On This Day in History for May 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 535 John II's reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 589 Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo
  • 615 St Boniface IV's reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 685 St Benedict II's reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 1360 Treaty of Brétigny signed by English & French
  • 1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion-Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Parliament of Worms installs edict against Martin Luther

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1541 Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River

Spanish Explorer and Conquistador Hernando de Soto
Spanish Explorer and Conquistador
Hernando de Soto
  • 1624 Hungarian King Bethlen Gabor & Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II sign Treaty of Vienna
  • 1639 William Coddington founds Newport RI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 English parliament declares Charles Stuart to be King Charles II of England

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1721 Michelangiolo dei Conti replaces Pope Clement XI, as Innocent XIII
  • 1741 France & Bavaria sign Covenant of Nymphenburg
  • 1784 Only known deaths by hailstones in US (Winnsborough SC)
  • 1792 British Captain George Vancouver sights and names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1792 US establishes the military draft
  • 1821 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin's expedition returns to the Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1834 Prussia, Austria & Russia sign classified accord about Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 1st installment of Hans Christian Andersen "Fairy Tales" published by C. A. Reitzel in Copenhagen, Denmark

  • 1840 Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process
  • 1842 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 1846 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas
  • 1847 Scot Robert Thompson patents rubber tyre

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1858 John Brown holds antislavery convention

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1861 Richmond, Virginia, is named the capital of the Confederacy
  • 1862 Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
  • 1863 Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • 1864 Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • 1864 Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton
  • 1864 Battle of Spotslyvania Court House begins
  • 1871 British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • 1877 1st Westminster Dog Show held
  • 1879 George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Henry Morton Stanley signs the first of many contracts with the Congolian monarch

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1882 David Belasco's "La Belle Russe" premieres in NYC
  • 1885 Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
  • 1886 Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta sells first Coca-Cola (contained cocaine)
  • 1895 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • 1898 The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
  • 1899 The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Ernest Rutherford publishes his discovery of two different kinds of radiation (Alpha and Beta Particles)

  • 1900 John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
  • 1901 In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
  • 1901 A British appointed commission estimates today that some 1,250,000 Indians have died after a severe drought, lasting since 1899
  • 1902 Mt Pelee erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000
  • 1905 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • 1916 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes killing 679 German soldiers
  • 1916 Irishmen Eamon Kent, Michael Mallin, Con Colbert and Sean Houston are executed by British authorities following the Easter Rising at Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin
  • 1919 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a navy seaplane
  • 1919 Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day.
  • 1921 Sweden abolished capital punishment
  • 1923 Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
  • 1924 Arthur Honegger's "Pacifica 231" premieres
  • 1924 Memel territories given to Lithuania
  • 1924 Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against 3rd wage cut
  • 1925 French colonial army beats Rifkabylen in Morocco
  • 1926 A Philip Randolph organizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • 1929 Jan Mayen island, 500 km NNE of Iceland, incorporated into Norway
  • 1931 Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1938 Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • 1941 German Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean
  • 1942 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • 1942 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • 1943 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • 1944 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • 1945 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
  • 1945 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 German General Von Keitel formally surrenders to Marshal Georgy Zhukov and the Soviets in Berlin

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1945 V-E Day; WWII ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • 1946 Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.
  • 1949 West German constitution approved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chiang Kai-shek asks US for weapons

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1951 Dacron men's suits introduced
  • 1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1956 John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 US President Eisenhower orders National Guard out of Central HS, Little Rock, Arkansas

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 US VP Richard Nixon is shoved, stoned, booed and spat upon by protesters in Peru

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1959 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore
  • 1960 USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations
  • 1961 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport, Texas
  • 1961 Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington
  • 1962 1st Atlas Centaur Launch
  • 1962 London trolley buses go out of service
  • 1963 "Dr No" premieres in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 JFK offers Israel assistance against aggression

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1965 1st shut put over 70' (Randy Matson 70' 7")
  • 1966 Last game at old Busch stadium, St Louis Card lose 10-5 to SF
  • 1966 Only HR ever hit out of Baltimore's Memorial Park (Frank Robinson)
  • 1967 The Philippine province of Davao is split into three: Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental.
  • 1968 Jim (Catfish) Hunter of Oakland pitches perfect game vs Twins (4-0)
  • 1968 Pulitzer prize awarded to William Styron (Confessions of Nat Turner)
  • 1969 Cambodia recognizes German DR
  • 1969 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Sacra Ritum Congregation
  • 1970 Construction workers break up an anti-war rally in NYC's Wall Street
  • 1972 Sabena aircraft at Lod International Airport, Tel Aviv, captured by Palestinians
  • 1973 Indians holding SD hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrender
  • 1974 50 MPH speed limit in Britain lifted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Canadian government of Pierre Trudeau falls

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 106

  • 1326 Joanna I of Auvergne, queen of France (d. 1360)
  • 1460 Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1536)
  • 1492 Andreas Alciatus, [Giovanni Andrea-Alciato], Italian lawyer
  • 1521 Peter Canisius, [Pieter de Hondt/Kanijs], jesuit/saint
  • 1587 Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
  • 1592 Francis Quarles, English poet (Argalus & Parthenia, Emblems)
  • 1622 Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (d. 1698)
  • 1629 Niels Juel, Danish admiral (d. 1697)
  • 1632 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German marshal (d. 1706)
  • 1641 Nicolaas Witsen, etcher/mayor (Amsterdam)
  • 1653 Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshall of France (d. 1734)
  • 1668 Alain R Lesage, French author (Turcaret ou le Financier)
  • 1670 Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (d. 1726)
  • 1735 Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (d. 1811)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1737 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), born in Putney, England (d. 1794)

Historian Edward Gibbon
Historian
Edward Gibbon
  • 1738 Mikhail Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1809)
  • 1753 Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, father of Mexican independence

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1753 Phillis Wheatley, American poet who was both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman, born in West Africa (d. 1784)

  • 1763 John Goldberg, Dutch patriot/statesman
  • 1786 Thomas Hancock, British engineer, founded British rubber industry, born in Malborough, Wilshire (d. 1865)
  • 1786 Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest (d. 1859)
  • 1810 James Cooper, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1814 Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin, anarchist
  • 1821 William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1885)
  • 1824 William Walker, filibuster/president of Nicaragua (1856-57)
  • 1825 George Bruce Malleson, Indian officer (d. 1898)
  • 1828 Jean Henri Dunant, Switz, writer/founder (Red Cross, YMCA, Nobel 1901)
  • 1828 Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk (d. 1898)
  • 1833 Frank Wheaton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1903)
  • 1836 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
  • 1839 Francis W Warre-Cornish, English vice-provost of Eton/writer
  • 1842 Emil C Hansen, Danish physiologist
  • 1855 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1858 John Meade Falkner, novelist (Moonfleet)
  • 1859 Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
  • 1882 Philips C Visser, Dutch explorer/diplomat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1884 Harry Truman, 33rd US President (D - 1945-53), born in Lamar, Missouri (d. 1972)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1895 Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)
  • 1895 Fulton J Sheen, El Paso Ill, bishop (Life is Worth Living)
  • 1895 Jose Gomez, [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter
  • 1895 James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)
  • 1899 Jan F van Hall, Dutch sculptor/resistance fighter
  • 1899 [Friedrich] August von Hayek, Aust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)
  • 1902 Andre Michel Lwoff, physiologist
  • 1906 Roberto Rossellini, director (Open City), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1911 Wilhelm F de Gaay Fortman, Dutch lawyer/foreign minister
  • 1912 George Woodcock, author
  • 1912 Gertrud Fussenegger, [Dorn], Austrian writer (Mohrenlegende)
  • 1914 Lord Murton, of Lindisfrarne, deputy chairman (Comm House of Lords)
  • 1914 Romain Gary, Polish writer (d. 1980)
  • 1916 Gordon Scarrott, engineer
  • 1916 João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist and FIFA President 1974-98, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2016)
  • 1916 Swami Chinmayananda, Indian spiritualist (d. 1993)
  • 1920 Maurice Cranston, political scientist
  • 1920 Sloan Wilson, Norwalk, Conn, novelist (Man in the Gray Flannal
  • 1920 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, born in Helsinki (d. 1991)
  • 1921 Graham Leonard, Bishop of London
  • 1922 Brian Kellett, CEO (Port of London Authority)
  • 1924 Tristan Jones, British sailor and author, born off Tristan da Cunha (d. 1995)
  • 1925 Ali Hassan Mwinyi, president of Tanzania (1985- )
  • 1925 Lord Jauncey of Tullichettle, lord of appeal in ordinary
  • 1926 Erico Menczer, Fiume Italy, cinematographer (Chosen, Miranda)
  • 1926 Ronald Waterhouse, British high court judge (d.2011)
  • 1927 Ian Denholm, CEO (Murray Investment Trust)
  • 1927 Philip Wilkinson, deputy chairman (National Westminster Bank)
  • 1928 Theodore Sorenson, presidential advisor (JFK)/author (1000 Days)
  • 1929 V N M Korte-van Hemel, Dutch Secretary of Justice (CDA)
  • 1929 Claude Castonguay, Quebec politician
  • 1930 Alex L. Shigo, Duquesne Pennsylvania, American Biologist and Plant Pathologist known for his study of tree decay and contributions to modern arboricultural practices
  • 1932 Julieta Campos, Cuban-Mexican writer (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Alistair Service, writer/publisher
  • 1934 Leonard Hoffmann, high court judge
  • 1934 Roger Kendrick, governor (Dartmoor Prison)
  • 1935 Viscount Falkland, British peer (Lib-Dem)
  • 1936 Neville Purvis, British vice admiral (Chief of Fleet Support)
  • 1937 Daniel Robberechts, Belgian writer (Labia Majora)
  • 1937 Dennis DeConcini, (Sen-D-AZ, 1977- )
  • 1937 Michael Simmons, Air Marshal (British Ministry of Defense)
  • 1937 Thomas Pynchon, novelist (V, Gravity's Rainbow), born in Glen Cove, New York
  • 1937 Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian politician
  • 1938 Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran
  • 1938 Jean Giraud, Val-de-Marne, France, comic artist (Alien, Tron), (d. 2012)
  • 1940 James Blyth, CEO (Boots)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940 Peter Benchley, American novelist (Jaws, The Deep), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)

Jaws Novelist Peter Benchley
Jaws Novelist
Peter Benchley
  • 1940 Irwin Cotler, Canadian politician
  • 1941 James A Traficant Jr, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1985-2002), born in Youngstown, Ohio, (d. 2014)
  • 1942 Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
  • 1942 Ruth Holland, journalist
  • 1943 Toni Tennille, female Beachboy (Capt & Tennille), born in Montgomery, Alabama
  • 1944 Gary Glitter, [Paul Gadd], England, rocker (Rock & Roll Part II)
  • 1945 Arthur Docters van Leeuwen, jurist (Holland's secret service)
  • 1946 André Boulerice, Quebec politician
  • 1947 H. Robert Horvitz, Nobel laureate
  • 1948 John Reid, British politician (L), born in Bellshill, Scotland
  • 1952 Charles J Camarda, American PhD/astronaut, born in NYC, New York
  • 1961 Bill de Blasio, American politician New York City Mayor (2013-), born in Manhattan, New York
  • 1963 Clemens Lothaller, Austria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13 backup)
  • 1963 Izabela Kloc, Polish politician
  • 1963 Terry Christian, British radio presenter
  • 1963 Robin Jarvis, British writer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1783 First American flag seamstress Betsy Ross (31) weds John Claypoole at Christ Church

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross

HeartWedding of Interest

1981 Author John Grisham (26) weds Renee Jones

Writer John Grisham
Writer
John Grisham

Deaths in History

  • 535 John, [Mercurius], Italian Pope (533-35), dies
  • 685 Benedict II, Italian Pope (683-85), dies
  • 1192 Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)
  • 1278 Emperor Duanzong of China (b. 1268)
  • 1319 Haakon V, King of Norway (1299-1319), dies
  • 1473 John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (b. 1420)
  • 1538 Edward Fox, English bishop
  • 1577 Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus, lawyer/President (Raad van State), dies
  • 1672 Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Comte de Tréville and French Officer (b. 1598)
  • 1725 John Lovewell, US indian fighter, dies in battle
  • 1766 Samuel Chandler, English non-conformist minister (b. 1693)
  • 1773 Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Egyptian Mameluk head, dies (b. 1728)
  • 1781 Richard Jago, English poet (b. 1715)
  • 1785 Pietro Longhi, painter, dies
  • 1785 Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (b. 1719)
  • 1788 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1794 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, chemist (identified oxygen), guillotined
  • 1809 Augustin Pajou, French sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819 Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819)

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • 1837 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1770)
  • 1842 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1844 Charles XIV Johan, [Jean B Bernadotte], King of Sweden/Norway, dies
  • 1853 Joannes P Roothaan, 1st Dutch lt col-gen of Jesuits, dies at 67
  • 1864 James Samuel Wadsworth, gen-mjr (Union), dies in battle at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1873 John Stuart Mill, great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • 1876 Truganini, last originating Tasmanian, dies
  • 1880 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
  • 1887 Alexander Ulyanov, brother of Lenin/hanged for assassination of tsar
  • 1891 Helena Petrovina Blavatsky, Russian theosophist, dies
  • 1894 Klara Fey, German orch leaser (Die Kleinen Betrachtungen), dies at 79
  • 1903 Eugene-Henri-Paul Gauguin, French painter (Tahiti), dies
  • 1904 Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer (horse trot), dies
  • 1909 Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat, dies
  • 1915 Henry McNeal Turner, 1 African American Methodist Bishop and 1st African American army chaplain, dies at 82
  • 1924 Lev N Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law), dies at 23
  • 1936 Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies
  • 1943 Mordicai Anielewicz, commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
  • 1945 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • 1947 Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-born department store founder (b. 1858)
  • 1948 U Saw, Burmese politician (b. 1900)
  • 1950 Franklin Dyall, dies at 76
  • 1950 Vital Brazil, Brazilian physician (b. 1865)
  • 1957 Johannes C B "Jan" Sluyters, Dutch painter, dies at 75
  • 1958 Nasni Matni, Lebanese journalist, murdered
  • 1960 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (b. 1904)
  • 1969 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (b. 1892)
  • 1976 Alan Baxter, dies at 67
  • 1976 Ulrike Meinhof, lead Germany Red Army Faction, dies
  • 1979 Talcott Parsons, US sociologist, dies at 76
  • 1982 Neil Bogart, American record executive (b. 1943)
  • 1987 Pam Ewing, (Victoria Principal) character on Dallas, is killed off
  • 1987 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (b. 1920)
  • 1988 Robert A Heinlein, sci-fi writer (Friday), dies of heart failure at 80
  • 1990 Tomas O'Fiach, [Tomas Seamus Fee], Irish cardinal-archbishop, dies
  • 1991 Lloyd Ford, stuntman, dies at 79
  • 1992 Addeke H Boerma, dir-gen (FAO), dies at 80
  • 1992 Brian Moore, writer (Catholics), dies of heart failure at 59
  • 1992 Margaretha D Ferguson-Wigerink, author (Fear on Java), dies
  • 1993 Avram Davidson, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Peregrine: Primus, Rork!), dies at 70
  • 1994 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, peace activist, dies at 88
  • 1995 Carroll Best, bluegrass banjo, dies at 63
  • 1995 Jerry Zipkin, socialite, dies at 80
  • 1995 Prem Bhatia, journalist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Jane Cowan, cello teacher, dies at 80
  • 1996 Luis Miguel Domiguin, bullfighter, dies at 69
  • 1996 Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer, dies at 95
  • 1996 Garth Williams, American illustrator (b. 1912)
  • 1997 Kai-Uwe Von Hassel, German President of Bundestag (CDU 1969-72), dies
  • 1998 Bebe Rebozo, American banker and Watergate figure (b. 1912)
  • 2000 Guadalupe "Pita" Amor, Mexican poet (b. 1918)
  • 2000 Alexander Chislenko, Russian-American transhumanist (b. 1959)
  • 2000 Henry Nicols, AIDS activist (b. 1973)
  • 2004 John Peel, British politician (C), dies at 91
  • 2006 Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer (b. 1938)
  • 2009 Bud Shrake, American writer (b. 1931)
  • 2012 Maurice Sendak, American author/illustrator, dies at 83
  • 2012 Nicholas Katzenbach, American Attorney General, dies at 90
  • 2014 Roger L. Easton, American scientist, inventor and designer of GPS, dies at 93
  • 2016 Reg Grundy, Australian media and television mogul (Neighbours), dies at 92
  • 2016 John Bradshaw, American theologian, dies at 82