On This Day in History for November 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 129


Event of interestEvent of Interest

800 Charlemagne arrives in Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1165 Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
  • 1227 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa.
  • 1248 Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile after the city capitulates
  • 1334 St Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish/Zeeuwse/Dutch coast
  • 1499 Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1577 Water Geuzen under capt Slope enter Amsterdam
  • 1584 English parliament expels Jesuits

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1644 Areopagitica, a pamphlet by John Milton, decrying censorship, is published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1654 French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.

Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • 1700 Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • 1705 Nicholas Rowe's play "Ulysses" premieres in London
  • 1765 People of Frederick County, Maryland refuse to pay British Stamp tax
  • 1783 Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • 1832 French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
  • 1834 Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy" premieres
  • 1835 Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY)
  • 1844 Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
  • 1848 Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • 1852 Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced, California, to drop 30' (9m)
  • 1863 Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, TN, begins
  • 1863 Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
  • 1864 -25] Battle at Ball's Ferry Georgia (30 casualties)
  • 1867 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester England for shotting a police officer
  • 1868 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • 1869 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving
  • 1876 Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • 1885 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • 1887 Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
  • 1889 Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • 1890 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit.
  • 1890 General elections in Italy.
  • 1892 Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed
  • 1897 Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • 1897 Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
  • 1899 Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
  • 1903 Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
  • 1905 Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named minister of Haiti
  • 1906 Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
  • 1909 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec)
  • 1909 Wright Brothers forms million dollar corp to manufacture airplanes
  • 1911 Post Hospital at Presidio, SF renamed Letterman General Hospital
  • 1912 Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
  • 1913 Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers
  • 1914 The US Army retreats from Mexico.
  • 1915 On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day
  • 1921 Pres Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes
  • 1923 German army commander Gen Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD
  • 1923 Germany's Stresemann government falls to SPD
  • 1926 Noel Coward's "This Was a Man" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
  • 1931 Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
  • 1934 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • 1936 1st issue of Life, picture magazine created by Henry R Luce is published
  • 1937 Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy" premieres in NYC
  • 1937 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

  • 1939 Nazi Gov of Poland Hans Frank requires Jews to wear a blue star
  • 1940 1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes
  • 1940 Romania signs Tripartite Pact
  • 1940 SD arrested resistance fighter Bernard Iron wire
  • 1941 German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow
  • 1942 3rd & 5th Romanian army corps surrenders
  • 1942 Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Col-gen Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
  • 1942 Japans bombing of Port Darwin, Australia
  • 1942 Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days arift after his British ship is torpedoed and he is the sole survivor
  • 1942 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • 1943 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
  • 1943 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation
  • 1943 US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese
  • 1944 US 7th army under Gen Patch conquers Straatsburg
  • 1945 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • 1946 French Navy fire in Haiphong Vietnam, kills 6,000
  • 1946 The Workers Party of South Korea is founded.
  • 1947 French government of Schumann forms
  • 1948 Dr Frank G Back (NYC) patents lens to provide zoom effects
  • 1954 For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
  • 1955 Britain transfer Cocos (Keeling) Is in Indian Ocean to Australia
  • 1960 Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched
  • 1963 "Doctor Who" the long-running British sci-fi series, debuts
  • 1963 Horatio Alger Society founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 JFK's body lay in repose in East Room of White House

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Vatican abolishes Latin as official language of Roman Catholic liturgy
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Arthur Young resigns as Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)
  • 1971 China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council
  • 1971 Danny Murtaugh, manager of world champ Pirates, announces retirement
  • 1973 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa
  • 1974 60 Ethiopia government officials executed
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.
  • 1977 European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1980 4,800 die in series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy
  • 1980 National Black Independent Party forms
  • 1982 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB & mated for STS-6

Birthdays in History

  • 912 Otto I, the Great, German king, Holy Roman emperor (962-73)
  • 1221 Alfonso X (the Wise), king of Castile & Leon (1252-84)
  • 1402 Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
  • 1417 William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
  • 1553 Prospero Alpini, Italy, botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1616 John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer who introduced ∞ as a symbol for infinity, born in Ashford, England (d. 1703)

Mathematician and Cryptographer John Wallis
Mathematician and Cryptographer
John Wallis
  • 1632 Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
  • 1641 Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1669 Johann K Amman, Swiss/Dutch deaf-mute teacher (Surdus Loquens)
  • 1690 Ernst J earl van Biron, Russian duke of Koerland/regent of Ivan VI
  • 1705 Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)
  • 1715 Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • 1749 Edward Rutledge, (Gov-SC)/attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1760 Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1785 Joannes P Roothaan, 1st Dutch general of the Jesuits (1829-53)
  • 1794 Joan F Van Oordt, vicar (Groninger direction)
  • 1800 Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/author (Povesti)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1804 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire (d. 1869)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1809 Horatio Phillips Van Cleve, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1815 William Dennison, postmaster/general (Union), (d. 1882)
  • 1819 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • 1819 Josiah Dwight Whitney, Northampton Massachusetts, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him)
  • 1820 John Willis Ellis, Governor (Confederacy) (d. 1861)
  • 1820 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • 1821 Charles Meryon, British/French etcher
  • 1826 Agustin Bethencourt, Venezuela publisher on Curacao
  • 1830 Kaspar CE Ritter von Zumbusch, German/Austria sculptor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1837 Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid and Gas States), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1923)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859 Billy the Kid, [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, born in NYC, New York (d. 1881)

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1860 Karl Branting, Sweden, statesman/diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921)
  • 1861 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1862 Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism)
  • 1864 Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
  • 1869 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1875 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1878 Ernest J King, US fleet admiral/Chief of Naval Operations (WW II)
  • 1882 Johan C T Kikkert, Dutch painter/etcher/critic
  • 1883 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Along the water front)
  • 1883 Jose Clemente Orozco, Mexico, painter (Epic of Culture in New World)
  • 1887 Henry Moseley, English physicist (d. 1915)
  • 1890 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
  • 1892 Erté, French artist (d. 1990)
  • 1896 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)
  • 1897 Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1897 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
  • 1899 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (d. 2004)
  • 1907 Lars Leksell, Swedish physician (d. 1986)
  • 1908 Nelson S. Bond, American science fiction writer (d. 2006)
  • 1909 Nigel Tranter, author/historian (River Realm, Robert the Bruce)
  • 1911 Peter Saunders, English theater producer (Legend of the Werewolf)
  • 1912 Det Glynn, teacher/anti-apartheid activist
  • 1914 [Arthur] Wilson "Bob" Tucker, US, sci-fi author (Time Masters)
  • 1915 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, politician
  • 1917 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer
  • 1919 Peter Strawson, English philosopher
  • 1920 Chalmers P Wylie, (Rep-R-OH, 1967- )
  • 1920 Paul Celan, [Antschell], German/Romanian poet (Collected Prose)
  • 1920 Wayne Thiebaud, American painter
  • 1921 Hein J Roethof, lawyer/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1922 Manuel Fraga Iribarne, president of Spanish Galicia
  • 1923 Angelo John Novarese, record company founder
  • 1923 Guy Molinari, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • 1923 Daniel Brewster, American democrat (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist
  • 1926 Christopher Logue, British poet/stage writer (Trials)
  • 1926 Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher
  • 1927 Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Hal Lindsey, American evangelist and Christian writer
  • 1930 William E Brock, (Sen-D)/US Secretary of Labor (1985-87)
  • 1932 Michael Knight, air chief marshall/British leader (NATO)
  • 1932 Michel David-Weill, French investment banker
  • 1933 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist and revolutionary
  • 1934 Michael Wayne, producer (McQ, Chisum, Green Berets, McLintock)
  • 1934 Rita Rossi Colwell, oceanographer
  • 1935 Dean A Gallo, (Rep-R-NJ, 1985- )
  • 1935 Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 11), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1936 Robert Barnard, British mystery writer
  • 1943 Andrew Goodman, civil rights worker, murdered in 1964
  • 1944 Jose Torikens, Dutch journalist (Parool, NRC)
  • 1945 Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer
  • 1945 Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • 1946 Bobby L Rush, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • 1947 Geoffery Michael Roberts, vintner
  • 1949 Gayl Jones, US author/poet (Corregidora, Song for Anninho)
  • 1950 Charles E Schumer, (Rep-D-NY, 1981-1999, Sen-D-NY, 1999 -)
  • 1954 Ferry Hoogendijk, Dutch editor in chief (Elsevier Magazine)
  • 1955 Steven Brust, [Karl Zoltan], US, sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg)
  • 1955 Mary Landrieu, American politician, senior senator of Louisiana
  • 1960 Robin Roberts, American television reporter
  • 1961 Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author
  • 1963 Joe Ahearne, British television director
  • 1963 Mamoru Takuma, Japanese mass murderer and rapist (d. 2004)
  • 1965 Jennifer Michael Hecht, American poet and historian
  • 1968 Hamid Hassani, Iranian scholar and lexicographer
  • 1968 Kirsty Young, Scottish television journalist
  • 1970 Zoë Ball, British television and radio presenter
  • 1974 Regina Fisher, Miss West Virginia USA (1996)
  • 1980 David Britz, American nano-technologist
  • 1991 Anurag Kashyap, 2005 Scripps National Spelling Bee champion

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1955 Physicist William Shockley (45) weds psychiatric nurse Emmy Lanning

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
  • 1963 "12 Angry Men" director Sidney Lumet (39) weds Lena Horne's daughter Gail Jones

Deaths in History

  • 615 Columbanus, Irish monastery founder/poet/saint (Poenitentiale), dies
  • 947 Berthold, Duke of Bavaria
  • 955 Edred, King of England (b. c. 923)
  • 1249 Ajjoeb, sultan of Egypt, dies
  • 1407 Louis, duke of Orleans, murdered
  • 1457 Ladislaus V Posthumus, king of Hungary/Bohemia, dies at 17
  • 1503 Bona of Savoy, Italian noblewoman (b. 1449)
  • 1503 Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1446)
  • 1558 Charles, earl of Lalaing/land guardian of the Neth, dies at 52
  • 1572 Agnolo di Cosimo, Italian artist and poet (b. 1503)
  • 1613 Charles Philip of Croij, marquis of Havre/earl of Fontenoy, dies at 64
  • 1616 Richard Hakluyt, English writer (b. 1552)
  • 1682 Claude Lorrain, French painter (b. 1604)
  • 1709 Hans Willem baron Bentinck, Dutch/English earl of Portland, dies at 60
  • 1763 Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)
  • 1769 Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (b. 1711)
  • 1783 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
  • 1803 Roger Newdigate, British politician (b. 1719)
  • 1804 Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
  • 1807 Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (b. 1747)
  • 1814 Elbridge Gerry, US merchant/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 70
  • 1829 Ritta and Christina Parodi, Sardinian siamese twins, die at 8 months
  • 1865 René E de Russy, West Indian/US brig-general, dies at about 75
  • 1872 Ten Bears (Parra-Wa-Samen), US poet/Comanche chief, dies
  • 1890 Willem III, last male King of the Netherlands (1849-90), dies at 73
  • 1902 Walter Reed, US bacteriologist (Yellow Fever), dies
  • 1910 Hawley H Crippen, doctor/murderer, executed
  • 1914 Elbrige Gerry, VP (of Gerrymander fame), dies at 70
  • 1920 Mohammed ibn Addoellah, Somalian resistances leader "Mad Molla", dies
  • 1923 Urmuz, Romanian writer (b. 1883)
  • 1927 S Przybyszewski, writer, dies
  • 1937 Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1858)
  • 1937 George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)
  • 1946 Fawzi Husseini, Arabic High Director for Palestine, murdered
  • 1949 Gustav Radbruch, German Min of Justice, dies
  • 1952 Aaro A Hellaakoski, Finnish geographer/poet, dies at 59
  • 1956 Jeanne Cappe, Belgian author (Tres Grand Cardinal), dies at about 61
  • 1962 Herman J Friedericy, Dutch author (Last General), dies at 62
  • 1965 Franc Debenham, Australian geographer/geologer, dies at 81
  • 1966 Seán T. O'Kelly, President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • 1970 Yusuf Bin Ishak, president of Singapore 1965-70, dies at about 60
  • 1973 Constance Talmadge, US comedienne (Her Primitive Lover), dies at 75
  • 1974 Cornelius Ryan, war reporter/historian (Bridge too Far), dies at 54

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1976 Andre Malraux, [Berger], author (Conquerors)/min of Culture, dies at 75

Novelist André Malraux
Novelist
André Malraux
  • 1980 Thien-an Thich, Zen teacher/Vietnamese Rinzai line, dies in LA at 54
  • 1983 Juhan Muks, Estonian artist (b. 1899)
  • 1990 Nguyen Van Tam, PM of Vietnam (1952-53), dies
  • 1990 Renate Rubinstein, author/columnist (Tamar), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1990 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), dies at 74

Author Roald Dahl
Author
Roald Dahl
  • 1992 Thelma Orloff, entertainer, dies of kidney failure at 76
  • 1993 Gerarda "Meik" Rueter, sculptor, dies at 89
  • 1994 William Donald Campbell, diarist/Ornithologist, dies at 89
  • 1996 Mohamed Amin, cameraman, dies at 53
  • 1996 Ralph Tubbs, architect, dies at 84
  • 1996 Sayed Idries Shah, thinker, dies at 72
  • 2001 Mary Whitehouse,'Clean up TV' campaigner
  • 2002 Roberto Matta, Chilean painter (b. 1911)
  • 2004 Pete Franklin, American talk radio host (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Nick Clarke, English radio presenter (b. 1948)
  • 2006 Alexander Litvinenko, Russian spy (b. 1962)
  • 2011 Oscar Griffin Jr, American journalist and 1963 Pulitzer Prize winner, dies at 78
  • 2015 Douglass North, American economist, (Nobel Prize Economic Sciences 1993), dies at 95
  • 2016 Joe Esposito, American author and friend of Elvis, dies at 78