at 69
  • 1994 Yehuda Mor-Mirkovsky, Israeli kibbutz-founder, dies at 96

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1964-70, 74-76), dies of cancer at 79

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1996 Alexander Langsdorf, physicist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Harry Campion, statistician, dies at 91
  • 1996 Jack McCarthy, kiddie show host (Popeye), dies of cancer at 81
  • 1996 Joseph Mitchell, writer, dies at 87
  • 2000 Kurt Schork, American reporter (b. 1947)
  • 2002 Wallace Markfield, American writer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 Henry Ries, American photographer (b. 1917)
  • 2004 Milton Shulman, Canadian author and critic (b. 1913)
  • 2004 Edward Wagenknecht, American literary critic (b. 1900)
  • 2005 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, dies at 83
  • 2005 Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 Vivian Liberto, first wife of Johnny Cash (b. 1934)
  • 2006 Henry Bumstead, American art director (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Michał Życzkowski, Polish technician (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Virendra Bhatia, Indian politician (b. 1947)
  • 2010 Raymond V. Haysbert, African-American business executive and civil rights leader (b. 1920)
  • 2011 Huguette Clark, Heiress of the Clark Copper fortune, life-long reclusion from society. (b. 1906)
  • 2015 Tanith Lee, British Science-fiction author (The Flat-Earth Cycle), dies of cancer at 67