On This Day in History for May 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 125

  • 553 2nd Council of Constantinople (5th ecumenical council) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1260 Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1430 Jews are expelled from Speyer, Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1494 On 2nd voyage to New World, Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1640 English Short Parliament rises

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1646 King Charles I surrenders in Scotland

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1665 Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow
  • 1762 Russia & Prussia sign Treaty of Saint Petersburg ending the Seven Years War
  • 1764 Smolny Institute forms in St Petersburg for noble girls
  • 1789 French Estates-General meets for the first time since 1614 at Versailles, summoned King Louis XVI
  • 1809 Citizenship is denied to Jews of Aargau Canton, Switzerland
  • 1809 Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • 1814 British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, NY
  • 1816 American Bible Society organized (NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin's expedition begins at Rio Santa Cruz

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1835 King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway
  • 1842 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg, Germany)
  • 1847 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1854 British Commodore James Plumridge attacks Finnish settlements in Gulf of Bothnia, killing civilians and destroying British-owned goods.
  • 1855 NYC regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
  • 1861 Alexandria, VA - CS troops abandon city
  • 1862 French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • 1862 Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: 5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
  • 1864 Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
  • 1864 Battle of Wilderness, VA (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
  • 1864 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga GA to Atlanta GA
  • 1865 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)
  • 1874 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • 1881 Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1886 The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as militia fires upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.
  • 1893 Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange
  • 1900 "The Billboard" began weekly publication
  • 1905 Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"
  • 1908 Great White Fleet arrives in SF
  • 1912 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
  • 1915 German U-20 captures and sinks Britsih schooner Earl of Lathom
  • 1916 US Marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
  • 1920 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • 1920 Polish troops occupy Kiev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 US President Woodrow Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested on charges and robbery of a paymaster at a shoe factory in Massachusetts, US - the two men will executed
  • 1921 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
  • 1921 Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)
  • 1922 Construction begins on Yankee Stadium (Bronx)
  • 1924 Unions terminate Twentse textile strike
  • 1925 John T Scopes arrested for teaching evolution in Tennessee
  • 1925 Yankee Everett Scott is benched, ending his 1,307-game playing streak
  • 1925 Afrikaans is established as an official language in South Africa.
  • 1926 Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith"
  • 1930 Amy Johnson takes off - first woman to fly solo from England to Australia
  • 1932 Japan & China sign a peace treaty
  • 1936 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip
  • 1936 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa
  • 1939 Flash floods kill 75 in Northeast Kentucky
  • 1940 Norwegian government-in-exile forms in London
  • 1941 2 Fokker employees flee Nazi occupied Netherlands to England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1941 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 First modern perfume, Chanel No. 5, by fashion designer Coco Chanel released

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel
  • 1942 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • 1942 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • 1943 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Mahatma Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1944 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • 1945 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron.
  • 1945 Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • 1945 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • 1945 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases

Naval commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1947 Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 & causes $850M in damage
  • 1947 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King's Men)
  • 1948 1st squadron of jet aircraft aboard a carrier
  • 1949 Council of Europe forms
  • 1949 Statute of Council of Europe drawn up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Bhumibol Adulyadej crowned King Rama IX of Thailand in the Royal Palace in Bangkok

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1952 Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny)
  • 1954 Military coup in Paraguay led by general Alfredo Stroessner
  • 1955 Indian parliament accepts Hindu divorce
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
  • 1955 West Germany is granted full sovereignty by its three occupying powers
  • 1956 Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif
  • 1957 Adolf Scharf elected president of Austria
  • 1958 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for Death in the Family
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1961 Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)
  • 1964 Separatists riot in Quebec
  • 1965 First large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Armies of the Night)

Novelist Norman Mailer
Novelist
Norman Mailer
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
  • 1971 Race riot in Brownsville section of Brooklyn (NYC)
  • 1972 Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo Sicily; killing 115
  • 1975 Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara (Killer Angels)
  • 1975 A's release pinch runner Herb Washington (played 104 games without batting, pitching, or fielding He stole 30 bases, & scored 33 runs)
  • 1976 Train collision at Schiedam, Netherlands, kills 24
  • 1979 Masterpiece Radio Theater begins broadcasting
  • 1979 Voyager 1 passes Jupiter
  • 1980 Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends as the SAS and police storm the building
  • 1980 Constantine Karamanlis is elected for the first time President of Greece.

Birthdays in History

  • 867 Uda, Emperor of Japan (d. 931)
  • 1210 King Afonso III of Portugal (d. 1279)
  • 1352 Ruprecht, Roman catholic German king
  • 1479 Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (d. 1574)
  • 1546 Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (d. 1623)
  • 1557 Emmanuel-Philibert van Lalaing, baron of Montigny/marquis of Renty
  • 1635 Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L'amant indiscret)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1747 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1765-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1790-92), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1792)

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1764 Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)
  • 1800 Louis Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette)
  • 1804 Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise)
  • 1813 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (d. 1855)
  • 1815 Eugene-Marin Labiche, French playwright
  • 1817 George Washington Julian, MC (Union), (d. 1899)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1823 James Allen Hardie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1826 Eugenie M de Montijo y de Guzman, Empress of France
  • 1830 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer (d. 1906)
  • 1832 H H Bancroft, historian, publisher (History of Pacific States)
  • 1833 Ferdinand von Richthofen, German geographer/explorer
  • 1834 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)
  • 1835 Leopold II, Belgian crown prince, baptized
  • 1846 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Poland, author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905)
  • 1849 Hambletonian, Chester NY, greatest standardbred horse
  • 1862 Max Elskamp, Belgian author/poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya)
  • 1863 Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
  • 1865 Nellie Bly, [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (d. 1922)
  • 1866 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)
  • 1879 Symon Petlyura, leader Ukraine (pogroms)
  • 1882 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist
  • 1883 Archibald Wavell, British general (d. 1950)
  • 1884 Wang Tjing-Wei, premier China (1932-35)
  • 1885 Henri Velge, 1st chairman (Belgian Council of State)
  • 1887 Estelle Hemsley, Boston MA
  • 1887 Lord Geoffrey Fisher of Lambeth, archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1890 Christopher Morley, author (Kitty Foil)
  • 1900 Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)
  • 1903 James Beard, US, culinary expert/author (Delights & Prejudices)
  • 1905 Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National/Black Front
  • 1905 Robert Houben, Belgian CVP-minister of Public health (1958)
  • 1907 Kenneth Muir, English scholar
  • 1908 Jacques Massu, French general who led Battle of Algiers, born in Châlons-sur-Marne (d. 2002)
  • 1908 Kurt Böhme, German bass (d. 1989)
  • 1909 Miklos Radnoti, writer
  • 1910 William I Martin, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II)
  • 1911 Phillip Edmund Clinton Manson-Bahr, specialist in tropical medicine
  • 1912 W Fenton Morley, preacher
  • 1915 Richard H Rovere, Jersey City, journalist (Goldwater Caper)
  • 1916 Zail Singh, President of India (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Georgios Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (d. 1999)
  • 1920 John Hidalgo Moya, architect/designer (Skylon)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work with lasers, born in Mount Vernon, New York (d. 1999)

  • 1923 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Leopoldo Torre Nilsson, Buenos Aires, director (Monday's Child)
  • 1925 Leo Ryan, United States Congressman (d. 1978)
  • 1925 Mykola Plaviuk, Rusiv, Poland, Ukranian president (1978-81), (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Michael James Adams, USAF pilot (X-15)
  • 1931 Greg, Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon) (d, 1999)
  • 1937 Rob Van Gennep, publisher
  • 1938 Jerzy Skolimowski, director (Hands Up, Deep End), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1939 James R Jones, (Rep-D-OK, 1973- )
  • 1945 Kurt Loder, Entertainment reporter
  • 1948 Frank Esier-Smith, rocker
  • 1955 Robert Feld, National Scrabble Champion (1990), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1958 Ron Arad, Israeli aircraft navigator missing in action.
  • 1963 Simon Rimmer, English chef
  • 1970 Kyan Douglas, American TV-personality
  • 1970 Naomi Klein, Canadian author and activist
  • 1970 Soheil Ayari, French racer
  • 1972 Janelle Lynn Canady, Miss Alaska USA (1996)
  • 1982 Randall Gay, National Football League player
  • 1983 Scott Ware, American footballer
  • 1988 Jessica Dubroff, American aviator (d. 1996)
  • 1990 Tatiana Celia Kennedy Schlossberg, American daughter of Caroline, born in NYC, New York

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1761 Jurist William Blackstone (37) weds Sarah Clitherow

  • 1797 Napoleon I's sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi

HeartWedding of Interest

1885 Author Gerhart Hauptmann (22) weds Marie Thienemann

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

HeartWedding of Interest

1963 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein (26) weds teacher Sajida Talfah (26)

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein

Deaths in History

  • 200 Sun Ce, warlord of the Han Dynasty (b. 175)
  • 311 Gaius VM Galerius, emperor of Rome, dies at about 50
  • 984 Gerberga of Saxony, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1028 Alfonso V, King of Leon/Galicia (999-1028), dies in battle
  • 1194 Casimir II, the Just, grand duke of Poland (1177-94), dies. Born 1138
  • 1219 King Leo II of Armenia (b. 1150)
  • 1309 Charles II, the Lame, King of Naples (1285-1309), dies
  • 1504 Anton of Burgundy, the Great Bastard, knight, dies at about 82
  • 1525 Frederik III, the Wise, ruler of Saxon (1486-1525), dies at 62
  • 1582 Charlotte de Bourbon, Princess of Orange, dies
  • 1586 Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1529)
  • 1672 Samuel Cooper, English painter (b. 1609)
  • 1678 Anna M van Schurman, Dutch poet/spoke 10 languages, dies at about 70
  • 1705 Leopold I von Hapsburg, Emperor of Holy Roman Empire, dies at 64
  • 1766 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1801 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter/engraver, dies at 74
  • 1808 Pierre Jean George Cabanis, French physiologist (b. 1757)
  • 1811 Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena, officially from stomach cancer but rumours of arsenic poisoning persist

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1827 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27), dies at 76
  • 1855 Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (b. 1786)
  • 1859 Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 1864 Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at 44
  • 1864 John Marshall Jones, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 43
  • 1864 Leroy A Stafford, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 42
  • 1875 Jan A C A van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch MP (1848-75), dies at 71
  • 1886 Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61
  • 1892 August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (b. 1818)
  • 1896 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)
  • 1900 Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • 1902 Bret Harte, American author (Outcasts of Poker Flat), dies at 65
  • 1909 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • 1921 Alfred H Fried, Austrian/German pacifist (Nobel 1911), dies
  • 1927 Charles Boissevain, editor in chief (General Trade 1885-1908), dies
  • 1941 Natalija Obrenović, Queen of Serbia (b. 1859)
  • 1942 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • 1945 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • 1945 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die during World War II on US soil when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that lands in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • 1956 Charles R Gallas, lexicographer (French Dictionary), dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1959 Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), dies at 80

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • 1963 Jacobus JP Old, architect/co-founder (Stijl), dies at 73
  • 1968 Albert Dekker, dies of accidental suffocation at 62
  • 1971 Petro Scaglione, Italian procureur-general, killed by Mafia
  • 1971 Violet Jessop, Titanic survivor (b. 1887)
  • 1976 Thomas Burnett Swann, sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), dies at 47
  • 1977 Ludwig Erhard, German minister of Economic Affairs (CDU), dies at 80
  • 1980 Edmond Vandercammen, Belgian writer/poet (Grand Combat), dies at 79
  • 1981 Bobby Sands, IRA activist/terrorist dies in the 66th day of his hunger strike aged 26
  • 1983 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (b. 1901)
  • 1985 Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (b. 1901)
  • 1988 Tamara Pos, Suriname/Dutch activist
  • 1988 Michael Shaara, American author (b. 1928)
  • 1991 William De Acutis, dies at 33
  • 1992 Ben Frommer, dies at 78
  • 1992 Dick Yarmy, dies of lung cancer at 58
  • 1992 Stefano d'Arrigo, Siciilian writer, dies at 72
  • 1993 Balak Brahmachari, [Marxist Godman], Indies guru, dies at 73
  • 1993 Irving Howe, US writer/critic (Dissent), dies at 72
  • 1993 Lenore Kingston Jenson, dies of cancer at 79
  • 1994 Hein Salomonson, architect, dies at about 83
  • 1994 Joe Layton, director (Richard Pryor Live on Sunset Strip), dies at 63
  • 1995 Anthony Wagner, genealogist, dies at 86
  • 1995 Bernard Benjamin Gillis, judge, dies at 89
  • 1995 James Pack, naval officer museum curator, dies at 81
  • 1995 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer (float glass), dies at 75
  • 1995 Mikhail Moseyevich Botvinnik, world chess champ, dies
  • 1996 Ai Qing, Chinese poet, dies at 86
  • 2001 Clifton Hillegass, American writer and publisher
  • 2002 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Paul Klipsch, American engineer, noted for his loudspeaker designs. (b. 1904)
  • 2003 Walter Sisulu, South African activist (b. 1912)
  • 2007 Theodore Harold Maiman, American Inventor and engineer (created 1st working laser), dies at 79
  • 2008 Irv Robbins, Canadian-American entrepreneur (b. 1917)
  • 2011 Claude Choules, last surviving World War I veteran (b. 1901)