On This Day in History for November 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 122

  • 676 Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II
  • 1327 King Alfonso IV of Aragon crowned
  • 1355 English invasion army under king Edward lands at Calais
  • 1418 Utrecht conquerors Ijsselstein
  • 1642 2nd Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
  • 1648 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia
  • 1675 A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip's War.
  • 1698 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony.
  • 1712 Suriname government gives French hijacker Jacques Cassard, ƒ682,800
  • 1722 Willem KH Friso (11) appointed viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1749 English Ohio Trade Company forms first trading post
  • 1772 Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1813 Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1824 Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Andrew Jackson beats J Q Adams

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1835 2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola
  • 1841 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1852 Franklin Pierce elected as president of US

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1854 Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont & Kearny starts
  • 1861 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter.
  • 1868 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • 1875 Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast
  • 1879 In a 6-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1880 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1881 Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
  • 1889 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • 1892 French poet Paul Verlaine visits Netherlands
  • 1898 French government of Dupuy forms
  • 1898 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem
  • 1898 Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team.
  • 1899 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • 1903 Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC
  • 1903 New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1904 British newspaper "Daily Mirror" begins publishing
  • 1907 Ottawa Mint Proclamation is published
  • 1913 St Louis Browns mgr George Stovall is 1st to jump to Federal League
  • 1914 Great Britain annexes Cyprus
  • 1914 V Herbert & H Blossoms "Only Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914 Great Britain declares the entire North Sea a military area: neutral ships will transit it at their own risk
  • 1915 First US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
  • 1916 Ft Vaux, Verdun, reconquered by France
  • 1917 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • 1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1920 Warren G. Harding elected 29th US President

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1921 Eugene O'Neill's "Anna Christie" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 Allies deliberate over German mark
  • 1923 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic
  • 1923 Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down
  • 1924 Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle
  • 1930 Ras (euqiv. Duke) Tafari Makonnen is crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty in Ethiopia
  • 1936 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.
  • 1937 AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP
  • 1938 Jimmie Foxx wins his 3rd AL MVP
  • 1942 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • 1943 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • 1944 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
  • 1944 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1947 Howard Hughes' "Spruce Goose" flies for 1st (& last) time

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman re-elected in an upset over Republican Thomas E. Dewey

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1949 Netherland recognizes Indonesia as a sovereign state
  • 1949 NL scheme for national distribution of textiles, meat and cheese disbands
  • 1950 The Clover Dairy Company test-market the first concentrated milk (Sealtest) in the U.S. in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1953 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1954 Charles C Diggs Jr elected Michigan's 1st black congressman
  • 1954 JS Thurmond is 1st senator elected by write-in vote (SC)
  • 1954 Taiwan & US sign military pact
  • 1955 Clarton-Schwerdt & Schaffer discover polio virus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1956 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • 1956 Israel captures Gaza & Sheham
  • 1957 1st titanium mill opened, Toronto, Ohio
  • 1957 The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, and remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history.
  • 1959 Charles Van Doren confesses that TV quiz show "21" was fixed
  • 1959 The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway
  • 1960 Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 8th String quartet premieres in Leningrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Penguin Books cleared of obscenity for publishing DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Mary Leakey and her team discover the first fossils of Homo habilis, an early human ancestor, at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Homo habilis is thought to be one of the earliest species to make stone tools and lived between 1.4 and 2.3 million years ago.

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Mary Leakey
  • 1961 Max Frisch's "Andorra" premieres in Zurich
  • 1964 Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia
  • 1966 The Cuban Adjustment Act enters force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.
  • 1968 A banned march in Derry, North Ireland, by members of the Derry Citizen's Action Committee (DCAC) is joined by thousands; due to the number of people taking part, the Royal Ulster Constabulary is unable to prevent it
  • 1972 Construction begins on Kingdome, Seattle
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 Goverment of the Republic of Ireland introduce a bill to remove the special position of the Catholic Church from the Irish Constitution
  • 1973 OLADE (Latin American Energy Organization) forms
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1974 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
  • 1975 Ed Giacomin as a Red Wing returns to Mad Sq Garden beats Rangers 6-4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Jimmy Carter (D) defeats Gerald Ford (R) for US President

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 NJ voters approve gambling for Atlantic City
  • 1976 SD Padre Randy Jones wins NL Cy Young
  • 1977 Microbiologist Carl R. Woese and scientists from the University of Illinois announce the identification of methanogens, a form of microbial life (Archaea) dating back some 3.5 billion years
  • 1978 Crew of Soyuz 29 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 31
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Arnold Shapiro's TV documentary "Scared Straight", narrated by Peter Falk as a controversial and questionable deterrent to juvenile delinquency, debuts on Los Angeles' KTLA-TV
  • 1979 Studio 54's owners are arrested for tax evasion
  • 1982 Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die

Birthdays in History

  • 1082 Emperor Huizong of China (d. 1135)
  • 1475 Princess Anne of York (d. 1511)
  • 1528 Peter S Lotichius, [Peter Lotz], Neo latin poet (Collected Works)
  • 1636 Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (d. 1721)
  • 1667 James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1696 Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania's ambassador to the Native Americans (d. 1760)
  • 1699 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (d. 1779)
  • 1709 Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (d. 1759)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1734 Daniel Boone, American frontiersman and explorer (US Hall of Fame 1915), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1820)

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Daniel Boone
  • 1741 Joan Derk van Capellen, leader of Neth Democratic Patriots

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1755 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France(1774-1792), "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1766 Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (d. 1858)
  • 1777 Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom (d. 1848)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1795 James Knox Polk, 11th US President (Democrat: 1845-49), born in Pineville, North Carolina (d. 1849)

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • 1808 Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, French writer (d. 1889)
  • 1810 Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • 1812 Abraham I van Lier, theater director (Gran Theatre-van Lier)
  • 1815 George Boole, mathematician (Boolean algebra)
  • 1821 Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor (d. 1899)
  • 1822 James Byron Gordon, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1826 Robert Hopkins Hatton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1826 William Haines Lytle, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1828 Byron Grimes, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • 1833 Mahendralal Sarkar, Indian doctor (d. 1904)
  • 1837 Émile Bayard, French artist, illustrator (d. (1891)
  • 1847 George Sorel, French Socialist thinker/author (violent revolutions)
  • 1857 Joseph F F Babinski, Polish/French neurologist (Babinski reflex)
  • 1865 Warren Gamaliel Harding, Ohio, (R) 29th pres (1921-23)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1865 Warren G. Harding, 29th US President (1921-23), born in Blooming Grove, Ohio (d. 1923)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1877 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 1877 Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul (d. 1933)
  • 1882 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, born in Prague (d. 1957)
  • 1883 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, cardinal and archbishop of Quebec (d. 1947)
  • 1885 Harlow Shapley, US, astronomer (studied the galaxies)
  • 1886 Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician (d. 1971)
  • 1890 Henry Borginon, Flemish nationalist/senator
  • 1890 Moa Martinson, Swedish writer (My Mother Gets Married), born in Vårdnäs, Linköping (d. 1964)
  • 1893 Battista Farina, founder of Pininfarina company (d. 1966)
  • 1894 Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (d. 1976)
  • 1897 Jacob A B "Jack" Bjerknes, Norwegian/US meteorologist (USAF in London)
  • 1899 Eddy [Charles E] du Perron, Dutch author/poet
  • 1902 Gyula Illyes, Hungarian author/poet (Az Ismertlen Illyes)
  • 1902 Marius W Holtrop, economist/president (Netherlands Bank)
  • 1905 Fred Lipmann, watchmaker
  • 1906 Luchino Visconti, Milan Italy, director (Damned, Death in Venice)
  • 1906 Daniil Andreev, Russian poet (d. 1959)
  • 1906 Bengt Edlén, Swedish Astrophysicist who specialized in spectroscopy and discovered the source of unidentified emission lines in solar spectrum
  • 1910 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Odysseus Elytis Alepoudellis, Greece, poet (Nobel 1979)
  • 1911 Raphael Robinson, US mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Ivor Roberts-Jones, sculptor
  • 1919 Jorge de Sena, Portuguese engineer/poet (Reino da Estupidez)
  • 1921 Willaim D Schaefer, Maryland, (Gov-D-Md)
  • 1921 Bill Mosienko, National Hockey League player (d. 1994)
  • 1922 John Pinsent, classical scholar
  • 1924 Rudy Van Gelder, American recording engineer
  • 1927 John Sainsbury, English billionaire
  • 1927 Steve Ditko, American artist
  • 1928 Geoffrey Pardoe, engineer
  • 1928 Paul Johnson, British historian
  • 1930 Denis Gerald Barrington, artist
  • 1932 Henri Namphy, Cap Hatien Haiti, President of Haiti (1986-88)
  • 1932 Romano L Mazzoli, (Rep-D-KY, 1971- )
  • 1932 Melvin Schwartz, American Physicist and Nobel Laureate (neutrinos - subatomic particles with no electric charge and virtually no mass), born in New York City
  • 1934 Bill Gothard, American speaker
  • 1936 Rose Elizabeth Bird, California Supreme Court Justice
  • 1938 Patrick Buchanan, conservative political columnist
  • 1938 Ria Beckers-de Bruijn, Dutch MP (PPR)
  • 1938 Queen Sofia, consort of King Juan Carlos I (Spain), born Princess of Greece and Denmark in Athens, Greece
  • 1939 Howard Wolpe, (Rep-D-MI, 1979- )
  • 1939 Pauline Neville-Jones, English diplomat
  • 1940 Gigi Proletti, Italian entertainer
  • 1942 Shere Hite, St Joseph Missouri, sex therapist (Hite Report)
  • 1943 Oldrich Pelcak, Czechoslovakia, cosmonaut
  • 1944 Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, Bkln, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, 46, 61, 75)
  • 1949 Simon Augustini, Albanian politician
  • 1951 Thomas Mallon, American novelist and critic
  • 1954 Pat Croce, American entrepreneur
  • 1960 Tihomir Blaškić, Croatian war criminal
  • 1962 David Brock, American political commentator, pundit
  • 1962 Simon Hill, English-Australian Football commentator
  • 1964 Michael D'Asaro II, American fencer-sabre, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1964 Britta Lejon, Swedish politician
  • 1967 Darla Michele Pruett, Canton Georgia, Miss Georgia-America (1991)
  • 1967 Derek Porter, Belfast Ireland, Canadian rower (Oly-gold/silver-92/96)
  • 1967 Scott Walker, US politician (Governor of Wisconsin 2011-), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1972 Samantha Janus, British entertainer
  • 1978 Vitor "Shaolin" Ribeiro, Brazilian mixed-martial artist and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu world champion
  • 1990 Natasha Smirnoff, daughter of Yakov Smirnov

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1896 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (19) weds first cousin Shahzadi Begum in Pune, India

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 2005 Irish TV and radio presenter Sile Seoige (26) weds Glen Mulcahy at St. Brendan's Church in County Offaly
  • 2013 'N Sync founding member Chris Kirkpatrick (42) weds his girlfriend Karly Skladany in Orlando, Florida
  • 2013 "Smash" actress Megan Hilty (32) weds Brian Gallagher at a chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada

Deaths in History

  • 943 Queen Emma of France, (b. 894)
  • 1083 Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort (b. 1031)
  • 1171 Baudouin IV, count of Henegouwen (1120-71), dies
  • 1171 Dionysius bar Salibi, author (Diarbekir), dies
  • 1285 King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)
  • 1327 King James II of Aragon (b. 1267)
  • 1483 Henry Stafford, earl of Buckingham/constable of Engl, beheaded at 49
  • 1588 Wilhelmus Damasi, theologist/1st bishop of Roermond, dies at 63
  • 1610 Richard Bancroft, archbishop of Canterbury (1604-10), dies at 66
  • 1618 Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (b. 1568)
  • 1697 Constantine Huygens Jr, Poet/painter/cartoonist, buried
  • 1716 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (b. 1651)
  • 1781 Jose F de Isla, Spanish Jesuit/author, dies at 78
  • 1804 Armand-Gaston Camus, French chairman of Council of 500, dies at 64
  • 1807 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • 1852 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (b. 1782)
  • 1863 Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
  • 1874 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine), dies at 55
  • 1875 James W. W. Birch, 1st British resident in Perak, Malaysia is speared to death while in the bath-house of his boat, SS Dragon at 49
  • 1877 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (b. 1784)
  • 1898 George Goyder, English-born surveyor-general of South Australia (b. 1826)
  • 1905 Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (b. 1817)
  • 1909 Theodor W Ahlwardt, German orientalist, dies at 81
  • 1920 Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburgs coal basin), dies at 73
  • 1925 Antonius J Derkinderen, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 65
  • 1930 Oliver Perry Hay, American Paleontologist, dies at 84
  • 1931 Arthur James Cook, union leader (coal miners), dies at 47
  • 1944 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1945 Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • 1949 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (b. 1872)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 George Bernard Shaw, Irish author (Pygmalion), dies at 94

  • 1956 Leo Baeck, President of World Union for Progressive Judaism, dies at 83
  • 1963 Ngo Dinh Diem, president of South Vietnam (1955-63), murdered at 62
  • 1966 Sadao Araki, Japanese general/minister of War (1931-34), dies at 89
  • 1966 Peter Debye, Dutch-American Physical Chemist (Nobel 1936), dies at 82
  • 1969 Marion Lloyd Vince, fencer (National champ 1928, 31), dies at 63
  • 1970 Richard Cushing, US cardinal to Boston, dies at 75
  • 1977 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, dies at 76
  • 1979 Jacques Mesrine, French "enemy of the state", shot to death

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980 Willie Sutton, American bank robber, dies at 79

Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton
  • 1981 Kenneth Oakley, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax, dies at 70
  • 1982 Lester Roloff, Man of God, preacher.
  • 1984 Margie V Barfield, US murderer, 1st woman electricuted in 22 years
  • 1991 Irwin Allen, dir (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), dies at 75
  • 1993 P A Jacob Mees, Dutch banker (Mees & Hope), dies at about 86
  • 1994 David Feinberg, AIDS activist/author, dies at 37
  • 1995 Alvaro Gomez Hurtado, VP of Columbia (1982-84), assassinated
  • 1995 Florence Greenberg, record company founder, dies at 82
  • 1995 Ivan Metropolitan Ioann Snychev, russion Orthodox Priest, dies at 68
  • 1995 Oliver Wendell Harrington, cartoonist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Alvaro Gomez Hurtado, Colombian politician, dies
  • 1996 Christopher Prater, screen printer, dies at 72
  • 1997 G Harry Stine, writer, dies at 69
  • 2002 Charles Sheffield, American author and physicist (b. 1935)
  • 2003 Frank McCloskey, American politician (b. 1939)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2004 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates, dies at 85

President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
  • 2007 Charmaine Dragun, Australian journalist (b. 1978)
  • 2007 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (b. 1906)