On This Day in History for May 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 927 Battle of the Bosnian Highlands: Simeon I of Bulgaria is defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia.
  • 1120 Richard III of Capua is anointed as prince two weeks before his untimely death.
  • 1281 Flemish Earl Gwijde Dampierre takes financial responsibility of Brugge
  • 1328 French King Philip VI Valois crowned
  • 1529 30 Jews of Posing Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake
  • 1660 Denmark & Sweden sign The Treaty Of Copenhagen, ends Second Northern War
  • 1679 Habeaus Corpus Act (strengthening person's right to challenge unlawful arrest & imprisonment) passes in England
  • 1689 Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as Grand Pensionary of Holland
  • 1692 Court of Oyer and Terminer ("to hear and determine") established by Governor of Massachusetts to hear accussations of witchcraft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1703 Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1738 Turkish troops occupy Orsova & Ochakov
  • 1796 James S McLean patents his piano
  • 1798 The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland.
  • 1813 Americans capture Ft George, Canada

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

1849 Opening of the Great Hall at Euston station in London

  • 1850 Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • 1854 Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed
  • 1856 Doctor William Palmer (the Rugeley Poisoner ) found guilty of poisoning in Stafford, England
  • 1862 Battle of Hanover Court House, VA (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
  • 1863 CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
  • 1863 Siege of Port Hudson LA
  • 1864 Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia
  • 1873 Heinrich Schliemann discovers "Priam's Treasure" a cache of gold and other objects in Hisarlik (Troy) in Anatolia
  • 1883 Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • 1893 Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • 1895 British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
  • 1896 Bay District Race Track closes
  • 1896 Tornado hit St Louis, killing 255 & leaving thousands homeless
  • 1898 Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the Wells" premieres in London
  • 1900 Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
  • 1903 Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
  • 1905 Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
  • 1907 Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco
  • 1908 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • 1916 Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 President Woodrow Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 Race riot in East St Louis Illinois, 1 black killed
  • 1918 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • 1919 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
  • 1920 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • 1921 After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
  • 1927 Japanese military intervention in Chinese civil war

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1927 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1930 Richard Drew invents masking tape

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 The 1,046-foot (319-meter) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • 1931 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field Va
  • 1931 Piccard & Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
  • 1933 Austrian communist party banned
  • 1933 Century of Progress Exposition opens in Chicago
  • 1933 Federal Securities Act signed
  • 1933 Walt Disney's "3 Little Pigs" released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage
  • 1937 Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
  • 1937 Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
  • 1940 British and Allied forces begin the evacuation of Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo) during WWII
  • 1940 World War II: In the Le Paradis massacre, 97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops.
  • 1941 Allied troops begin evacuating Crete
  • 1941 FDR declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor
  • 1941 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • 1942 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
  • 1942 Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi "Deputy Reich Protector of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia" is shot and mortally wounded in Prague during Operation Anthropoid
  • 1943 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • 1943 US forbids racial discrimination in war industry
  • 1944 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • 1944 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • 1948 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
  • 1949 Indians start 12-17, owner Bill Veeck arranges a "Second Opening Day"
  • 1950 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Wallace Stevens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1951 Maritime Museum at Aquatic Park, SF opens
  • 1952 European Defense Community forms
  • 1953 Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections
  • 1956 French raid in Algiers
  • 1956 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1958 Ernest Green & 600 whites graduate from Little Rock's Central HS
  • 1958 Vanguard SLV-1 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1958 Maiden flight of the F-4 Phantom II
  • 1960 1st use of oversized catching mitt (Balt Oriole Clint Courtney)
  • 1960 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
  • 1961 1st black light is sold

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1963 Jomo Kenyatta elected 1st Prime Minister of Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1966 55th German F-104 Starfighter crashes
  • 1966 6 French fighters crash above Spain
  • 1967 Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians and to count them in the national census.
  • 1968 6th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-3
  • 1968 The meeting of the Union Nationale des Étudiants de France (National Union of the Students of France) takes place. 30,000 to 50,000 people gather in the Stade Sebastien Charlety.
  • 1969 Walt Disney World construction begins
  • 1970 British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 Rick Wohlhuter runs record 880 yards in 1:44.6
  • 1975 Worst motor vehicle disaster in UK; bus full of elderly women plunges Dibble's Bridge Yorkshire, killing 38
  • 1977 2 Boeing 747s by Pan Am & KLM collide in Canary Islands, killing 582
  • 1977 New York City fines George Willig 1 cent for each of 110 stories he climbed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Pope John Paul II ordains John J O'Connor as a bishop

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980 South Korean police ends people's uprising; 2,000 killed
  • 1980 The Gwangju Massacre: Airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 and possibly many more.

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 103


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1332 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis (d. 1406)

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1519 Girolamo Mei, Italian historian (d. 1594)
  • 1576 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (d. 1649)
  • 1595 Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer
  • 1601 Antoine Daniel, Jesuit missionary and martyr (d. 1648)
  • 1623 William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1687)
  • 1626 William II, prince of Orange/stadholder
  • 1651 Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (d. 1729)
  • 1652 Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van de Palts, German/French duchess of Orleans
  • 1738 Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (d. 1796)
  • 1756 Maximilian I Jozef, King of Bavaria
  • 1774 Francis Beaufort, admiral/hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale)
  • 1794 Cornelius Vanderbilt, millionaire (B & O railroad)
  • 1815 Henry Parkes, British journalist/premier of Australia
  • 1818 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, suffragette known for her pantaloons
  • 1819 Julia Ward Howe, US, author/lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
  • 1820 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess and socialite (d. 1904)
  • 1823 John Gray Foster, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)
  • 1827 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (d. 1892)
  • 1836 Edwin Gray Lee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • 1836 Jay Gould, US railroad executive, financier

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1837 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • 1837 Robert Frederick Hoke, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1912)
  • 1837 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter (d. 1887)
  • 1839 Luigi Capuana, Sicilian author/critic (Roccaverdina)
  • 1850 Thomas Neill Cream, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
  • 1854 Georges Eekhoud, Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
  • 1860 Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1861 Victoria E Matthews, educator
  • 1864 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (d. 1938)
  • 1867 Arnold Bennett, Hanley Staffordshire, English novelist/playwright/critic (Great Babylon)
  • 1871 Georges-Henri Rouault, Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
  • 1874 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Eros Thanatos)
  • 1876 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Hans Lammers, German SS officer (d. 1962)
  • 1881 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer
  • 1887 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends)
  • 1887 Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorwarts)
  • 1893 Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian (d. 2005)
  • 1894 Dashiell Hammett, Maryland, detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon)
  • 1894 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (d. 1961)
  • 1897 John Douglas Cockroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951)
  • 1900 Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • 1901 Conrad Elvehjem, McFarland, Wisconsin, USA, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin)
  • 1906 Robert Shone, director-general (NEDC)
  • 1907 Rachel Louise Carson, biologist/ecologist/writer (Silent Spring)
  • 1908 Alex Brown, snooker player
  • 1908 Melle J Oldeboerrigter, [Melle], Dutch painter/cartoonist
  • 1910 Daniel Greenway, CEO (Daniel Greenway & Sons)
  • 1911 Hubert Humphrey, (Sen-D-Minn) 38th VP (1965-69), 1968 Presidential candidate
  • 1911 Torolf Elster, Norwegian journalist/writer (Frihet och demokrati)
  • 1911 Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born Israeli politician (d. 2007)
  • 1912 John Cheever, writer (Wapshot Chronicle)
  • 1913 Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, bishop (Southwark England)
  • 1913 Wolfgang Schulze, [Wols], German cartoonist/painter
  • 1914 Lord Erroll of Hale, British minister
  • 1914 Rose Stainton, CEO (British Airways)
  • 1915 Herman Wouk, American novelist (Caine Mutiny, Winds of War), born in NYC, New York
  • 1916 Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
  • 1918 Yasuhiro Nakasone, premier of Japan (1982-87)
  • 1920 Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
  • 1920 William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
  • 1921 Caryl Chessman, kidnapper who got death penalty (1960)
  • 1922 Sidney AK Keyes, English poet (Iron Laurel)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1923 Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
  • 1923 Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur
  • 1923 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Graz Austria, Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller
  • 1925 John Moberly, diplomat
  • 1925 Tony Hillerman, American writer
  • 1927 Bryan Cowgill, deputy chairman (Mirror Group)
  • 1927 Jan Blokker, Dutch writer/journalist (VPRO, People's Newspaper)
  • 1930 John Barth, novelist (Sot-Weed Factor)
  • 1930 William S Sessions, Arkansas, director of FBI
  • 1931 Florence Sharples, director (British YWCA)
  • 1931 John Chapple, British chief of General Staff
  • 1931 James Wilson, criminologist ('Zero Tolerance' policing), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Ted Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur
  • 1934 Harlan [Jay] Ellison, American sci-fi author (7 Hugos, Doomsman, Babylon 5)
  • 1936 Benjamin Bathurst, vice chief of British Defense Staff
  • 1936 Eric Anderson, headmaster (Eton)
  • 1936 Lord Holme, president British Liberal Party
  • 1936 Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
  • 1939 Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)
  • 1939 Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • 1941 Adriaan Venema, Dutch journalist/author (Mussert)
  • 1941 Allan Carr, Ill, director (Grease, Happiest Millionaire)
  • 1942 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • 1942 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • 1944 Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
  • 1947 Peter DeFazio, (Rep-D-Oregon)
  • 1948 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-8, T-14, TM-7)
  • 1951 Norma Jean Almodovar, Binghampton, auto-biographer (Cop to Call Girl)
  • 1954 Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
  • 1956 Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
  • 1957 Siouxsie Sioux, [Susan Ballion], Kent England (Siouxsie & Banshees)
  • 1962 Steven Brill, American film writer and director
  • 1970 Tim Farron, British politician
  • 1971 Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
  • 1971 Kaur Kender, Estonian author

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1916 Naval commander Karl Donitz (24) weds nurse Ingeborg Weber

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz

HeartWedding of Interest

1929 Aviator Charles Lindbergh (27) weds author Anne Morrow (22) in Englewood, New Jersey

Aviator Charles Lindbergh
Aviator
Charles Lindbergh
Aviation Pioneer and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviation Pioneer and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh

HeartWedding of Interest

1980 President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier (28) weds Michele Bennett in Haiti

President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1994 Radio personality Rush Limbaugh weds wife #3, Marta Fitzgerald
  • 2005 "Amazing Race 6" winner Kendra Bentley (25) weds Freddy Holliday (34) in Bal Harbour, Florida
  • 2006 "The Lineup" anchor Kimberly Guilfoyle (37) weds "Idesign" host Eric Villency at the 5-star Sandy Lane Resort in St. James, Barbados

Deaths in History

  • 366 Procopius, Roman usurper (b. 326)
  • 866 Ordono I, King of Asturia (850-66), dies
  • 927 Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (b. 864 or 865)
  • 1039 Dirk III Hierosolymita, Count of Holland, dies
  • 1178 Godfried van Rhenen, bishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1444 John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (b. 1404)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1508 Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan, dies at 55

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1525 Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader
  • 1541 Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury (b. 1473) beheaded for treason in Tower of London by Henry VIII
  • 1549 Lijsbeth Dirksdr, Fries antabaptist, drowns
  • 1564 Jean Caulvin, [John Calvin], priest/church reformer, dies at 54
  • 1569 Francois de Coligny, French general (Jarnac), dies
  • 1576 Louis de Boisot, Dutch admiral, drowns at about 44
  • 1580 Jonker Barthold Entens van Mentheda until Middelstum, dies
  • 1596 Tibaldi II, Italian painter/sculptor/architect, dies
  • 1610 François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)
  • 1615 Marguerite de Valois, Queen of Henry IV of France (b. 1553)
  • 1627 Everhardus van Bronchorst, lawyer, dies at 73
  • 1661 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
  • 1675 Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
  • 1702 Dominique Bouhours, French critic (b. 1628)
  • 1707 Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. 1640)
  • 1768 Johann M Fleischmann, German/Dutch stamp/letter designer, dies
  • 1781 Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist (b. 1716)
  • 1790 Jeremiah Carlton, laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at 19 went to bed & stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
  • 1797 Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf, French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1831 Jedediah Smith, American explorer (b. 1799)
  • 1855 Nikolaj A Bestoezjev, Russ writer/painter (Account of Holland), dies
  • 1863 Edward Payson Chapin, Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 1876 Joseph Bosworth, lexicographer/scholar, dies
  • 1887 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer, dies at 86
  • 1896 Allard Pierson, theologist/philosopher/art historian/poet, dies
  • 1896 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)
  • 1902 Jan van Droogenbroeck, Flemish poet, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), dies at 66

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • 1914 Joseph Wilson Swan, physicist/chemist, dies
  • 1916 Joseph S Gallieni, General/military governor of Paris, dies
  • 1918 Henry Adams, US literature historian (Esther), dies at 80
  • 1919 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social activist (b. 1848)
  • 1926 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1934 Meijer Linnewiel, [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam street hawker, dies
  • 1939 Joseph Roth, Austria journalist (Fluctuate ohne Ende), dies at 44
  • 1941 AH Borgesius, tutor/experimentator/amateur astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1949 Ropert L Ripley, cartoonist (Believe It or Not), dies at 55 in NY
  • 1951 Thomas Blamey, soldier, dies
  • 1954 Herzmanovsky-Orlando, writer, dies
  • 1958 Samuel Stritch, US cardinal/archbishop (Chicago), dies
  • 1960 James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator (b. 1877)
  • 1963 Lambrakis, Greek EDA-parliament leader, murdered
  • 1964 Jawaharial Nehru, Independent India's 1st PM, dies at 74
  • 1967 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (b. 1889)
  • 1970 Emmy van Lokhorst, author, dies at 78
  • 1986 Gaston Duribreux, Flemish writer (Sour Dove), dies at 82
  • 1986 Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1987 John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1989 Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (b. 1907)
  • 1990 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (b. 1908)
  • 1991 Ed Dodd, cartoonist (Mark Trail), dies at 88
  • 1992 Daniel Robberechts, Belgian writer (Aankomen in Avignon), dies at 55
  • 1992 Tony "Big Tuna" Accardo, mobster (St Valentines Day), dies at 86
  • 1992 Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (b. 1890)
  • 1993 Willem P G Assmann, Dutch MP, dies at 85
  • 1994 Norman Cook, British museum curator, dies at 87
  • 1994 Theo Swagemakers, portrait painter, dies at 95
  • 1996 Ivan Sutton, concert Promotoer, dies at 82
  • 1996 Jack Massey, groundsman, dies at 85
  • 2000 Crawford Murray MacLehose of Beoch, British statesman (b. 1917)
  • 2000 Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Alex Toth, American cartoonist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Rob Borsellino, American columnist (b. 1949)
  • 2007 Ed Yost, American inventor (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Franz Künstler, Last remaining Austro-Hungarian Empire World War I veteran (b. 1900)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2009 Clive Granger, Swansea, Wales, Welsh-born British economist, dies at 74

Economist Clive Granger
Economist
Clive Granger
  • 2010 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator (b. 1929)