On This Day in History for November 17

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 473 The future Zeno I is named associate emperor by Emperor Leo I.
  • 1183 Battle of Mizushima: Japanese Taira clan defeat the Minamoto
  • 1278 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
  • 1292 (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scots.
  • 1511 England, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire sign anti-French covenant The Treaty of Westminster
  • 1555 William of Orange becomes member of Council of State

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1558 Elizabeth I aged 25 ascends English throne upon death of her half sister Queen "Bloody" Mary

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1558 The Church of England is re-established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason.

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh
  • 1636 Henrique Dias, Brazilian general, wins a decisive battle against the Dutch in Brazil
  • 1659 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
  • 1734 John Zenger, arrested for libel against NY colonial governor; later acquitted
  • 1774 First City Troop Philadelphia City Cavarly formed at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia - oldest US military unit still in service
  • 1785 Church of England organizes in New England

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Battle of Arcole-Napoleon I's French forces beat Austrians in Italy

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1798 -21) Snow storms in New England, hundreds die
  • 1800 Congress holds its 1st session in Washington D.C. in incompleted Capitol building
  • 1812 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow
  • 1827 The Delta Phi fraternity, America's oldest continuous social fraternity, was founded at Union College in Schenectady, New York.
  • 1831 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia
  • 1842 Fugitive slave George Latimer captured in Boston
  • 1853 Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1856 On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1858 Origin of Modified Julian Period
  • 1862 Confederate Sec of War George B Randolph resigns
  • 1862 Union General Ambrose Burnside marches north out of Washington, D.C., to begin the Fredericksburg campaign
  • 1863 -Dec 4th) Battle of Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1863 Lincoln begins 1st draft of his Gettysburg Address
  • 1869 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas
  • 1874 Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire & sinks off Auckland, NZ
  • 1875 Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott
  • 1877 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
  • 1877 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • 1878 First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
  • 1884 Cops arrest John L Sullivan in 2nd round for being "cruel"
  • 1885 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • 1889 Union Pacific begins daily through service, Chicago-Portland & SF
  • 1894 Daily Racing Form founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Serial killer H. H. Holmes is arrested in Boston after being tracked there from Philadelphia by the Pinkertons

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • 1903 Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1903 In the Treaty of Petropolis, Bolivia cedes the territory of Arce to Brazil; Bolivia gains rail and water outlets in the east
  • 1905 The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
  • 1913 1st US dental hygienists course forms, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1913 The first ship sails through the Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
  • 1914 US declares Panama Canal Zone neutral

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Lenin defends "temporary" removal of freedom of the press

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1918 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • 1918 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • 1922 The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire Mehmed VI is expelled to Malta on British warship
  • 1927 Tornado hits Washington, D.C.
  • 1928 Boston Garden officially opens
  • 1928 Notre Dame finally loses a football game at home after 23 years
  • 1929 Pascual Ortiz Rubio elected president of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Stalin throws Nicolai Bucharin out of Politburo

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Charles Lindbergh inaugurates Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat "American Clipper"

  • 1932 German government of von Papen resigns
  • 1933 United States recognizes Soviet Union, opens trade
  • 1936 Edgar Bergen & Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
  • 1937 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
  • 1938 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • 1939 German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship
  • 1939 Jerome Kern/Hammerstein II's "Very Warm for May" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection is created.
  • 1944 -Nov 19] Nazi raids in Dutch NE Polder
  • 1945 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF
  • 1948 Britain's House of Commons votes to nationalize steel industry
  • 1951 Britain reports development of the world's first nuclear-powered heating system
  • 1953 The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland are evacuated to the mainland.
  • 1953 United States joins the United Nations in condemning Israel's raid on Jordan on October 4, 1953
  • 1956 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1959 De Beers firm of South Africa announces synthetic diamond
  • 1959 Giants slugger Willie McCovey wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1959 William Shea shows proposed NYC stadium with transparent roof

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President JFK dedicates Dulles Intl Airport outside Washngton DC

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1964 British Labour Party installs weapon embargo against South Africa
  • 1965 General Meeting of UN refuses admittance of People's Republic of China
  • 1965 The NVA ambushes American troops of the 7th Cavalry at Landing Zone Albany in the la Drang Valley, almost wiping them out
  • 1966 Leonids meteor shower peaks (150,000+ per hour)
  • 1967 French author Régis Debray sentenced to 30 years in Bolivia
  • 1967 Surveyor 6 becomes 1st man-made object to lift off Moon
  • 1967 Davey Jones of the Monkees opens a boutique, Zilch I, in Greenwich Village, NY
  • 1968 Alexandros Panagoulis is condemned to death for attempting to assassinate Greek dictator George Papadopoulos.
  • 1969 SALT-discussions open in Helsinki Finland
  • 1970 British newspaper Sun puts 1st pinup girl on page 3 (Stephanie Rahn)
  • 1970 Russia lands Lunokhod 1 unmanned remote-controlled vehicle on Moon
  • 1970 Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse.
  • 1973 Greek regime attacks students with tanks, 100s killed
  • 1973 Teri Garr plays role of a stripper on "The Nurse"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US President Richard Nixon tells AP "...people have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook"

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 Union of Banana Exporting Countries (UPEB) forms
  • 1974 Aliança Operário-Camponesa (Worker-Peasant Alliance) founded in Portugal as a front of PCP(m-l).
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1977 Bernard Pomerance's "Elephant Man" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat formally accepts invitation to visit Israel

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Ayatollah Khomeini frees most black & female US hostages

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979 NY Stars (WBL) home opener at Madison Square Garden in NYC
  • 1982 Dale Murphy wins NL MVP
  • 1983 Harm Wiersma retains checkers world championship

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

9 Vespasian, Roman Emperor (AD 69-79), born in Falacrina, Italy (d. AD 79)

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor
Vespasian
  • 331 Flavius Claudius Julianus, [Julian the Apostate], Emperor
  • 1502 Atahualpa, last emperor of the Inca (d. 1533)
  • 1503 Il Bronzino, Florentine painter (Eleanor de Toledo & her Son)
  • 1576 Roque Gonzales, Paraguayan missionary (d. 1628)
  • 1594 Johan van Beverwijck, Dutch physician/writer (Treasure of Health)
  • 1612 Dorgon, Manchu prince (d. 1650)
  • 1681 Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (d. 1776)
  • 1685 Pierre Gaultier, French-Canadian trader and explorer (d. 1749)
  • 1690 Noel-Nicolas Coypel, French painter/cartoonist
  • 1704 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet
  • 1729 Maria Antonietta of Spain, queen of Sardinia (d. 1785)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1755 Louis XVIII, 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24), born in Versailles, France (d. 1824)

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • 1765 Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (d. 1840)
  • 1790 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1794 John Barrien Montgomery, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1873)
  • 1799 Titian Ramsey Peale, US, artist/naturalist (American Ornithology)
  • 1814 Joseph Finegan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • 1826 John McArthur, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1906)
  • 1827 Petko Slavejkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 1895)
  • 1834 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1835 Andrew L. Harris, governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
  • 1837 David Capriles, director of psychiatry of Monte Christo, Curacao
  • 1854 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17)
  • 1865 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins)
  • 1866 Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist (d. 1912)
  • 1876 Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck, mayor (Brussels, Belgium)
  • 1878 Grace Abbott, Grand Island Neb, social worker (US Children Bureau)
  • 1879 Gerardus H de Haas, socialist vicar
  • 1881 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh Dutch/MP
  • 1885 Henry de Man, Belgium, sociologist/chairman (Belgian Workers Party)
  • 1886 Crane Wilbur, Athens NY, dir/writer (Bat, Canon City, Yellow Cargo)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1887 Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, born in London (d. 1976)

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1890 Jack Cusack, pro football pioneer (Canton Bulldogs)
  • 1894 Eelco van Kleffens, minister of Foreign affairs (1939-46)/diplomat
  • 1894 Sophocles Venizelos, premier of Greece (1944, 50-51)
  • 1895 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (d. 1975)
  • 1895 Gregorio López y Fuentes, Mexican author (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (d. 1934)
  • 1899 Roger Vitrac, French poet/dramatist (Coup of Trafalgar)
  • 1901 Walter Hallstein, West German politician (CDU) (Hallstein doctrine)
  • 1902 Eugene Paul Wigner, mathematician/physicist (A Bomb, Nobel 1963)
  • 1904 Isamu Noguchi, sculptor (1963 Fine Arts Medal)
  • 1905 Astrid Bernadotte, Princess of Sweden
  • 1905 Wazyk, [Adam Wagman], Polish poet/author (Eyes & Mouth)
  • 1906 Soichiro Honda, Japan, founder/CEO (Honda Motor Co)
  • 1907 Israel Regardie, Aleister Crowley's secretary (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Nobutaka Shikanai, Japans media CEO (Fujisankei Com Group)
  • 1911 Christian Fouchet, French diplomat (d. 1974)
  • 1916 Winson Hudson, community activist (rural Mississippi)
  • 1919 Ludwig Freiherr von Hammerstein-Equord, journalist
  • 1921 Albert Bertelsen, Danish painter
  • 1922 Emile Noel, international civil servant
  • 1923 Robert Francis Vere Heuston, British professor of law
  • 1925 Colin Campbell Mitchell, soldier
  • 1925 Libby Newman, painter/printmaker/curator
  • 1927 Ellis Hillman, politician
  • 1929 Pieter A H Bos, Dutch lawyer/attorney general on Aruba
  • 1930 Brian Lenihan, snr, Irish politician and minister, born in Dundalk, County Louth (d. 1995)
  • 1934 James M Inhofe, (Rep-R-Oklahoma)
  • 1936 Leni van Rijn-Vellekoop, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1936 Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet (d. 2005)
  • 1938 Thomas Black, English industrial/auto collector
  • 1939 Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • 1941 Peter Hoagland, (Rep-D-Nebraska)
  • 1942 Khang Khek Leu, Cambodian politician
  • 1944 Jim Boeheim, Hall of Fame Coach
  • 1944 Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect
  • 1945 Jeremy Hanley, British Lower house member
  • 1945 Roland Joffe, director (City of Joy, Mission, Killing Fields)
  • 1946 Terry E. Branstad, Governor of Iowa
  • 1947 Steven E. de Souza, American scriptwriter
  • 1947 Inky Mark, Canadian politician
  • 1948 Howard Dean, American politician
  • 1949 John Boehner, (Rep-R-Ohio)
  • 1950 Roland Matthes, German DR, 100m/200m backstroke (Oly-gold-1968, 72)
  • 1951 Jack Vettriano, Methil Scotland, Scottish painter (The Singing Butler)
  • 1952 M Cyril Ramaphosa, sec-gen of South African Mine Workers' Union
  • 1954 Mark Brandon Read, Australian criminal
  • 1960 Jonathan Ross, British talk show host (Tall Guy)
  • 1960 Kirk Fogg, host of Legends of the Hidden Temple
  • 1961 Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight 847 (d. 1985)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961 Chanda Kochhar, Indian business woman (CEO of ICICI Bank), born in Jodhpur, India

Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank Chanda Kochhar
Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank
Chanda Kochhar
  • 1963 Pedro Luis Estrada, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1967 Ronnie Devoe, vocals (New Edition, Bell Div Devoe-Candy Girl), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1983 Christopher Paolini, American novelist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1749 Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman (28) weds first wife Elizabeth Hartwell in Massachusetts

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman

HeartWedding of Interest

1934 Lyndon B. Johnson marries Claudia Alta Taylor

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson

HeartWedding of Interest

1950 Writer Jack Kerouac (28) weds Joan Haverty

Writer Jack Kerouac
Writer
Jack Kerouac
  • 1978 Gerald Lascelles, British aristocrat and son of Princess Mary weds 2nd wife Elizabeth Collingwood in Vienna

Deaths in History

  • 375 Valentinian I "The Great", Roman Co-Emperor and Ruler of Western Roman Empire (336-75), dies at 54
  • 474 Leo II, Byzantine Emperor (474), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

594 St Gregory of Tours, Frankisch bishop of Tours, dies at 55

Chronicler/Bishop Gregory of Tours
Chronicler/Bishop
Gregory of Tours
  • 641 Emperor Jomei of Japan (b. 593)
  • 680 Hilda of Whitby, Christian saint and founding abbess of Whitby monastery (b. 614)
  • 885 Liutgard of Saxony, Queen of the Franks (876-882)
  • 1093 Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
  • 1231 Elisabeth of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1207)
  • 1302 St. Gertrude the Great (b. 1256)
  • 1326 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (b. 1285)
  • 1494 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1512 Kempo Roeper, Frisian rebel, quartered
  • 1558 Reginald Pole, English cardinal/scholar/"heretic", dies at 58
  • 1562 Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre and father of Henry IV of France (b. 1518)
  • 1592 John III of Sweden (b. 1537)
  • 1600 Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
  • 1608 Adolf, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 22
  • 1632 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (b. 1594)
  • 1643 Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Marshal of France (b. 1602)
  • 1665 John Earle, English bishop
  • 1668 Joseph Alleine, English preacher (b. 1634)
  • 1690 Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1713 Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1653)
  • 1720 Calico Jack, English pirate (b. 1682)
  • 1747 Alain R Lesage, French author (Le diable boiteux), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1768 Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1757-62), dies at 75

British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham-Holles
  • 1776 James Ferguson, British astronomer (b. 1710)
  • 1780 Bernardo Bellotto, Italian painter (b. 1720)
  • 1794 Jacques François Dugommier, French general (b. 1738)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1796 Catherine the Great [Catherine II], Empress of Russia (1762-96), dies of a stroke at 67

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1808 David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary (b. 1721)
  • 1818 Charlotte Sophia von Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of England, dies
  • 1848 Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert, Flemish lawyer, dies
  • 1849 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1858 Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • 1865 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist (b. 1813)
  • 1875 Hilario Ascasubi, Argentina author (pampa, gauchos & indians), dies
  • 1893 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, king of Bulgaria (1879-86), dies at 36
  • 1897 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • 1902 Hugh Price Hughes, Methodist Social Reformer (b. 1847)
  • 1905 Adolf WAKF, duke of Nassau/grand duke of Luxembourg, dies at 88
  • 1905 Philip EFMCBLG, earl of Flanders, dies
  • 1905 Adolphe of Luxembourg, (b. 1817)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Baiser, Thinker), dies at 77

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin
  • 1921 Pa Chay Vue, Hmong Nationalist
  • 1922 Robert Comtesse, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1847)
  • 1926 Carl Ethan Akeley, American Naturalist(developed taxidermic process for museums), dies at 62)
  • 1927 Adolf A Joffe, Russian author/diplomat, commits suicide at 44
  • 1928 Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author, politician, & freedom fighter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 Herman Hollerith, German/US statistician (punch card), dies at 69
  • 1931 John P Lotsy, botanist/geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • 1934 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, dies at 51
  • 1938 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (b. 1864)
  • 1940 Eric Gill, British sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1940 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (b. 1879)
  • 1941 Earnest Udet, German general/head air pioneer, commits suicide
  • 1942 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • 1947 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", dies at 83
  • 1947 Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1962 Arthur Vining Davis, CEO (Alcoa-1910-57), dies at 95 in Miami
  • 1968 Wilhelm Lehmann, writer, dies at 86
  • 1968 Mervyn Peake, British writer (b. 1911)
  • 1973 The Mother, Sri Aurobindo Ashram (b. 1878)
  • 1979 John Glassock, bass (Jethro Tull), dies at 27 following heart surgery
  • 1982 Ruth Donnelly, comedienne, dies at 86 in NYC
  • 1986 Georges Besse, French president-director of Renault, murdered
  • 1988 Sheilah Graham, gossip columnist, dies of heart failure at 84
  • 1989 Gus Farace, American gangster (b. 1960)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1990 Robert Hofstadter, American atomic physicist and Nobel laureate (electron scattering in atomic nuclei), dies at 75

  • 1991 John Blatnik, (Rep-Minn, 1947-75), dies at 80
  • 1991 Kelly Jean Van Dyke-Nance, (Jerry Van Dyke's daughter), suicide at 33
  • 1992 Audre Lorde, St Croix' feminist author (Black Unicorn), dies
  • 1993 Jthm de Vreeze, Dutch MP (KVP, 1956..77), dies at 80
  • 1993 Gérard D. Lévesque, Canadian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1994 G Waller, German/Swiss movie journalist (NRC/Variety), dies at 82
  • 1995 Edward LeBone Molotlegi, chief of the Bafokeng, dies at 66
  • 1995 John Prickett, teacher/ecumenist, dies at 88
  • 1995 Marguerite Young, writer, dies at 87
  • 1996 Andrew John Fairclough, trade union educator, dies at 45
  • 2000 Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2002 Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (b. 1915)
  • 2011 Olin Branstetter, American businessman and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2012 Margaret Yorke, English crime fiction writer, dies at 88
  • 2013 Doris Lessing, Iranian-British novelist and Nobel laureate, dies at 94