On This Day in History for November 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 147

  • 295 Origin of Era of Ascension
  • 764 Tibetan troops occupy Chang'an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, for fifteen days.
  • 954 Lotharius becomes king of France
  • 1439 Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
  • 1555 The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
  • 1591 Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza
  • 1614 Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends
  • 1673 Dutch troops under Willem III occupy Bonn
  • 1682 Swedish king Karel XI establishes absolute monarchy
  • 1727 France & Bavaria renew secret treaty
  • 1775 General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
  • 1793 Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • 1799 Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys
  • 1813 Allied troops occupy Zwolle Neth
  • 1823 Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens
  • 1833 The great Leonid Meteor shower was recorded
  • 1847 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • 1859 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1873 Bay District Race Track opens
  • 1885 Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • 1892 Allegheny Athletic Association beats Pitts Athletic CLub, 4-0 in football
  • 1893 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
  • 1894 Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire
  • 1899 British troops reach Durban Natal
  • 1900 World's Fair (Exposition Universelle) in Paris closes (50 million visitors) - Art Nouveau style dominates
  • 1905 (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • 1906 C W Gregory (NSW v Qld) starts day at 48*, is 366* at stumps
  • 1908 Andrew Fisher assumes the position of prime minister for what turns out to be a short-lived second Labour government, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Mackenzie King takes his seat in the House of Commons as Minister of Labour

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Robert Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
  • 1914 Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • 1915 Britain annexes Gilbert & Ellice archipelago
  • 1915 Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
  • 1918 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • 1919 Ross & Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • 1920 The Dalmatian coast between Italy and Yugoslavia is ceded to Yugoslavia
  • 1921 Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
  • 1922 The Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority is founded on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power Nov 8

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • 1924 Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
  • 1925 US & Italy sign peace accord about war debts
  • 1926 The first recorded aerial bombing on US soil took place in Williamson County, Illinois, during a feud between rival liquor gangs, the Sheltons and the Birgers
  • 1927 1st underwater tunnel, Holland Tunnel connecting NY to NJ opens
  • 1927 Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changes blue jerseys for green

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Trotsky expelled from Soviet CP; Stalin becomes undisputed dictator

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1928 British steamer "Vestris" capsizes & sinks off Virginia, kills 110
  • 1931 Sibelius/Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott" premieres in London
  • 1932 24 killed at Lancashire mine explosion
  • 1933 1st Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal)
  • 1933 First known photo of so-called Loch Ness monster is taken
  • 1933 Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany
  • 1935 Egas Moniz performs the first modern brain surgery on the frontal lobes to treat mental disorders, at Santa Marta Hospital in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1936 1st ever TV Gardening show "In Your Garden" shown on BBC television
  • 1936 Nobel for literature awarded to Eugene O'Neill
  • 1936 Oakland Bay Bridge opens
  • 1936 St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1939 Jews in Lodz Poland ordered to wear yellow star of David
  • 1940 Blizzard strikes midwest, 154 die (69 on boat on Great Lakes)
  • 1941 Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
  • 1941 WOV-AM & WNEW-AM in NYC swaps call letters
  • 1941 Alma Heflin, the first American female test pilot for commercial aircraft, made her first test flight for the Piper Aircraft Corporation, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
  • 1942 In World War II, battle of Guadalcanal began
  • 1943 Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
  • 1944 RAF sinks German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • 1945 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • 1946 1st "autobank" (banking by car) forms (Chicago)
  • 1946 Walt Disney's "Song Of South" released
  • 1946 A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows.
  • 1947 Schilderijenvervalser Han of Meegeren to 1 years jail sentenced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo sentenced to death by war crimes tribunal

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1948 The first mobile betatron (particle accelerator) begins operation at the U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory, White Oak, Maryland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 David Ben-Gurion, resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1954 Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor, closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Lee Kuan Yew and others form the People's Action Party (PAP) in Singapore to work towards self-rule in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1955 1st West German officers sworn in
  • 1956 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
  • 1958 Bob Turley of Yankees wins Cy Young Award
  • 1960 Coup against South Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem fails
  • 1960 Mercury-Redstone 1 test launch fails at 10 cm altitude
  • 1963 Train crash in Japan, kills 164
  • 1964 Jean becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 1964 Paula Murphy sets female land speed record 226.37 MPH

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 Ferdinand Marcos elected 10th President of Philippines

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1965 General strike in Morocco against disappearance of Ben Barka
  • 1965 Mad Dog Vachon beats Crusher in Denver, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Venera 2 launched by Soviet Union toward Venus
  • 1966 Dick The Bruiser beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1966 High schooler Robert Smith kills 7 for fame
  • 1967 Packers' Travis Williams returns 2 kickoffs for TDs against Browns, setting largest margin of Browns defeat (48), winning 55-7
  • 1968 Epperson v. Arkansas in US Supreme Court declares Arkansas law banning teaching evolution in public schools unconstitutional
  • 1969 Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from Soviet Writers Union
  • 1969 Minnesota's Harmon Killebrew is voted AL MVP
  • 1969 US army announces investigating William Calley for alleged massacre of civilians at Vietnamese village of My Lai in March, 19
  • 1970 240 KPH cyclone hits East Pakistan (Bangladesh); 3-500,000 die
  • 1970 Scientists perform 1st artificial synthesis of a live cell
  • 1970 Cyclone Bhola makes landfall, deadliest tropical cyclone recorded kills up to 500,000 in East Pakistan (modern Bangladesh),
  • 1970 The Northern Ireland Housing Executive (NIHE) is formed; the NIHE gradually took over control of the building and allocation of public sector housing in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 14th String Quartet premieres

Birthdays in History

  • 1493 Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (d. 1560)
  • 1528 Qi Jiguang, Chinese general, born in Luqiao
  • 1547 Claude of Valois, French princess (d. 1575). 2nd daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici.

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1606 Jeanne Mance, French-Canadian settler who founded the first hospital in North America, born in Langres, France (d. 1673)

Nurse and Settler of New France Jeanne Mance
Nurse and Settler of New France
Jeanne Mance
  • 1615 Richard Baxter, English clergyman (d. 1691)
  • 1651 Juana Ines de La Cruz, Mexico, poet/nun/feminist (Primero Sueno)
  • 1729 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (d. 1811)
  • 1746 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon
  • 1748 Carlos IV, King of Spain (1788-1808)
  • 1755 Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst, Prussia milt/minister of War (1807-10)
  • 1757 Jacobus Bellamy, [Zelandus], Zealand poet
  • 1790 Letitia Christian Tyler, 1st wife of President Tyler

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1815 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American women's rights activist, born in Johnstown, New York (d. 1902)

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 1817 Bahá'u'lláh, Prophet Founder of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1892)
  • 1831 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1840 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Kiss, Thinker), born in Paris, France (d. 1917)

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1841 John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Maldon, Essex, England (d. 1919)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • 1848 Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
  • 1853 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), born in Bad Kissingen, Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • 1866 Sun Yat-sen, father of modern China (ROC & PRC) (traditional)
  • 1881 Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (d. 1948)
  • 1881 Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1886 Leonardus G Kortenhorst, Dutch MP (KVP)
  • 1886 Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
  • 1889 DeWitt Wallace, publisher, founded Readers Digest (1921), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1891 Seth Barnes Nicholson, Springfield Illinois, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter
  • 1896 Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Abraham J D van Oosten, Dutch poet/author (His Master's Voice)
  • 1908 Hans Werner Richter, German author (Socially Responsible Cinema)
  • 1908 Harry A Blackmun, Ill, 100th Supreme Court justice (1970-94)
  • 1908 Shamus Culhane, animator
  • 1908 Amon Göth, commandant of Nazi concentration camp (d. 1946)
  • 1911 Luc Estang, [Lucien Bastard], French writer (Stigmates)
  • 1911 William Thomas Pennar Davies, poet author/theologian
  • 1914 Edward "Henricus" Schillebeeckx, Dutch theologist
  • 1915 Roland Barthes, French literary critic (L'Empire des Signer)
  • 1917 Joseph Coors, CEO (Adolph Coors Co Brewery)
  • 1924 Audouin Dollfus, French Astronomer (discovered Janus, a moon of Saturn), born in Paris, France
  • 1926 Jack Ryan, American inventor (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels, Chatty Cathy)
  • 1927 Yutaka Taniyama, Japanese mathematician (d. 1958)
  • 1928 Johan B W Polak, Dutch publisher/publicist (Bloom of Decadence)
  • 1929 Michael Ende, German fantasy and children's writer (The Neverending Story), born in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Tonke Dragt, Dutch children book author (Towers of February)
  • 1931 Norman Y Mineta, (Rep-R-CA, 1975- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 Charles Manson, American criminal (Tate-Labianco), born in Cincinnati, Ohio

Murderer Charles Manson
Charles Manson
  • 1937 Peter Lloyd, British MP
  • 1937 Richard H Truly, Fayette Miss, Rear Adm USN/astro (STS T-2, T-4, 2, 8)
  • 1940 Ria Lubbers, wife of Dutch premier Ruud Lubbers
  • 1940 Michel Audet, Quebec economist and politician
  • 1940 Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician
  • 1944 Johan van Doorn, [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)
  • 1945 Michael Bishop, US, sci-fi author (Nebula, Stolen Faces)
  • 1945 Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
  • 1947 Patrice Leconte, director (Monsieur Hire, Hairdresser's Husband)
  • 1948 Hassan Rouhani, Iranian politician (President of Iran 2013-), born in Sorkheh, Semnan
  • 1949 Jack Reed, (Rep-D-Rhode Island)
  • 1952 Ronald Burkle, American entrepreneur
  • 1957 Tim Samaras, Lakewood, Col., tornado chaser (Storm Chasers), (d. 2013)
  • 1958 Nick Stellino, Italian-American television chef
  • 1960 Bertice Berry, talk show host (Bertice)
  • 1962 Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist
  • 1962 Neal Shusterman, American author
  • 1969 Ian Bremmer, American political scientist
  • 1969 Johnny Gosch, American kidnap victim
  • 1973 Mayte Garcia, American dancer
  • 1987 Bryan Little, Canadian ice hockey player

Weddings in History

  • 1028 Future Byzantine empress Zoe marries Romanus Argyrus according to the wishes of the dying Constantine VIII.

HeartWedding of Interest

1656 English Poet and author of epic "Paradise Lost" John Milton (47) marries 2nd wife Katherine Woodcock

Deaths in History

  • 607 Pope Boniface III, dies after less than a year in office
  • 1035 Cnut (Canute) "The Great", King of Denmark. England, Norway and parts of Sweden. Reigned 1016-1035.
  • 1094 King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
  • 1202 Knut VI, king of the Denen/Turn (1182-1202), dies at about 39
  • 1434 King Louis III of Naples
  • 1555 Stephen Gardiner, English bishop of Winchester, dies at about 65
  • 1558 Shalom Shakna ben Joseph, Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva), dies
  • 1567 Anne Pierre Adrien duke of Montmorency, Marshal of France, dies at 74
  • 1595 John Hawkins, English navigator/treasurer of the Navy, dies at 63
  • 1600 Andreas of Austrian, Land Guardian of Neth (1598-1600), dies at 42
  • 1606 St. Nicholas Owen (martyr), one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
  • 1667 Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (b. 1598)
  • 1671 Thomas, 3rd baron Fairfax of Cameron, English general, dies at 59
  • 1722 Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch painter/engraver/architect, dies at 63
  • 1742 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1754 Jacob de Wit, Amsterdam painter/decorater, dies at 58
  • 1802 Charles van Poucke, Flemish sculptor, dies at 62
  • 1806 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, dies at 73
  • 1836 Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (b. 1773)
  • 1865 Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
  • 1869 Gheorghe Asachi, author/humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia), dies
  • 1893 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, premier of Austria (1852-59), dies at 80
  • 1908 William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), dies at 60
  • 1912 Jose Canalejas bon Mendez, premier of Spain (1910-12), murdered at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Percival Lowell, American amateur astronomer, founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona (b. 1855)

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Percival Lowell
  • 1921 Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter/sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1939 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (b. 1890)
  • 1941 Abe "Kid Twist" Reles, NY gangster/police informer, killed
  • 1944 George D Birkhoff, US mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • 1947 Emmuska Orczy, British author (Scarlet Pimpernel), dies at 82
  • 1949 Hendrik A de Fish, [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological, dies at 64
  • 1957 Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Roman Law), dies at 78
  • 1965 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader (b. 1888)
  • 1967 Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian, dies at 58
  • 1967 Kurt Barthel [KuBa], German writer and political activist, dies at 53
  • 1976 Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1893)
  • 1980 Andrei Amalrik, Russian writer/dissident, dies at 42
  • 1980 Haya van Someren-Downer, Dutch MP, dies at 54
  • 1984 Chester Himes, American author (b. 1909)
  • 1987 Roger Lewis, aviation exec (Lockheed, C Wright, Pan Am), dies at 75
  • 1990 Rifaat El-Maghub, Egyptian MP leader, murdered
  • 1990 Yannis Ritsos, Greek poet and political activist, dies at 81
  • 1991 Christopher Hayes, dies of heart attack
  • 1991 Paul E "Cardinal" Leger, cardinal/archbishop of Montreal, dies at 87
  • 1994 Katherine Elliots, doctor, dies at 75
  • 1994 Michael John Innes Mackintosh Stewart Innes, writer, dies at 88
  • 1995 Curley Fox, fiddler, dies at 85
  • 1995 Jack Mann, pilot/hostage, dies at 81
  • 1995 Marion Pitt, social worker/writer, dies at 56
  • 1996 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist, dies at 51
  • 1997 William Matthews, poet, dies at 55
  • 2000 Leah Rabin, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, (b. 1928)
  • 2000 John Bury, British stage designer who worked with Peter Hall, dies at 75
  • 2001 Tony Miles, English chess player (b. 1955)
  • 2003 Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (b. 1986)
  • 2005 William G. Adams, former mayor of St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada (b. 1923)
  • 2006 General Jacob E. Smart, US Air Force leader World War II (b. 1909)
  • 2007 Ira Levin, American novelist (b. 1929)
  • 2008 Catherine Baker Knoll, 30th Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Karl Plutus, Estonian jurist and centenarian (b. 1904)
  • 2012 Sergio Oliva, American body builder, dies at 71