On This Day in History for November 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 196

  • 835 All Saints Day made compulsory by Pope Gregory IV throughout Frankish Kingdom
  • 996 First recorded use of modern name for Austria in the 'Ostarrîchi Document'
  • 1210 King John of England begins imprisoning Jews
  • 1248 Earl Willem II of Holland crowned as RC German emperor
  • 1349 Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells
  • 1462 Archduke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1512 Michelangelo's paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel in the Vatican first exhibited

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
Michelangelo
  • 1570 All Saints Flood, tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland; killing more than 1,000 people.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1604 William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" first presented

  • 1612 (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
  • 1623 Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts, destroys several buildings
  • 1628 French King Louis XIII occupies La Rochelle

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1671 French King Louis XIV & RC German emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1683 The English crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • 1721 Prince Eugenius of Savoye unveals statue of himself
  • 1755 Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000
  • 1765 Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • 1776 Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
  • 1784 Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette & his descendents
  • 1787 First free school in NYC (African Free School) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1800 John Adams becomes the first US president to live in the White House

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1802 Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio, to form a state constitutional convention.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1834 First published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
  • 1848 First US women's medical school opens (Boston)
  • 1849 Dutch government of Thorbecke forms
  • 1859 The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 General George McClellan made general in chief of Union armies

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1863 -8] Averell's Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia
  • 1863 Fortifications built on Angel Island (SF Bay) by troops
  • 1865 Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens
  • 1867 "Harper's Bazaar" publishes
  • 1869 Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
  • 1870 US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
  • 1876 King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
  • 1876 New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
  • 1877 Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
  • 1878 Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
  • 1885 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
  • 1886 Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
  • 1894 Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

  • 1896 First bare-breasted women (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Magazine
  • 1901 Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
  • 1902 France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 George Bernard Shaw's "John Bull's Other Island" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 First issue of "Crisis" published by editor W.E.B. Du Bois

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1913 Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, 1st to use forward pass effectively

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Less than a week after the US non-intervention promise, President Woodrow Wilson demands that Mexican dictator Huerta resigns

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914 German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile
  • 1914 Pope Benedictus Xv's encyclical Ad beatissimi, against integrity

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Paul von Hindenburg named marshal of the Eastern front

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1915 Parris Island is officially designated a US Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
  • 1916 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
  • 1917 In WW I, the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat
  • 1918 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • 1918 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 British Admiral David Beatty becomes First Sea Lord

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1920 Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones" premieres in NYC
  • 1920 American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the first International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
  • 1921 National Birth Control League & Voluntary Parenthood League merge as American Birth Control League
  • 1922 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch Historical Maritime museum in Amsterdam
  • 1922 Mustapha Kemal takes Constantinople from Mohammed VI, proclaiming the Republic of Turkey and bringing an end to the Ottoman Empire
  • 1923 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
  • 1924 Forest Peters of Montana State U hits 17 of 22 attempted field goals
  • 1925 VARA, Vereniging van Workers Radio Amateurs forms in Amsterdam
  • 1926 US Air Commerce Act passes
  • 1928 1st celebration of Authors' Day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Graf Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • 1929 Lundy Island, part of British Isles, issue its own stamps
  • 1931 Dupont introduces synthetic rubber

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Wernher von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program

Rocket Scientist Werner von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Werner von Braun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 T. S. Eliot's play "Murder in the Cathedral" premieres in London

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1936 Rodeo Cowboy's Association founded

BattleExecution

1937 Stalinists execute by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1938 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • 1938 NL batting champ Ernie Lombardi is named MVP
  • 1938 Seabiscuit beats War Admiral in a match race at Pimlico
  • 1939 First animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed
  • 1939 First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry
  • 1939 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae
  • 1940 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa
  • 1940 Dutch "Curfew" forms (12 AM - 4 AM)
  • 1941 Chetniks attacks Tito's partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia
  • 1941 Japanese naval staff offiicers Suzuki & Maejima arrive at Pearl Harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Ansel Adams shoots 'Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico', one of his most famous photographs

Photographer Ansel Adams
Photographer
Ansel Adams
  • 1942 10th day of battle at El Alamein
  • 1942 John H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
  • 1943 Dim-out ban lifted in SF Bay area
  • 1943 US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
  • 1944 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • 1944 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1945 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • 1946 Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black president of Fisk University
  • 1946 West German state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) created
  • 1946 Karol Wojtyla is ordained to Catholic priesthood
  • 1947 First Aloha Week Parade held in Hawaii
  • 1947 UN trusteeship for Nauru granted to Australia, NZ & UK

Birthdays in History

  • 846 Louis the Stammerer, King of West Francia (877-79) (d. 879)
  • 1339 Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (d. 1365)
  • 1351 Duke Leopold III of Austria (d. 1386)
  • 1500 Benvenuto Cellini, sculptor/goldsmith/author (Perseus)
  • 1526 Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)
  • 1530 Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer (d. 1563)
  • 1539 Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)
  • 1549 Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1580)
  • 1567 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (d. 1626)
  • 1578 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)
  • 1585 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • 1607 Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (d. 1658)
  • 1611 François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (d. 1656)
  • 1629 St. Oliver Plunkett, last Catholic martyr to die in England. (d. 1681)
  • 1636 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (d. 1711)
  • 1643 John Strype, English historian and biographer (d. 1737)
  • 1704 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)
  • 1720 Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)
  • 1727 Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (d. 1797)
  • 1757 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, born in Possagno, Republic of Venice (d. 1822)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1762 Spencer Perceval, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1809-12), born in London (d. 1812)

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • 1778 Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
  • 1782 Viscount Goderich, (Tory), British PM (1827-28)
  • 1798 Benjamin Lee, Baronet Guinness, Irish brewer/Dublin mayor
  • 1808 John Taylor, American religious leader (d. 1887)
  • 1815 Crawford Williamson Long, surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)
  • 1815 Douglas Hancock Cooper, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1825 Joseph Benjamin Palmer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • 1835 Godfrey Weitzel, German-American Major General (Union Army), born in Pirmasens, Germany (d. 1884)
  • 1838 Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama of Tibet, born in Lithang (d. 1856)
  • 1853 Jose Santos Zelaya, (L), ruler of Nicaragua (1893-1910)
  • 1859 Charles Brantley Aycock, (Gov-NC)
  • 1860 Boies Penrose, United States Senator from Pennsylvania (d. 1921)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1871 Stephen Crane, novelist/poet (Red Badge of Courage), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1900)

Novelist Stephen Crane
Novelist
Stephen Crane

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1878 Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician (Nobel Peace Prize 1936), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1959)

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • 1878 Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
  • 1879 Pal Teleki-von Szek, geographer/premier Hungary (1920-21, 39-41)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental shift), born in Berlin (d. 1930)

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1880 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), born in Kutno, Poland (d. 1957)
  • 1886 Hermann Broch, Austrian novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment)
  • 1887 L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes, born in Stretford, England (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Philip John Noel-Baker, statesman/disarmament advocate (Nobel 1959)
  • 1892 Alexander Alekhine, Russian world chess champion (1927-35, 37-46)
  • 1896 Edmund Blunden, English poet/critic (Undertones of War)
  • 1897 Naomi Mitchison, author (African Heroes, Return to Fairy Hill)
  • 1902 Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet/dramatist/novelist (The Defeat), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1943)
  • 1903 Gerard "Ge" Nabrink, Dutch anarchist/co-founder (NVSH)
  • 1903 Jean Tardieu, French dramatist, born in St Germain de Joux (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Edward "Carji" Greeves, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 Paul-Émile Borduas, Quebec painter (d. 1960)
  • 1907 Terence Tenison Cuneo, artist
  • 1911 Henri Troyat, French author and historian (d. 2007)
  • 1911 Donald William Kerst, American Physicist who developed the betatron (device to accelerate electron beams), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • 1915 Carlos A Nicolaas, Bonaire, teacher/poet
  • 1917 Clarence E Miller, (Rep-R-OH, 1967- )
  • 1917 Margaret Taylor Burroughs, US author/house painter (Black Queen)
  • 1917 Zenna [Chlarson] Henderson, American sci-fi author (Anything Box)
  • 1920 James J Kilpatrick, columnist (60 Minutes), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1920 Ted Lowe, English former snooker commentator
  • 1921 Ilse Aichinger, Austrian author
  • 1923 Edward A de Jongh, Antillian author (The Arch)
  • 1923 Gordon R[upert] Dickson, Canadian sci-fi author (Genetic General)
  • 1924 Robert N Rapoport, social anthropologist
  • 1924 Suleyman Demirel, President of Turkey (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, born in Isparta, Atabey (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Nicholas Mavroules, (Rep-D-MA, 1979- )
  • 1929 Rudy [Herman R] Kousbroek, literary (Leopold the Buch)
  • 1930 A. R. Gurney, American playwright
  • 1934 Aat Veldhoen, Dutch artist
  • 1934 Hugh Bidwell, mayor (London)
  • 1934 Umberto Agnelli, Italian CEO (Fiat) and politician
  • 1935 Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 Charles Koch, American businesman and philanthropist (Koch Industries billionaire), born in Wichita, Kansas

CEO of Koch Industries Charles Koch
CEO of Koch Industries
Charles Koch
  • 1938 Patrick Buchanan, commentator/politician (Crossfire)
  • 1939 Barbara Bosson, Belle Vernon Pa, actress (Fay-Hill St Blues, Hooperman)
  • 1940 Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Chief Justice of India
  • 1941 Alfio Basile, Argentine football coach
  • 1942 John M Spratt Jr, (Rep-D-SC, 1983- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Larry Flynt, American magazine publisher (Hustler), born in Lakeville, Kentucky

Magazine Publisher Larry Flynt
Magazine Publisher
Larry Flynt
  • 1942 Shere Hite, author/sex therapist
  • 1944 Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia
  • 1946 Dennis Muren, American special effects artist
  • 1949 Michael D. Griffin, NASA chief administrator
  • 1950 Tony Hymphris, political activist
  • 1953 N Jan Davis, Cocoa Beach Florida, PhD/astronaut (STS 47, 60, 85)
  • 1956 Charles Moore, British editor-in-chief (Sunday Telegraph)
  • 1958 Jim Steinmeyer, Illusion creator

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1960 Tim Cook, American businessman (CEO of Apple Inc. 2011-), born in Mobile, Alabama

CEO of Apple Tim Cook
CEO of Apple
Tim Cook
  • 1961 Louise Boije af Gennäs, Swedish writer and novelist
  • 1963 Antonella Ella, Italian entertainer
  • 1966 Willie D, American hip hop artist, famous for being a member of The Geto Boys
  • 1967 Carla van de Puttelaar, Dutch photographer
  • 1971 Vikram Chatwal, Indian hotelier
  • 1979 Henry Shefflin, Irish hurler

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1940 Theoretical physicist Robert Oppenheimer (36) weds biologist Katherine Harrison Puening

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 2014 Counting star Jessa Duggar weds Ben Seewald at the First Baptist Church in Bentonville, Ark

Deaths in History

  • 921 Richard, Duke of Burgundy
  • 955 Henry I, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1296 Guillaume Durand, French writer (b. 1230)
  • 1391 Amadeus VII of Savoy (b. 1360)
  • 1399 John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)
  • 1535 Francesco Sforza, Italian ruler (Milan), dies
  • 1546 Giulio Romano, Italian painter/architect (Ondergang der Titanen), dies
  • 1588 Jean Daurat, French poet (b. 1508)
  • 1596 Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
  • 1642 Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)
  • 1676 Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (b. 1589)
  • 1678 William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
  • 1700 Carlos II, King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), dies at 39
  • 1750 Gustaaf W van Imhoff, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1736-40), dies at 45
  • 1814 Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1841 Antoine PFGdV Celles, Belgium/Dutch/French MP, dies
  • 1877 Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton, American politician (Governor of Indiana), dies of a stroke at 56
  • 1881 Jacques F H Perk, Dutch poet (Iris), dies at 22
  • 1888 Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
  • 1891 John A Neuhuys, painter, dies at 59
  • 1894 Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845) Reigned from 1881
  • 1903 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Nobel 1902), dies at 85
  • 1907 Alfred Jarry, writer, dies at 33
  • 1914 Christopher "Kit" Cradock, English admiral, dies in battle
  • 1941 Camille Melloy, [the Paepe], Belgian priest/poet (Requiem), dies at 50
  • 1955 W H van Eemlandt, [Haasse], author (Treasure Hunter of Amstel), dies
  • 1955 Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)
  • 1956 Lajos Asztalos, International Chess Master (1950), dies at 67
  • 1956 Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), dies at 85
  • 1959 Gershon Agron, mayor of Jerusalem, dies at 66
  • 1961 Alexander Cohen, Dutch anarchist and author, dies at 97
  • 1963 Elsa Maxwell, author (Jack Paar Show), dies at 80
  • 1968 Georgios Papandreou, Greek minister/premier, dies at 80
  • 1971 G von Le Fort, writer, dies at 95

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 Ezra Loomis Pound, US poet (Throne), dies at 87

  • 1979 Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (1953-61), dies of a stroke at 82
  • 1984 Norman Krasna, author (Dear Ruth), dies of a heart attack at 74
  • 1987 René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec, dies at 65
  • 1991 Joseph Papp, US theater producer (Chorus Line, Hair), dies at 70
  • 1992 Jeremias Chitunda, vice-chairman (Angolese Unita-rebellion), dies
  • 1993 Anatoli Fyodorovich Voronov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12a backup), dies at 63
  • 1993 A. N. Sherwin-White, English historian (b. 1911)
  • 1994 Richard Krautheimer, art historian, dies at 97
  • 1994 Syd Dernley, British hangman (1949-54), dies at 73
  • 1995 Brian Lenihan, snr, Irish politician and minister, dies at 64
  • 1995 Desmond Shawe-Taylor, critic, dies at 88
  • 1995 James Ralph Darling, teacher, dies at 96
  • 1995 Lex Hixon, religious teacher/author, dies at 53
  • 1996 Junius Richard Jayawardene, PM of Sri Lanka (1977-78), dies at 90
  • 1996 Maati Bouabid, PM of Morroco (1979-83), dies
  • 1999 Theodore Hall, American physicist and Atomic Spy for the Soviet Union, dies at 74
  • 2006 William Styron, American author (b. 1925)
  • 2007 Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General (b. 1915)
  • 2008 Jacques Piccard, Swiss ocean explorer (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Ernesto Presas, Filipino martial artist (b. 1945)
  • 2011 Dorothy Howell Rodham, Mother of Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. (b. 1919)