On This Day in History for May 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 1374 BC Solar eclipse (2m07s) seen at Ugarit by Mesopotamian astronomers "On the day of the new moon, in the month of Hiyar, the Sun was put to shame, and went down in the daytime, with Mars in attendance."
  • 1294 John II becomes duke of Brabant/Limburg
  • 1342 Count Hartmann II becomes ruler of Vaduz (Liechtenstein)
  • 1382 Battle of Beverhoutsveldn near Bruges - Ghent town army beats drunken Bruges militia
  • 1491 Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries, adopting the baptismal name of João I.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1512 Pope Julius II opens 5th Council of Lateran at St. John Lateran Basilica in Rome

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1558 Ferdinand I officially appointed Holy Roman Emperor after his brother Charles abdicated in 1556
  • 1616 Treaty of Loudun ends French civil war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 Francis Bacon accused of bribery

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Statesman/Philosopher
Francis Bacon
  • 1624 Spanish silver fleet sails to Panama
  • 1629 French huguenot leader duke De Rohan signs accord with Spain
  • 1640 English Upper house accept Act of Attainder
  • 1654 Bridge at Rowley Mass begins charging tolls for animals
  • 1660 Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • 1661 Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen
  • 1662 Royal charter granted to Connecticut
  • 1678 French conquering fleet at Curacao, 1200 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1715 Edmond Halley observes total eclipse phenomenon "Baily's Beads"

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1722 Pierre de Marivaux' "La Double Inconstance" premieres in Paris
  • 1747 Willem IV appointed viceroy of Holland/Utrecht
  • 1765 1st US medical college opens in Philadelphia
  • 1791 The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1802 Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city
  • 1808 Day depicted by Spanish painter Goya in his "The of 3rd of May" (painted 1814)
  • 1808 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia.
  • 1808 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill.
  • 1810 English poet Lord Byron swims the Hellespont (modern day Dardanelles)
  • 1815 Battle at Tolentino: Austria beats king Joachim of Naples
  • 1822 Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded (Lyon, France)
  • 1830 1st regular steam train passenger service starts
  • 1837 The University of Athens is founded.
  • 1841 New Zealand proclaimed a colony independent of New South Wales
  • 1845 1st African American lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to the bar (Mass)
  • 1845 Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China
  • 1846 Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
  • 1849 The May Uprising in Dresden begins - the last of the German revolutions of 1848.
  • 1851 Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
  • 1855 Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
  • 1860 Charles XV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1861 Gen Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in American Civil War
  • 1861 Lincoln asks for 42,000 Army Volunteers & another 18,000 seamen
  • 1863 Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
  • 1863 Battle of Salem Church, VA
  • 1864 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
  • 1867 The Hudson's Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island.
  • 1886 M A Maclean elected 1st mayor of Vancouver, BC
  • 1898 Camp Merriman forms at Presidio (SF) (see 0517)
  • 1901 Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1906 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields"

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • 1916 Irish Nationalists Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas Clarke are executed by firing squad following their involvement in the Easter Rising
  • 1919 Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
  • 1921 West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
  • 1922 Mayor Hylan closes streets for building of Yankee Stadium
  • 1922 Salt layer find at Winterswijk
  • 1923 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
  • 1924 Aleph Zadik Aleph is formed in Omaha, Nebraska by Sam Beber.
  • 1926 British General Strike: Trade Union Congress calls for a general strike 1 minute to midnight to support striking coal miners
  • 1926 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)
  • 1926 US marines land in Nicaragua (9-mo after leaving), stay until 1933
  • 1928 Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.
  • 1929 Prussia bans anti-fascists
  • 1932 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switz)
  • 1933 1st female director (Nellie T Ross) of US Mint takes office
  • 1936 French People's Front wins elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"

  • 1938 Concentration camp at Flossenburg goes into use
  • 1938 Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941
  • 1938 Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain
  • 1939 The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
  • 1941 -4] German air raid on Liverpool
  • 1942 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • 1942 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • 1942 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • 1942 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • 1943 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • 1943 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • 1944 Meat rationing ends in US
  • 1945 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
  • 1945 Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
  • 1945 British troop join in Rangoon
  • 1945 WWII: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • 1946 International military tribunal in Tokyo begins
  • 1947 New post-war Japanese constitution goes into effect.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1949 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km
  • 1951 Royal Festival Hall opens in London
  • 1951 The Festival of Britain opens.
  • 1952 1st landing by an airplane at geographic North Pole
  • 1953 Westchester conference of American Library Association proclaims "Freedom to Read"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick

  • 1956 A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000')
  • 1958 WINS suspends Alan Freed for causing a riot in Boston, he quits
  • 1959 Tiger's Charlie Maxwell hits 4 consecutive HRs in a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1961 Warren Spahn pitches a 2 hitter after pitching a no hitter
  • 1962 Express train crashed into wreckage of a commuter train & a freight, killing 163, injuring 400 (Tokyo, Japan)
  • 1963 Leslie Narum is only Balt Oriole to homer on his 1st at bat
  • 1965 1st use of satellite TV, Today Show on Early Bird Satellite

Birthdays in History

  • 612 Constantine III, Byzantine Emperor (d. 641)
  • 1415 Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (d. 1495)
  • 1428 Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman (d. 1495)
  • 1446 Margaret of York / Margaret of Burgendy, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1503)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1469 Niccolo Machiavelli, Italian politician and writer (Prince), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1527)

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1514 Bartholomaeus a Martyribus, [Fernandez], primate of Portugal
  • 1535 Alessandro "Agnolo" Allori, Italian painter/carpet designer
  • 1647 John A "Joannes" Antonides van der Goes, poet (Bellone aen bant)
  • 1662 Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (d. 1736)
  • 1692 Jan J Mauricius, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1742-51)
  • 1695 Henri Pitot, Italian-born French engineer (d. 1771)
  • 1713 Alexis Clairault, French mathematician (d. 1765)
  • 1761 August von Kotzebue, German dramatist (d. 1819)
  • 1764 Elisabeth PMH, princess of France/son of king Louis XVI
  • 1768 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (d. 1838)
  • 1773 Giuseppe Acerbi, Italian traveller/nature investigator/diplomat
  • 1815 Hermanus W Witteveen, Dutch theologist
  • 1816 Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1826 Charles XV Louis E, King of Sweden/Norway (1859-72)/poet
  • 1844 Edouard A Drumont, French anti-semitic journalist
  • 1849 Jacob Riis, Denmark, reporter (NY Tribune, NY Evening Sun)
  • 1849 Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1859 Andy Adams, US writer (Log of a Cowboy)
  • 1860 John Scott Haldane, Scottish physiologist (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1861 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw (d. 1937)
  • 1870 Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1948)
  • 1873 [Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll, Norwegian author (Kvinnen og Den)
  • 1873 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian general (d. 1945)
  • 1874 Francois Coty, Corsica, Corsican senator/perfume maker
  • 1874 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (d. 1954)
  • 1877 Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst (d. 1925)
  • 1879 Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman (d. 1950)
  • 1890 B. Traven, (German?) writer (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre) whose real identity is disputed (possible date)
  • 1891 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet (d. 1969)
  • 1892 George Thomson, demonstrated electron diffraction (Nobel 1937)
  • 1893 Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor (d. 1975)
  • 1895 Earnest Kantorowicz, German/US historian (Laudes regiae)
  • 1895 Zoltan Korda, Hungarian/British director (Jungle Book, 4 Feathers)
  • 1895 Cornelius Van Til, philosopher and Christian apologist (d. 1987)
  • 1896 Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (d. 1990)
  • 1896 Karl Allmenroder, German World War I Ace (d. 1917)
  • 1897 V K Krishna Menon, India, minister of defense
  • 1898 Golda Meir, [Meyerson], 4th Israeli PM (1969-74), born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1898 Septima Poinsette Clark, civil rights activist/educator
  • 1902 Seton I Miller, Chehalis WA, writer (Pete's Dragon, Istanbul)
  • 1902 Alfred Kastler, Guebwiller France, French Physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (Hertzian resonances within atoms)
  • 1905 Albrecht Luitpold G Ferdinand Michael Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria
  • 1907 Earl Wilson, Rockford Ohio, columnist (Midnight Earl)
  • 1910 Norman Corwin, American radio pioneer
  • 1913 Earl Blackwell, author (Celebrity Register), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1913 William M Inge, US playwright (Picnic-Pulitzer 1953)
  • 1916 Henry Barbosa Gonzalez, (Rep-D-Tx, 1961-99 ), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Pierre Emmanuel, French poet (Sodome)
  • 1917 Kiro Gligorov, Macedonia, President of the Republic of Macedonia 1991-1999 (d. 2012)
  • 1919 John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Vasco dos Santos Goncalves, Portuguese leftist colonel
  • 1922 Marina Svetlova, ballerina/choreographer (Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo)
  • 1923 Ralph M Hall, (Rep-D-TX, 1981- )
  • 1924 Yehuda Amichai, Israeli poet (d. 2000)
  • 1924 Ken Tyrrell, English founder of eponymous F1 racing team (d. 2001)
  • 1929 Hendrik L van Beek, Dutch vice-admiral
  • 1929 Jaharna Imam, Bangladeshi writer/political activist
  • 1930 Juan Gelman, Argentine poet, born in Buenos Aires
  • 1931 Thomas Sutherland, American hostage (Lebanon) and academic, born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Donald P Hodel, US Secretary of Interior (1985-89), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1935 Ron Popeil, American inventor
  • 1937 Nélida Piñon, Brazilian writer
  • 1940 David Koch, American businesman and philanthropist (Koch Industries), - 6th= richest person in the world (2015), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • 1941 Nona Gaprindasvili, USSR, world women's chess champ (1962-78)
  • 1941 Edward "Monk" Malloy, American university president
  • 1942 Dave Marash, American journalist
  • 1942 C.L. Otter, American politician, governor of Idaho
  • 1943 John Costello, historian
  • 1944 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, journalist
  • 1944 Peter Staples, rocker (Troggs-Wild Thing)
  • 1947 Doug Henning, Ft Garry Manitoba, magician (Broadway play-Magic)
  • 1949 Albert Sacco Jr, PhD/astronaut (STS 73), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1949 Ron Wyden, (Rep-D-OR, 1981- )
  • 1951 Tatyana Tolstaya, Russian writer
  • 1956 Marc Bellemare, French Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1959 Uma Bharati, Indian politician
  • 1961 Joe Murray, American cartoonist
  • 1961 David Vitter American politician
  • 1962 Anders Graneheim, Swedish bodybuilder
  • 1963 Jamie Reeves, British strongman
  • 1966 Darren Morgan, Welsh snooker player
  • 1969 Daryl F. Mallett, American writer/editor
  • 1971 Damon Dash, American label executive
  • 1972 Shonie Carter, American MMA fighter
  • 1974 Princess Haya bint Hussein of Jordan
  • 1977 Mashima Hiro, Japanese Mangaka of Rave Master and Fairy Tail
  • 1980 Marcel Vigneron, American chef (Top Chef)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1884 Mechanical engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (28) weds Louise M. Spooner

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor

Deaths in History

  • 1010 Ansfried, 9th bishop of Utrecht (995-1010)/saint, dies at about 69
  • 1152 Matilda of Boulogne, Queen of England (b. 1105)
  • 1160 Peter Lombard, Italian scholar and bishop (b. c.1100)
  • 1270 King Béla IV of Hungary (b. 1206)
  • 1294 Jan I, duke of Brabant/Limburg/poet, dies
  • 1410 Alexander V, [Petros Philargi], Kreta's Pope (1409-10), dies
  • 1442 Engelbert I, Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies
  • 1481 Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1432)
  • 1606 Henry Garnet, English Jesuit (executed) (b. 1555)
  • 1614 Sasbout Vosmeer, RC theologist/apostole vicar, dies at 66
  • 1622 Pedro Páez, Spanish Jesuit missionary (b. 1564)
  • 1654 Francois van Kinschot, treasurer-gen/chancellor of Brabant, dies at 77
  • 1679 James Sharp, English archbishop (assassinated) (b. 1613)
  • 1693 Claude de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French courtier (b. 1607)
  • 1703 Eglon van de Down, still-life painter, dies
  • 1707 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherlands physician/poet, dies at 53
  • 1724 John Leverett the Younger, American President of Harvard (b. 1662)
  • 1737 Abraham Patras, gov-gen of East-Indies (1735-37), dies at 65
  • 1750 John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
  • 1752 Samuel Ogle, British provincial Governor of Maryland (b. c. 1692)
  • 1758 Benedict XIV, [Prospero L Lambertini], Pope (1740-58), dies at 83
  • 1763 George Psalmanazar, British impostor (b. 1679)
  • 1764 Francesco Algarotti, Italian earl/encyclopedist, dies at 53
  • 1779 John Winthrop, American astronomer (b. 1714)
  • 1783 Pieter Valck(x), South Netherlands sculptor, dies at 49
  • 1841 Cornelis T Elout, Dutch minister of Finance/Navy/Colonies, dies at 74
  • 1863 Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 35
  • 1880 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
  • 1881 Josip Jurcic, Slovic writer (Schone Vida), dies
  • 1902 David R Capriles, Curacaos director of psychiatric, dies at 64
  • 1918 Charlie Soong, Chinese Methodist missionary and key player in the Xinhai Revolution of 1911, dies at 55
  • 1926 Napoleon V Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne, dies at 63
  • 1932 Anton Wildgans, Austr writer (Dies Irae)/dir Burgtheater, dies at 51
  • 1939 [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, German general, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940 Henry Ossian Flipper, American soldier, former slave and first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point, dies at 84

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1942 Johan H Westerveld, lt-col/leader Order Service, executed
  • 1942 Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1873)
  • 1945 Louis L H de Visser, Dutch MP (CPN), dies at 66
  • 1955 Philips C Visser, explorer/ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • 1961 Maurice [Jean Jacques] Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1964 Diana Wynyard, dies at 58
  • 1965 Howard Spring, British author (Heaven Lies About Us), dies at 76
  • 1965 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat/genealogist, dies at 75
  • 1966 Wylie Watson, dies at 77
  • 1969 Zakir Hussain, 3rd President of India, (b. 1897)
  • 1975 Samuel Gonard, chairman (International Red Cross), dies at 78
  • 1976 David Bruce, dies at 62
  • 1976 Ernie Nevers, college fullback (Stanford), dies at 72
  • 1978 Wim van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF), dies at 71
  • 1983 Vaughn Taylor, act (Jailhouse Rock), dies of cerebal hemmorrhage at 72
  • 1988 Lev Semenovich Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (b. 1908)
  • 1988 Walther Vanbeselaere, Flemish art historian, dies at 79
  • 1989 Christine Jorgensen, 1st transsexual, dies at 62
  • 1989 Muriel Ostriche, dies
  • 1989 Edward Ochab, Polish Communist politician (b. 1906)
  • 1990 Pimen, [Sergei Irzyekov], patriarch of Rus-orthodox church, dies at 79
  • 1991 Gerrit Mik, child psychiatrist and Dutch MP (D66), dies
  • 1991 Jersy Kosinski, Polish-American author (Being There), dies at 57
  • 1992 Peter Bruni, dies of heart failure at 60
  • 1994 Gustaaf AWC baron van Hemert Dingshof, mayor of Maarn, dies at 78
  • 1994 Haty Tegelaar-Boonacker, Dutch MP (CDA), dies at 63
  • 1994 Richard Scarry, author/illustrator of children's books, dies at 74
  • 2000 John Joseph Cardinal O'Connor, Catholic Archbishop of New York (b. 1920)
  • 2002 Barbara Castle, British politician (b. 1910)
  • 2006 Karel Appel, Dutch painter (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Pramod Mahajan, Indian politician (b. 1949)
  • 2007 Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Wally Schirra, American astronaut (b. 1923)
  • 2008 Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo, Spanish former Primer Minister (b. 1926)
  • 2009 Ram Shewalkar, Indian Marathi writer, cardiac arrest.(b.1931)
  • 2014 Gary Becker, American economist & Nobel laureate, dies from complications following surgery at 83
  • 2014 Jim Oberstar, American politician, dies at 79
  • 2016 Tomas Libous, US politician (Senate-R-New York 1989-2015) brought down by scandal, dies of cancer at 63
  • 2016 Carl Fredrik Reutersward, Swedish artist (knotted-gun sculpture), dies at 81