On This Day in History for May 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 1256 The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1303 Flemings conquers Middelburg
  • 1415 Religious reformers John Wycliffe and Jan Hus are condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance.
  • 1471 Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, the final battle between the Houses of Lancaster and York: the Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster, killed and King Edward IV restored to his throne, restoring political stability to England until his death in 1483.
  • 1493 Spanish Pope Alexander VI divides America between Spain & Portugal
  • 1540 Venice & Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1572 Veere sides with Geuzen
  • 1626 Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherlands
  • 1634 Johan van Walbeeck's fleet departs to West Indies
  • 1652 Battle of Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels
  • 1686 Municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines.
  • 1747 Willem IV appointed viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1776 Rhode Island declares independence from Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston, James Bowdoin, John and Samuel Adams founding members

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • 1780 Charles Bunbury on Diomed wins 1st Epsom Derby
  • 1783 Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
  • 1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam: The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris.
  • 1805 Henry C Overing buys 80 acres of Throggs Neck in Bronx
  • 1814 Bourbon reign restored in France
  • 1814 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism.
  • 1818 Netherlands & Britain sign treaty against illegal slave handling

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
  • 1843 Great Britain annexes Natal
  • 1846 US state Michigan ends death penalty
  • 1847 NY State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • 1851 First major San Francisco fire destroys a quarter of the city
  • 1858 War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz
  • 1859 The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.
  • 1861 At Gretna LA, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast
  • 1862 -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Yorktown, VA - Mcclellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • 1863 End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • 1864 -16] actions at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army at Potomac attacks Robert E. Lee's Confederates at Rappahannock River

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1865 Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders
  • 1866 Woodward's Gardens opens to the public in San Francisco
  • 1869 The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • 1883 John Gordon Cashmans publishes 1st edition "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Mississippi))
  • 1886 Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen
  • 1888 Italy & Spain sign military covenant
  • 1896 1st edition of London Daily Mail (halfpenny)
  • 1896 Grease fire ignites half ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek, Colorado
  • 1897 Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
  • 1904 Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal.
  • 1904 Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. Go on to form Roll-Royce
  • 1910 Canadian Currency Act, 1910, receives Royal Assent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Wilfrid Laurier passes the Naval Service Act, which creates the Royal Canadian Navy

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1912 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
  • 1915 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1916 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare
  • 1916 Ned Daly, Willie Pearse, Michael O'Hanrahan and Joseph Plunkett are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising, at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • 1917 A flotilla of US destroyer ships arrive in Queenstown, Ireland, to aid in convoying ships to England
  • 1919 Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3
  • 1919 Demonstrates organised by students erupt in China, after news from the Paris Peace Conference that the Allies intend to give Shangtung to Japan
  • 1922 KNX-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • 1923 NY state revokes Prohibition law
  • 1924 German Republic election: fascists & communists win
  • 1925 League of Nations conference on arms control & poison gas usage
  • 1927 1st balloon flight over 40,000 feet (Scott Field, Ill)
  • 1927 Nicaragua agrees to a US supervised presidential election in 1928
  • 1931 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Al Capone enters Atlanta Penitentiary convicted of income tax evasion

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • 1933 Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador)
  • 1936 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
  • 1938 Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire
  • 1940 21 "not neutral" nazis & communists arrested in Netherlands
  • 1942 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • 1942 Food 1st rationed in US
  • 1942 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • 1942 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • 1943 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • 1945 German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender
  • 1946 5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in SF bay
  • 1946 Wash's Cecil Travis gets 6 straight hits before being stopped
  • 1948 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for "The Old Man & The Sea"

  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Anne Frank Foundation forms in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1958 Alberto Lleras Camargo chosen president of Colombia
  • 1959 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (JB)
  • 1960 1st great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland
  • 1961 1st on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.
  • 1961 CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Malcolm Ross & Victor Prather reach 34,668 m (record) in balloon
  • 1961 South Africa ANC leader John Nkadimeng arrested
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1964 "Another World" premieres on TV in the US
  • 1964 70 GATT-countries confer in Geneva
  • 1964 Pulitzer prize awarded to Richard Hofstadter (Anti-intellectualism)
  • 1966 Soviet government signs accord about building Fiat factory in USSR
  • 1967 Lunar Orbiter 4 launched by US; begins orbiting Moon May 7
  • 1968 1st ABA championship: Pitts Pipers beat NO Buccaneers, 4 games to 3
  • 1968 Dancer Image DQ due to drugs after winning 94th Kent Derby in 2:02½
  • 1969 Charles Gordone's "No Place to be Somebody" premieres in NYC
  • 1970 National Guard kills 4 at Kent State in Ohio

Birthdays in History

  • 1006 Khajeh Abdullah Ansari, The Persian Sufi (d. 1088), Herat, Khorasan (now Afghanistan)
  • 1008 King Henry I of France (d. 1060)
  • 1631 Mary I Henriette Stuart, daughter of Charles I/queen of England
  • 1635 Willem van Outhoorn, Dutch governor-general (Dutch East Indies)
  • 1654 Kangxi Emperor of China (d. 1722)
  • 1655 Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian instrument maker - considered the inventor of the piano, born in Padua
  • 1715 Richard Graves, English writer (d. 1804)
  • 1733 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (d. 1799)
  • 1752 John Brooks, 11th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
  • 1772 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German publisher (d. 1823)
  • 1776 Johann Friedrich Herbart, Germany, philosopher/psychologist
  • 1781 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1796 Horace Mann, American educator, author and editor who pioneered public schools, born in Franklin, Massachusetts (d. 1859)

Father of American Education Horace Mann
Father of American Education
Horace Mann
  • 1796 Joseph Pannell Taylor, Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1796 William H. Prescott, American historian (d. 1859)
  • 1820 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher, founded Whitaker's Almanack
  • 1820 Julia Gardiner Tyler, 2nd wife of Pres John Tyler (1841-45)
  • 1822 Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Quebec politician (d. 1915)
  • 1825 Thomas Henry Huxley, scientist/humanist/Darwinist
  • 1825 Augustus Le Plongeon, French antiquitarian (d. 1908)
  • 1826 Frederick Church, US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River Sch)
  • 1827 John Hanning Speke, British explorer (d. 1864)
  • 1870 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (d. 1960)
  • 1871 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), born in Gołańcz, Poland (d. 1946)
  • 1875 Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine)
  • 1881 Aleksandr F Kerenski, Russian premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism)
  • 1882 Wilhelm Lehmann, writer
  • 1889 Francis J Spellman, US Cardinal
  • 1891 Johan W F Werumeus Buning, Dutch poet (Daily Bread)
  • 1902 Cola [Nicolas] Debrot, Bonaire governor (Netherlands Antilles)/author
  • 1902 Rodney Meredith Thomas, architect/painter
  • 1907 Lincoln Kirstein, American impresario (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Jeroom Verten [Jozef F Vermetten], Flemish playwright
  • 1913 Lady Katherine Brandram, née Princess of Greece and Denmark (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Abdel Karim Kassem, general/premier/dictator of Iraq (1958-63)
  • 1914 Emmanuel Robles, Algerian-Fren journalist/playwright (Lesson Hauteurs)
  • 1916 Jane Jacobs, American-Canadian author and urbanologist (The Death and Life of Great American Cities), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • 1918 Kakuei Tanaka, Japanese PM (1972-74), convicted of bribe-taking
  • 1918 Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Edo Murtić, Croatian painter (d. 2005)
  • 1922 John Paul Hammerschmidt, (Rep-R-AR, 1967-93 ), born in Harrison, Arkansas
  • 1925 Peter Blum, German/South African/English poet (Capricorn)
  • 1925 Maurice R. Greenberg, American businessman
  • 1926 Gerlind Reinshagen, German writer, born in Konigsberg
  • 1926 Milt Thompson, American astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15), NASA test pilot and chief-engineer, born in Crookston, Minnesota (d. 1993)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian president (1981-2011), born in Kafr-El Meselha, Egypt

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1929 Sidney Lamb, American linguist
  • 1931 Thomas Stuttaford, British doctor and writer
  • 1936 El Cordobés, Spanish matador
  • 1938 William J Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)
  • 1938 Carlos Monsiváis, Mexican writer
  • 1939 Amos Oz, Jerusalem, Israel, author (My Michael)
  • 1940 Dick Curl, Chester Pa, offensive coordinator coach (Barcelona Dragons)
  • 1940 Robin Cook, American novelist
  • 1941 George Will, Champaign, Illinois, American political analyst (Night Line)
  • 1943 Mikhail Chemiakin, Russian painter
  • 1945 Monika van Paemel, Belgian writer (Accursed Fathers)
  • 1945 Narasimhan Ram, Indian journalist
  • 1948 George Tupou V, Tonga, King of Tonga (2006-2012), (d. 2012)
  • 1949 Gerrit J P van Otterloo, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1949 Graham Swift, British author (Waterland, Last Orders), born in London
  • 1951 Gene Greenwood, (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
  • 1956 Michael L Gernhardt, Mansfield OH, astronaut (STS 69, 83, 94, sk 100)
  • 1956 David Guterson, American author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1958 Keith Haring, American graffiti artist (Vanity Fair, Paris Review) and social activist, born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)

Artist & Social Activist Keith Haring
Artist & Social Activist
Keith Haring
  • 1961 Ishita Bhaduri, Indian (Bengali) Poet
  • 1964 Zsuzsa Mathe, Hungarian painter and visual artist, founder of transrealism
  • 1966 Jane McGrath, co-founder of the McGrath Foundation for breast cancer (d. 2008)
  • 1969 Ryan Shamrock, American wrestling valet
  • 1973 Melissa Boyd, Miss Ohio USA (1996)
  • 1975 Laci Peterson, American murder victim (d. 2002)
  • 1978 Shaenon K. Garrity, American webcomics writer and artist
  • 1994 Pauline Ducruet, daughter of HSH Princess Stéphanie of Monaco

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1941 Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley (23) weds Ethel Arnold

American Politician Tom Bradley
American Politician
Tom Bradley

Deaths in History

  • 1436 Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman (b. 1390s)
  • 1471 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, dies at 17, becoming the only heir apparent to the English throne to ever die in battle
  • 1471 Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, English military commander (executed)
  • 1506 Husayn Bayqarah, ruler of Herat (b. 1438)
  • 1519 Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino (b. 1492)
  • 1566 Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)
  • 1594 Paul Buys, Grand Pensionary of Holland, dies at 62
  • 1605 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist/medical, dies at 82
  • 1615 Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (b. 1561)
  • 1626 Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, English bishop and Bible translator (b. 1569)
  • 1677 Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)
  • 1684 John Nevison, English highwayman (b. 1639)
  • 1729 Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (b. 1651)
  • 1734 James Thornhill, English painter
  • 1737 Eustace Budgell, English writer (b. 1686)
  • 1752 Pieter Snyers, Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 71
  • 1774 Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1714)
  • 1776 Jacques Saly, French sculptor (b. 1717)
  • 1790 Matthew Tilghman, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)
  • 1799 Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader killed during Battle of Seringapatam (b. 1750)
  • 1811 Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
  • 1824 Joseph Joubert, French essayist and moralist (b. 1754)
  • 1832 Jan van Speyck, Dutch admiral, buried in New Church
  • 1858 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist, dies at 84
  • 1859 Joseph Diaz Gergonne, French mathematician (b. 1771)
  • 1879 William Froude, British civil eng/shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at 68
  • 1880 Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1885 Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic, monarch of Serbia (1842-58), dies at 78
  • 1891 Sherlock Holmes, "dies" at Reichenbach Falls
  • 1901 John Jones Ross, Canadian politician (b. 1831)
  • 1903 Goce Delchev, a revolutionary from the Balkans - leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (b. 1872)
  • 1916 Joseph Mary Plunkett, Irish revolutionary (b. 1887)
  • 1919 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1922 Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (b. 1888)
  • 1928 Barry E Odell Pain, English writer (Punch), dies at 63
  • 1938 Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist/writer (Nobel 1935), dies at 48
  • 1953 Edward B B Shanks, British poet/critic, dies at 60
  • 1955 Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer, dies at 75
  • 1961 Anita Stewart, dies of heart attack at 66
  • 1965 Norman Brokenshire, TV moderator (Four Square Court), dies at 66
  • 1969 Osbert Sitwell, English writer (b. 1892)
  • 1970 4 students, at Kent State University killed by Ohio National Guard
  • 1970 William Schroeder (b. 1950)
  • 1971 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Cyanosis), dies at 88
  • 1971 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor, dies at 83
  • 1972 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1973 Jane Bowles, American writer and playwright, dies at 56
  • 1980 Josip Broz Tito, leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies at 87
  • 1984 Bob Clampett, American cartoonist (b. 1913)
  • 1985 Clarence Wiseman, the 10th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1907)
  • 1987 Dick Hillenius, Dutch biologist/writer, dies at 59
  • 1990 Don Appell, American writer and director, dies at 70
  • 1991 Dennis Crosby, son of Bing, commits suicide at 54
  • 1992 Henri Guillemin, French historian, dies at 89
  • 1992 Ismael Galeano, "Commandant Franklyn" (Contra), dies
  • 1992 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 50
  • 1992 Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (b. 1927)
  • 1994 Karl Francis Hettinger, onion Field survivor, dies at 59
  • 1995 Lewis T Preston, American banker (President of the World Bank 1991-95), dies at 68
  • 1996 Jean Crepin, soldier/industrialist, dies at 87
  • 1996 Stanley William Reed, cineaste, dies at 85
  • 1997 Vijayananda Dahanayake, PM of Sri Lanka (1959-60), dies
  • 2001 Bonnie Lee Bakley, American murder victim (b. 1956)
  • 2005 David Hackworth, U.S. Army officer and military journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2013 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist, dies from euthanasia at 95
  • 2017 William J. Baumol, American economist (Baumol’s cost disease), dies at 95