On This Day in History for May 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 451 The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Armenians are defeated militarily but are guaranteed freedom to openly practice Christianity.
  • 961 German King Otto II crowned
  • 1328 William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII
  • 1538 Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.
  • 1596 England, France & Netherlands sign Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • 1637 1st battle of Pequot at Mystic, Connnecticut kills 500 indians
  • 1647 Massachusetts disallows priest access to colony
  • 1647 Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut.
  • 1736 Battle of Ackia (La), British & Chickasaw Indians defeat French
  • 1770 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • 1781 Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
  • 1790 Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress
  • 1798 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • 1805 Lewis & Clark first sight the Rocky Mountains

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1805 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned king of Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1824 Brazil is recognized by US
  • 1828 Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg.
  • 1834 Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow 3 months after US courts ruled against them.

US Slave Dred Scott
US Slave
Dred Scott

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi occupies Palermo, Italy

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1861 US Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South
  • 1861 Union blockades New Orleans LA & Mobile AL
  • 1864 Battle of Dallas, Georgia begins (US Civil War)
  • 1864 -30] Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia
  • 1864 Territory of Montana formed
  • 1865 Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith
  • 1868 President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
  • 1869 Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
  • 1876 HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration
  • 1887 Racetrack betting becomes legal in NY state
  • 1894 Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
  • 1896 Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned

  • 1896 James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California.
  • 1898 SF approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
  • 1900 British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
  • 1903 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Three Gables" (BG)
  • 1904 In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan
  • 1905 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1906 Archaeological Institute of America forms
  • 1906 Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London.
  • 1908 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom
  • 1911 Germany passes legislation organizing Alsace and Lorraine as an autonomous state with a legislature
  • 1913 Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 H. H. Asquith forms a coalition government in the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1918 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1918 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
  • 1919 The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Lenin suffers a stroke

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1923 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • 1924 German government of Marx resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 US President Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration law restricting immigration

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1926 Lebanon adopts constitution

CommunicationModel T

1927 Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produce the last (and 15th million) Model T Ford / Tin Lizzie

  • 1928 A's commit 7 errors & lose to Yanks 7-4
  • 1930 Joe Sewell, strikes out twice of his 3 times in 1930, by Pat Caraway
  • 1930 Supreme Court rules buying liquor does not violate the Constitution
  • 1932 Admiral Makoto Saito forms parliament in Tokyo
  • 1933 2nd emergency Dutch government of Colijn forms
  • 1934 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
  • 1936 1st government of Zealand in Belgium ends
  • 1937 Dutch Rail NV at law forms
  • 1937 San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opens
  • 1938 US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 1st successful helicopter flight in US: Vought-Sikorsky US-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Philadelphia

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross
  • 1941 Aircraft from HMS Ark Royal sights German battleship Bismarck
  • 1941 German occupiers begin youth labor
  • 1942 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • 1942 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • 1942 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • 1943 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • 1943 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • 1943 Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • 1945 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • 1946 Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1946 Patent filed in US for H-Bomb
  • 1948 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • 1948 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • 1951 Vaughan Williams' "Pilgrim's Progress" premieres in London
  • 1953 Dutch Convair crashes at Schipholweg, 2 die

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1955 Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win British parliamentary election

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1956 A fire on board the aircraft carrier USS Bennington in Narragansett Bay, off Rhode Island, kills 103 crew
  • 1958 Ceylon emergency crisis proclaimed
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1958 Union Square, SF becomes state historical landmark
  • 1959 Harvey Haddix pitches 12 perfect innings, loses in 13th
  • 1961 Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee establishes in Atlanta
  • 1961 USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours
  • 1963 Organization of African Unity forms
  • 1963 Wes Stock becomes only Balt Oriole to win a doubleheader
  • 1965 Dutch Voting Rights Bill passes
  • 1965 Revised International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea takes effect
  • 1966 Buddhist sets himself on fire at US consulate in Hué, South Vietnam
  • 1966 Guyana (formerly British Guiana) declares independence from UK
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth
  • 1970 The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon & Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT accord

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Birthdays in History

  • 1264 Prince Koreyasu, Japanese shogun (d. 1326)
  • 1478 Clement VII, [Giulio de' Medici], Italy, Pope (1523-34)
  • 1566 Mehmed III, Ottoman Emperor (1595-1603)
  • 1602 Philippe de Champaigne, French painter (d. 1674)
  • 1667 Abraham De Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre's theorem)
  • 1669 Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (d. 1722)
  • 1700 Nikolaus L earl von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German evangelist
  • 1759 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, writer/mother of Mary Shelley
  • 1764 Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman (d. 1836)
  • 1771 Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin, German saloon owner/author
  • 1806 Henry Knox Thatcher, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1880)
  • 1822 Edmond de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Jules de Goncourt, born in Nancy (d. 1896)
  • 1835 Edward Porter Alexander, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1859 Alfred Edward Housman, Bromsgrove England, poet (A Buried Life)
  • 1865 Akseli V Gallen-Kallela, Fins painter/graphic artist/illustrator
  • 1865 Robert W. Chambers, American artist (d. 1933)
  • 1866 John Eigenhuis, writer (Tough Workers)
  • 1867 Mary of Teck, wife of George V of the United Kingdom (d. 1953)
  • 1871 Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47)
  • 1873 Cornelis G N de Vooys, translator/founder (New Taalgids)
  • 1873 Olaf Gulbransson, Norwegian artist (d. 1958)
  • 1874 Henry Farman, French aviation pioneer (double decker)
  • 1877 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (La Mort de Sparte)
  • 1877 Sadao Araki, Japanese general/minister of War (1931-34)
  • 1890 Kurt Edzard, German sculptor (nudes/portraits)
  • 1895 Dorothea Lange, US documentary photographer
  • 1899 Otto E Neugebauer, Austrian/US math historian
  • 1899 Pieter Menten, Dutch war criminal
  • 1899 Antonio Barrette, French Canadian politician (d. 1968)
  • 1903 Estes Kefauver, (Sen-D-Tn)
  • 1907 Jean Bernard, French physician (d. 2006)
  • 1908 Nguyen Ngoc Tho, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
  • 1910 Adolfo Lopez Mateos, president of Mexico
  • 1910 Laurance S Rockefeller, American CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank), born in NYC, New York
  • 1912 Janos Kádár, premier Hungary (1956-58)
  • 1913 Fred Bertrand, Belgian politician
  • 1913 Robert Shaw, town planner
  • 1915 Antonia Forest, British children's author (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
  • 1919 Peter Raleigh, English foreign correspondent and television executive, born in Barnstaple (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Oren Lee Staley, 1st President of the National Farmers Organization (1955-79), born in Whitesville, Missouri (d. 1988)
  • 1924 Cooper Evans, (Rep-R-IA, 1981-87)
  • 1926 Phyllis Gotlieb, Canadian author
  • 1929 Hugo Raes, Flemish writer (Horses Jump & Fresh Sea)
  • 1934 Abdulah M "Dulah" Omar, South African attorney/UDF-leader
  • 1938 Pauline Parker, New-Zealandic murderess
  • 1938 Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, Russian playwright and novelist
  • 1939 Gerald Ronson, English multi-millionaire
  • 1939 Merab Kostava, Georgian anti-Soviet leader
  • 1940 Monique Gagnon-Tremblay, French Canadian politician
  • 1941 Reg Bundy, British performer (d. 2003)
  • 1941 John Kaufman, sculptor
  • 1942 Ray Ennis, England, guitar (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • 1946 Neshka Robeva, Bulgarian Rhythmic gymnas and coach.
  • 1947 Piers Gray, critic/writer
  • 1949 Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer and inventor
  • 1951 Muhammed Ahmad Faris, Syria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3)
  • 1951 Madeleine Taylor-Quinn, Irish politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951 Sally Ride, American astronaut (first American woman to go to space), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1953 Michael Portillo, British politician
  • 1954 Alan Hollinghurst, British novelist
  • 1954 Danny Rolling, American murderer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese chef
  • 1956 Frédéric Dutoit, French politician
  • 1957 François Legault, French Canadian politician
  • 1957 Pontso S.M. Sekatle, Lesotho academic and politician
  • 1966 Zola Budd Pieterse, Bloemfontein South Africa, track star (Oly-1988)
  • 1967 Phil Doyle, Australian writer
  • 1968 Frederik, Heir Apparent Crown Prince of Denmark
  • 1969 John Baird, Canadian politician
  • 1970 Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese cartoonist
  • 1977 Raina Telgemeier, American cartoonist
  • 1982 Yoko Matsugane, Japanese model
  • 1990 Zenouska Mowatt, granddaughter of English princess Alexandra

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1910 US General George S. Patton (24) weds Frederick Ayer's daughter Beatrice Ayer at Beverly Farms Episcopal Church near Boston, Massachusetts

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton

HeartWedding of Interest

1973 Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney (34) weds Mila Pivnicki (19)

18th Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney
18th Prime Minister of Canada
Brian Mulroney

HeartWedding of Interest

1995 US Secretary of State John Kerry (51) weds philanthropist Teresa Heinz (56) in Nantucket, Massachusetts

US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry

Deaths in History

  • 604 Augustinus van Canterbury, bishop/apostle of England, dies (or 605)
  • 735 Bede (Beda Venerabilis), English historian and monk, (b. circa 672 or 673)
  • 818 Ali ar-Rida, Shia Imam (b. 766)
  • 1055 Margrave Adalbert of Austria
  • 1421 Mehmed I, Ottoman Sultan (1413-21). B. 1389.
  • 1512 Bayezid II, Ottoman Sultan (1481-1512) dies at 62
  • 1595 Philippus Nerius, [Filippo Neri], Italian merchant/saint, dies at 79
  • 1609 Cornelis Claesz, mapmaker, buried
  • 1648 Vincent Voiture, French poet (b. 1597)
  • 1653 Robert Filmer, English writer (b. 1588)
  • 1679 Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1636)
  • 1685 Charles II, Elector Palatine (b. 1651)
  • 1742 Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (b. 1672)
  • 1753 Willem Maurits, earl of Nassau/gov of Zeeuws-Flanders, dies
  • 1762 Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)
  • 1799 James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
  • 1818 Michael A Barclay de Tolly, Russian fieldmarshal/War Minister, dies
  • 1824 Capel Lofft, English writer (b. 1751)
  • 1831 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen), dies
  • 1831 Ciro Menotti, Italian patriot (b. 1798)
  • 1840 Sidney Smith, British admiral (b. 1764)
  • 1864 Charles Sealsfield, Austrian-American writer, dies at 71
  • 1868 Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution
  • 1876 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian/MP, dies at 77
  • 1880 John Curwen, English Congregationalist minister and founder of Tonic sol-fa music system, dies at 63
  • 1881 Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)
  • 1883 Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian leader, scholar and national hero (b.1808)
  • 1883 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • 1902 Almon Strowger, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • 1904 Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist (b. 1857)
  • 1905 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker, dies
  • 1907 Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (b. 1847)
  • 1908 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indies theologist (Ahmadiyya motion), dies at 69
  • 1926 S V Petlura, Ukrainain ataman, assassinated by Shalom Schwarzbard
  • 1933 Horatio Bottomley, British financier and politician (b. 1860)
  • 1938 John Jacob Abel, American Pharmacologist (endocrine glands), dies at 81
  • 1939 Charles H Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74
  • 1939 Cornelis J Cutters, supreme commander of Navy (1910-18), dies
  • 1943 Edsel Ford, owner (Ford Motor Company), dies at 49
  • 1946 Friedrich A H von Waldeck, monarch of Waldeck, dies
  • 1948 Theodore Morell, Hitler's personal physician (b. 1886)
  • 1951 Lincoln Ellsworth, Arctic explorer, dies at 71
  • 1952 Damaso Alonso, Spanish linguistic/poet (Hombrey Dios), dies at 55
  • 1954 Franz Pfemfert, writer, dies at 74
  • 1967 Antoon Spinoy, Belgian politician, dies at 60
  • 1969 Kathryn Minner, entertainer, dies of heart attack at 77
  • 1969 Allan H. Loughead, American aviation pioneer (Lockheed Corporation; b. 1889)
  • 1973 Jacques Lipchitz, US cubist sculptor, dies at 81
  • 1974 Kitty Gordon, entertainer, dies at 96
  • 1976 Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Holzweg), dies at 86
  • 1976 Juan Maino, Chilean leader of MAPU, "disappeared"
  • 1991 Tom Eyen, playwright (Dreamgirls), dies of cardiac arrest at 50
  • 1993 Carleton Morse, radio dramatist (One Man's Family), dies at 91
  • 1994 George Wildman Ball, under minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 84
  • 1996 Halka Grossman, resistance fighter/politician, dies at 76
  • 1997 Manfred Von Ardenne, German scientific pioneer, dies at 90
  • 1998 Sergey Yablonsky, Soviet and Russian mathematician and one of the founders of the Soviet school of mathematical cybernetics and discrete mathematics, dies at 73
  • 1999 Waldo Semon, American inventor (b. 1898)
  • 2001 Moven Enock Mahachi, Defence Minister of Zimbabwe (b. 1952)
  • 2003 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (b. 1919)
  • 2004 Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (b. 1931)
  • 2004 Dullah Omar, South African lawyer (b. 1934)
  • 2006 Édouard Michelin, CEO of Michelin (b. 1963)
  • 2010 Christopher Moran, British Air Chief Marshal (b. 1956)
  • 2010 Kieran Phelan, Irish senator (b. 1949)
  • 2011 Arisen Ahubudu, Sri Lankan scholar, author and playwright (b. 1920)
  • 2011 Ben Roberts, British industrial relations expert (London School of Economics), dies at 93
  • 2013 Jack Vance, American science fiction author, dies at 96