On This Day in History for May 29

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 124

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but is unable to take the city.
  • 757 St Paul I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1138 Anti-Pope Victor IV (Gregorio) submitted himsself to Pope Innocentius II
  • 1167 Battle of Monte Porzio - A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1176 Battle at Legnano: Lombard League beats Frederick Barbarossa and the Holy Roman Empire

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1414 Council of Constance deposes Pope John XXIII
  • 1453 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to Muhammad II (Turks); ends the Byzantine Empire
  • 1453 French banker Jacques Coeur's possessions confiscated
  • 1576 Spanish army under Mondragon conquerors Zierik sea
  • 1592 Battle of Sacheon: Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin repels a Japanese fleet - first use of Korean Turtle ship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1630 John Winthrop begins "History of New England"

Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop
  • 1652 Battle of Goodwin Sands, off Folkestone, Kent: English 'General at Sea' Robert Blake drives out Dutch fleet under Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end

  • 1677 Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians.
  • 1692 Battle at La Hogue: English & Dutch fleet beat France
  • 1692 Royal Hospital Chelsea Founder's Day first celebrated
  • 1721 South Carolina formally incorporated as a royal colony
  • 1727 Peter II becomes Tsar of Russia aged 11
  • 1733 The right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves is upheld at Quebec City.
  • 1753 Joseph Haydn's "Krumme Teufel" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1765 Patrick Henry's historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of "Treason!" with, "If this be treason, make the most of it!"

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1780 Battle of Waxhaw Creek: alleged massacre of 113 of Colonel Abraham Buford's continentals by Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton's troops after the continentals raised a white flag
  • 1787 "Virginia Plan" proposed

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1790 Rhode Island becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying US Constitution

  • 1848 Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1848 Wisconsin becomes 30th state
  • 1849 Lincoln says "You can fool some of the people all of the time, and all of the people some of the time, but you can not fool all of the people all of the time."

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1851 Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron)

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1861 Dorothea Dix offers help in setting up hospitals for Union Army
  • 1864 Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz
  • 1868 The assassination of Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, in Belgrade.
  • 1874 Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • 1884 1st steam cable trams start in highgate
  • 1886 Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise Coca-Cola
  • 1889 August Strindberg's "Hemsoborna" premieres in Copenhagen
  • 1900 Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
  • 1902 Dutch State Mine law forms
  • 1903 May coup d'etat: Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.
  • 1905 Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania
  • 1909 Frank "Home Run" Baker's 1st career home run
  • 1910 Pope's encyclical on Editae Saepe, against church reformers
  • 1912 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break
  • 1912 Ballets Russes premieres their ballet L'après-midi d'un faune (The Afternoon of a Faun) in Paris, choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky
  • 1914 Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence River; 1,024 die
  • 1916 Official flag of president of US adopted
  • 1916 US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • 1919 Charles Strite files patent for the pop-up toaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Albert Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1919 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929).
  • 1919 An expedition sponsored by the Royal Society of London observes a total eclipse of the sun in the Gulf of Guinea, off the African continent
  • 1922 Ecuador becomes independent
  • 1924 AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks.
  • 1928 Fritz von Opel reaches 200 kph in experimental rocket car
  • 1932 The Bonus Army of World War I veterans begins to assemble in Washington, D.C. in to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.
  • 1935 French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage, arrived in NYC on June 3rd
  • 1935 Hague local museum opens
  • 1940 Arthur Seyss-Inquart installed as Reich commissar of The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1940 In WW II, Germans capture Ostend & Ypres in Belgium & Lille in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 Meat & cheese rationed in US
  • 1944 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • 1945 US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri Castle, Okinawa
  • 1946 KVP wins Provincial National election in Netherlands
  • 1951 1st North Pole flight in single engine plane-CF Blair
  • 1952 2nd Round Conference between Dutch Antilles & Suriname ends

1stTenzing Norgay on the Summit of Mount Everest

1953 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition

  • 1953 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire (to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II)
  • 1954 Pope Pius X issues holy declaration
  • 1954 First of the annual Bilderberg conferences.
  • 1955 Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns
  • 1957 Algerian rebels kill 336 collaborators
  • 1957 Laos government of prince Suvanna Phuma resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Charles de Gaulle forms French government

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1967 Australian Paul McManus water skis barefoot for 1:30:19

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals, including Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, who later became Pope John Paul II

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1968 US Truth in Lending Act signed into law
  • 1968 UN resolves sanctions on white-minority-ruled Rhodesia
  • 1969 Britain's Trans-Arctic expedition makes 1st crossing of Arctic Sea ice
  • 1969 General strike in Cordoba, Argentina, leading to the Cordobazo civil unrest.
  • 1970 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1972 The Official IRA announce a ceasefire
  • 1973 Thomas Bradley elected 1st black mayor of Los Angeles, California
  • 1973 Columbia Records fires president Clive Davis for misappropriating $100,000 in funds, Davis will start Arista records
  • 1974 Northern Ireland is brought under direct rule from Westminster
  • 1976 Only HR of Joe Niekro's 22-year career, comes off brother Phil
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 US 1st class postage rises to 15 cents (13 cents for 3 years)
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Bishop Abel Muzorewa is sworn in as Zimbabwe's 1st black PM
  • 1980 53rd National Spelling Bee: Jacques Bailly wins spelling elucubrate
  • 1980 Attempted assassination on Vernon Jordan Jr National Urban League pres
  • 1980 JMW Turner's "Juliet & Her Nurse" sold for $6,400,000 in NYC
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 1st papal visit to Britain since 1531
  • 1982 Pentagon plans 1st strategy to fight a nuclear war
  • 1986 59th National Spelling Bee: Jon Pennington wins spelling odontalgia
  • 1988 Pakistan President Zia ul-Haq dismisses government and disbands parliament
  • 1989 Student protesters in China construct a replica of Statue of Liberty
  • 1990 An earthquake hit Peru, killing 56

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1990 Boris Yeltsin is elected President of the Russian Republic

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin

Birthdays in History

  • 1594 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian general (d. 1632)
  • 1627 Anne ML of Orleans, duchess of Montpensier (Grand Mademoiselle)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1630 Charles II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1660-85), born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1685)

  • 1673 Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, lawyer/president of High Council
  • 1675 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)
  • 1716 Louis J M Daubenton, French zoologist
  • 1722 James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (d. 1773)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1736 Patrick Henry, American Revolutionary and Founding Father famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, born in Studley, Colony of Virginia, British America (d. 1799)

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1773 Princess Sophia of Gloucester (d. 1844)
  • 1794 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (d. 1874)
  • 1810 Erasmus Darwin Keyes, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • 1810 Juan B Alberdi, [Figarillo], Argentina politician/writer
  • 1810 Solomon Meredith, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1875)
  • 1823 John H. Balsley, American carpenter (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1825 David Bell Birney, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1826 Ebenezer Butterick, inventor (tissue paper dress pattern)
  • 1827 Reuben Lindsay Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • 1837 Alexander F de Savornin Lohmann, Dutch minister/party leader (CHU)
  • 1840 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz)
  • 1841 Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, (d. 1971)
  • 1846 Albert Gyorgy earl Apponyi, Hungarian minister of Education
  • 1851 Leon VA Bourgeois, French premier (1895-96, Nobel 1920)
  • 1864 A H Borgesius, Dutch amateur astronomer
  • 1874 G. K. Chesterton [Gilbert Keith], English writer (Man Who Made Gold), born in London, England
  • 1880 Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)
  • 1882 Doris Ulmann, American photographer
  • 1885 Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity)
  • 1892 Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal)
  • 1894 Josef von Sternberg, Austrian director (Der blaue Engel)
  • 1896 George L Funke, botanist (Flower Physiology)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Bob Hope [Leslie Townes Hope], British born American entertainer, born in London, England (d. 2003)

Entertainer Bob Hope
Bob Hope
  • 1904 Robert Knox, bacteriologist
  • 1906 Terence Hanbury White, Bombay India, novelist (England Have My Bones)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 T. H. White, English author (King Arthur), born in Bombay, India (d. 1964)

Author T. H. White
T. H. White
  • 1907 Desmond Shawe-Taylor, critic
  • 1907 Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1909 Neil R[onald] Jones, US, sci-fi author (Space War, Twin Worlds)
  • 1910 Agnes Beatrice Read, medical social worker
  • 1911 James Marjoribanks, British ambassador
  • 1911 Louis Wain, agricultural scientist
  • 1912 John B M R "John" Hanlo, Dutch poet (Go to the Mosque)
  • 1912 Lucie Aubrac [Bernard], history teacher and French resistance member, born in Paris, France (d. 2007)
  • 1913 Douglas Black, physician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914 Tenzing Norgay, Tibetan climber who was the 1st to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 1953 with Edmund Hillary (exact date of birth unknown, but he celebrated on the 29th), born in either northeastern Nepal or Tibet (d. 1986)

Mountaineer and Explorer Tenzing Norgay
Mountaineer and Explorer
Tenzing Norgay
  • 1915 David Jenklins, librarian (National Library of Wales)
  • 1915 Lord Huntingfield, British agent to UN Secreteriat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 John F. Kennedy, 35th US President (1961-1963) and Senator (D-Mass), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1920 Robin Haydon, British diplomat
  • 1921 George Terry, chief constable (Sussex England)
  • 1922 John Heerbecq, Church commissioner
  • 1923 Earl of Morley, Lord Lt (Devon)
  • 1923 Richard Worsley, quarter master General
  • 1925 Sir Kenneth Couzens, Deputy Chairman of the British Coal Board
  • 1927 Carl Toms, stage designer (1 Million BC, Moon Zero Two)
  • 1927 Dick Hillenius, Dutch biologist/writer
  • 1927 Trevor Holdsworth, CEO (National Power)
  • 1928 Felix Rohatyn, investment banker (NY Big MAC Bonds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1929 Anthony Grant, British MP
  • 1929 Peter Higgs, Newcastle upon Tyne, British theoretical physicist (Nobel, 2013)
  • 1931 Carl Toms, stage designer
  • 1932 Paul R. Ehrlich, American biologist and author who founded the group Zero Population Growth
  • 1935 André Brink, South African writer (Dry White Season), born in Vrede, Free State
  • 1935 Denis J Worrall, South African politician/leader (DP)
  • 1935 Martin Garrod, Commandant General (Royal Marines)
  • 1937 Charles W. Pickering, American judge
  • 1939 Martin Garrod, Commandant General Royal Marines
  • 1940 Farooq Leghari, President of Pakistan
  • 1941 Douglas Scott, mountaineer
  • 1942 Pierre Bourque, Former mayor of Montreal
  • 1943 Bob Edgar, (Rep-D-PA, 1975-87)
  • 1943 E Thomas Coleman, (Rep-R-MO, 1976- )
  • 1943 Terry Pavey, editor (TV Times)
  • 1943 Robert W. Edgar, Theologian and Politician, (d. 2013)
  • 1944 Quentin Davies, MP (C)
  • 1945 Lord Fraser of Carmyllie, Minister of State (Scotland)
  • 1946 Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
  • 1947 Mark Nelson, crew member (Biosphere 2), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1947 Gene Robinson, American ecclesiastic
  • 1951 Peter Chernin, President of News Corporation
  • 1952 Louise Cooper, UK, sci-fi author (Nemesis, Inferno, Infanta, Nocturne)
  • 1955 John Hinckley Jr, shot & wounded President Reagan (1981)
  • 1955 Sut Jhally, Kenyan-born American educator
  • 1957 Jeb Hensarling, American politician
  • 1958 Willem Holleeder, Dutch criminal
  • 1970 Natarsha Belling, Australian news presenter
  • 1972 Közi, Japanese visual kei artist
  • 1979 Casey Sheehan, American soldier; son of Cindy Sheehan (d. 2004)
  • 1989 Danielle Riley Keough, grand daughter of Elvis Presley

Weddings in History

  • 1506 Earl Willem I van Nassau-Dillenburg weds countess Walburg van Egmont

HeartWedding of Interest

1849 Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur (26) weds secretary Marie Laurent (23) in Strasbourg, France

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur

HeartWedding of Interest

1884 Irish writer Oscar Wilde marries Constance Lloyd at St. James Church, Paddington, London

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde

HeartWedding of Interest

1939 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin (25) weds Aliza Arnold

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 2010 "Survivor: Fiji" winner Earl Cole (39) weds pharmacist Shelley Lee at the St. Regis Princeville Resort on Kauai

Deaths in History

  • 1259 King Christopher I of Denmark (b. 1219)
  • 1379 King Henry II of Castile (b. 1334)
  • 1405 Philippe de Mézières, advisor to Charles V of France
  • 1425 Hongxi Emperor of China (b. 1378)
  • 1453 Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor, dies at 49

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1500 Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer (1st European to round Cape of Good Hope), drowns at 48 or 49

Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese Explorer
Bartolomeu Dias
  • 1544 Jacobus Latomus [Jasques Masson], Belgian inquisitor, dies at about 68
  • 1546 Cardinal Beaton, English archbishop of St Andrews, murdered in St Andrews Castle at 52
  • 1593 John Penry, English congressionalist, executed
  • 1629 Arnold Baert, Flemish lawyer/member of Great Council, dies at about 74
  • 1660 Gyorgy Rákóczi II, prince of Transylvania, dies in battle
  • 1660 Peter Scriverius, lawyer/historian, dies at 44
  • 1660 Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)
  • 1691 Cornelis Tromp, admiral-general/son of Maarten T, dies at 61
  • 1788 Jacques Aliamet, French etcher/engraver, dies at 61
  • 1790 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)
  • 1796 Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (b. 1720)
  • 1814 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), dies of pneumonia aged 50
  • 1815 Cornelis de Gijselaar, politician/patriot, dies at 64
  • 1816 Madame L'Ouverture, widow of Haiti's leader Toussaint L'O, dies
  • 1829 Humphry Davy, scientist/inventor (Miner's safety lamp), dies at 84
  • 1847 Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (b. 1766)
  • 1866 Winfield Scott, American general (b. 1786)
  • 1866 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), dies at 57
  • 1868 Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia (b. 1823)
  • 1869 Philippe Vandermaelen, Flemish cartographer/publisher, dies at 73
  • 1877 John Lothrop Motley, (History of United Netherlands), dies at 63
  • 1882 Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)
  • 1883 Albrecht of Prussia, mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • 1883 WFLC Marianne, princess of Orange-Nassau, dies
  • 1885 Alfred von Meissner, Austria physician/writer (Ziska), dies at 63
  • 1892 Baha'u'llah [Mirza HA Noeri], Persian founder (Baha'i), dies at 74
  • 1896 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • 1903 Bruce Price, American architect (b. 1845)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1911 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist (Gilbert & Sullivan), dies at 74

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • 1919 Robert Bacon, American politician (b. 1860)
  • 1924 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid/London), dies
  • 1939 Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (b. 1865)
  • 1946 Martin Gottfried Weiss, Commandant of Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
  • 1951 Fanny Brice, Zeigfield Girl (Baby Snooks Show), dies at 59
  • 1955 Daniel G van Beuningen, art collector, dies at 78
  • 1956 Albert H Edelkoort, theologist (Christusverwachting), dies at 65
  • 1958 Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spanish poet (Nobel 1956), dies at 76
  • 1970 John Gunther, author/host (John Gunther's High Road), dies at 68
  • 1970 Eve Hesse, German born Jewish American sculptor dies of a brain tumour aged 34
  • 1972 Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (b. 1878)
  • 1973 Eric Applewhite, entertainer, dies
  • 1977 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (b. 1893)
  • 1979 John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (b. 1916)
  • 1983 Arvīds Pelše, Soviet Latvian statesman (b. 1899)
  • 1987 Alain Vincx, Belgian stuntman, dies in an accident at 40
  • 1992 Karl Carstens, president of RFA (1979-84), dies
  • 1993 Tiny Hofman, Amsterdam activist (Nieuwmarkt), dies at 68
  • 1994 Erich Honecker, German politician, Head of State of East Germany (1971-89), dies in Chile at 81
  • 1994 Harry Levin, literary Scholar, dies at 81
  • 1994 Joseph Janni, producer, dies at 78
  • 1995 Margaret Chase Smith, 1st woman Rep & Sen (R-Me), dies at 97
  • 1997 John Sengstacke, publisher (Defender), dies at 84
  • 1998 Barry M. Goldwater, U.S. Senator from Arizona and presidential candidate (b. 1909)
  • 2002 Mildred Benson, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 2004 Archibald Cox, Watergate special prosecutor (b. 1912)
  • 2004 Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Steve Mizerak, American pool player (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Jacques Bouchard, Quebec advertising executive (b. 1930)
  • 2007 Lois Browne-Evans, Bermudian Politician (stroke) (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Posteal Laskey, American convicted murderer widely believed to be the Cincinnati Strangler of natural causes (b. 1938)
  • 2008 Dianne Odell, American medical figure (b. 1947)
  • 2011 Ferenc Mádl, Hungarian politician, President of Hungary (b. 1931)
  • 2011 Bill Clements, Governor of Texas (b. 1917)
  • 2011 Sergei Bagapsh, Abkhazian president (b. 1949)
  • 2014 Karlheinz Böhm, Austrian actor, dies at 86