On This Day in History for November 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 121

  • 498 St Symmachus begins his reign as Pope replacing Anastasius II
  • 845 845 : the first King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeats the Frankish king Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon near Redon.
  • 1220 Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome by Pope Honorius III
  • 1346 Street fights in Utrecht, Hollandsgezinde Gunterlingen statements

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Pinta under Martín Alonso Pinzón separates from Columbus's fleet

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope on way to first voyage from Europe to reach India

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama
  • 1542 Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • 1573 The Brazilian city of Niterói is founded.
  • 1574 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1675 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1683 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • 1699 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark/Russia/Saksen/Poland divide Sweden
  • 1707 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Friesland
  • 1714 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden
  • 1794 Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision & wearing of beards
  • 1809 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1830 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
  • 1842 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • 1861 Battle of Ft McRee, FL
  • 1864 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864 Union General O Howard orders plunderers be shot to death
  • 1872 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • 1884 T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • 1886 Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1899 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)
  • 1900 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are engaged

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1905 British, Italian, Russian, French & Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1914 Ypres, Belgium, burned by German bombing
  • 1914 Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia
  • 1918 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • 1918 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • 1918 Marshal Józef Pilsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • 1918 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • 1919 15,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam
  • 1919 Labor conference committee in US urges 8-hour work day & 48-hour week

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1922 British Labour party elects Ramsay MacDonald as leader

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1922 Library Ave in Bronx named
  • 1922 Wilhelm Cuno forms new German government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1924 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • 1926 Imperial Conference ends, giving autonomy inside British Commonwealth
  • 1927 1st snowmobile patent granted to Carl Eliason (Sayner Wisc)
  • 1927 George Gershwin's "Funny Face" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Neil Simon Theater (Alvin) opens at 250 W 52nd St NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1927 Belgian government of Henri Jaspar falls
  • 1928 "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel first performed publicly (Paris)
  • 1930 1st Irish Sweepstake run
  • 1930 1st US football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)
  • 1930 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit
  • 1931 Ferde Grofe's "Grand Canyon Suite" premieres
  • 1932 Pump patented that computes quantity & price delivered
  • 1934 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
  • 1935 Flying boat "China Clipper" takes off from Alameda, California, carrying 100,000 pieces of mail on 1st trans-Pacific airmail flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Mobster
Bugsy Siegel
  • 1940 500 students in Delft demonstrate against nazis
  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis
  • 1941 NZ troops conquer Ft Capuzzo Libya
  • 1942 Gen-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel's Africa Korps to fight to the last man

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR, Churchill & Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1943 France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprison Lebanese government
  • 1943 RAF begins air bombing of Berlin
  • 1943 US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island
  • 1944 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • 1950 79 die in a train crash in Richmond Hills NY
  • 1952 As' Harry Byrd selected AL Rookie of Year
  • 1954 Humane Society (US) forms in Washington DC
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1957 Simon & Garfunkel appear on "American Bandstand" as "Tom & Jerry"
  • 1960 French National Meeting decide to build own nuclear weapons
  • 1962 7th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Perth, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as the 36th US president after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson

MurderAssassination of John F. Kennedy

1963 American President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas

  • 1967 Silver hits record $2.17 an ounce in New York
  • 1967 UN Sec council passes resolut 242-Israel must give back occupied land
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Terence O'Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, announced a package of reform measures granting concessions to the Catholic minority, in response to protest movement
  • 1969 Isolation of a single gene announced by scientists at Harvard University
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Lurgan, County Armagh
  • 1972 Belgium government of Eyskens resigns
  • 1972 US ends 22 year travel ban to China
  • 1973 The Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo is disbanded.
  • 1974 Lake Buena Vista Club opens
  • 1974 UN General Assembly recognizes Palestine right to sovereignty
  • 1975 Juan Carlos proclaimed king of Spain
  • 1975 Drummuckavall Ambush: 3 British Army soldiers are killed and one captured when the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a watchtower in South Armagh, North Ireland
  • 1976 Algeria Constitution goes into effect
  • 1976 Comic strip "Cathy" by Cathy Guisewite debuts
  • 1977 Regular Concorde passenger service between NY & Europe begins
  • 1977 First three nodes of the ARPAnet are connected, in what would eventually become the Internet.
  • 1980 Georgia tanker at Pilottown La, spills 1.3 million gallons of oil after an anchor chain caused a ship to leak
  • 1981 Browns' QB Brian Sipe sets club record by being intercepted 6 times
  • 1981 SD Charger Dan Fouts passes for 6 touchdowns vs Oakland (55-21)
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB, Texas
  • 1985 Columbia moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 61-C
  • 1985 Largest swearing-in ceremony, 38,648 immigrants become US citizens

Birthdays in History

  • 1428 Richard Neville [16th Earl of Warwick], English nobleman and military commander known as Warwick the Kingmaker (d. 1471)
  • 1511 Erasmus Reinhold, Germany, mathematician (calculated planetary table)
  • 1515 Marie Guise, French wife of king James V of Scotland
  • 1535 John, the Old, earl of Nassau/tribal father Neth royal family
  • 1564 Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (d. 1610)
  • 1602 Elisabeth of Bourbon, Queen of Philip IV of Spain (d. 1644)
  • 1606 Pieter II de Jode, Flemish engraver/publisher
  • 1635 Francis Willughby, English biologist (d. 1672)
  • 1643 René R Cavelier sieur de La Salle, French explorer
  • 1698 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor (d. 1778)
  • 1721 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-born Canadian statesman (d. 1824)
  • 1722 Hryhorii Skovoroda, Ukrainian poet (d. 1794)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1744 Abigail Adams, 2nd US First Lady (1797-1801) (11/11 O.S.), born in Weymouth Massachusetts (d. 1818)

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • 1767 Andreas Hofer, Tirol nationalist
  • 1771 Paul R Cantzlaar, gov of Saba/St-Eustatius/Curacao/Dutch-West Indies
  • 1780 Jose Cecilio del Valle, Honduran Politician (d. 1834)
  • 1805 Benjamin Hugur, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • 1808 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1892)
  • 1814 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1818 Samuel Gibbs French, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • 1819 George Eliot, [Mary Anne Evans], English author (Middlemarch, Silas Marner), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 1880)
  • 1823 Nathan Kimball, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1898)
  • 1832 George Henry Chapman, Bvt Maj Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • 1835 Frank Crawford Armstrong, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1849 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German historian (Germany & the Next War)
  • 1849 Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)
  • 1852 Paul H B d'Estornelles de Constant, French diplomat/pacifist
  • 1856 Heber J Grant, Salt Lake City, 7th President of Mormon church
  • 1857 George Gissing, English author (Thyrza, Crown of Life)
  • 1868 John Nance Garner, (D) 32nd VP (1933-41)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), born in Paris (d. 1951)

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • 1873 Leopold CMS Amery, British minister of Colonies (India), born in Gorakhpur, British India (d. 1955)
  • 1875 Georges Rency, Belgian poet
  • 1877 Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (d. 1930)
  • 1884 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani biographer of Muhammad (d. 1953)
  • 1888 Tarzan, of the Apes, according to Edgar Rice Burroughs' novel

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Charles de Gaulle, President of France (1958-69), born in Lille, France (d. 1970)

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1891 Edward Bernays, PR expert
  • 1891 Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital)
  • 1893 M Kaganovitsj Kogan, people's commissioner for Stalin
  • 1893 Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (d. 1969)
  • 1896 Nikolai S Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak) [OS]
  • 1897 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1898 Wiley Post, Grand Plain Tx, aviator/parachutist (crashed in Alaska)
  • 1900 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Sir Humphrey Gibbs, Rhodesian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1903 Herbert Sally Frankel, economist
  • 1905 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
  • 1907 Dora Maar, Tours France, French painter and photographer and lover of Picasso
  • 1908 Michael Balfour, English historian, born in Oxford (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Theodorus H J Zwartkruis, Bishop of Haarlem Netherlands (1966-83)
  • 1909 Mikhail Mil, Russian aviation designer (d. 1970)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, multi-millionaire (American Tobacco heiress), born in NYC, New York
  • 1912 Eric Stuart Woord, archaeologist
  • 1913 Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, first female Philippine Supreme Court Justice (d. 2006)
  • 1914 Peter Woolridge Townsend, war hero courtier writer
  • 1917 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France
  • 1918 Claiborne Pell, (Sen-D-RI, 1961- )
  • 1919 Wilfred Norman Aldridge, biochemist/toxicologist
  • 1928 Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Aleksandar Popović, Serbian dramatist (d. 1996)
  • 1930 John P. Schiffer, American nuclear physicist, born in Budapest
  • 1930 Owen Kay Garriott, Enid Oklahoma, astronaut (Skylab 3, STS 9)
  • 1932 Keith Wickenden, British politician (d. 1983)
  • 1937 Zenon Jankowski, Poland cosmonaut (Soyuz 30 backup)
  • 1938 Henry C. Lee, Chinese-born American criminologist
  • 1939 Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • 1939 Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician (Samajwadi Party), born in Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
  • 1942 Guion Bluford, Col USAF, NASA astronaut (STS 8, 61A, 39, 53) 1st African American in space, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1943 George W [Buddy] Darden, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • 1944 Robert Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph)
  • 1946 Hans Kombrink, sociologist/Dutch undersecretary of Finance (PvdA)
  • 1947 Alfredo Cristiani, president of El Salvador (1989-94)
  • 1947 Rod Price, rocker (Foghat)
  • 1947 Valerie Wilson Wesley, American author
  • 1949 Richard Carmona, 17th Surgeon General of the United States (2002-06), born in New York City
  • 1953 Billy M. Sprague, American rocket scientist
  • 1954 Paolo Gentiloni, Italian politician, Prime Minister (2016-), born in Rome
  • 1961 Randal L. Schwartz, American computer programmer
  • 1962 Cleo Fields, (Rep-D-Louisiana)
  • 1962 Victor Pelevin, Russian writer
  • 1963 Corinne Russell, comedienne (Benny Hill Show), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1968 Rasmus Lerdorf, Greenlandic computer programmer
  • 1969 Katrin Krabbe, Neubrandenburg German DR, 100m/200m (World Champ 1991)
  • 1969 Marjane Satrapi, Iranian graphic novelist
  • 1970 Stel Pavlou, British novelist
  • 1980 Shawn Fanning, American Internet entrepreneur (Napster)
  • 1982 Alasdair Duncan, Australian novelist
  • 1988 Suresh Guptara and Jyoti Guptara, British-Indian novelists

Deaths in History

  • 365 Felix II, Italian anti-pope, dies after failing to regain position as Pope from Liberius
  • 950 Lotharius, King of Italy (947-50), dies
  • 1247 Robin Hood, dies (from "A Lytell Geste of Robyn Hood")
  • 1286 Eric V of Denmark, Danish King (b. 1249)
  • 1318 Mikhail Yaroslavich, Russian prince (b. 1271)
  • 1594 Martin Frobisher, English privateer, explorer (Canada) and later vice-admiral who helped defeat the Spanish Armada, dies aged between 55 and 59
  • 1617 Ahmed I, 14th sultan of Turkey (1603-17), dies
  • 1694 John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1630)
  • 1697 Libéral Bruant, French architect (b. 1635)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1718 Blackbeard, notorious English pirate, dies in battle at 38

Pirate Blackbeard
Pirate
Blackbeard
  • 1758 Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, British politician (b. 1680)
  • 1773 Robert Clive, English occupier (India), dies at about 48
  • 1781 John Ekels, the Old, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist, dies at 57
  • 1782 John Barueth, vicar/pamphleter, dies
  • 1782 John de Mol, porcelein manufacturer, dies
  • 1783 John Hanson, American Continental Congressman and 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, dies at 68
  • 1794 John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1799 Baroness van Dorth, orangist, executed
  • 1803 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar/patriot, dies at 57
  • 1825 Ann Bailey, pioneer, dies
  • 1871 Oscar J Dunn, (Lt Gov-La), dies suddenly, charges he was poisoned
  • 1875 Henry Wilson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1812)
  • 1886 William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • 1893 James Calder, 5th President of the Pennsylvania State University (b. 1826)
  • 1896 George Washington Gale Ferris, inventor (Ferris wheel), dies
  • 1901 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian Biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology), dies at 61
  • 1902 Friedrich A Krupp, cannon manufacturer, commits suicide
  • 1904 Theophile E A de Bock, painter/etcher, dies
  • 1906 Earnest Josephson, Swedish painter, dies
  • 1916 Jack London, American activist and author (Call of the Wild), dies at 40
  • 1917 Teoberto Maler, German-born explorer (b. 1842)
  • 1919 Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (b. 1852)
  • 1920 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (b. 1884)
  • 1924 Herman Heijermans Jr, author (On Hope, Heap of Blessing), dies
  • 1932 William Walker Atkinson, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1936 Louis F H Apol, painter/etcher/literary, dies at 86
  • 1940 Waclaw Berent, Polish novelist, dies at 67
  • 1941 Werner Mölders, German ace fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1944 Arthur Stanley Eddington, dies
  • 1946 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist (b. 1889)
  • 1953 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad (b. 1884)
  • 1954 Andrej J Vysjinski, Russian UN ambassador, dies at 70
  • 1956 Vincent (Moro-)Giafferi, French criminal (Caillaux/Landru), dies
  • 1956 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born choreographer (b. 1882)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1963 Aldous Huxley, English author ('Brave New World'), dies at 69

  • 1963 Bikram Singh, Indies Lt-General (Kashmir), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1963 C. S. Lewis [Clive Staples], Irish author (Silver Chair), dies at 64

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis
  • 1963 Daulet Singh, Indies Lt-General, dies

MurderAssassination

1963 John F. Kennedy, 35th president of the United States (1961-63), assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas at 46

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 NKD Nanavati, Indies general-major (WW II), dies
  • 1963 William R Titterton, English author (Candle of the Stars), dies at 87
  • 1963 Wilhelm Beiglböck, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
  • 1963 J. D. Tippit, Dallas Police Officer (b. 1924)
  • 1966 Moises F da Costa Gomez, premier Dutch Antilles, dies
  • 1967 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1979 Anne Vondeling, Male Dutch soc democratic party-minister, dies at 63
  • 1980 Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter (b. 1901)
  • 1986 Fred Bertrand, Belgian politician, dies at 73
  • 1986 William Bradford Huie, American writer (b. 1910)
  • 1988 Erich Fried, writer, dies at 67
  • 1988 Janet Ertel, crooner, dies
  • 1988 Luis Barragán, Mexican architect (b. 1908)
  • 1988 Paul Vario, U.S. Italian Mafia of the Lucchese Family (b. 1914)
  • 1988 Erich Freid, Austrian and British writer, dies at 67
  • 1989 Rene Muawad, assassinated 17 days after elected president of Lebanon
  • 1989 C. C. Beck, American cartoonist (b. 1910)
  • 1994 John Michael Grimes, set Designer, dies at 70
  • 1995 Ambrose Sam, creole accordionist, dies at 76
  • 1995 John Putz, journalist, dies at 89
  • 1995 Norman Potter, cabinetmaker designer/writer, dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus), dies at 95

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • 1996 Terence Daniel Donovan, photographer, dies at 60
  • 1997 Tom Blackburn, writer, dies at 71
  • 1998 Stu Unger, American poker player (b. 1953)
  • 2001 Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (b. 1915)
  • 2007 Maurice Béjart, Father of the Ballet Renewal(b. 1929)
  • 2008 MC Breed, American hip hop artist (b. 1971)
  • 2010 Frank Fenner, Australian microbiologist (b. 1914)
  • 2011 Lynn Margulis, American biologist (b. 1938)
  • 2011 Lana Peters [Svetlana Stalina], Stalin's daughter, dies at 85
  • 2012 Bryce Courtenay, South African-born Australian novelist, dies from stomach cancer at 79
  • 2015 Kim Young-sam, politician and activist - President of South Korea (1993-98), dies at 87