On This Day in History for November 20

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133


Event of interestEvent of Interest

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
  • 762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire
  • 1168 Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope
  • 1194 Palermo, Sicily, is conquered by Emperor Henry VI
  • 1272 Edward I proclaimed King of England
  • 1342 Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1347 Coke di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addressess a meeting of on the Capitol during people's revolt in Rome
  • 1407 A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
  • 1431 First meeting of Order of the Golden Fleece
  • 1520 Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
  • 1521 Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
  • 1583 Duke of Parma conquers Aalst
  • 1616 Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War
  • 1637 Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
  • 1695 Zumbi last leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed
  • 1719 Sweden & Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 English minister William Pitt the Elder resigns

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • 1759 -22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
  • 1789 New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
  • 1795 Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1815 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • 1817 First Seminole War begins in Florida
  • 1829 Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1852 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • 1861 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
  • 1862 Confederate armies of Mississippi and Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee, under General Braxton Bragg
  • 1866 First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • 1866 Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1873 Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • 1888 Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
  • 1890 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"
  • 1894 US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 George Bernard Shaw's "Doctor's Dilemma" premieres in London

  • 1909 Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1910 Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero
  • 1911 Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 The funeral of Paul and Laura (daughter of Karl Marx) Lafargue in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1914 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
  • 1917 First successful tank use in battle (Britain breaks through German lines) at Battle of Cambrai WWI
  • 1917 Ukrainian Republic declared
  • 1919 1st municipally owned airport in US opens (Tucson Az)
  • 1920 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US President Woodrow Wilson
  • 1922 Zoe Akins' "Texas Nightingale" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Garrett Morgan patents his traffic signal design, an important development in automobile safety
  • 1923 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark
  • 1928 WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 First broadcast of "Goldbergs" on US radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Salvador Dali's first one-man show

Painter Salvador Dali
Painter
Salvador Dali
  • 1931 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
  • 1932 Earthquake at Uden Netherlands
  • 1934 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
  • 1936 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad
  • 1938 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • 1940 Hungary joins 3 Power pact
  • 1940 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
  • 1941 Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
  • 1941 German "auxiliary cruiser" (armed merchant raider) Kormoran sinks near Australia
  • 1942 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • 1942 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • 1943 U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1943 US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
  • 1944 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • 1944 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • 1944 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
  • 1945 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague
  • 1946 Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey)
  • 1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei
  • 1947 UN General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps
  • 1948 US balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record)
  • 1949 Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
  • 1951 Snowdonia becomes a British National Park
  • 1952 George Axelrod's "Seven Year Itch" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1953 Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH)
  • 1959 UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights
  • 1962 USSR agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, & US lifts blockade
  • 1964 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 9th/10th String Quartet premieres in Moscow
  • 1965 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1966 Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
  • 1967 At 11 AM, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Alcatraz Island off SF, is seized by militant Native Americans
  • 1970 UN General Assembly accepts membership of People's Republic of China
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 2 British soldiers are killed in a booby trap bomb in Cullyhanna, County Armagh
  • 1974 Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP
  • 1974 The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1979 Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed
  • 1979 US's 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at University of Minnesota Hospital
  • 1980 Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight
  • 1980 United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad
  • 1981 Russian Anatoly Karpov retains world chess championship
  • 1981 Burundi adopts its constitution
  • 1981 El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive"

Birthdays in History

  • 270 Maximinus, Roman Emperor (d. 313)
  • 1327 Bassui Tokusho, Zen founder (Kogakuji monastery in Nakamura Japan)
  • 1602 Otto von Guericke, inventor (air pump)
  • 1606 Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat/historian
  • 1620 Peregrine White, son of Wm & Susanna White, born aboard Mayflower
  • 1621 Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (d. 1682)
  • 1625 Artus II Quellinus "the Young", Flemish sculptor, baptised
  • 1625 Paulus Potter, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
  • 1660 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (d. 1741)
  • 1726 Oliver Wolcott, US judge, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in Windsor, Connecticut (d. 1797) [NS=Dec 1]
  • 1750 Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler (d. 1799)
  • 1752 Thomas Chatterton, English poet (Christabel)
  • 1761 Pius VIII, [Francesco S Castiglioni], Italy, 253rd Pope (1829-30)
  • 1762 Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (d. 1833)
  • 1765 Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval captain (d. 1819)
  • 1781 Karl F Eichhorn, German law historian
  • 1802 James Lawrence Lardner, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1881)
  • 1830 Patrick Henry Jones, Irish-American lawyer, Postmaster of New York City, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in County Westmeath, Republic of Ireland (d. 1900)
  • 1836 John Thomas Croxton, American attorney, diplomat, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Paris, Kentucky, (d. 1874)
  • 1838 William Painter, American inventor (crown cork bottle cap and opener), born in Ireland (d. 1906)
  • 1839 Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1841 Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), born in Saint-Lin, Quebec (d. 1918)

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1841 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Queen Margherita of Italy (d. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858 Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author and Nobel laureate (The Wonderful Adventures of Nils), born in Mårbacka, Värmland (d. 1940)

Author and Nobel Laureate Selma Lagerlöf
Author and Nobel Laureate
Selma Lagerlöf
  • 1862 Willem H Vliegen, Dutch typographer/co-founder/chairman (SDAP)
  • 1864 Gerard W Kernkamp, Dutch historian/editor (Groene Amsterdammer)
  • 1871 William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher/educator
  • 1874 James Michael Curley, 53rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Franz Pfemfert, writer
  • 1884 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Karl von Frisch, zoologist/bee expert (Nobel 1973)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift) born in Marshfield, Missouri (d. 1953)

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1890 Jean-Jacques Gailliard, Belgian painter
  • 1892 James B Collip, Canadian biochemist/physiologist (insulin)
  • 1896 Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1897 Lores Bonney, Australian aviator, 1st female solo flight Australia to UK, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • 1900 Chester Gould, cartoonist (Dick Tracy)
  • 1902 Wolfgang Kunkel, German law historian
  • 1903 Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (d. 1981)
  • 1904 Alexandra Danilova, ballet great
  • 1907 Henri-Georges Clouzot, France, director (Le salaire de la peur)
  • 1909 Alan Bible, (Sen-D-Nev, 1954-74)
  • 1910 Pauli Murray, famous African
  • 1910 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (d. 1944)
  • 1912 Otto von Habsburg, Austrian-German nobleman, head of the Habsburg house
  • 1914 Emilio Pucci, fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1954), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1915 Kon Ichikawa, Japan, director (Matatabi, Money Talks)
  • 1916 Ferdinand AM van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter
  • 1916 Robert A Bruce, MD, pioneer (exercise cardiology)
  • 1916 William John Elwyn Davies, painter
  • 1917 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 2010)
  • 1919 Halka Grossman, resistance fighter/politician
  • 1921 Jim Garrison, American district attorney and judge (d. 1992)
  • 1923 Beryl Sprinkel, Missouri, economist (Council of Economic Advisers)
  • 1923 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Benoit Mandelbrot, mathematician (proved Zipf's law), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1925 Maya Plisetskaya, Rusiian prima ballerina (Bolshoi Ballet), born in Moscow

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 Robert F. Kennedy, American politician (D-Sen-NY, US Attorney General), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1968)

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1926 Andrzej W. Schally, Polish-born endocrinologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 Valentine J Peter, priest (Boy's Town 1985- ), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1936 Don DeLillo, American author
  • 1937 Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright
  • 1940 Helma Sanders-Brahms, Emden Germany, director (Apple Trees, Manoever)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Joe Biden, American politician (Vice President: 2009-2017), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden
  • 1942 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop (d. 2008)
  • 1943 Lindsay Thomas, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • 1945 Rachid Mimouni, author
  • 1946 Patriarch Kirill [Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyayev] Russian Orthodox church leader (2009-), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union
  • 1948 John R. Bolton, American ambassador
  • 1949 Thelma Drake, American politician
  • 1951 David Walters, American politician
  • 1952 John Van Boxmeer, National Hockey League player
  • 1954 Steve Dahl, California, Chicago's anti-disco DJ (WLS-FM)
  • 1954 Berit Andnor, Swedish politician
  • 1955 Timothy Kristian Charles Mace, Great Britain, cosmonaut
  • 1956 Sergei Gayevich Severin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1958 Rickson Gracie, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1959 James P. McGovern, American politician
  • 1963 Timothy Gowers, British mathematician
  • 1966 Jill Thompson, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1970 Matt Blunt, American politician, Governor of Missouri (2005-2009), born in Greene County, Missouri
  • 1972 Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet
  • 1992 Ishimura Maiha, graduated Berryz Kobo member
  • 1999 Princess Sofia of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1999 Prince Umberto of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1900 Archaeologist Hiram Bingham (25) weds Tiffany heiress Alfreda Mitchell in Honolulu, Hawaii

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham

HeartWedding of Interest

1947 Future British Queen Princess Elizabeth II (21) weds Lt Philip Mountbatten (26) in Westminster Abbey, London

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1994 Patti Davis weds Paul Hayeland

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

2013 Business magnate Rupert Murdoch (82) divorces Wendi Deng (44) due to irreconcilable differences after 13 years of marriage

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch

Deaths in History

  • 869 King Edmund of East Anglia
  • 967 Aboe al-Faradj al-Isfahani, Arabic author (Book of Liederen), dies
  • 1348 Stefano Colonna, Roman senator, dies in battle against Roman revolutionaries by Porta Tiburtina
  • 1437 Thomas Langley, bishop of Durham, cardinal and lord chancellor (b. 1363)
  • 1480 Eleonora van Austrian, translator, dies
  • 1518 Marmaduke Constable, English soldier
  • 1527 Wendelmoet "Weyntjen" Claesdochter, 1st Dutch woman burned as heretic
  • 1529 Karl von Miltitz, papal nuncio
  • 1591 Christopher Hatton, English politician (b. 1540)
  • 1612 John Harington, English writer (b. 1561)
  • 1651 Mikołaj Potocki, Polish soldier (b. 1595)
  • 1662 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
  • 1669 Arnold Geulincx, South Neth philosopher (Cholera), dies at 45
  • 1675 Francisco de Moura y Cortereal, Span land guardian of Neth (1664-68)
  • 1678 Charles Dujardin, painter/etcher (Learned Dog), dies at about 56
  • 1704 Charles Plumier, French botanist (b. 1646)
  • 1713 Thomas Tompion, English clock maker (cylinder tunnel), dies at 74
  • 1737 Caroline of Ansbach, queen of Great-Britain, dies
  • 1741 Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat/clergyman, dies
  • 1750 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, theologist (Christian religion), dies at 50
  • 1764 Christian Goldbach, German mathematician, dies
  • 1778 Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (b. 1726)
  • 1856 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1863 James Bruce, Count of Elgin & Kincardine, governor Jamaica, dies at 52
  • 1882 Henry Draper, American amateur astronomer (photos of the Moon, Orion Nebula), dies of pleurisy at 45
  • 1887 Louis Gallait, Belgian painter (Egmont & Receiver), dies at 77
  • 1898 John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway), dies
  • 1899 Carl A E Ahlqvist, [A Oksanen], Finnish translator, dies at 63

BattleExecution

1903 Tom Horn, American gunfighter and outlaw, hanged to death at 42

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • 1908 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (b. 1868)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Leo Tolstoy [Lev Nikolayevich], Russian novelist (Anna Karenina, War & Peace), dies of pneumonia at 82

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Novelist
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1925 Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain, dies at 80
  • 1934 Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist (b. 1872)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet, dies of pneumonia at 75

British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Rushworth Jellicoe
  • 1936 Jose A Primo de Rivera y Saenz de Heredia, Spanish Falange, executed at 33
  • 1938 Enzo Matsunaga, Japanese writer (b. 1895)
  • 1944 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • 1945 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1947 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, dies at 26
  • 1951 Thomas Quinlan (impresario) (b. 1881)
  • 1952 Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher (La Critica), dies at 86
  • 1957 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist (d. 1875)
  • 1960 Ya'akov Cahan, Hebrew poet and writer, dies at 79
  • 1962 Jasper McLevy, socialist mayor of Bridgeport Ct, dies
  • 1973 Allan Sherman, parodist (Camp Granada, Harvey & Sheila), dies at 48

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975 Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator (1936-75), dies at 82

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1976 Trofim Lysenko, Soviet biologist and agronomist, dies at 78
  • 1977 Maxie Wander, writer, dies
  • 1978 Vasilisk Gnedov, Russian poet (b. 1890)
  • 1981 Rolf Bongs, German writer, dies at 74
  • 1984 Trygve Bratteli, Norwegian Prime Minister (Labour: 1971-72, 1973-76), dies at 74
  • 1992 John Foreman, producer (Prizzi's Honor), dies at 67 of heart attack
  • 1993 Christopher Frank, French writer, dies at 51
  • 1993 Emile Ardolino, director (Dirty Dancing), dies at 50 of AIDs
  • 1994 John Lucarotti, scriptwriter, dies at 68
  • 1994 Ali-Akbar Sa'idi Sirjani, Iranian poet and journalist, dies at 64
  • 1995 Ahmed Abel-Wadoud Karadawi, academic/activist, dies at 50
  • 1996 Bert Geoffrey Achong, electron microscopist, dies at 67
  • 1997 Gary Burris, murderer (Kenneth Chambers), executed in Indiana
  • 1998 Galina Starovoitova, Russian politician (b. 1946)
  • 1999 Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician and prime minister (b. 1908)
  • 2000 Mike Muuss, American computer programmer (b. 1958)
  • 2000 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish writer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 Loris Azzaro, French fashion designer (b. 1933)
  • 2003 David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1930)
  • 2003 Eugene Kleiner, American entrepreneur (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Roger Short, British Consulate General (b. 1944)
  • 2004 David Grierson, Canadian radio host (b. 1955)
  • 2005 Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian poet (b. 1931)
  • 2005 Sheldon Gardner, American psychologist (b. 1934)
  • 2006 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu, dies of lung cancer at 57
  • 2007 Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Sven Inge, Swedish painter and modern artist (b. 1935)
  • 2009 Lino Lacedelli, Italian mountaineer (b. 1925)
  • 2010 Laurie Bembenek, American convicted murderer and fugitive (b. 1958)
  • 2010 Chalmers Johnson, American political scholar and author (b. 1931)
  • 2013 Peter Griffiths, British politician (C), controversially won his seat (1964), dies at 85
  • 2016 William Trevor, Irish-born writer (Children of Dynmouth, Fools of Fortune), dies at 88